African Office: 17 Toucan Tropics, Willow Road, Bloubergrise, 7441, Cape Town, South Africa. Tel/Fax: +27-21-556-4124 Cel: +27-83-296-0147, e-mail: [email protected], www.tropicalbirding.com

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

N. Tanzania

Stately Crowned Cranes in Ngorongoro Crater

Birding amongst the beasts – Set departure tour

29 August – 15 September 2004

Leader: Keith Barnes

Trip Report

Summary

As usual, northern Tanzania was an extravaganza of birding set against the wildest and some of the most unique of Africa’s backdrops, Arusha NP, Mkomazi, the Usambara Mountains, Pemba Island, the expansive Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater. As a wilderness experience, the mammals of northern Tanzania are hard to beat. Amongst the mammal highlights were 3 Cheetah on a kill, two leopard, as well as omnipresent lion prides and many species of ungulates amongst the 52 mammal species encountered! The birding yielded 480 species. Given that this is during the period when Palearctic and Intra-african migrants are not present this is a good haul. Birding highlights included some of Africa’s most endangered birds, the Critically Endangered and recently recognised Beesley’s Spike-heeled Lark and the equally enigmatic Moreau’s Tailorbird of the East Usambara Mountains.

Daily Log

29 Aug: Arusha NP. The tour started with a nice surprise. Because everyone had arrived in Arusha earlier than scheduled I decided to treat us all to a day in Arusha NP. A spin by the Senato Pools and Lake Longil got things started with great views of a host of waterfowl including our only Southern Pochard and Comb Ducks of the trip. We enjoyed lunch with Bronze Sunbirds and also had great views of White-fronted Bee-eater, another species we were not to see elsewhere. The afternoon got us into the forest where we enjoyed views of both Stripe-cheeked and Eastern Mountain Greenbul, before notching up two mega’s both Bar-tailed and Narina Trogons within an hour and Brown Woodland Warbler and Black-throated Wattle-eye before we had to head back to our Coffee Lodge for dinner.

30 Aug. Arusha – Moshi. Today we headed to the lark plains were our prize quarry was Beesley’s Lark. We eventually found a small family party of this Critically Endangered bird. Its global population estimated at less then 200 individuals, we were able to watch them forage for some time. Other larks were seen including Fawn-coloured (Foxy) Lark, Fisher’s Finchlark, Rufous-naped Lark, Short-tailed Lark and several others. The dry bushland en-route to Kilimanjaro yielded tons of birds including good views at White-headed Mousebird and a Secretarybird strutting proudly along the roadside. In the late afternoon we enjoyed a walk on the slopes of Kilimanjaro indulging in some final birding before the cloud burnt off and we were treated to magnificent views of Kili from just beneath it! Dinner in Moshi.

Mt Kilimanjaro made a brief but welcome appearance for us

31 Aug – 1 Nov: Moshi – Mkomazi - West Usambaras

For the next couple of days we were to bird the drier scrubland around the town of Same and spent some time in the Mkomazi Game Reserve. This is fantastic birding as seeing things is easy and the birds are spectacular. We enjoyed gems such as Somali Golden-breasted Bunting, Blue-headed Cordon Blue, Purple Granadier, Hilderbrandt’s Starling, Eastern Chanting Goshawk, Hunter’s and Beautiful Sunbird, Temminck’s Courser, Red-fronted Warbler, Long-crested Eagle and many more. A nightdrive gave us White-tailed Mongoose, Common Genet, African Wild Cat and great looks at Donaldson-Smith’s Nightjar! The following day in Mkomazi highlights included Golden-breasted Starling and Violet Woodhoopoe. A lake en-route to the Usambaras yielded 20 of the regionally uncommon African Skimmer, Spur-winged Plover, Pink-backed Pelican, African Openbill, Black Heron and Hottentot Teal. That evening we saw Wood Owl and Barn Owl in the forest near the lodge.

2-3 Nov: West Usambaras

Birding a variety of forest patches in the West Usambaras yielded excellent results. The birding was slow (as Afromontane birding often is) but we managed to reel off the local Usambara specialities and high altitude species over the next two days. We started with Eastern (Usambara) Double-collared Sunbird, Moustached Green Tinkerbird and White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher. A Spot-throat, against all expectations, stood out in no cover and walked along the edge of a dusty track for all to see!!! Some birds took more time and we eventually got looks at Scaly-throated Honeyguide, Olive (Usambara) Thrush, Mountain Buzzard, Black-headed Apalis, Yellow-throated Woodland Warbler, White-starred Robin, Fuelleborn’s Boubou, Black-fronted Bush Shrike, White-tailed Crested Flycatcher, African Hill Babbler, Short-tailed Batis, fantastic multiple views of Crowned Eagle, and the gorgeous Hartlaub’s Turaco showed itself, although often fleetingly, on many occasions. The fruiting trees were festooned with Waller’s, Kenrick’s and Sharpe’s Starlings. We spent some time on the forest floor looking for secretive understorey birds. Although it was tough we eventually scored with an Olive Woodpecker and Curt and I saw the local and endemic Usambara Akalat before it moved off. The bizarre, localised and anomalous African Tailorbird was seen regularly while in this area. With their closest relatives in Asia, this is a real evolutionary throwback! Despite much work the highly localised Usambara Weaver’s remained elusive.

4-6 Sept. East Usambaras

On route to Amani we found Striped Pipit (a localised species in this area) and Mocking Cliff Chat. The forests yielded many Silvery-cheeked and Trumpeter Hornbills calling overhead and before long we lucked onto a magnificent Fasciated Snake Eagle that perched low in the forest for all to admire. Amazingly Banded Green and Amani Sunbirds were seen reasonably well in the village on arrival and not again! The following morning started with a bang! At one of the stakeouts a magical single Moreau’s Tailorbird showed well, creeping through the undergrowth. This Critically Endangered species is thought to number less than 50 individuals at this site, although a definitive population of only some 10 individuals is known from Amani!!! Although it is a little grey job, it is indeed one of the star birds of any Tanzania trip. It was misty and good views were hard to obtain, but many of the specialties followed and we saw Green-headed Oriole, Green Barbet, Yellow-streaked and Placid Greenbul, Fisher’s Turaco, Pale Batis and Uluguru Violet-backed Sunbird. Curt and I had brief views of Orange Ground Thrush. White-breasted Alethe and Sharpe’s Akalat’s were both heard but never gave satisfactory views. The lowlands yielded the magnificent Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike, Yellowbill, Mottled Spinetail, Peter’s Twinspot, Plain-backed Sunbird, Little Yellow Flycatcher, African Crested Flycatcher, Red-tailed Ant-thrush, Green Tinkerbird and Slender Greenbul. We also caught up with the skulking Kretchmar’s Longbill and a very well behaved African Broadbill that perched in the complete open for all to see. The coastal scrub near Muheza revealed Collared Palm Thrush. On the last night we flew to Pemba Island and settled in at the laid-back beach resort of Manta Reef Lodge. On route we found a beautiful Dickinson’s Kestrel perched next to the roadside.

