Northern Tanzania – Birding amongst the beests

5 – 26 April 2006

Customised Tour

Guide: Keith Barnes

 

 

 

5 April 2006

Arusha area

6 April 2006

Same (Arid Savanna) – Mkomazi G.R.

7 April 2006

Mkomazi G.R. – Lake Kalimawe – West Usambaras

8 April 2006

W. Usambaras (Sawmill Track & Mkuzu Forest)

9 April 2006

West Usambaras (Mkuzu Forest) – E. Usambaras (Amani)

10 April 2006

E. Usambaras (Amani NR – Kwamkoro & Monga estate)

11 April 2006

E. Usambaras (Amani NR – Kwamkoro & Kiswani Lowlands)

12 April 2006

E. Usambaras (Kiswani Lowlands) – Tanga Estuary – Pemba

13 April 2006

Pemba Island (Ngezi Forest)

14 April 2006

Pemba – Zanzibar – Arusha N.P. (Momela)

15 April 2006

Arusha N.P. (Ngurdoto Crater & Momela Lakes)

16 April 2006

Arusha N.P. (Momela) – Lark Plains – Sinya

17 April 2006

Sinya Area

18 April 2006

Sinya – Sanya Juu – Tarangire River Camp

19 April 2006

Tarangire N.P.

20 April 2006

Tarangire River Camp – Ngorongoro Conservation Area

21 April 2006

Ngorongoro Crater

22 April 2006

Ngorongoro Rim – Oldupai – Ndutu

23 April 2006

Ndutu (Makao Plains) Lake Ndutu – Lake Masek

24 April 2006

Ndutu & Serengeti N.P.

25 April 2006

Serengeti N.P. (Kirawira & Grumeti River)

26 April 2006

Serengeti N.P. – NCA – Gibb’s Farm - Arusha

 

 

The Bare-faced Go-Away birds are resident in the Seregeti lodges

 

Trip Report

 

Summary

As usual, northern Tanzania was an extravaganza of birding set against the wildest and some of the most unique of Africa’s backdrops, Arusha NP, Mkomazi, the Usambara Mountains, Pemba Island, the expansive Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater. As a wilderness experience, the mammals of northern Tanzania are hard to beat. Amongst the mammal highlights two leopard, as well as omnipresent lion prides and many species of ungulates amongst the 58 mammal species encountered! The birding yielded a 516 species. Birding highlights included some of Africa’s most endangered birds, the Critically Endangered and recently recognised Beesley’s Spike-heeled Lark and the equally enigmatic Moreau’s Tailorbird of the East Usambara Mountains. We also were overawed by most incredible birds in superb plumage including long-tailed whydahs and widowbirds, spectacular bishops and weavers in full breeding plumage. Bustards were strutting their stuff in full display, as were the larks doing their aerial acrobatics. We also nailed the Karamoja Apalis at the recently discovered stake out in the Serengeti. Although the birding was sensational and the predators impressive it was hard to top driving through what seemed like endless herds of grazing wildebeest and zebras that just seemed to go on forever in the Ndutu plains area. On this trip the birding was brilliant in the most spectacular wildlife show on earth!

 

Daily Log

 

5 Apr: Arusha

We started the trip with some leisurely birding around Arusha where we quickly notched up a few specialties including breeding Taveta Golden Weaver and Grey-Olive Greenbul amongst the more spectacular Silvery-cheeked Hornbill, and an immaculate pair of Brown-breasted Barbets as well as a secretive nestbuilding Peter’s Twinspot. The afternoon session yielded Long-tailed Fiscal and hoardes of Red-tailed and Lesser Grey Shirkes moving through on passage en-route to the Palearctic.

 

6-7 Apr: Moshi – Mkomazi G.R.

For the next couple of days we were to bird the drier scrubland around the town of Same and spent some time in a mobile camping safari in the Mkomazi Game Reserve. This is fantastic birding as seeing things is easy and the birds are spectacular. We enjoyed gems such as Blue-headed Cordon Blue, Purple Granadier, Hilderbrandt’s Starling, Eastern Chanting Goshawk, Hunter’s and Beautiful Sunbird, Temminck’s Courser, Red-fronted Warbler, Long-crested Eagle and many more. The following day in Mkomazi highlights included Red-bellied Parrot and a superb series of displaying Zanzibar Red Bishop, White-winged Widowbird and Fire-crowned Bishop. A lake en-route to the Usambaras yielded 20 of the regionally uncommon Spur-winged Plover, Pink-backed Pelican, African Openbill and Hottentot Teal. That evening we heard Wood Owl and Barn Owl in the forest near the lodge.

 

8-9 Apr: West Usambaras

Birding a variety of forest patches in the West Usambaras yielded excellent results. The birding was slow (as Afromontane birding often is) but we managed to reel off the local Usambara specialities and high altitude species over the next two days. We started with Eastern (Usambara) Double-collared Sunbird, Moustached Green Tinkerbird and White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher. Some birds took more time and we eventually got looks at Scaly-throated Honeyguide, Olive (Usambara) Thrush, Mountain Buzzard, Black-headed Apalis, Yellow-throated Woodland Warbler, White-starred Robin, Black-fronted Bush Shrike, White-tailed Crested Flycatcher, African Hill Babbler, Short-tailed Batis, and the gorgeous Hartlaub’s Turaco showed itself, although often fleetingly. We spent some time on the forest floor looking for secretive understorey birds. Although it was tough we eventually scored with an Olive Woodpecker. The bizarre, localised and anomalous African Tailorbird was seen regularly while in this area. With their closest relatives in Asia, this is a real evolutionary throwback!

 

10-12 Apr: East Usambaras

The forests yielded many Silvery-cheeked and Trumpeter Hornbills calling overhead and before long we lucked onto a magnificent Fasciated Snake Eagle that soared overhead for all to admire. Amazingly Banded Green and Amani Sunbirds were seen reasonably well near the village. The following morning started with a bang! At one of the stakeouts a magical single Moreau’s Tailorbird showed well, creeping through the undergrowth. This Critically Endangered species is thought to number less than 50 individuals at this site, although a definitive population of only some 10 individuals is known from Amani!!! Although it is a little grey job, it is indeed one of the star birds of any Tanzania trip. It was misty and good views were hard to obtain, but many of the specialties followed and we saw Green-headed Oriole, Green Barbet, Yellow-streaked and Placid Greenbul, Fisher’s Turaco, Pale Batis and Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird. White-breasted Alethe and Sharpe’s Akalat’s were both heard but never gave satisfactory views. The lowlands yielded the magnificent Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike, Mombassa Woodpecker, Little Yellow Flycatcher, African Crested Flycatcher, Red-tailed Ant-thrush, and Green Tinkerbird. We also caught up with the skulking Kretchmar’s Longbill that perched in the complete open for all to see. The coastal scrub near Muheza revealed Collared Palm Thrush. Lunchtime was spent making a quick sortie to the Tanga harbour….perhaps one of the least impressive visual spectacles on the tour, this collection of rust-buckets did yield some fantastic birds. A rusty floatilla, not more than 2m2 held 10 Crab Plovers, 4 Sooty Gulls and a host of terns including Caspian, Roseate, Common and several Gull-billed terns. We then flew to Pemba Island and settled in at the laid-back beach resort of Manta Reef Lodge. On route we found a beautiful Dickinson’s Kestrel perched next to the roadside.

