Trip report: Southeast Brazil (Sept-Oct 2011) by Tropical Birding

Southeast Brazil: Atlantic Rainforest and Savanna
17 September – 5 October 2011
Tour leader: Nick Athanas
Report and photos by Nick Athanas

A truly beautiful bird of the Atlantic Rainforest that I never tire of seeing.
A truly beautiful bird of the Atlantic Rainforest that I never tire of seeing.
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A Pale-throated Pampa-Finch sings his head off atop a bush at Caraça.
A Pale-throated Pampa-Finch sings his head off atop a bush at Caraça.
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We were hoping this eyeshine was going to be a Black-capped Screech-Owl, but it turned out to be a Brazilian Common Opossum.
We were hoping this eyeshine was going to be a Black-capped Screech-Owl, but it turned out to be a Brazilian Common Opossum.
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Masked Water-Tyrants can be seen almost every day.
Masked Water-Tyrants can be seen almost every day.
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This Saffron Toucanet was about to go to the fruit feeder at the Hotel do Ypê.
This Saffron Toucanet was about to go to the fruit feeder at the Hotel do Ypê.
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Sao Paulo Tyrannulet, one of many cute tyrannulets we saw on the tour.
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet, one of many cute tyrannulets we saw on the tour.
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It was truly amazing how close we got to this Pavonine Cuckoo! One of my favorite birds of the trip.
It was truly amazing how close we got to this Pavonine Cuckoo! One of my favorite birds of the trip.
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Black-goggled Tanagers never used to come to feeders, but this year they were everywhere.
Black-goggled Tanagers never used to come to feeders, but this year they were everywhere.
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Ochre-rumped Antbird, one of a slew of very cool antbirds on this tour.
Ochre-rumped Antbird, one of a slew of very cool antbirds on this tour.
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Plates never show just how cool the Planalto Hermit is. It was visiting a feeder at an auto repair shop of all places.
Plates never show just how cool the Planalto Hermit is. It was visiting a feeder at an auto repair shop of all places.
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A male Surucua Trogon perches quiety in Itatiaia.
A male Surucua Trogon perches quiety in Itatiaia.
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We only had one sighting of Swallow-tailed Cotinga, but it was a nice and close view of a pair.
We only had one sighting of Swallow-tailed Cotinga, but it was a nice and close view of a pair.
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A juvenile male Stripe-breasted Starthroat near the feeder at Vargem Bonita.
A juvenile male Stripe-breasted Starthroat near the feeder at Vargem Bonita.
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Fire was our enemy on this trip. Here the high campos of the Serra do Cipó had recently burned.
Fire was our enemy on this trip. Here the high campos of the Serra do Cipó had recently burned.
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A Versicolored Emerald waits near Jonas's feeders.
A Versicolored Emerald waits near Jonas's feeders.
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A handsome Ochre-collared Piculet posed for us at Intervales.
A handsome Ochre-collared Piculet posed for us at Intervales.
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Rusty-breasted Nunlet at Intervales, a tough bird on this tour and one of an unprecedented five puffbirds for this itinerary.
Rusty-breasted Nunlet at Intervales, a tough bird on this tour and one of an unprecedented five puffbirds for this itinerary.
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A Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant at Intervales.
A Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant at Intervales.
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An astonishing number of birds were devouring bananas at Jonas's feeders at Folha Seca.
An astonishing number of birds were devouring bananas at Jonas's feeders at Folha Seca.
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The Serra de Espinhaço as seen from Caraça.
The Serra de Espinhaço as seen from Caraça.
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The endemic Gray-eyed Greenlet prefers drier forests in the interior.
The endemic Gray-eyed Greenlet prefers drier forests in the interior.
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Gray-backed Tachuri, endemic to the cerrado of eastern Brazil.
Gray-backed Tachuri, endemic to the cerrado of eastern Brazil.
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Chestnut-bellied Euphonia is the prettiest of the trip's euphonias.
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia is the prettiest of the trip's euphonias.
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White-rumped Tanager - an odd tanager of the cerrado that we saw at Cipó.