The White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher is a common montane forest bird

7-9 Sept. Pemba Island

The birding here was easy and laidback. A welcome change from the days slogging on muddy forest trails looking for skulkers. We enjoyed the two endemics that frequented the hotel grounds Pemba Sunbird and Pemba White-eye and the endemic subspecies of African Goshawk. We then headed off to Ngezi Forest where we caught up with the endemic vaughni subspecies of Black-bellied Glossy Starling. An impressive and extremely large female Black Sparrowhawk came in and perched nearby, and we admired her completely. After some searching we located a pair of Pemba Green Pigeon’s feeding on a fruiting tree. Later we visited an extremely impressive roosting tree filled with hundreds of the massive endemic rusty-and-black Pemba Flying Fox. We returned to the lodge for lunch. The afternoon was spent at some wetlands finding the exquisite Pygmy Goose, Dimorphic Egret, Mangrove Kingfisher, Palm-nut Vulture and a host of waders. In the evening we ventured back to Ngezi for an attempt at Pemba Scops Owl. Although common, this little bird can be a real troublesome species to find due to their habit of not responding to call and otherwise being decidedly skittish. The night was fruitless, despite the bird being very close on two occasions. The following morning was spent on a boat, we had good looks at a great tern roost, where we could compare Lesser Crested, Greater Crested, Common, Roseate and Saunder’s Terns. The trip also yielded a handful of Terek Sandpipers, our only ones for the trip. The afternoon at the wetlands produced much of the same and our evening excursion back to Ngezi was met with partial success as two participants got fairly substandard views of the endemic Pemba Scops Owl as it flew in to call, perched in a position where no-one could see it and then left. We continued our search, but did not get improved looks.

10 Sept. Pemba – Ngorongoro Crater. Today was primarily a travel day. We were treated to both Pemba and Ujunga (Zanzibar) from the sky in our 6-seater plane before making our way to Arusha. After lunch we headed towards the famed Ngogongoro Crater stopping briefly in the drier woodland near Lake Manyara picking up our two target species and Tanzanian endemics Ashy Starling and Yellow-collared Lovebird as well as our first Speckle-fronted Weaver. Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaters flitted alongside the cuttings as we ascended the crater rim and we added the dainty White-tailed Blue Flycatcher and Thick-billed Seedeater to our list. In the late afternoon we stopped for views over the crater. This spectacular viewpoint with the floor of Ngorongoro spread beneath us, is indeed an impressive site with animal specks cast out across the crater floor roaming from one good feeding patch to another. We finished off with a Schalow’s Turaco near the hotel.

The Speckle-fronted Weaver is a common small bird of drier areas

11 Sept. Ngorongoro Crater. Up before the rest we enjoyed an almost empty restaurant. While scanning the crater from the balcony I head one of the hotel’s other guests say “oh-oh birdwatchers!!”, to which I almost responded “Don’t worry, we’ve been quarantined and are not contagious”. We made an early start enjoying Schalow’s Wheatear and another Tanzanian endemic, Rufous-tailed Weaver, before we’d fully descended the crater wall. We stopped in a futile attempt to identify a red-eared mouse and chuckled to ourselves as we imagined the responses we might get from the ““oh-oh birdwatchers”-crowd with the Big-5 on their minds if they had seen us screech to a halt for a 4-inch mouse! Speaking of the Big-5 though, it is impossible to ignore the enormity of this thronging ecosystem with all its amazing large mammals. In the distance we noticed vultures dropping to the crater floor. Soon we had racked up Lappet-faced, Ruppell’s Griffon, White-backed and White-headed Vultures as they inspected the Cheetah kill. The Cheetah’s were moving off, evidently satiated and soon thereafter a marouding band of Spotted Hyaenas came galloping along to take their place in the drama. Later that day we found several vehicles around a sleepy Lion pride. Lake Magadi was nearly dry, a result of several years bad drought, but several Lesser and Greater Flamingos, ducks and waders including Chestnut-banded Plover were still hanging in. The afternoon yielded a serious highlight. A Grant’s Gazelle had been felled by a mother Cheetah and her two cubs fed on the fresh carcass just metres from the road. Although there were a score of vehicles, the animals fed unperturbed and we watched for some time until we were content. Other birding highlights for the day included White-headed Barbet, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Martial Eagle, Brown Parisoma and many others. We had also saw Egyptian Mongoose, Eland and Defassa Waterbuck.

The Cheetah mum with her two cubs feasting on a Grant’s Gazelle kill!

12 Sept. Ngorongoro – Ndutu (southern Serengeti). We travelled to Ndutu early this morning stopping off at Olduvai Gorge, the aptly named “cradle of mankind”, to view the fossil remains and hear the stories of the Leakey’s amazing discoveries in this district. We added Lanner Falcon and Chestnut Sparrow near the gorge. Ndutu is a relative oasis in the dry season and the cacophony at the lodge was remarkable, attracting loads of birds while the remainder of the bush was seemingly barren. Our final Tanzanian endemic Grey-breasted Spurfowl was seen scurrying around near our rooms. White-rumped Shrike was omnipresent and Fisher’s Lovebirds were literally dripping from the trees at times. An afternoon walk added the splendid Silverbird (a silky steel-grey flycatcher), Ruppell’s Long-tailed Starling, Buff-bellied Warbler and Red-fronted Barbet. In the aftrernoon we made for the nearby Lake Masek as local gen informed us it still had water in it. The drive added Red-throated Tit and Black-lored Babbler, while the many waterbirds and Hippos kept us otherwise entertained. Curt and I spent a bit of time owling after dark, but we spent more time scanning the dark watching the cheeky Hyaenas sloping closer to camp than we were comfortable with!!