 

 

 

This spectacular African Goshawk perched for ages at close range allowing inspection of its delicate plumage

 

 

13-14 Apr. Pemba Island

The birding here was easy and laidback. A welcome change from the days slogging on muddy forest trails looking for skulkers. We enjoyed the two endemics that frequented the hotel grounds Pemba Sunbird and Pemba White-eye. We then headed off to Ngezi Forest where we caught up with the endemic vaughni subspecies of Black-bellied Glossy Starling. After some searching we located a pair of Pemba Green Pigeon’s feeding on a fruiting tree. Later we visited an extremely impressive roosting tree filled with hundreds of the massive endemic rusty-and-black Pemba Flying Fox. We returned to the lodge for lunch. The afternoon was spent at some wetlands finding the exquisite Pygmy Goose, Dimorphic Egret, Mangrove Kingfisher, Palm-nut Vulture and a host of waders. In the evening we ventured back to Ngezi for an attempt at Pemba Scops Owl. Although common, this little bird can be a real troublesome species to find due to their habit of not responding to call and otherwise being decidedly skittish. The night was fruitless, despite the bird being very close on two occasions. The following morning was spent on a boat, we had good looks at a great tern roost, where we could compare Lesser Crested, Greater Crested, Common and Saunder’s Terns. The trip also yielded a handful of Terek Sandpipers, and some other waders such as Mongolian Plover, our only ones for the trip. We flew, a rather tortuous route back to Arusha, first via Zanzibar, seeing stonetown from the sky and then Dar-es-Salaam, before heading off to Arusha N.P. seeing our first herds of Buffalo and dancing Grey-crowned Cranes serenading us with a delightful dance.

 

15 April: Arusha NP. Today we explored some great places in Arusha N.P. including Ngurdoto Crater and the famulous flamingo infested Momela Lakes. A spin by the Senato Pools and Lake Longil got things started with great views of a host of waterfowl including our only White-backed Duck of the trip. We enjoyed lunch with Bronze Sunbirds and a spectacular Moustached Warbler and also had great views of White-fronted Bee-eater, another species we were not to see elsewhere. The afternoon got us into the forest where we enjoyed views of both Stripe-cheeked and Eastern Mountain Greenbul, before notching up a cooperative Narina Trogon and within an hour a Brown Woodland Warbler and Black-throated Wattle-eye before we had to head back to our lodge for dinner.

 

16-17 Apr: Lark Plains and Sinya. Today we headed to the lark plains were our prize quarry was Beesley’s Lark. We eventually found a small family party of this Critically Endangered bird. Its global population estimated at less then 200 individuals, we were able to watch them forage for some time. Other larks were seen including Fawn-coloured (Foxy) Lark, Fisher’s Finchlark, Rufous-naped Lark, Short-tailed Lark and Somali Short-toed Lark as well as several others. The dry bushland en-route to Kilimanjaro yielded tons of birds including good views at Banded Parisoma, Grey-headed Social Weaver and Red-throated Tit and Red-fronted Barbet. Our ride into Sinya yielded a fantastic male Gerenuk, one of the scarcer antelopes in East Africa. In the late afternoon we enjoyed a walk around Sinya, a spectacular camp on the lower slopes of Kilimanjaro indulging in some final birding before the cloud burnt off and we were treated to magnificent views of Kili from just beneath it! Sinya is a wonderful area and we spent the day soaking up the dryland birds here including excellent views of nesting Grey-headed and African Silverbills as well as Cut-throat Finch using an abandoned Social Weaver nest. A nightdrive was very productive yielded a scarcely seen Striped Hyaena and Springhare before poor roads necessitated a retreat to camp!

 

18-19 Apr: Tarangire NP & River camp

This area is another fabulous wilderness zone and we were lucky to find a bunch of the most sought-after goodies on arrival including great views of three northern Tanzanian endemics Rufous-tailed Weaver, Ashy Starling and Yellow-collared Lovebird as well as our first Speckle-fronted Weaver. The moister river edges yielded Black Bishop and a staggeringly beautiful male Eastern Paradise Whydah in display, along with the more sombre Steel-blue Whydah. The camp yielded a spectacular Red-and-Yellow Barbet and Grey-hooded Kingfisher.

 

A Tanzanian endemic, the Yellow-collared Lovebird, is abundant at the Tarangire River Camp!

 

 

This displaying male Black-bellied Bustard gave it’s rediculous display

 

20-21. Ngorongoro Crater. On our journey up the crater rim we screeched to a halt at some flowering Leonotis to be treated to a sunbird spectacle of 20 Golden-winged Sunbirds and a hand of Bronze Sunbirds flitting around and competing with oneanother for scarce nectar resources. Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaters flitted alongside the cuttings as we ascended the crater rim and we added the dainty White-tailed Blue Flycatcher and Thick-billed Seedeater to our list. In the late afternoon we stopped for views over the crater. This spectacular viewpoint with the floor of Ngorongoro spread beneath us, is indeed an impressive site with animal specks cast out across the crater floor roaming from one good feeding patch to another. We finished off with a Schalow’s Turaco near the hotel. The next day we were up before the rest we enjoyed an almost empty restaurant. While scanning the crater from the balcony I head one of the hotel’s other guests say “oh-oh birdwatchers!!”, to which I almost responded “Don’t worry, we’ve been quarantined and are not contagious”. We made an early start enjoying Schalow’s Wheatear and another Tanzanian endemic, Rufous-tailed Weaver, before we’d fully descended the crater wall. We stopped in a futile attempt to identify a red-eared mouse and chuckled to ourselves as we imagined the responses we might get from the “oh-oh birdwatchers”-crowd with the Big-5 on their minds if they had seen us screech to a halt for a 4-inch mouse! Speaking of the Big-5 though, it is impossible to ignore the enormity of this thronging ecosystem with all its amazing large mammals. In the distance we noticed vultures dropping to the crater floor. Soon we had racked up Lappet-faced, Ruppell’s Griffon, White-backed and White-headed Vultures as they inspected the Cheetah kill. The Cheetah’s were moving off, evidently satiated and soon thereafter a marouding band of Spotted Hyaenas came galloping along to take their place in the drama. Later that day we found several vehicles around a sleepy Lion pride. Lake Magadi was nearly dry, a result of several years bad drought, but several Lesser and Greater Flamingos, ducks and waders including Chestnut-banded Plover were still hanging in. The afternoon yielded a serious highlight. A Grant’s Gazelle had been felled by a mother Cheetah and her two cubs fed on the fresh carcass just metres from the road. Although there were a score of vehicles, the animals fed unperturbed and we watched for some time until we were content. Other birding highlights for the day included White-headed Barbet, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Martial Eagle, Brown Parisoma and many others. We had also saw Egyptian Mongoose, Eland and Defassa Waterbuck.