White-rumped Tanager - an odd tanager of the cerrado that we saw at Cipó.
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Beuatiful Red-breasted Toucans are easy to see around our hotel in Itatiaia.
Beuatiful Red-breasted Toucans are easy to see around our hotel in Itatiaia.
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We saw the big and beautiful Streamer-tailed Tyrant en route to Canastra.
We saw the big and beautiful Streamer-tailed Tyrant en route to Canastra.
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This must have been the most responsive Gray-bellied Spinetail in history.
This must have been the most responsive Gray-bellied Spinetail in history.
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An Orange-eyed Thornbird tries to hide in the bushes at Perequê.
An Orange-eyed Thornbird tries to hide in the bushes at Perequê.
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Spot-backed Puffbird at the base of the Serra do Cipó - a first for this tour!
Spot-backed Puffbird at the base of the Serra do Cipó - a first for this tour!
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Peach-fronted Parakeets are common in the Canastra area.
Peach-fronted Parakeets are common in the Canastra area.
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The eerie song of the Black-and-gold Cotinga rings out over the forests of Pico da Caledonia and Itatiaia
The eerie song of the Black-and-gold Cotinga rings out over the forests of Pico da Caledonia and Itatiaia
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The handsome Chestnut-backed Tanager is a lot easier to find when it comes to the feeders at Intervales.
The handsome Chestnut-backed Tanager is a lot easier to find when it comes to the feeders at Intervales.
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One of an almost tame pair of Blackish Rails in the duck pond at Caraça.
One of an almost tame pair of Blackish Rails in the duck pond at Caraça.
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Golden-chevroned Tanagers are common but pretty endemics.
Golden-chevroned Tanagers are common but pretty endemics.
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Olive-green Tanager, a wierd, noisy tanager of the Atlantic Rainforest.
Olive-green Tanager, a wierd, noisy tanager of the Atlantic Rainforest.
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Faustinho, our local guide at Intervales, spotted these guys perching quietly - a tour highlight for sure!
Faustinho, our local guide at Intervales, spotted these guys perching quietly - a tour highlight for sure!
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This year we had no problems finding Black-fronted Piping-Guans at Intervales!
This year we had no problems finding Black-fronted Piping-Guans at Intervales!
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Gorgeous Large-tailed Antshrikes were ridiculously easy to see on this tour.
Gorgeous Large-tailed Antshrikes were ridiculously easy to see on this tour.
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We saw this Orange-breasted Thornbird near a little marsh at Intervales.
We saw this Orange-breasted Thornbird near a little marsh at Intervales.
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This Tawny-throated Leaftosser posed like never before.
This Tawny-throated Leaftosser posed like never before.
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This Golden-winged Cacique was coming to the feeder at Intervales.
This Golden-winged Cacique was coming to the feeder at Intervales.
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Festive Coquettes swarm around the feeders at Folha Seca and are easy to photograph.
Festive Coquettes swarm around the feeders at Folha Seca and are easy to photograph.
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A wild Maned Wolf visits the feeder on the church steps at Caraça.
A wild Maned Wolf visits the feeder on the church steps at Caraça.
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This handsome Blue Finch really wanted to be seen.
This handsome Blue Finch really wanted to be seen.
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The local and endangered Black-hooded Antwren at Perequê.
The local and endangered Black-hooded Antwren at Perequê.
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This tour was truly, well, “elemental”. Fire for the raging wildfires closed Canastra National Park, sadly costing us a number of good birds. There were signs of fire almost everywhere we went in Minas Gerais; we even watched Three-toed Jacamars in a forest quite literally burning around us. Water for the torrential rains that began the day we left Canastra, the first in six months (but too late for us), as well as rainy days at Ubatuba and Guapiassu. Air for the gale-force winds that buffeted us on the wide open (and also recently burned) plains of the Cipó range, making our search for the endemic canastero almost a fool’s errand, though it did make it onto the list, if just barely. Earth for the billowing clouds of dust from dirt roads that hadn’t seen any rain in months, covering us and our gear and the car