The gregarious White-rumped Shrike is a common species around Ndutu.

13-15 Sept. Serengeti NP.

The most famous wildlife ecosystem on earth. This is what lay ahead for us, but not before we had a few highlights of our own. It is always great to see wild animals, but finding your own is always more thrilling. Leaving Ndutu we happened upon two Cheetahs. We had certainly had a good cheetah trip, with this being our 8th in 3 days. They sat near the car and called a plaintive and bird-like chirp to one another. It constantly amazes me how unfussed the animals of the Serengeti are to humans in cars. We headed off birding our way north, adding Yellow-throated Sandgrouse and Saddle-billed Stork at a nice wetland. I got out of the car for a “relief stop” only to see a rather burly and beautiful looking male Lion jump up about 50 m away and bolt off gingerly. Issuing instructions for everyone to stay in the vehicle I made my way back to the car very rapidly, where I was amazed to discover the need to go to the loo had entirely vanished!! We pulled up to the burly male in the safety of our car and we checked each other out for 10 or so minutes before heading off. Making our way to Seronera we added a pride of 10 more lions and saw Bare-faced Go-Away Bird, Slate-coloured Boubou and many other birds. The expansive plains were dotted with ungulates and as we drove we came across Grant’s and Thompson’s Gazelle, Impala, Burchell’s Zebra, Topi, Blue Wildebeest and more. Exploring the woodlands around Seronera we saw a large group of Elephant of varying ages. We watched as they milled about going about their business. A lone vehicle up ahead flashed his lights, we knew he was onto something good and as we made our way over there we were delighted to see a Leopard sprawled across the middle of the road. This was certainly better than the Leopard paw we had seen protruding from a cave earlier in the day!! It also wrapped up for me what must be the best Big Cat day I have ever had in the African bush. Paul, however, had one more wish. He asked Kevin (our excellent Safari guide) to find a Leopard up a tree with his paws dangling. The most elusive of all big cats lived up to its name as it sloped off into the bush and we headed back for drinks and dinner. Amazingly the next morning we went back into the same area and Kevin found the Leopard up the tree with its paws dangling!! What more could you ask for?

            As we had seen many of the plains birds we headed towards Grumeti and the western corridor in search of some of the riparian woodland birds that are found only in this area. Here we added Meyer’s (Brown) Parrot, Grey-headed Social Weaver, Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike, Holub’s Golden Weaver, White-bellied Tit, Rufous Chatterer, Brown-throated Wattle-eye, Eastern Grey Plantain Eater, Ashy Flycatcher, Usambiro Babet, Red-fronted Tinkerbird, Woodland Kingfisher and some magnificent Southern Ground Hornbill. In the evening we caught up with the Square-tailed Nightjar that was calling on the hill we were staying on.

            Our last day in Tanzania was essentially a travel day, but we enjoyed two Lionesses walking alongside the road on our way out and a distant Cheetah. Our lunch stop at Gibb’s farm was productive with a few new trip birds including a stunning Grey-headed Warbler and Brown-headed Apalis in the gardens. On arrival at the coffee farm in Arusha that evening some 18 days after starting we were amazed to add another bird a Brown-breasted Barbet to the list in the gardens. It is amazing that there always seems to be something else to see when in a country as diverse as Tanzania! The tour drew to a close and we dropped some of the participants off while others stayed on for a night for their flights the next day ending a bumper trip of birds and beasts in Tanzania. Curt kindly found me a White-bellied Hedgehog that night, a very cute and nifty mammal and a great way to complete the trip.

This beautiful male lion prevented us from using the facilities at the toilet stop!

N. Tanzania Triplist

(Based on Clements)

               