 

22-23 April. Ngorongoro – Ndutu (southern Serengeti). We travelled to Ndutu early this morning stopping off at Olduvai Gorge, the aptly named “cradle of mankind”, to view the fossil remains and hear the stories of the Leakey’s amazing discoveries in this district. We added Lanner Falcon and Chestnut Sparrow near the gorge. Ndutu is a relative oasis in the dry season and the cacophony at the lodge was remarkable, attracting loads of birds while the remainder of the bush was seemingly barren. It is hard to describe what it is like to drive for 50 km through Wildbeest and Zebra herds that are crammed together, the constant drone of Gnu’s as the mothers tend to their newly born calves and the constant presence of Hyaena that await the slightest slip that will give them their meal for the day. Perhaps the word “priveledge” is the only one that aptly describes what this feels like. Later we found our final Tanzanian endemic Grey-breasted Spurfowl as it was seen scurrying around near our rooms. White-rumped Shrike was omnipresent and Fisher’s Lovebirds were literally dripping from the trees at times. An afternoon walk added the splendid Silverbird (a silky steel-grey flycatcher), Ruppell’s Long-tailed Starling, Buff-bellied Warbler and Red-fronted Barbet. In the afternoon we made for the nearby Lake Masek as local gen informed us it still had water in it. The drive added Red-throated Tit and Black-lored Babbler, while the many waterbirds and Hippos kept us otherwise entertained.

 

24-25 Sept. Serengeti NP.

The most famous wildlife ecosystem on earth. This is what lay ahead for us, but not before we had a few highlights of our own. It is always great to see wild animals, but finding your own is always more thrilling. Leaving Ndutu we happened upon two Cheetahs. We had certainly had a good cheetah trip, with this being our 8th in 3 days. They sat near the car and called a plaintive and bird-like chirp to one another. It constantly amazes me how unfussed the animals of the Serengeti are to humans in cars. We headed off birding our way north, adding Yellow-throated Sandgrouse and Saddle-billed Stork at a nice wetland. I got out of the car for a “relief stop” only to see a rather burly and beautiful looking male Lion jump up about 50 m away and bolt off gingerly. Issuing instructions for everyone to stay in the vehicle I made my way back to the car very rapidly, where I was amazed to discover the need to go to the loo had entirely vanished!! We pulled up to the burly male in the safety of our car and we checked each other out for 10 or so minutes before heading off. Making our way to Seronera we added a pride of 10 more lions and saw Bare-faced Go-Away Bird, Slate-coloured Boubou and many other birds. The expansive plains were dotted with ungulates and as we drove we came across Grant’s and Thompson’s Gazelle, Impala, Burchell’s Zebra, Topi, Blue Wildebeest and more. Exploring the woodlands around Seronera we saw a large group of Elephant of varying ages. We watched as they milled about going about their business. A lone vehicle up ahead flashed his lights, we knew he was onto something good and as we made our way over there we were delighted to see a Leopard sprawled across the middle of the road. This was certainly better than the Leopard paw we had seen protruding from a cave earlier in the day!! It also wrapped up for me what must be the best Big Cat day I have ever had in the African bush. However, one of the client’s had one more wish. He asked Kevin (our excellent Safari guide) to find a Leopard up a tree with his paws dangling. The most elusive of all big cats lived up to its name as it sloped off into the bush and we headed back for drinks and dinner. Amazingly the next morning we went back into the same area and Kevin found the Leopard up the tree with its paws dangling!! What more could you ask for?

 

 

This impressive male Kori Bustard belted out a sonic bass drum like beat during its display

 

As we had seen many of the plains birds we headed towards Grumeti and the western corridor in search of some of the riparian woodland birds that are found only in this area. Here we added Black-headed Gonolek, Meyer’s (Brown) Parrot, Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike, Holub’s Golden Weaver, Brown-throated Wattle-eye, Eastern Grey Plantain Eater, Ashy Flycatcher, Usambiro Babet, Red-fronted Tinkerbird, Woodland Kingfisher and some magnificent Southern Ground Hornbill. The birding m oment of the trip came for Keith when after some fairly persistent attempts we nailed a pair of displaying Karamoja Apalis, the one and only lifer for Keith, late in the morning.

            Our last day in Tanzania was essentially a travel day, but we enjoyed two Lionesses walking alongside the road on our way out and a distant Cheetah. Our lunch stop at Gibb’s farm was productive with a few new trip birds including a stunning Green-headed Sunbird and Brown-headed Apalis in the gardens. It was time to say farewell and the trip drew to a close with what was a very successful haul!

 

 

This beautiful male leopard gave us a real show

 

 

These Black-headed Gonoleks were a treat in the Grumeti Area

 

BIRD LIST

This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of us. Note that this is a group list. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow: Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth Edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co.

 

 