This may paint a horrible picture, but in between these onslaughts, the birding was often fantastic, sometimes bordering on the miraculous. We ended with a higher than average triplist, leaving me to wonder what we could have gotten with better weather. Antbirds once again behaved spectacularly, with 33 species of all shapes, sizes, and colors all showing well. We also saw terrific cotingas, all the antthrushes, and even a couple of antpittas for half of the group. The latter part if the trip was also filled with several very surprising sightings, such as a Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner in a burning city park in Belo Horizonte, a trio of Spot-backed Puffbirds at the base of the Serra do Cipó (at the very edge of their range), and a pair of Checkered Woodpeckers not far from there.

Intervales was stunning as usual with the highlight being the ultra-rare Helmeted Woodpecker, my favorite of the tour, not to mention ridiculous numbers of Black-fronted Piping-Guans, a perched Mantled Hawk, and an unbelievable Pavonine Cuckoo that we could literally walk right up to. Rain at Ubatuba didn’t slow us down much and we saw nearly everything we could have hoped for, though I’ll never forget waiting in that clearing and having patience and optimism rewarded when it briefly and almost miraculously cleared, and two majestic White-necked Hawks soared up over the ridge. The wet weather also made Jonas’s feeders better than I have ever seen them before with 14 hummers visiting and an astounding number of hungry tanagers devouring bananas in a whirlwind of color.

We stopped by Perequê for Black-hooded Antwren, swung past Rio, and reached Guapiassu where rain once again reared its ugly head, perhaps costing us Shrike-like Cotinga, though that isn’t really a bird we can expect every time despite our recent luck with it. The wetland birds didn’t mind the rain and we had nice views of the likes of Rufous-sided Crake, Masked Duck, and Chestnut-capped Blackbird.

We had a near total cleanup of Pico da Caledonia including three cotingas (Gray-winged, Black-and-gold, and Swallow-tailed), then headed on to Itatiaia NP, making a little detour for Restinga Antwren and various shorebirds, terns,  and waterbirds. After our good luck in the higher elevations, we were really just filling in holes, so concentrated on tough birds like Such’s and Rufous-tailed Antthrushes, Itatiaia Spinetail, Black-capped Piprites, and Southern Antpipit with decent success. The Saffron Toucanets at the feeders were also a definite bonus!

Onward to Minas Gerais and the savanna part of trip. Our travel day was livened up by an energetic pair of Streamer-tailed Tyrants (video here), Red-legged Seriemas, and a surprisingly good set of hummer feeders at an auto repair shop with Stripe-breasted Starthroat, White-vented Violetear and others.

Canastra was disappointing due to the aforementioned fire, and to add insult to injury the Brazilian Mergansers never put in an appearance despite an unprecedented search, only the second time in 11 visits I have failed to find it (though we could not access some of the best sites due to the fires). That’s not to say it was a waste of time – I targeted everything I could think of to make up for the lost birds, and we had nice sightings of the likes of Saffron-billed Sparrow, Blue Finch, Helmeted Manakin, Rusty-margined Guan, Rufous-winged Antshrike, King Vulture, Golden-capped Parakeet, Great Dusky Swift, and many others.

We left Canastra as the skies opened up. We were glad of the rain even if it was too late for us, and this was especially highlighted at a stop at a city park near Belo Horizonte that had been partly burned down – we watched Three-toed Jacamars, Orange-headed Tanagers, and even a rare Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner even as the fire still smoldered and hissed in the rain.

The Caraça Monastery once again hosted a very hungry wild Maned Wolf, and we targeted endemics like Serra Antwren, Gray-backed Tachuri, and Pale-throated Pampa-Finch. It was still wet and foggy, but luckily we had done well at Intervales and Itatiaia and did not need much there. Astop en route to the Serra do Cipó got us a surprise trio of Spot-backed Puffbirds as well as Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin, and the Cipó area was still productive despite brutal winds. The canastero was a nightmare to find and was probably seen well only by me, but lower down where the wind was a little bit lighter we did find Hyacinth Visorbearer, Horned Sungem, and White-rumped Tanager, and we had a great evening of nightjars with Spot-tailed, Band-winged, and Little all seen in only about 15 minutes.

Forgive me for the short report, but my schedule is insane right now and this was all I could manage before my next tour. As usual it was  a very memorable tour and I look forward to doing it again next year!

BIRD LIST
This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of the group, including the leader. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow: Clements, James F. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. Sixth Edition, 2007, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, including all updates through December 2010.