              Species                                           Scientific name

1.     Ostrich                                     Struthio camelus                   

2.     Little Grebe                              Tachybaptus ruficollis           

3.     Great White Pelican                  Pelecanus onocrotalus          

4.     Pink-backed Pelican                 Pelecanus rufescens             

5.     Great Cormorant                      Phalacrocorax carbo            

6.     Long-tailed Cormorant             Phalacrocorax africanus       

7.     Gray Heron                              Ardea cinerea                      

8.     Black-headed Heron                Ardea melanocephala           

9.     Great Egret                               Ardea alba                           

10.   Black Heron                             Egretta ardesiaca                 

11.   Intermediate Egret                    Egretta intermedia                

12.   Little Egret                                Egretta garzetta                    

13.   Squacco Heron                        Ardeola ralloides                  

14.   Madagascar Pond-Heron         Ardeola idae                        

15.   Cattle Egret                              Bubulcus ibis                        

16.   Striated Heron                          Butorides striatus                 

17.   Hamerkop                                Scopus umbretta                  

18.   Yellow-billed Stork                  Mycteria ibis                        

19.   African Openbill                       Anastomus lamelligerus        

20.   Black Stork                              Ciconia nigra                        

21.   Woolly-necked Stork               Ciconia episcopus                

22.   Saddle-billed Stork                   Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis 

23.   Marabou Stork                         Leptoptilos crumeniferus      

24.   Sacred Ibis                               Threskiornis aethiopicus       

25.   Hadada Ibis                              Bostrychia hagedash            

26.   Glossy Ibis                               Plegadis falcinellus                

27.   African Spoonbill                      Platalea alba                        

28.   Greater Flamingo                      Phoenicopterus ruber           

29.   Lesser Flamingo                       Phoenicopterus minor           

30.   White-faced Whistling-Duck     Dendrocygna viduata           

31.   Egyptian Goose                        Alopochen aegyptiacus        

32.   Spur-winged Goose                  Plectropterus gambensis       

33.   Comb Duck                             Sarkidiornis melanotos         

34.   African Pygmy-goose               Nettapus auritus                   

35.   Cape Teal                                Anas capensis                      

36.   Red-billed Duck                       Anas erythrorhyncha            

37.   Hottentot Teal                          Anas hottentota                    

38.   Southern Pochard                     Netta erythrophthalma          

39.   Black-shouldered Kite              Elanus caeruleus                   

40.   Black Kite                                Milvus migrans                     

41.   African Fish-Eagle                    Haliaeetus vocifer                 

42.   Palm-nut Vulture                       Gypohierax angolensis          

43.   Hooded Vulture                        Necrosyrtes monachus         

44.   White-backed Vulture              Gyps africanus                     

45.   Rueppell's Griffon                     Gyps rueppellii                     

46.   Lappet-faced Vulture                Torgos tracheliotus               

47.   White-headed Vulture               Trigonoceps occipitalis         

48.   Black-breasted Snake-Eagle     Circaetus pectoralis              

49.   Brown Snake-Eagle                  Circaetus cinereus                

50.   Fasciated Snake-Eagle             Circaetus fasciolatus             

51.   Bateleur                                    Terathopius ecaudatus          

52.   African Harrier-Hawk               Polyboroides typus              

53.   Lizard Buzzard                         Kaupifalco monogrammicus 

54.   Dark Chanting-Goshawk          Melierax metabates              

55.   Eastern Chanting-Goshawk       Melierax poliopterus            

56.   Gabar Goshawk                       Micronisus gabar                 

57.   African Goshawk                      Accipiter tachiro                  

58.   Little Sparrowhawk                  Accipiter minullus                 

59.   Black Goshawk                        Accipiter melanoleucus         

60.   Mountain Buzzard                     Buteo oreophilus                  

61.   Augur Buzzard                          Buteo augur                         

62.   Tawny Eagle                             Aquila rapax                        

63.   Wahlberg's Eagle                      Aquila wahlbergi                  

64.   African Hawk-Eagle                 Hieraaetus spilogaster          

65.   Martial Eagle                            Polemaetus bellicosus           

66.   Long-crested Eagle                   Lophaetus occipitalis            

67.   Crowned Hawk-Eagle              Stephanoaetus coronatus      

68.   Secretary-bird                          Sagittarius serpentarius         

69.   Pygmy Falcon                           Polihierax semitorquatus       

70.   Eurasian Kestrel                       Falco tinnunculus                  

71.   Greater Kestrel                         Falco rupicoloides                

72.   Dickinson's Kestrel                   Falco dickinsoni                   

73.   Lanner Falcon                          Falco biarmicus                    

74.   Coqui Francolin                        Francolinus coqui                 

75.   Crested Francolin                     Francolinus sephaena           

76.   Hildebrandt's Francolin             Francolinus hildebrandti        

77.   Yellow-necked Francolin          Francolinus leucoscepus       

78.   Gray-breasted Francolin           Francolinus rufopictus          

79.   Helmeted Guineafowl                Numida meleagris                

80.   Gray Crowned-Crane               Balearica regulorum             

81.   Black Crake                             Amaurornis flavirostris          

82.   Common Moorhen                   Gallinula chloropus               

83.   Red-knobbed Coot                  Fulica cristata                       

84.   Kori Bustard                            Ardeotis kori                       

85.   White-bellied Bustard               Eupodotis senegalensis         

86.   Buff-crested Bustard                 Eupodotis gindiana               

87.   Black-bellied Bustard               Lissotis melanogaster           

88.   African Jacana                          Actophilornis africanus         

89.   Black-winged Stilt                    Himantopus himantopus       

90.   Pied Avocet                             Recurvirostra avosetta          

91.   Water Thick-knee                    Burhinus vermiculatus           

92.   Temminck's Courser                 Cursorius temminckii            

93.   Double-banded Courser           Smutsornis africanus             

94.   Collared Pratincole                   Glareola pratincola               

95.   Long-toed Lapwing                  Vanellus crassirostris            

96.   Blacksmith Plover                     Vanellus armatus                  

97.   Spur-winged Plover                  Vanellus spinosus                 

98.   Black-winged Lapwing             Vanellus melanopterus          

99.   Crowned Lapwing                    Vanellus coronatus               

100. Wattled Lapwing                      Vanellus senegallus               

101. Black-bellied Plover                 Pluvialis squatarola               

102. Common Ringed Plover            Charadrius hiaticula              

103. Kittlitz's Plover                         Charadrius pecuarius            

104. Three-banded Plover                Charadrius tricollaris            

105. White-fronted Plover                Charadrius marginatus          

106. Chestnut-banded Plover           Charadrius pallidus               

107. Mongolian Plover                     Charadrius mongolus            

108. Greater Sandplover                  Charadrius leschenaultii        

109. Bar-tailed Godwit                     Limosa lapponica                 

110. Whimbrel                                 Numenius phaeopus             

111. Marsh Sandpiper                      Tringa stagnatilis                   

112. Common Greenshank               Tringa nebularia                   

113. Green Sandpiper                      Tringa ochropus                   

114. Wood Sandpiper                      Tringa glareola                     

115. Terek Sandpiper                       Xenus cinereus                     

116. Common Sandpiper                  Actitis hypoleucos                

117. Ruddy Turnstone                      Arenaria interpres                

118. Sanderling                                Calidris alba                         

119. Little Stint                                 Calidris minuta                     

120. Curlew Sandpiper                     Calidris ferruginea                

121. Ruff                                          Philomachus pugnax             

122. Gull-billed Tern                         Sterna nilotica                      

123. Lesser Crested Tern                 Sterna bengalensis                

124. Great Crested Tern                   Sterna bergii                        

125. Roseate Tern                            Sterna dougallii                    

126. Common Tern                          Sterna hirundo                     

127. Saunders' Tern                         Sterna saundersi                   

128. Whiskered Tern                        Chlidonias hybridus              

129. White-winged Tern                   Chlidonias leucopterus         

130. African Skimmer                       Rynchops flavirostris            

131. Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse     Pterocles exustus                 

132. Yellow-throated Sandgrouse     Pterocles gutturalis               

133. Black-faced Sandgrouse           Pterocles decoratus              

134. Rock Dove                               Columba livia                       

135. Speckled Pigeon                       Columba guinea                   

136. Rameron Pigeon                       Columba arquatrix               

137. Delegorgue's Pigeon                 Columba delegorguei           

138. Lemon Dove                            Columba larvata                   

139. Dusky Turtle-Dove                   Streptopelia lugens               

140. African Mourning Dove            Streptopelia decipiens          

141. Red-eyed Dove                        Streptopelia semitorquata     

142. Ring-necked Dove                    Streptopelia capicola            

143. Laughing Dove                         Streptopelia senegalensis      

144. Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove  Turtur chalcospilos               