1.    Ostrich                                     Struthio camelus                  

2.    Little Grebe                               Tachybaptus ruficollis           

3.    Eared Grebe                              Podiceps nigricollis              

4.    Great White Pelican                   Pelecanus onocrotalus         

5.    Pink-backed Pelican                  Pelecanus rufescens            

6.    Great Cormorant                        Phalacrocorax carbo             

7.    Long-tailed Cormorant                Phalacrocorax africanus        

8.    Darter                                       Anhinga melanogaster          

9.    Gray Heron                               Ardea cinerea                      

10.   Black-headed Heron                   Ardea melanocephala           

11.   Great Egret                               Ardea alba                           

12.   Little Egret                                Egretta garzetta                   

13.   Squacco Heron                          Ardeola ralloides                  

14.   Cattle Egret                               Bubulcus ibis                      

15.   Striated Heron                           Butorides striatus                 

16.   Black-crowned Night-Heron         Nycticorax nycticorax            

17.   Hamerkop                                 Scopus umbretta                 

18.   Yellow-billed Stork                     Mycteria ibis                        

19.   African Openbill                         Anastomus lamelligerus        

20.   Black Stork                               Ciconia nigra                        

21.   Woolly-necked Stork                  Ciconia episcopus                

22.   White Stork                               Ciconia ciconia                    

23.   Saddle-billed Stork                     Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis

24.   Marabou Stork                           Leptoptilos crumeniferus       

25.   Sacred Ibis                                Threskiornis aethiopicus       

26.   Hadada Ibis                               Bostrychia hagedash            

27.   Glossy Ibis                                Plegadis falcinellus              

28.   African Spoonbill                        Platalea alba                       

29.   Greater Flamingo                       Phoenicopterus ruber           

30.   Lesser Flamingo                        Phoenicopterus minor           

31.   White-faced Whistling-Duck        Dendrocygna viduata            

32.   White-backed Duck                   Thalassornis leuconotus       

33.   Egyptian Goose                         Alopochen aegyptiacus         

34.   Spur-winged Goose                    Plectropterus gambensis      

35.   Comb Duck                               Sarkidiornis melanotos         

36.   African Pygmy-goose                 Nettapus auritus                   

37.   Cape Teal                                 Anas capensis                     

38.   Yellow-billed Duck                     Anas undulata                      

39.   Red-billed Duck                         Anas erythrorhyncha             

40.   Hottentot Teal                            Anas hottentota                   

41.   Southern Pochard                      Netta erythrophthalma           

42.   Maccoa Duck                            Oxyura maccoa                    

43.   Osprey                                     Pandion haliaetus                 

44.   European Honey-buzzard           Pernis apivorus                    

45.   Black-shouldered Kite                Elanus caeruleus                 

46.   Black Kite                                 Milvus migrans                     

47.   African Fish-Eagle                     Haliaeetus vocifer                 

48.   Palm-nut Vulture                        Gypohierax angolensis          

49.   Hooded Vulture                          Necrosyrtes monachus         

50.   White-backed Vulture                 Gyps africanus                     

51.   Rueppell's Griffon                       Gyps rueppellii                     

52.   Lappet-faced Vulture                  Torgos tracheliotus               

53.   White-headed Vulture                 Trigonoceps occipitalis         

54.   Black-breasted Snake-Eagle       Circaetus pectoralis              

55.   Brown Snake-Eagle                   Circaetus cinereus               

56.   Bateleur                                    Terathopius ecaudatus         

57.   Montagu's Harrier                       Circus pygargus                   

58.   African Harrier-Hawk                  Polyboroides typus               

59.   Lizard Buzzard                          Kaupifalco monogrammicus  

60.   Dark Chanting-Goshawk             Melierax metabates              

61.   Eastern Chanting-Goshawk        Melierax poliopterus              

62.   Gabar Goshawk                         Micronisus gabar                  

63.   African Goshawk                       Accipiter tachiro                   

64.   Black Goshawk                         Accipiter melanoleucus         

65.   Eurasian Buzzard                      Buteo buteo                         

66.   Mountain Buzzard                      Buteo oreophilus                  

67.   Augur Buzzard                          Buteo augur                         

68.   Tawny Eagle                             Aquila rapax                         

69.   Wahlberg's Eagle                       Aquila wahlbergi                   

70.   African Hawk-Eagle                    Hieraaetus spilogaster          

71.   Martial Eagle                             Polemaetus bellicosus         

72.   Long-crested Eagle                    Lophaetus occipitalis            

73.   Crowned Hawk-Eagle                 Stephanoaetus coronatus     

74.   Secretary-bird                            Sagittarius serpentarius        

75.   Pygmy Falcon                           Polihierax semitorquatus       

76.   Eurasian Kestrel                        Falco tinnunculus                 

77.   Greater Kestrel                          Falco rupicoloides                

78.   Dickinson's Kestrel                    Falco dickinsoni                   

79.   Amur Falcon                             Falco amurensis                  

80.   Eleonora's Falcon                      Falco eleonorae                   

81.   Eurasian Hobby                         Falco subbuteo                    

82.   African Hobby                            Falco cuvierii                       

83.   Lanner Falcon                           Falco biarmicus                   

84.   Coqui Francolin                         Francolinus coqui                 

85.   Crested Francolin                      Francolinus sephaena           

86.   Scaly Francolin                         Francolinus squamatus         

87.   Hildebrandt's Francolin               Francolinus hildebrandti        

88.   Yellow-necked Francolin             Francolinus leucoscepus      

89.   Gray-breasted Francolin             Francolinus rufopictus          

90.   Red-necked Francolin                Francolinus afer                   

91.   Common Quail                          Coturnix coturnix                  

92.   Helmeted Guineafowl                 Numida meleagris                

93.   Gray Crowned-Crane                  Balearica regulorum              

94.   Corn Crake                                Crex crex                             

95.   Black Crake                              Amaurornis flavirostris          

96.   Common Moorhen                     Gallinula chloropus               

97.   Red-knobbed Coot                     Fulica cristata                      

98.   Kori Bustard                              Ardeotis kori                        

99.   White-bellied Bustard                 Eupodotis senegalensis        

100. Buff-crested Bustard                  Eupodotis gindiana               

101. Black-bellied Bustard                 Lissotis melanogaster           

102. African Jacana                           Actophilornis africanus         

103. Crab Plover                               Dromas ardeola                    

104. Black-winged Stilt                      Himantopus himantopus       

105. Pied Avocet                               Recurvirostra avosetta          

106. Water Thick-knee                      Burhinus vermiculatus          

107. Spotted Thick-knee                    Burhinus capensis                

108. Temminck's Courser                  Cursorius temminckii            

109. Double-banded Courser              Smutsornis africanus            

110. Collared Pratincole                     Glareola pratincola               

111. Blacksmith Plover                      Vanellus armatus                 

112. Spur-winged Plover                    Vanellus spinosus                

113. Black-winged Lapwing                Vanellus melanopterus         

114. Crowned Lapwing                       Vanellus coronatus               

115. Pacific Golden-Plover                 Pluvialis fulva                       

116. Black-bellied Plover                    Pluvialis squatarola              

117. Common Ringed Plover              Charadrius hiaticula              

118. Kittlitz's Plover                           Charadrius pecuarius            

119. Three-banded Plover                   Charadrius tricollaris             

120. White-fronted Plover                   Charadrius marginatus          

121. Chestnut-banded Plover              Charadrius pallidus               

122. Mongolian Plover                       Charadrius mongolus            

123. Greater Sandplover                    Charadrius leschenaultii        

124. Whimbrel                                  Numenius phaeopus             

125. Marsh Sandpiper                       Tringa stagnatilis                  

126. Common Greenshank                Tringa nebularia                   

127. Green Sandpiper                        Tringa ochropus                   

128. Wood Sandpiper                        Tringa glareola                     

129. Common Sandpiper                   Actitis hypoleucos                

130. Ruddy Turnstone                       Arenaria interpres                 

131. Sanderling                                 Calidris alba                        

132. Little Stint                                 Calidris minuta                     

133. Curlew Sandpiper                       Calidris ferruginea                

134. Ruff                                          Philomachus pugnax            

135. Sooty Gull                                 Larus hemprichii                   

136. Gray-headed Gull                       Larus cirrocephalus              

137. Gull-billed Tern                          Sterna nilotica                      

138. Caspian Tern                             Sterna caspia                      

139. Lesser Crested Tern                   Sterna bengalensis              

140. Great Crested Tern                    Sterna bergii                        

141. Roseate Tern                             Sterna dougallii                    

142. Common Tern                            Sterna hirundo                     

143. Saunders' Tern                          Sterna saundersi                  

144. Whiskered Tern                         Chlidonias hybridus              

145. Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse      Pterocles exustus                