Totals:
459 bird species seen
23 heard only

Abbreviations:
H=Heard only
(I)=Introduced species
(E)=Species endemic to Brazil

TINAMOUS TINAMIDAE
Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius
H Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus
H Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus parvirostris
H Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens
Spotted Nothura Nothura maculosa
DUCKS, GEESE, AND WATERFOWL ANATIDAE
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica
GUANS, CURASSOWS, AND ALLIES CRACIDAE
Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura
Black-fronted Piping-Guan Pipile jacutinga
NEW WORLD QUAIL ODONTOPHORIDAE
Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira
GREBES PODICIPEDIDAE
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
BOOBIES AND GANNETS SULIDAE
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
CORMORANTS PHALACROCORACIDAE
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
FRIGATEBIRDS FREGATIDAE
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
HERONS, EGRETS, AND BITTERNS ARDEIDAE
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
Great Egret Ardea alba
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
IBISES AND SPOONBILLS THRESKIORNITHIDAE
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus
NEW WORLD VULTURES CATHARTIDAE
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
HAWKS, EAGLES, AND KITES ACCIPITRIDAE
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
White-necked Hawk (E) Leucopternis lacernulatus
Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus
FALCONS AND CARACARAS FALCONIDAE
H Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
H Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
RAILS, GALLINULES, AND COOTS RALLIDAE
Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius
H Red-and-white Crake Laterallus leucopyrrhus
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
H Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor
H Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis
Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
LIMPKIN ARAMIDAE
Limpkin Aramus guarauna
SERIEMAS CARIAMIDAE
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata
PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS CHARADRIIDAE
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
STILTS AND AVOCETS RECURVIROSTRIDAE
Black-necked (White-backed) Stilt Himantopus mexicanus melanurus
JACANAS JACANIDAE
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES SCOLOPACIDAE
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
H South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae
H Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata gigantea
GULLS LARIDAE: LARINAE
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
TERNS LARIDAE: STERNINAE
Yellow-billed Tern Sternula superciliaris
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus
Sandwich (Cayenne) Tern T. sandvicensis eurygnathus
PIGEONS AND DOVES COLUMBIDAE
Rock Pigeon (I) Columba livia
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
Scaled Dove Columbina squammata
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
PARROTS PSITTACIDAE
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalma
Golden-capped Parakeet (E) Aratinga auricapillus
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea
Blue-winged Macaw Primolius maracana
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius
Plain Parakeet (E) Brotogeris tirica
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri
Pileated (Red-capped) Parrot Pionopsitta pileata
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
Blue-bellied Parrot (E) Triclaria malachitacea
CUCKOOS CULIDAE
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
H Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
OWLS STRIGIDAE
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba
H Black-capped (Variable) Screech-Owl Megascops atricapilla
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana
H Least Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium minutissimum
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
H Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Rusty-barred Owl Strix hylophila
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
NIGHTJARS AND ALLIES CAPRIMULGIDAE
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus
Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
H Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus
Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris
Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus
Little Nightjar Caprimulgus parvulus
SWIFTS APODIDAE
Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus
Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata
Sick’s Swift Chaetura meridionalis
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
HUMMINGBIRDS TROCHILIDAE
Saw-billed Hermit (E) Ramphodon naevius
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus
Dusky-throated Hermit (E) Phaethornis squalidus
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macroura
Sombre Hummingbird (E) Aphantochroa cirrochloris
Black Jacobin Florisuga fuscus
White-vented Violetear Colibri serrirostris
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
Plovercrest (northern form) (E) Stephanoxis lalandi lalandi
Plovercrest (southern form) Stephanoxis lalandi loddigesii
Frilled Coquette (E) Lophornis magnificus
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus chalybeus
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor versicolor
Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Amazilia lactea
Brazilian Ruby (E) Clytolaema rubricauda
Hyacinth Visorbearer (E) Augastes scutatus
Horned Sungem Heliactin bilophus
Stripe-breasted Starthroat (E) Heliomaster squamosus
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
TROGONS TROGONIDAE
Green-backed (White-tailed) Trogon Trogon viridis melanopterus
Surucua Trogon (yellow – north) (E) Trogon surrucura aurantius
Surucua Trogon (red – south) Trogon surrucura surrucura
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
MOTMOTS MOMOTIDAE
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
KINGFISHERS ALCEDINIDAE
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
PUFFBIRDS BUCCONIDAE
Buff-bellied Puffbird (E) Notharchus swainsoni
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
Spot-backed Puffbird Nystalus maculatus
Crescent-chested Puffbird (E) Malacoptila striata
Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula
JACAMARS GALBULIDAE
Three-toed Jacamar (E) Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