145. Blue-spotted Wood-Dove        Turtur afer                           

146. Tambourine Dove                     Turtur tympanistria               

147. Namaqua Dove                        Oena capensis                     

148. Pemba Green-Pigeon                Treron pembaensis               

149. African Green-Pigeon               Treron calva                        

150. Fischer's Lovebird                    Agapornis fischeri                

151. Yellow-collared Lovebird         Agapornis personatus           

152. Meyer's Parrot                         Poicephalus meyeri              

153. Brown-headed Parrot               Poicephalus cryptoxanthus   

154. Red-bellied Parrot                    Poicephalus rufiventris          

155. Schalow's Turaco                     Tauraco schalowi                 

156. Fischer's Turaco                       Tauraco fischeri                   

157. Hartlaub's Turaco                     Tauraco hartlaubi                 

158. Bare-faced Go-away-bird        Corythaixoides personatus   

159. White-bellied Go-away-bird     Corythaixoides leucogaster   

160. Eastern Plantain-eater               Crinifer zonurus                    

161. Klaas' Cuckoo                         Chrysococcyx klaas             

162. Yellowbill                                 Ceuthmochares aereus         

163. White-browed Coucal              Centropus superciliosus        

164. Barn Owl                                 Tyto alba                             

165. African Scops-Owl                   Otus senegalensis                 

166. Pemba Scops-Owl                   Otus pembaensis                  

167. Spotted Eagle-Owl                   Bubo africanus                     

168. Usambara Eagle-Owl               Bubo vosseleri                     

169. Verreaux's Eagle-Owl               Bubo lacteus                        

170. African Wood-Owl                  Strix woodfordii                   

171. Pearl-spotted Owlet                 Glaucidium perlatum             

172. Sombre Nightjar                       Caprimulgus fraenatus          

173. Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar      Caprimulgus donaldsoni       

174. Slender-tailed Nightjar              Caprimulgus clarus               

175. Square-tailed Nightjar               Caprimulgus fossii                

176. Bat-like Spinetail                      Neafrapus boehmi                

177. African Palm-Swift                   Cypsiurus parvus                 

178. African Swift                            Apus barbatus                     

179. Little Swift                                Apus affinis                          

180. White-rumped Swift                 Apus caffer                          

181. Speckled Mousebird                Colius striatus                      

182. White-headed Mousebird         Colius leucocephalus            

183. Blue-naped Mousebird             Urocolius macrourus            

184. Narina Trogon                          Apaloderma narina               

185. Bar-tailed Trogon                     Apaloderma vittatum            

186. Malachite Kingfisher                 Alcedo cristata                     

187. African Pygmy-Kingfisher         Ispidina picta                       

188. Gray-headed Kingfisher            Halcyon leucocephala          

189. Woodland Kingfisher                Halcyon senegalensis            

190. Mangrove Kingfisher                Halcyon senegaloides           

191. Brown-hooded Kingfisher         Halcyon albiventris               

192. Giant Kingfisher                        Megaceryle maxima             

193. Pied Kingfisher                         Ceryle rudis                         

194. White-fronted Bee-eater           Merops bullockoides           

195. Little Bee-eater                         Merops pusillus                    

196. Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater    Merops oreobates               