146. Yellow-throated Sandgrouse       Pterocles gutturalis              

147. Black-faced Sandgrouse             Pterocles decoratus             

148. Rock Dove                                Columba livia                       

149. Speckled Pigeon                       Columba guinea                   

150. Rameron Pigeon                        Columba arquatrix                

151. Delegorgue's Pigeon                  Columba delegorguei            

152. Lemon Dove                              Columba larvata                   

153. Dusky Turtle-Dove                      Streptopelia lugens               

154. African Mourning Dove                Streptopelia decipiens          

155. Red-eyed Dove                          Streptopelia semitorquata     

156. Ring-necked Dove                      Streptopelia capicola            

157. Laughing Dove                           Streptopelia senegalensis     

158. Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove       Turtur chalcospilos               

159. Tambourine Dove                       Turtur tympanistria               

160. Namaqua Dove                          Oena capensis                     

161. Pemba Green-Pigeon                 Treron pembaensis              

162. African Green-Pigeon                 Treron calva                         

163. Fischer's Lovebird                      Agapornis fischeri                

164. Yellow-collared Lovebird             Agapornis personatus           

165. Meyer's Parrot                           Poicephalus meyeri              

166. Brown-headed Parrot                  Poicephalus cryptoxanthus    

167. Red-bellied Parrot                      Poicephalus rufiventris          

168. Schalow's Turaco                       Tauraco schalowi                 

169. Fischer's Turaco                        Tauraco fischeri                   

170. Hartlaub's Turaco                       Tauraco hartlaubi                 

171. Purple-crested Turaco                Tauraco porphyreolophus      

172. Bare-faced Go-away-bird            Corythaixoides personatus    

173. White-bellied Go-away-bird         Corythaixoides leucogaster    

174. Pied Cuckoo                             Clamator jacobinus              

175. Red-chested Cuckoo                  Cuculus solitarius                 

176. Black Cuckoo                            Cuculus clamosus                

177. African Cuckoo                          Cuculus gularis                    

178. Klaas' Cuckoo                           Chrysococcyx klaas             

179. African Emerald Cuckoo             Chrysococcyx cupreus          

180. Dideric Cuckoo                          Chrysococcyx caprius           

181. Yellowbill                                  Ceuthmochares aereus         

182. White-browed Coucal                 Centropus superciliosus        

183. Barn Owl                                   Tyto alba                             

184. African Scops-Owl                     Otus senegalensis               

185. Pemba Scops-Owl                     Otus pembaensis                 

186. Spotted Eagle-Owl                     Bubo africanus                    

187. Usambara Eagle-Owl                 Bubo vosseleri                     

188. Verreaux's Eagle-Owl                 Bubo lacteus                       

189. African Wood-Owl                      Strix woodfordii                     

190. Pearl-spotted Owlet                   Glaucidium perlatum             

191. Sombre Nightjar                         Caprimulgus fraenatus          

192. Slender-tailed Nightjar                Caprimulgus clarus               

193. Mottled Spinetail                        Telacanthura ussheri            

194. African Palm-Swift                     Cypsiurus parvus                  

195. Alpine Swift                               Tachymarptis melba             

196. Common Swift                           Apus apus                           

197. Little Swift                                 Apus affinis                         

198. White-rumped Swift                    Apus caffer                          

199. Speckled Mousebird                  Colius striatus                      

200. White-headed Mousebird            Colius leucocephalus            

201. Blue-naped Mousebird                Urocolius macrourus             

202. Narina Trogon                            Apaloderma narina               

203. Bar-tailed Trogon                       Apaloderma vittatum             

204. Half-collared Kingfisher               Alcedo semitorquata             

205. Malachite Kingfisher                   Alcedo cristata                     

206. Gray-headed Kingfisher              Halcyon leucocephala           

207. Woodland Kingfisher                  Halcyon senegalensis           

208. Mangrove Kingfisher                   Halcyon senegaloides           

209. Brown-hooded Kingfisher            Halcyon albiventris               

210. Striped Kingfisher                      Halcyon chelicuti                  

211. Pied Kingfisher                          Ceryle rudis                         

212. White-fronted Bee-eater              Merops bullockoides            

213. Little Bee-eater                          Merops pusillus                    

214. Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater      Merops oreobates                

