10 June - 7 July 2008
Taxonomic order and nomenclature follow Clements, 6th edition updated 2007. 
Birds that are marked with (GO) were seen by the guide only.
Birds that are marked with (H) were only heard.
Birds that are marked with BE are Bornean endemics/forms that are often considered Bornean endemics
PM: Peninsula Malaysia tour
B: Borneo tour
I have selectively anotated this checklist for species that may be of particular interest.
ANHINGAS: Anhingidae
Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana
B: This stately heron walked out in front of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge balcony during a a heavy rain storm over lunch.
Gray Heron Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great Egret Ardea alba
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-Heron Egretta sacra
B: Several dark morph birds were seen around Likas in Kota Kinabalu.
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
STORKS: Ciconiidae
Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi
B: This big Sukau target bird, a globally endangered species, gave itself a little 'cheaply'. First, a bird was seen well perched by the Sungei Kinabatangan as we headed up to the lodge by boat, before we had even arrived at our lodge. Then a superb 'kettle' of 11 storks were watched riding the thermals above our boat one morning at Sukau, with another low pair circling low above our boat a little later in the day. A good run on this funky stork.
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
PM & B: Another fast declining stork, and also therefore a key species for the Borneo tour, as they are rarely encountered on the Peninsula these days. However, we ran into a bird perched up in the coastal mangroves of Kuala Selangor on our first day of the mainland leg. We then picked up another of these huge 'ugly' storks during one of our boat cruises out of Sukau.
Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni
B: These ones left it a little late, being seen on our final day (while transferring from Sukau to Sandakan overland), when 2 pairs were seen perched by the road.
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
B: One overflew the road on the way into Borneo Rainforest Lodge at Danum, in a good spell for raptors that saw us pick up 7 species during the journey (that also included White-fronted Falconet, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Black Eagle, Crested Serpent-Eagle, Crested Goshawk, and Wallace's Hawk-Eagle).
Bat Hawk Haliaeetus leucogaster
B: A really top raptor. We were spellbound by a nesting pair at Gomantong Caves on the Borneo leg, where we first watched them perched up out in the open beside their nest. Later we then watched them swooping into a stream of millions of bats leaving the cave a short time before dusk. A short time later this enchanting pair were watched ripping bats apart and feeding them to a well-hidden chick in their huge nest. Superb observations of this crepuscular hawk. Another was seen during the day along the Kinabatangan River.
Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
B: One was seen on the outskirts of Kota Kinabalu, Borneo.
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
PM: Common around the coastal areas of Kuala Selangor.                                                                                                                                              B: Seen in KK and many times along the Kinabatangan River.
White-bellied Sea-Eagle  
B: Seen first within Sabah's capital, Kota Kinabalu, and then again along the Kinabatangan River during our relaxing extension.
Lesser Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
PM & B: First seen perched above our boat along the Sungai Tahan at Taman Negara, and then later seen 3-4 times during one cruise alone out of Sukau in Borneo.
Gray-headed Fish-Eagle Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
B: Just one seen on a boat ride out of Sukau, when we watched it cruise along the river several times before we nailed it to a tree and got good close looks at their distinctive yellow feet.
Mountain Serpent-Eagle (BE) Spilornis kinabaluensis
B: This often difficult Bornean specialty performed exceptionally at Tambunan Rafflesia Center, where we got one teed up in the 'scope for all to see. Really rare looks at this montane Bornean endemic.
Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
B: Seen during a hot spell for raptors on the way into the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Besra Accipiter virgatus
B: A pair were nesting up on Kinabalu in our time there.
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
B: A pair of these large eagles flew over our heads during a raptor filled session of birding on our way into Borneo Rainforest Lodge, a good thing seeing as we missed out on them around Fraser's Hill!
Rufous-bellied Eagle Aquila kienerii
PM: We had a good run on this species on both the tours. In the Peninsula we rest saw an immature bird at Bukit Fraser, and then picked up another flying over the Mutiara in Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                                        B: In Borneo we saw a low flying adult in Danum Valley.