197. Madagascar Bee-eater             Merops superciliosus           

198. European Bee-eater                  Merops apiaster                   

199. Lilac-breasted Roller                Coracias caudata                 

200. Broad-billed Roller                   Eurystomus glaucurus           

201. Eurasian Hoopoe                      Upupa epops                       

202. Green Woodhoopoe                 Phoeniculus purpureus          

203. Violet Woodhoopoe                 Phoeniculus damarensis        

204. Common Scimitar-bill               Rhinopomastus cyanomelas  

205. Abyssinian Scimitar-bill             Rhinopomastus minor           

206. Red-billed Hornbill                   Tockus erythrorhynchus       

207. E. Yellow-billed Hornbill           Tockus flavirostris                

208. Von der Decken's Hornbill        Tockus deckeni                   

209. Crowned Hornbill                     Tockus alboterminatus         

210. African Gray Hornbill                Tockus nasutus                    

211. Trumpeter Hornbill                   Ceratogymna bucinator        

212. Silvery-cheeked Hornbill           Ceratogymna brevis             

213. Southern Ground-Hornbill         Bucorvus leadbeateri            

214. White-eared Barbet                  Stactolaema leucotis             

215. Green Barbet                            Stactolaema olivacea            

216. Moustached Tinkerbird             Pogoniulus leucomystax        

217. Green Tinkerbird                      Pogoniulus simplex               

218. Red-fronted Tinkerbird             Pogoniulus pusillus               

219. Red-fronted Barbet                  Tricholaema diademata        

220. Spot-flanked Barbet                 Tricholaema lachrymosa       

221. Black-throated Barbet              Tricholaema melanocephala  

222. White-headed Barbet               Lybius leucocephalus           

223. Brown-breasted Barbet            Lybius melanopterus            

224. Red-and-yellow Barbet            Trachyphonus erythrocephalus 

225. D'Arnaud's Barbet                    Trachyphonus darnaudii       

226. Scaly-throated Honeyguide       Indicator variegatus              

227. Greater Honeyguide                  Indicator indicator                

228. Lesser Honeyguide                   Indicator minor                    

229. Pallid Honeyguide                     Indicator meliphilus              

230. Wahlberg's Honeyguide            Prodotiscus regulus              

231. Nubian Woodpecker                Campethera nubica              

232. Cardinal Woodpecker              Dendropicos fuscescens       

233. Bearded Woodpecker              Dendropicos namaquus        

234. Gray-headed Woodpecker       Dendropicos spodocephalus

235. Olive Woodpecker                   Dendropicos griseocephalus 

236. African Broadbill                      Smithornis capensis              

237. Singing Bushlark                       Mirafra cantillans                  

238. Rufous-naped Lark                   Mirafra africana                   

239. Fawn-colored Lark                  Mirafra africanoides             

240. Pink-breasted Lark                   Mirafra poecilosterna           

241. Pygmy Spikeheeled Lark          Chersomanes beesleyi          

242. Fischer's Sparrow-Lark            Eremopterix leucopareia       

243. Red-capped Lark                     Calandrella cinerea               

244. Short-tailed Lark                      Pseudalaemon fremantlii       

245. Plain Martin                              Riparia paludicola                

246. Banded Martin                         Riparia cincta                       

247. Rock Martin                             Hirundo fuligula                    

248. Barn Swallow                           Hirundo rustica                    

249. Wire-tailed Swallow                 Hirundo smithii                     

250. Lesser Striped-Swallow            Hirundo abyssinica               

251. Mosque Swallow                      Hirundo senegalensis            

252. Red-rumped Swallow               Hirundo daurica                   

253. Black Sawwing                         Psalidoprocne holomelas      

254. African Pied Wagtail                 Motacilla aguimp                  

255. Mountain Wagtail                     Motacilla clara                     

256. Yellow-throated Longclaw        Macronyx croceus               

257. Rosy-throated Longclaw           Macronyx ameliae                

258. Pangani Longclaw                     Macronyx aurantiigula          

259. Striped Pipit                             Anthus lineiventris                

260. Plain-backed Pipit                    Anthus leucophrys                

261. African Pipit                             Anthus cinnamomeus            

262. Long-billed Pipit                       Anthus similis                       

263. Gray Cuckoo-shrike                 Coracina caesia                   

264. Black Cuckoo-shrike                Campephaga flava               

265. Common Bulbul                        Pycnonotus barbatus            

266. Shelley's Greenbul                    Andropadus masukuensis     

267. Little Greenbul                          Andropadus virens               

268. Sombre Greenbul                     Andropadus importunus       

269. Eastern Mountain-Greenbul      Andropadus nigriceps          

270. Stripe-cheeked Bulbul              Andropadus milanjensis        

271. Yellow-bellied Greenbul           Chlorocichla flaviventris        

272. Placid Greenbul                        Phyllastrephus placidus         

273. Yellow-streaked Bulbul            Phyllastrephus flavostriatus   

274. Tiny Greenbul                           Phyllastrephus debilis           

275. Red-tailed Ant-Thrush              Neocossyphus rufus             

276. Orange Ground-Thrush             Zoothera gurneyi                  

277. Olive Thrush                             Turdus olivaceus                  

278. Kurrichane Thrush                    Turdus libonyanus                

279. African Bare-eyed Thrush         Turdus tephronotus              

280. White-chested Alethe               Alethe fuelleborni                 

281. Red-faced Cisticola                  Cisticola erythrops               

282. Singing Cisticola                       Cisticola cantans                  

283. Hunter's Cisticola                      Cisticola hunteri                   

284. Rattling Cisticola                       Cisticola chiniana                 

285. Ashy Cisticola                          Cisticola cinereolus              

286. Winding Cisticola                      Cisticola galactotes              

287. Croaking Cisticola                    Cisticola natalensis               

288. Tiny Cisticola                            Cisticola nanus                     

289. Zitting Cisticola                         Cisticola juncidis                  

290. Desert Cisticola                        Cisticola aridulus                  

291. Pectoral-patch Cisticola            Cisticola brunnescens           

292. Tawny-flanked Prinia                Prinia subflava                      

293. Bar-throated Apalis                  Apalis thoracica                   

294. Yellow-breasted Apalis            Apalis flavida                       

295. Chestnut-throated Apalis          Apalis porphyrolaema          

296. Black-headed Apalis                Apalis melanocephala           

297. Gray Apalis                              Apalis cinerea                      

298. Brown-headed Apalis               Apalis alticola                      

299. Gray-capped Warbler              Eminia lepida                       

300. Green-backed Camaroptera     Camaroptera brachyura       

301. Gray Wren-Warbler                 Calamonastes simplex          

302. Cameroon Scrub-Warbler        Bradypterus lopezi               

303. Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler     Bradypterus cinnamomeus    