215. Blue-cheeked Bee-eater             Merops persicus                   

216. Madagascar Bee-eater               Merops superciliosus            

217. European Bee-eater                   Merops apiaster                   

218. European Roller                         Coracias garrulus                 

219. Lilac-breasted Roller                  Coracias caudata                 

220. Rufous-crowned Roller                Coracias naevia                   

221. Broad-billed Roller                      Eurystomus glaucurus          

222. Eurasian Hoopoe                       Upupa epops                       

223. Green Woodhoopoe                   Phoeniculus purpureus         

224. Abyssinian Scimitar-bill              Rhinopomastus minor           

225. Red-billed Hornbill                      Tockus erythrorhynchus        

226. Von der Decken's Hornbill           Tockus deckeni                   

227. Crowned Hornbill                        Tockus alboterminatus         

228. African Gray Hornbill                  Tockus nasutus                   

229. Trumpeter Hornbill                      Ceratogymna bucinator         

230. Silvery-cheeked Hornbill             Ceratogymna brevis              

231. Southern Ground-Hornbill            Bucorvus leadbeateri            

232. White-eared Barbet                    Stactolaema leucotis            

233. Green Barbet                             Stactolaema olivacea           

234. Moustached Tinkerbird               Pogoniulus leucomystax       

235. Green Tinkerbird                        Pogoniulus simplex              

236. Red-fronted Tinkerbird                Pogoniulus pusillus              

237. Red-fronted Barbet                     Tricholaema diademata         

238. Spot-flanked Barbet                   Tricholaema lachrymosa       

239. Black-throated Barbet                Tricholaema melanocephala  

240. White-headed Barbet                 Lybius leucocephalus           

241. Brown-breasted Barbet               Lybius melanopterus            

242. Red-and-yellow Barbet               Trachyphonus erythrocephalus        

243. D'Arnaud's Barbet                      Trachyphonus darnaudii        

244. Scaly-throated Honeyguide         Indicator variegatus              

245. Greater Honeyguide                   Indicator indicator                 

246. Lesser Honeyguide                    Indicator minor                     

247. Nubian Woodpecker                   Campethera nubica              

248. Golden-tailed Woodpecker          Campethera abingoni            

249. Mombasa Woodpecker              Campethera mombassica     

250. Cardinal Woodpecker                 Dendropicos fuscescens       

251. Bearded Woodpecker                 Dendropicos namaquus        

252. Gray Woodpecker                      Dendropicos goertae             

253. Olive Woodpecker                      Dendropicos griseocephalus  

254. Singing Bushlark                       Mirafra cantillans                  

255. Rufous-naped Lark                     Mirafra africana                    

256. Flappet Lark                              Mirafra rufocinnamomea        

257. Fawn-colored Lark                     Mirafra africanoides              

258. Pink-breasted Lark                     Mirafra poecilosterna            

259. Fischer's Sparrow-Lark               Eremopterix leucopareia        

260. Red-capped Lark                       Calandrella cinerea               

261. Somali Short-toed Lark               Calandrella somalica            

262. Short-tailed Lark                        Pseudalaemon fremantlii       

263. Plain Martin                               Riparia paludicola                 

264. Banded Martin                           Riparia cincta                       

265. Rock Martin                              Hirundo fuligula                    

266. Barn Swallow                            Hirundo rustica                     

267. Wire-tailed Swallow                    Hirundo smithii                     

268. Lesser Striped-Swallow              Hirundo abyssinica               

269. Mosque Swallow                        Hirundo senegalensis           

270. Red-rumped Swallow                  Hirundo daurica                    

271. House Martin                             Delichon urbica                    

272. Black Sawwing                          Psalidoprocne holomelas      

273. African Pied Wagtail                  Motacilla aguimp                  

274. Mountain Wagtail                       Motacilla clara                      

275. Golden Pipit                              Tmetothylacus tenellus         

276. Yellow-throated Longclaw           Macronyx croceus                

277. Rosy-throated Longclaw             Macronyx ameliae                 

278. Pangani Longclaw                      Macronyx aurantiigula           

279. Plain-backed Pipit                      Anthus leucophrys                

280. African Pipit                              Anthus cinnamomeus           

281. Gray Cuckoo-shrike                   Coracina caesia                   

282. Black Cuckoo-shrike                  Campephaga flava                

283. Common Bulbul                         Pycnonotus barbatus           

284. Shelley's Greenbul                     Andropadus masukuensis     

285. Little Greenbul                           Andropadus virens                

286. Sombre Greenbul                       Andropadus importunus        

287. Eastern Mountain-Greenbul        Andropadus nigriceps           

288. Stripe-cheeked Bulbul                Andropadus milanjensis        

289. Yellow-bellied Greenbul              Chlorocichla flaviventris        

290. Placid Greenbul                         Phyllastrephus placidus        

291. Gray-olive Greenbul                    Phyllastrephus cerviniventris 

292. Yellow-streaked Bulbul               Phyllastrephus flavostriatus   

293. Eastern Nicator                         Nicator gularis                      

294. Olive Thrush                              Turdus olivaceus                  

295. Kurrichane Thrush                      Turdus libonyanus                

296. African Bare-eyed Thrush           Turdus tephronotus              

297. White-chested Alethe                 Alethe fuelleborni                 

298. Red-faced Cisticola                    Cisticola erythrops                

299. Singing Cisticola                        Cisticola cantans                 

300. Trilling Cisticola                         Cisticola woosnami               

301. Hunter's Cisticola                       Cisticola hunteri                   

302. Rattling Cisticola                       Cisticola chiniana                 

303. Ashy Cisticola                           Cisticola cinereolus              

304. Winding Cisticola                       Cisticola galactotes              

305. Croaking Cisticola                      Cisticola natalensis              

306. Siffling Cisticola                         Cisticola brachypterus          

307. Tiny Cisticola                            Cisticola nanus                    

308. Zitting Cisticola                          Cisticola juncidis                  

309. Desert Cisticola                         Cisticola aridulus                  

310. Pectoral-patch Cisticola             Cisticola brunnescens          

311. Tawny-flanked Prinia                  Prinia subflava                     

312. Bar-throated Apalis                    Apalis thoracica                   

313. Yellow-breasted Apalis               Apalis flavida                       

314. Black-headed Apalis                  Apalis melanocephala           

315. Karamoja Apalis                        Apalis karamojae                 

316. Red-fronted Warbler                   Urorhipis rufifrons                 

317. Gray-capped Warbler                 Eminia lepida                       

318. Green-backed Camaroptera        Camaroptera brachyura         

319. Gray Wren-Warbler                    Calamonastes simplex          

320. African Bush-Warbler                 Bradypterus baboecala         

321. Cameroon Scrub-Warbler           Bradypterus lopezi                

322. Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler        Bradypterus cinnamomeus    