TOUCANS RAMPHASTIDAE
Saffron Toucanet (E) Pteroglossus bailloni
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus ariel
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus
WOODPECKERS PICIDAE
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster
Checkered Woodpecker Veniliornis mixtus
Yellow-eared Woodpecker (E) Veniliornis maculifrons
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula erythropis
White-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris campestris
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
Helmeted Woodpecker Dryocopus galeatus
H Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus
OVENBIRDS FURNARIIDAE: FURNARIINAE
Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus
H Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor scansor
Wing-banded (Tail-banded) Hornero (E) Furnarius figulus
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Araucaria Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura setaria
Itatiaia Spinetail (Thistletail) (E) Oreophylax moreirae
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
Gray-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens
Sooty-fronted Spinetail Synallaxis frontalis
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens
Spix’s (Chicli) Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
Pallid Spinetail (E) Cranioleuca pallida
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomeus
Cipo Canastero (E) Asthenes luizae
Rufous-fronted (Common) Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
Orange-eyed (Red-eyed) Thornbird (E) Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus
Orange-breasted (Red-eyed) Thornbird (E) Phacellodomus ferrugineigula
Firewood-gatherer Anumbius annumbi
White-browed Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia amaurotis
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufum
White-collared Foliage-gleaner (E) Anabazenops fuscus
Pale-browed Treehunter (E) Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus l. leucophthalmus
Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus rectirostris
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
WOODCREEPERS DENDROCOLAPTINAE
Plain-brown (Thrush-like) Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa turdina
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris
Scaled Woodcreeper (E) Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius
TYPICAL ANTBIRDS THAMNOPHILIDAE
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
Great Antshrike Taraba major
White-bearded Antshrike Biatas nigropectus
Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus r. ruficapillus
Rufous-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus torquatus
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus vestitus
Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike (E) Thamnophilus ambiguus
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus c. caerulescens
Spot-breasted Antvireo Dysithamnus stictothorax
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis mentalis
Rufous-backed Antvireo (E) Dysithamnus xanthopterus
Star-throated Antwren (E) Myrmotherula gularis
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa
Unicolored Antwren (E) Myrmotherula unicolor
Black-capped Antwren Herpsilochmus atricapillus
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
Black-hooded Antwren (E) Formicivora erythronotos
Serra Antwren (E) Formicivora serrana
Restinga Antwren (E) Formicivora littoralis
Parana Antwren (E) Stymphalornis acutirostris
Ferruginous Antbird (E) Drymophila ferruginea
Bertoni’s Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
Rufous-tailed Antbird (E) Drymophila genei
Ochre-rumped Antbird (E) Drymophila ochropyga
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura
Scaled Antbird (E) Drymophila squamata
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera
White-bibbed Antbird (E) Myrmeciza loricata
Squamate Antbird (E) Myrmeciza squamosa
ANTTHRUSHES FORMICARIIDAE
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma
Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza c. campanisona
Such’s (Cryptic) Antthrush (E) Chamaeza meruloides
Rufous-tailed (Brazilian) Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda
ANTPITTAS GRALLARIIDAE
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia imperator
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
GNATEATERS CONOPOPHAGIDAE
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata vulgaris
Black-cheeked Gnateater (E) Conopophaga melanops
TAPACULOS RHINOCRYPTIDAE
Spotted Bamboowren Psilorhamphus guttatus
Slaty Bristlefront (E) Merulaxis ater
White-breasted Tapaculo (E) Eleoscytalopus indigoticus
Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae
CRESCENTCHESTS MELANOPAREIDAE
H Collared Crescentchest Melanopareia torquata
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS TYRANNIDAE
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina murina
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
Gray-backed Tachuri (E) Polystictus superciliaris
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps caniceps
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Olivaceous Elaenia Elaenia mesoleuca
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata
Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis
Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
Sooty Tyrannulet Serpophaga nigricans
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus oleagineus
Gray-hooded Flycatcher (E) Mionectes rufiventris
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet Phylloscartes paulista
Oustalet’s Tyrannulet Phylloscartes oustaleti
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (E) Phylloscartes difficilis
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet Phylloscartes sylviolus
H Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias b. burmeisteri
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
Gray-capped Tyrannulet (E) Phyllomyias griseocapilla
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
Drab-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
Brown-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant (E) Hemitriccus obsoletus
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant (E) Hemitriccus orbitatus
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant (E) Hemitriccus nidipendulus
H Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer
Fork-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant (E) Hemitriccus furcatus
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Gray-headed (Yellow-lored) Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias s. sulphurescens