304. African Reed-Warbler              Acrocephalus baeticatus       

305. African Yellow Warbler            Chloropeta natalensis           

306. Mountain Yellow Warbler         Chloropeta similis                 

307. Buff-bellied Warbler                 Phyllolais pulchella               

308. African Tailorbird                     Orthotomus metopias           

309. Long-billed Tailorbird               Orthotomus moreaui            

310. Yellow-bellied Eremomela        Eremomela icteropygialis      

311. Northern Crombec                   Sylvietta brachyura               

312. Red-faced Crombec                 Sylvietta whytii                     

313. Kretschmer's Longbill               Macrosphenus kretschmeri   

314. Yellow-thr Wood-Warbler       Phylloscopus ruficapillus       

315. Brown Woodland-Warbler       Phylloscopus umbrovirens    

316. Brown Warbler                        Parisoma lugens                   

317. Banded Warbler                       Parisoma boehmi                 

318. Silverbird                                  Empidornis semipartitus        

319. Pale Flycatcher                         Bradornis pallidus                

320. African Gray Flycatcher            Bradornis microrhynchus      

321. White-eyed Slaty-Flycatcher     Melaenornis fischeri             

322. Southern Black-Flycatcher        Melaenornis pammelaina      

323. African Dusky Flycatcher          Muscicapa adusta                

324. Ashy Flycatcher                        Muscicapa caerulescens       

325. Gray Tit-Flycatcher                  Myioparus plumbeus            

326. White-starred Robin                 Pogonocichla stellata            

327. Sharpe's Akalat                        Sheppardia sharpei              

328. Usambara Akalat                      Sheppardia montana            

329. Cape Robin-Chat                     Cossypha caffra                   

330. White-browed Robin-Chat       Cossypha heuglini                

331. Red-capped Robin-Chat          Cossypha natalensis             

332. Collared Palm-Thrush               Cichladusa arquata               

333. Red-backed Scrub-Robin         Cercotrichas leucophrys       

334. African Stonechat                     Saxicola torquata                 

335. Capped Wheatear                    Oenanthe pileata                  

336. Northern Anteater-Chat            Myrmecocichla aethiops       

337. Mocking Cliff-Chat                   Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

338. Brown-throated Wattle-eye      Platysteira cyanea                

339. Black-throated Wattle-eye        Platysteira peltata                 

340. Short-tailed Batis                      Batis mixta                           

341. Chinspot Batis                          Batis molitor                        

342. Pale Batis                                 Batis soror                           

343. Black-headed Batis                  Batis minor                          

344. Yellow Flycatcher                     Erythrocercus holochlorus    

345. White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher     Elminia albicauda                 

346. White-tailed Cr-Flycatcher       Elminia albonotata                

347. African Crested-Flycatcher       Trochocercus cyanomelas    

348. African Paradise-Flycatcher      Terpsiphone viridis               

349. Spot-throat                               Modulatrix stictigula             

350. Scaly-breasted Illadopsis          Illadopsis albipectus             

351. African Hill Babbler                  Illadopsis abyssinica             

352. Scaly Chatterer                         Turdoides aylmeri                

353. Rufous Chatterer                      Turdoides rubiginosus          

354. Black-lored Babbler                 Turdoides melanops             

355. Arrow-marked Babbler            Turdoides jardineii               

356. White-bellied Tit                       Melaniparus albiventris         

357. Red-throated Tit                       Melaniparus fringillinus         

358. African Penduline-Tit                Anthoscopus caroli              

359. Plain-backed Sunbird               Anthreptes reichenowi          

360. Kenya Violet-back Sunbird      Anthreptes orientalis             

361. Uluguru Violetback Sunbird      Anthreptes neglectus            

362. Banded Sunbird                        Anthreptes rubritorques        

363. Collared Sunbird                      Hedydipna collaris               

364. Amani Sunbird                          Hedydipna pallidigaster        

365. Western Olive-Sunbird             Cyanomitra obscura             

366. Mouse-colored Sunbird            Cyanomitra veroxii               

367. Amethyst Sunbird                     Chalcomitra amethystina       

368. Scarlet-chested Sunbird            Chalcomitra senegalensis      

369. Hunter's Sunbird                       Chalcomitra hunteri              

370. Bronze Sunbird                         Nectarinia kilimensis             

371. E. Double-collared Sunbird       Cinnyris mediocris                

372. Beautiful Sunbird                      Cinnyris pulchellus                

373. Mariqua Sunbird                       Cinnyris mariquensis             

374. Purple-banded Sunbird             Cinnyris bifasciatus               

375. Tsavo Sunbird                          Cinnyris tsavoensis               

376. Pemba Sunbird                         Cinnyris pembae                  

377. Variable Sunbird                       Cinnyris venustus                 

378. African Yellow White-eye         Zosterops senegalensis         

379. Broad-ringed White-eye           Zosterops poliogaster           

380. White-breasted White-eye        Zosterops abyssinicus          

381. Pemba White-eye                     Zosterops vaughani              

382. Green-headed Oriole                Oriolus chlorocephalus         

383. African Black-headed Oriole    Oriolus larvatus                    

384. Gray-backed Fiscal                  Lanius excubitoroides           

385. Long-tailed Fiscal                     Lanius cabanisi                     

386. Taita Fiscal                               Lanius dorsalis                     

387. Common Fiscal                        Lanius collaris                      

388. Magpie Shrike                          Corvinella melanoleuca         

389. White-rumped Shrike               Eurocephalus rueppelli         

390. Brubru                                      Nilaus afer                           

391. Black-backed Puffback            Dryoscopus cubla                

392. Black-crowned Tchagra           Tchagra senegala                 

393. Brown-crowned Tchagra          Tchagra australis                  

394. Tropical Boubou                       Laniarius aethiopicus            

395. Black-headed Gonolek             Laniarius erythrogaster         

396. Slate-colored Boubou               Laniarius funebris                 

397. Fuelleborn's Boubou                 Laniarius fuelleborni             

398. Rosy-patched Bushshrike         Rhodophoneus cruentus       

399. Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike     Telophorus sulfureopectus    

400. Black-fronted Bushshrike          Telophorus nigrifrons            

401. Gray-headed Bushshrike           Malaconotus blanchoti         

402. White Helmetshrike                  Prionops plumatus                

403. Chestnut-fr. Helmetshrike         Prionops scopifrons             

404. Square-tailed Drongo               Dicrurus ludwigii                  

405. Fork-tailed Drongo                   Dicrurus adsimilis                 

406. House Crow                             Corvus splendens                 

407. Cape Crow                              Corvus capensis                   

408. Pied Crow                                Corvus albus                        

409. White-necked Raven                Corvus albicollis                   

410. Wattled Starling                        Creatophora cinerea            

411. G. Blue-ear Glossy-Starling      Lamprotornis chalybaeus      

412. Rueppell's Glossy-Starling         Lamprotornis purpuropterus 

413. Golden-breasted Starling          Lamprotornis regius             

414. Black-bellied Glossy-Starling    Lamprotornis corruscus        

415. Superb Starling                         Lamprotornis superbus         

416. Hildebrandt's Starling                Lamprotornis hildebrandti     

417. Violet-backed Starling              Cinnyricinclus leucogaster     

418. Fischer's Starling                       Spreo fischeri                       

419. Ashy Starling                            Spreo unicolor                     

420. Red-winged Starling                 Onychognathus morio          

421. Waller's Starling                        Onychognathus walleri         

422. Kenrick's Starling                     Poeoptera kenricki               

423. Sharpe's Starling                       Pholia sharpii                       

424. Red-billed Oxpecker                Buphagus erythrorhynchus    

425. Yellow-billed Oxpecker            Buphagus africanus              

426. House Sparrow                        Passer domesticus                

427. Rufous Sparrow                       Passer motitensis                  

428. Gray-headed Sparrow              Passer griseus                      

429. Parrot-billed Sparrow               Passer gongonensis              

430. Swaheli Sparrow                      Passer suahelicus                 

431. Cape Sparrow                          Passer diffusus                     

432. Chestnut Sparrow                     Passer eminibey                   

433. Yellow-spotted Petronia           Petronia pyrgita                    

434. Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver       Bubalornis niger                   