323. Moustached Grass-Warbler        Melocichla mentalis              

324. Olivaceous Warbler                    Hippolais pallida                   

325. Icterine Warbler                         Hippolais icterina                  

326. Buff-bellied Warbler                    Phyllolais pulchella               

327. African Tailorbird                        Orthotomus metopias           

328. Long-billed Tailorbird                  Orthotomus moreaui             

329. Yellow-bellied Eremomela           Eremomela icteropygialis      

330. Northern Crombec                      Sylvietta brachyura               

331. Red-faced Crombec                   Sylvietta whytii                     

332. Kretschmer's Longbill                 Macrosphenus kretschmeri   

333. Yellow-throated Wood-Warbler    Phylloscopus ruficapillus       

334. Brown Woodland-Warbler           Phylloscopus umbrovirens    

335. Willow Warbler                          Phylloscopus trochilus          

336. Garden Warbler                         Sylvia borin                          

337. Greater Whitethroat                   Sylvia communis                  

338. Brown Warbler                           Parisoma lugens                  

339. Banded Warbler                         Parisoma boehmi                 

340. Silverbird                                   Empidornis semipartitus       

341. Pale Flycatcher                         Bradornis pallidus                 

342. African Gray Flycatcher              Bradornis microrhynchus       

343. White-eyed Slaty-Flycatcher       Melaenornis fischeri              

344. Southern Black-Flycatcher         Melaenornis pammelaina       

345. Spotted Flycatcher                    Muscicapa striata                 

346. African Dusky Flycatcher           Muscicapa adusta                

347. White-starred Robin                   Pogonocichla stellata           

348. White-throated Robin                 Irania gutturalis                    

349. Cape Robin-Chat                       Cossypha caffra                   

350. White-browed Robin-Chat           Cossypha heuglini                

351. Red-capped Robin-Chat              Cossypha natalensis            

352. Collared Palm-Thrush                 Cichladusa arquata               

353. Spotted Morning-Thrush             Cichladusa guttata               

354. Red-backed Scrub-Robin            Cercotrichas leucophrys        

355. African Stonechat                      Saxicola torquata                 

356. Capped Wheatear                      Oenanthe pileata                  

357. Northern Anteater-Chat               Myrmecocichla aethiops        

358. Brown-throated Wattle-eye         Platysteira cyanea                

359. Black-throated Wattle-eye          Platysteira peltata                

360. Short-tailed Batis                       Batis mixta                          

361. Chinspot Batis                           Batis molitor                        

362. Pale Batis                                 Batis soror                           

363. Black-headed Batis                    Batis minor                          

364. Yellow Flycatcher                      Erythrocercus holochlorus     

365. White-tailed Crested-Flycatcher  Elminia albonotata               

366. African Crested-Flycatcher         Trochocercus cyanomelas    

367. African Paradise-Flycatcher        Terpsiphone viridis               

368. Spot-throat                                Modulatrix stictigula              

369. Pale-breasted Illadopsis             Illadopsis rufipennis              

370. Scaly Chatterer                         Turdoides aylmeri                 

371. Black-lored Babbler                    Turdoides melanops             

372. Northern Pied-Babbler                Turdoides hypoleucus           

373. Arrow-marked Babbler                Turdoides jardineii                

374. Red-throated Tit                         Melaniparus fringillinus          

375. African Penduline-Tit                  Anthoscopus caroli               

376. Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird      Anthreptes orientalis             

377. Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird    Anthreptes neglectus            

378. Banded Sunbird                         Anthreptes rubritorques        

379. Collared Sunbird                        Hedydipna collaris                

380. Amani Sunbird                           Hedydipna pallidigaster         

381. Green-headed Sunbird                Cyanomitra verticalis            

382. Western Olive-Sunbird                Cyanomitra obscura             

383. Amethyst Sunbird                      Chalcomitra amethystina       

384. Scarlet-chested Sunbird             Chalcomitra senegalensis     

385. Hunter's Sunbird                        Chalcomitra hunteri              

386. Tacazze Sunbird                        Nectarinia tacazze               

387. Bronze Sunbird                          Nectarinia kilimensis            

388. Golden-winged Sunbird               Nectarinia reichenowi            

389. Malachite Sunbird                      Nectarinia famosa                

390. Eastern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris mediocris                

391. Beautiful Sunbird                       Cinnyris pulchellus               

392. Purple-banded Sunbird               Cinnyris bifasciatus              

393. Pemba Sunbird                          Cinnyris pembae                  

394. Variable Sunbird                        Cinnyris venustus                 

395. African Yellow White-eye            Zosterops senegalensis        

396. Broad-ringed White-eye              Zosterops poliogaster           

397. White-breasted White-eye          Zosterops abyssinicus          

398. Pemba White-eye                      Zosterops vaughani              

399. Green-headed Oriole                  Oriolus chlorocephalus         

400. African Black-headed Oriole        Oriolus larvatus                    

401. Red-backed Shrike                    Lanius collurio                      

402. Rufous-tailed Shrike                   Lanius isabellinus                

403. Lesser Gray Shrike                    Lanius minor                        

404. Gray-backed Fiscal                    Lanius excubitoroides           

405. Long-tailed Fiscal                      Lanius cabanisi                    

406. Taita Fiscal                               Lanius dorsalis                     

407. Common Fiscal                         Lanius collaris                      

408. Magpie Shrike                           Corvinella melanoleuca         

409. White-rumped Shrike                 Eurocephalus rueppelli          

410. Brubru                                      Nilaus afer                           

411. Black-backed Puffback               Dryoscopus cubla                

412. Black-crowned Tchagra              Tchagra senegala                 

413. Brown-crowned Tchagra             Tchagra australis                 

414. Tropical Boubou                         Laniarius aethiopicus            

415. Black-headed Gonolek               Laniarius erythrogaster          

416. Slate-colored Boubou                 Laniarius funebris                 

417. Fuelleborn's Boubou                   Laniarius fuelleborni             

418. Rosy-patched Bushshrike           Rhodophoneus cruentus       

419. Black-fronted Bushshrike            Telophorus nigrifrons            

420. Gray-headed Bushshrike            Malaconotus blanchoti          

421. White Helmetshrike                   Prionops plumatus               

422. Retz's Helmetshrike                   Prionops retzii                      

423. Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike    Prionops scopifrons              

424. Square-tailed Drongo                  Dicrurus ludwigii                   

425. Fork-tailed Drongo                     Dicrurus adsimilis                 

426. House Crow                              Corvus splendens                 

427. Cape Crow                                Corvus capensis                  

428. Pied Crow                                 Corvus albus                       

429. White-necked Raven                  Corvus albicollis                   

430. Wattled Starling                         Creatophora cinerea             

431. Greater Blue-eared Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeus   

432. Rueppell's Glossy-Starling          Lamprotornis purpuropterus   

433. Black-bellied Glossy-Starling      Lamprotornis corruscus        

434. Superb Starling                          Lamprotornis superbus         

435. Hildebrandt's Starling                 Lamprotornis hildebrandti      

436. Violet-backed Starling                Cinnyricinclus leucogaster     

437. Fischer's Starling                       Spreo fischeri                      

438. Ashy Starling                            Spreo unicolor                      

439. Red-winged Starling                   Onychognathus morio           

440. Waller's Starling                        Onychognathus walleri          

441. Kenrick's Starling                       Poeoptera kenricki               

442. Sharpe's Starling                       Pholia sharpii                       

443. Red-billed Oxpecker                   Buphagus erythrorhynchus    

444. Yellow-billed Oxpecker               Buphagus africanus              

445. House Sparrow                          Passer domesticus              

446. Rufous Sparrow                         Passer motitensis                

447. Gray-headed Sparrow                 Passer griseus                     

448. Parrot-billed Sparrow                  Passer gongonensis             

449. Swaheli Sparrow                        Passer suahelicus                

450. Cape Sparrow                            Passer diffusus                    

451. Chestnut Sparrow                      Passer eminibey                  

452. Yellow-spotted Petronia              Petronia pyrgita                    

453. Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver           Bubalornis niger                   