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Tolmomyias f. flaviventris
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa
Whiskered (Yellow-rumped) Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus mastacalis
Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus ridgwayi
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus flammiceps
Euler’s Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus cinereus
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes
Velvety Black-Tyrant (E) Knipolegus nigerrimus
Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys
Gray Monjita Xolmis cinereus
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velatus
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa
Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant Muscipipra vetula
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta nengeta
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosa
Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephalum
Gray-hooded Attila Attila rufus
Sirystes Sirystes sibilator sibilator
Rufous Casiornis Casiornis rufus
H Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
Swainson’s Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgatus
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
SHARPBILL OXYRUNCIDAE
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
COTINGAS COTINGIDAE
Hooded Berryeater (E) Carpornis cucullata
Bare-throated Bellbird Procnias nudicollis
Black-and-gold Cotinga (E) Tijuca atra
Gray-winged Cotinga (E) Tijuca condita
Cinnamon-vented Piha (E) Lipaugus lanioides
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus
Swallow-tailed Cotinga Phibalura flavirostris flavirostris
MANAKINS PIPRIDAE
Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma pallescens
Serra do Mar Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysolophum
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata
Swallow-tailed (Blue) Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris
Black-capped Piprites Piprites pileata
TITYRAS AND ALLIES TITYRIDAE
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
Buff-throated Purpletuft (E) Iodopleura pipra
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis viridis
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
VIREOS VIREONIDAE
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus diversus
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
Gray-eyed Greenlet (E) Hylophilus amaurocephalus
Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus thoracicus
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
CROWS, JAYS, AND MAGPIES CORVIDAE
Curl-crested Jay Cyanocorax cristatellus
SWALLOWS HIRUNDINIDAE
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
White-thighed Swallow Atticora tibialis
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
WRENS TROGLODYTIDAE
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis
Long-billed Wren (E) Thryothorus longirostris
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
DONACOBIUS DONACOBIIDAE
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla
GNATCATCHERS POLIOPTILIDAE
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
THRUSHES AND ALLIES TURDIDAE
Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
MOCKINGBIRDS MIMIDAE
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
PIPITS MOTACILLIDAE
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens lutescens
NEW WORLD WARBLERS PARULIDAE
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis velata
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus
Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus
White-browed (White-rimmed) Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
Riverbank (Neotropical River) Warbler Phaeothlypis rivularis
BANANAQUIT COEREBIDAE
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
TANAGERS AND ALLIES THRAUPIDAE
Brown Tanager (E) Orchesticus abeillei
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata
Olive-green Tanager (E) Orthogonys chloricterus
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
Brazilian Tanager (E) Ramphocelus bresilius
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Azure-shouldered Tanager (E) Thraupis cyanoptera
Golden-chevroned Tanager (E) Thraupis ornata
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Brassy-breasted Tanager (E) Tangara desmaresti
Gilt-edged Tanager (E) Tangara cyanoventris
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa
Black-legged Dacnis (E) Dacnis nigripes
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
EMBERIZID FINCHES EMBERIZIDAE
(Yellow-billed) Blue Finch Porphyrospiza caerulescens
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch (E) Poospiza thoracica
Buff-throated Warbling-Finch (E) Poospiza lateralis
Gray-throated Warbling-Finch Poospiza cabanisi
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
H Buffy-fronted Seedeater Sporophila frontalis
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea
Dubois’s Seedeater (E) Sporophila ardesiaca
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola
Pale-throated Pampa-Finch (E) Embernagra longicauda
Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
Half-collared Sparrow (E) Arremon semitorquatus
Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
GROSBEAKS AND ALLIES CARDINALIDAE
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava saira
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
AMERICAN ORIOLES & BLACKBIRDS ICTERIDAE
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi
Chestnut-capped Blackbird Chrysomus ruficapillus
Yellow-rumped Marshbird Pseudoleistes guirahuro
Screaming Cowbird Molothrus rufoaxillaris
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
Variable Oriole Icterus pyrrhopterus
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus
SISKINS, EUPHONIAS, AND ALLIES FRINGILLIDAE
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Green-throated (-chinned) Euphonia Euphonia chalybea
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Hooded Siskin Spinus magellanicus
OLD WORLD SPARROWS PASSERIDAE
House Sparrow (I) Passer domesticus
MAMMALS
Brazilian Common Opossum Didelphis aurita
H Common Marmoset (Tufted-ear Marmoset) Callithrix jacchus
Black Capuchin Cebus nigritus
H Atlantic Titi (Masked Titi) Callicebus personatus
Maned Wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus
Brazilian Squirrel (Guianan Squirrel) Sciurus aestuans
Capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
OTHER ANIMALS
Broad-snouted Caiman Caiman latirostris
Jararacussu Bothrops jararacussu