435. Whiteheaded Buffalo-Weaver   Dinemellia dinemelli              

436. Speckle-fronted Weaver           Sporopipes frontalis             

437. Whitebrow Sparrow-Weaver   Plocepasser mahali               

438. Rufous-tailed Weaver               Histurgops ruficauda            

439. Gray-headed Social-Weaver    Pseudonigrita arnaudi           

440. Baglafecht Weaver                   Ploceus baglafecht               

441. Spectacled Weaver                  Ploceus ocularis                   

442. Black-necked Weaver              Ploceus nigricollis                 

443. African Golden-Weaver            Ploceus subaureus                

444. Holub's Golden-Weaver           Ploceus xanthops                 

445. Taveta Golden-Weaver            Ploceus castaneiceps            

446. African Masked-Weaver          Ploceus velatus                    

447. Village Weaver                         Ploceus cucullatus                

448. Black-headed Weaver              Ploceus melanocephalus       

449. Chestnut Weaver                      Ploceus rubiginosus              

450. Forest Weaver                         Ploceus bicolor                    

451. Red-headed Weaver                Anaplectes rubriceps            

452. Red-billed Quelea                     Quelea quelea                      

453. Black-winged Bishop                Euplectes hordeaceus           

454. Yellow Bishop                          Euplectes capensis               

455. Fan-tailed Widowbird               Euplectes axillaris                 

456. White-winged Widowbird         Euplectes albonotatus           

457. Grosbeak Weaver                    Amblyospiza albifrons          

458. Green-winged Pytilia                 Pytilia melba                        

459. Peters' Twinspot                       Hypargos niveoguttatus        

460. Red-billed Firefinch                  Lagonosticta senegala          

461. Jameson's Firefinch                   Lagonosticta rhodopareia     

462. Red-cheeked Cordonbleu         Uraeginthus bengalus            

463. Blue-capped Cordonbleu          Uraeginthus cyanocephalus   

464. Purple Grenadier                      Uraeginthus ianthinogaster    

465. Yellow-bellied Waxbill              Estrilda quartinia                  

466. Crimson-rumped Waxbill          Estrilda rhodopyga               

467. Common Waxbill                      Estrilda astrild                      

468. African Quailfinch                     Ortygospiza atricollis            

469. Bronze Mannikin                      Lonchura cucullata               

470. Brown-backed Mannikin          Lonchura nigriceps               

471. Cut-throat                                Amadina fasciata                  

472. Village Indigobird                     Vidua chalybeata                 

473. Oriole Finch                             Linurgus olivaceus                

474. African Citril                             Serinus citrinelloides             

475. Black-throated Canary             Serinus atrogularis                

476. Southern Grosbeak-Canary      Serinus buchanani                

477. White-bellied Canary                Serinus dorsostriatus            

478. Streaky Seedeater                    Serinus striolatus                  

479. Thick-billed Seedeater              Serinus burtoni                     

480. Somali Bunting                          Emberiza poliopleura            

 

Tanzania Mammal Triplist

(Based on Kingdon 1997)

Angola Pied Colobus Colobus angolensis. Seen in both Usambaras.

Guereza Pied Colobus Colobus guereza. Few troops Arusha NP.

Yellow Baboon Papio cyanocephalus. Seen in West Usambaras.

Olive Baboon Papio anubis. Several places. First Arusha NP.

Vervet Monkey Cercopithecus aethiops pygerythrus. Common.

Pemba Green Monkey Cercopithecus a. nesiotes. Pemba Island.

Sykes Blue Gentle Monkey Cercopithicus nictitans stuhlmanni. Ngorongoro Highlands.

White-throated Gentle Monkey Cercopithicus nictitans spp. Usambaras.

Silver Galago Otolemur argentatus. Grounds of Hotel, Arusha.

Small-eared Galago Otolemur garnettii panganiensis. E. Usambara mtns.

Senegal Galago Galago senegalensis braccatus. Pemba Island.

Pemba Flying Fox Pteropus voeltzkowi. Endemic to Pemba. Saw hundreds in a roost tree.

Yellow-winged Bat Lavia frons. Common in drier bush. Very distinctive.

White-bellied Hedgehog Atelerix albiventris. Curt went out on the night of the 15th and found one for these beauties for me. He had seen 4 here when he stayed before the tour. I was most impressed.

Scrub Hare Lepus capensis. Fairly common.

Unstriped Ground Squirrel Xerus rutilus. Mkomazi.

Tanganyika Mountain Squirrel Paraxerus lucifer. Kilimanjaro

Red-bellied Coast Squirrel Paraxerus pappiatus. Lowlands of East Usambaras.

Ochre Bush Squirrel Paraxerus ochraceus. Mkomazi.

Golden Jackal Canis aureus. Fairly Common

Black-backed Jackal Canis mesomelas. Fairly Common.

Bat-eared Fox Otocyon megalotis. Three in the early morning near Ndutu.

Egyptian Mongoose Herpestes ichneumon. One animal seen in Ngorongoro Crater.

White-tailed Mongoose Ichneumia albicauda. Several seen on night drive near Same.

Spotted Hyaena Crocuta crocuta. Common in larger parks.

Common Genet Genetta genetta. Seen near Mkomazi on Pemba and at Ndutu.

Wild Cat Felis sylvestris. Seen nicely on nightdrive near Same.

Leopard Panthera pardus. The same animal seen twice, both times beautifully near Seronera and one seen poorly in a cave.

Lion Panthera leo. Several prides seen well. One magnificent male seen at close quarters.

Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus. Seen 4 times, twice with kills!

Black-necked Rock Hyrax Procavia johnstoni. Seen near Leopard cave in Serengeti.

Eastern Tree Hyrax Dendrohyrax validus. Heard only screeching in the Usamaras at night.

Elephant Loxodonta africana – Common in n. parks.

Boehm’s Common Zebra Equus quagga boehmi - Common in n. parks.

Hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibious – common in n. parks.

Warthog Phacochoerus africanus - Common in n. parks.

Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis - Common in n. parks.

Buffalo Syncerus caffer – Common in n. parks.

Bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus – Arusha NP, Grumeti River, Serengeti.

Eland Taurotragus oryx. Just one animal in Ngorongoro.

Bush Duiker Sylvicapra grimmia. Mkomazi.

Harvey’s Duiker Cephalophus harveyi. Arusha NP.

Steinbuck Raphicerus campestris. Tinga Tinga. Again near Ndutu.

Kirk’s Dikdik Madoqua kirkii. Common throughout.

Bohor Reedbuck Redunca redunca. Mkomazi, Serengeti.

Defassa Waterbuck Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa. Ngonogoro Crater.

Thompson’s Gazelle Gazella rufifrons. Common throughout.

Grant’s Gazelle Gazella granti. Common in n. parks.

Impala Aepyceros melampus. Common in n. parks.

Topi Damaliscus lunatus topi. Common in n. parks.

Coke’s Hartebeest Alcelaphus buselaphus cokei. Common in n. parks.

Wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus. Common in n. parks.

Sinya (Not officially part of the tour, on a pretrip to an area which we will include on future trips Keith also saw the following)

Springhare Pedetes capensis

Striped Hyaena Hyaena hyaena

Gerenek Litocranius walleri

Slender Mongoose Herpestes sanguinea