454. White-headed Buffalo-Weaver     Dinemellia dinemelli              

455. Speckle-fronted Weaver              Sporopipes frontalis              

456. White-browed Sparrow-Weaver    Plocepasser mahali              

457. Rufous-tailed Weaver                 Histurgops ruficauda             

458. Gray-headed Social-Weaver        Pseudonigrita arnaudi           

459. Baglafecht Weaver                     Ploceus baglafecht              

460. Lesser Masked-Weaver              Ploceus intermedius             

461. Spectacled Weaver                    Ploceus ocularis                  

462. Black-necked Weaver                Ploceus nigricollis                

463. African Golden-Weaver               Ploceus subaureus              

464. Holub's Golden-Weaver              Ploceus xanthops                 

465. Golden Palm Weaver                 Ploceus bojeri                      

466. Taveta Golden-Weaver                Ploceus castaneiceps          

467. African Masked-Weaver              Ploceus velatus                   

468. Village Weaver                          Ploceus cucullatus               

469. Speke's Weaver                         Ploceus spekei                    

470. Golden-backed Weaver              Ploceus jacksoni                 

471. Chestnut Weaver                       Ploceus rubiginosus             

472. Red-headed Weaver                   Anaplectes rubriceps            

473. Cardinal Quelea                         Quelea cardinalis                 

474. Red-billed Quelea                      Quelea quelea                      

475. Black Bishop                             Euplectes gierowii                

476. Black-winged Bishop                  Euplectes hordeaceus          

477. Red Bishop                               Euplectes orix                      

478. Zanzibar Bishop                         Euplectes nigroventris          

479. Yellow Bishop                           Euplectes capensis              

480. Fan-tailed Widowbird                  Euplectes axillaris                

481. White-winged Widowbird            Euplectes albonotatus          

482. Red-collared Widowbird              Euplectes ardens                 

483. Jackson's Widowbird                  Euplectes jacksoni               

484. Grosbeak Weaver                      Amblyospiza albifrons          

485. Green-winged Pytilia                  Pytilia melba                        

486. Green-backed Twinspot              Mandingoa nitidula                

487. Red-faced Crimson-wing             Cryptospiza reichenovii         

488. Peters' Twinspot                        Hypargos niveoguttatus         

489. Red-billed Firefinch                    Lagonosticta senegala          

490. Red-cheeked Cordonbleu            Uraeginthus bengalus           

491. Blue-capped Cordonbleu             Uraeginthus cyanocephalus   

492. Purple Grenadier                        Uraeginthus ianthinogaster    

493. Yellow-bellied Waxbill                Estrilda quartinia                  

494. Crimson-rumped Waxbill            Estrilda rhodopyga                

495. Common Waxbill                       Estrilda astrild                      

496. Black-cheeked Waxbill               Estrilda erythronotos             

497. African Quailfinch                       Ortygospiza atricollis            

498. African Silverbill                         Lonchura cantans                 

499. Gray-headed Silverbill                 Lonchura griseicapilla           

500. Bronze Mannikin                        Lonchura cucullata               

501. Black-and-white Mannikin           Lonchura bicolor                  

502. Cut-throat                                  Amadina fasciata                 

503. Village Indigobird                       Vidua chalybeata                 

504. Steel-blue Whydah                    Vidua hypocherina                

505. Straw-tailed Whydah                  Vidua fischeri                       

506. Pin-tailed Whydah                     Vidua macroura                    

507. Eastern Paradise-Whydah          Vidua paradisaea                 

508. Cape Canary                             Serinus canicollis                 

509. African Citril                              Serinus citrinelloides            

510. Black-throated Canary                Serinus atrogularis               

511. Yellow-fronted Canary                Serinus mozambicus            

512. Southern Grosbeak-Canary         Serinus buchanani               

513. White-bellied Canary                  Serinus dorsostriatus            

514. Streaky Seedeater                     Serinus striolatus                 

515. Thick-billed Seedeater                Serinus burtoni                    

516. Cabanis' Bunting                        Emberiza cabanisi               

        |

 

Tanzania Mammal Triplist  (Based on Kingdon 1997)

 

Angola Pied Colobus Colobus angolensis. Seen in both Usambaras.

Guereza Pied Colobus Colobus guereza. Few troops Arusha NP.

Yellow Baboon Papio cyanocephalus. Seen in West Usambaras.

Olive Baboon Papio anubis. Several places. First Arusha NP.

Vervet Monkey Cercopithecus aethiops pygerythrus. Common.

Pemba Green Monkey Cercopithecus a. nesiotes. Pemba Island.

Sykes Blue Gentle Monkey Cercopithicus nictitans stuhlmanni. Ngorongoro Highlands.

White-throated Gentle Monkey Cercopithicus nictitans spp. Usambaras.

Silver Galago Otolemur argentatus. (h) Grounds of Hotel, Arusha.

Senegal Galago Galago senegalensis braccatus. Pemba Island.

Pemba Flying Fox Pteropus voeltzkowi. Endemic to Pemba. Saw hundreds in a roost tree.

Yellow-winged Bat Lavia frons. Common in drier bush. Very distinctive.

Scrub Hare Lepus capensis. Fairly common.

Unstriped Ground Squirrel Xerus rutilus. Mkomazi.

Red-bellied Coast Squirrel Paraxerus pappiatus. Lowlands of East Usambaras.

Lushoto Mountain Squirrel Paraxerus lushotoensis. Magamba Track, W. Usambaras.

Golden Jackal Canis aureus. Fairly Common

Black-backed Jackal Canis mesomelas. Fairly Common.

Bat-eared Fox Otocyon megalotis. Three in the early morning near Ndutu.

Spotted Hyaena Crocuta crocuta. Common in larger parks.

Striped Hyaena Hyaena hyaena

Common Genet Genetta genetta. Seen at Ndutu.

Leopard Panthera pardus. The same animal seen twice, both times beautifully near Seronera and one seen poorly in a cave.

Lion Panthera leo. Several prides seen well. One magnificent male seen at close quarters.

Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus. Seen 4 times, twice with kills!

Black-necked Rock Hyrax Procavia johnstoni. Seen near Leopard cave in Serengeti.

Eastern Tree Hyrax Dendrohyrax validus. Heard only screeching in the Usamaras at night.

Elephant Loxodonta africana – Common in n. parks.

Boehm’s Common Zebra Equus quagga boehmi - Common in n. parks.

Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibious – common in n. parks.

Warthog Phacochoerus africanus - Common in n. parks.

Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis - Common in n. parks.

Buffalo Syncerus caffer – Common in n. parks.

Bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus – Arusha NP, Grumeti River, Serengeti.

Eland Taurotragus oryx. Just one animal in Ngorongoro.

Harvey’s Duiker Cephalophus harveyi. Arusha NP.

Steinbuck Raphicerus campestris. Tinga Tinga. Again near Ndutu.

Kirk’s Dikdik Madoqua kirkii. Common throughout.

Common Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus. Mkomazi N.P.

Defassa Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa. Ngoronogoro Crater.

Thompson’s Gazelle Gazella rufifrons. Common throughout.

Grant’s Gazelle Gazella granti. Common in n. parks.

Impala Aepyceros melampus. Common in n. parks.

Topi Damaliscus lunatus topi. Common in n. parks.

Coke’s Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus cokei. Common in n. parks.

Wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus. Common in n. parks.

Springhare Pedetes capensis

Gerenek Litocranius walleri

Slender Mongoose Herpestes sanguinea