Blyth's Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus alboniger
PM & B: On the Peninsula this striking hawk was seen twice at Fraser's Hill, although the best looks were saved for Borneo, where we had one perched right above the Tambunan Rafflesia Center HQ.
Wallace's Hawk-Eagle  Spizaetus nanus
PM: A bird was seen soaring over our resort at Taman Negara shortly after our afternoon arrival.
FALCONS: Falconidae
Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius
PM: As this is basically replaced by the endemic White-fronted Falconet in Sabah, a key target species for us on the mainland. We had some great luck this year with this diminutive falcon. Our first afternoon at Fraser's Hill saw us run into one, typically perching up on a dead snag. Then later we saw another couple of singles, perched on dead snags (of course!), down at The Gap. Finally, the best sighting of all was a gathering of 8 of these tiny raptors, shortly before a tropical thunderstorm, close to our Taman Negara resort.
White-fronted Falconet (BE) Microhierax latifrons
B: This 'dead snag specialist' is always a top target for the journey into Borneo Rainforest Lodge, so we focused our searches on the myriad of dead snags along the way. However, as it turned out a buffy-foreheaded female was seen on virtually the first dead tree we put our bins on. Another endemic that we were happy to say gave itself up 'cheaply'!
Red-breasted Partridge (BE) Arborophila hyperythra
B: The two endemic partridges on Mt. Kinabalu are often tricky to find and frustratingly easy to hear. Thankfully this year this one, the scarcer of the two, was good to us, coming close in and crossing a track on several occasions, so that everyone got a look at this striking endemic.
Chestnut-necklaced Partridge Arborophila charltonii
B: Another 'generous' partridge to us in Borneo, one came in extremely close along the entrance road to the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, giving us all 'killer' looks in the process.
Crimson-headed Partridge (BE) Haematortyx sanguiniceps
B: As we slowly drove the paved mountain road on our first morning at Kinabalu, this striking endemic partridge wandered onto the tarmac, took one sight of our close van, and flew into dense cover. A great sighting. Another sneaked onto the summit trail in front of us also on Kinabalu, when we made our 'ascent' for the Friendly Warbler.
Crested (Wood) Partridge  Rollulus rouloul
PM: This comical partridge looks as if it has walked off the pages of the Alice in Wonderland story. They were very vocal, although typically tricky to see, around Taman Negara. We did however manage to see a few of a passing group as they crossed a swampy trail there.
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
PM: A number of these were heard, but just the one pristine plumage male was seen, in Kuala Selangor.
Crested Fireback  Lophura ignita
One of the undoubted thrillers on both the mainland and in Sabah, was seeing this spectacular pheasant at close range.                                                     PM: A tame individual wandered in and out of the resort restaurant at Taman Negara that was presumably rescued in the past, and a few others of this white-tailed mainland form being seen in other areas there too.                                                                                                                              B: On Borneo a regular 'patrol' wandered past the lodge in Danum on most mornings, a short time after dawn.
Malayan Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron malacense H
PM: Frustratingly distant during the whole time in Taman Negara. We heard a few, but never close unfortunately.
Great Argus  Argusianus argus
B: This can be surprisingly easy when there is an active dancing ground, although when there isn't, (like this year) , they are downright difficult. We considered ourselves therefore very fortunate, when in our first few hours birding at Danum, and not long after we had gone in for and found a Black-headed Pitta, we walked straight into a breathtaking male of this flashy pheasant creeping through the leaf litter in front of us. Giving all present a really memorable encounter with this unique, intricately patterned pheasant.
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
PM: Another key species on the mainland, we only saw them during our boat trip out of Taman Negara, when small numbers were regularly lining the river islands.
SANDPIPERS: Scolopacidae
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
B: A single bird was seen at Likas Bay.
TERNS: Sternidae
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
B: A single bird was flying around the coast at Likas.
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana
B: One was seen on Mount Kinabalu.
Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps
PM & B: Seen regularly in the mountains on the mainland and in Borneo.
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Zebra Dove Geopelia striata
Little Green-Pigeon Treron olax
PM: A few years ago this species seemed to be markedly more common around the resort at Taman Negara. This is however exactly where we saw them, although only twice, with the party of three birds perched in a tree there just a short time before departure being the best looks we had of them.
Pink-necked Pigeon Treron vernans
PM: A common attractive green pigeon in the mangroves at Kuala Selangor.                                                                                                                B: Seen during one of our relaxing boat cruises along the Kinabatangan River.
Thick-billed Pigeon Treron curvirostra
PM & B: The commonest green pigeon on the mainland and in Borneo. Seen a number of times in Taman Negara and Danum Valley in Sabah. Also recorded once at Kuala Selangor in the early part of the tour.
Large Green-Pigeon Treron capellei
PM: This globally endangered green pigeon was seen twice at Taman Negara, when first one was seen flying alongside the Sungei Tembeling, and then on our return journey to Tembeling a fairly large group of around 15 birds crossed the river in front of our boat. A good show for this rare pigeon.
Yellow-vented Pigeon Treron seimundi
PM: A few were seen down at The Gap.
Jambu Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus jambu
PM: On our final morning at Taman Negara, shortly before leaving for Borneo, we decided to stake out a fruiting tree in the resort that had been ripening well the day before and had therefore been packed with bulbuls, for a final hours birding before our departure. This paid off well when a female Jambu came in to join the fig feast and allowed everyone good looks in the 'scope. 
Green Imperial-Pigeon Ducula aenea
B: Only recorded on Borneo, where they were commonly seen in the mangroves at Likas, and also in Danum and the Sukau area.
Mountain Imperial-Pigeon Ducula badia
PM: Recorded a number of times in the area around Fraser's Hill and The Gap. (Only heard during the Borneo leg).
PARROTS: Psittacidae
Blue-rumped Parrot  Psittinus cyanurus
PM: We got some great perched views of this orange-billed parrot in our Taman Negara resort.
Long-tailed Parakeet Psittacula longicauda
PM: Karen got lucky with a close flyby on the journey to Taman Negara.                                                                                                                        B: This handsome long-tailed, red-headed parrot was seen a number of times along the Sungei Kinabatangan on our Borneo extension.
Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot Loriculus galgulus
PM & B: This super little parrot, that indeed sleeps hanging upside down, was seen a number of times on the mainland. The best views of this 'tiny green bullet' were feeding in a fruiting fig in the resort at Taman Negara, which made a change from the usual high-speed flyby looks.
CUCKOOS: Cuculidae
Sunda Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
B: This recent split from Oriental Cuckoo was heard frequently on Gunung Kinabalu, although only showed once when a bird overflew us as we played back.
Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii H
Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus
PM & B: We had some good looks in our Taman Negara resort, and heard them regularly around Kuala Selangor on the mainland and Danum Valley in the lowlands of Borneo.
Little (Malay) Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus
PM: One showed well to us in secondary woodland at Kuala Selangor on our first day.
Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus H
Asian Drongo-cuckoo Surniculus lugubris
PM: A calling bird was first seen poorly in Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                 B: Seen much better in Danum Valley.
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopacea
PM: A key species in the secondary growth areas of Kuala Selangor, where they were very loud and vocal during our final morning, when arguably our best views were had from a local gas station!
Black-bellied Malkoha  Phaenicophaeus diardi
PM: Only recorded in Taman Negara, where singles were seen on three of our days there.
Chestnut-bellied Malkoha  Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
PM: Just the one seen in Kuala Selangor on the very first day of the tour.
Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus tristis
PM: One was encountered near The Gap, a little lower then normally expected for this montane species.
Raffles's Malkoha Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
PM: This tan malkoha was found on most of our days at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                          B:Seen at all of the lowland sites visited.
Red-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus javanicus
B: Our final malkoha of the trip, seen first a short time after the 'Bristlehead show' at Danum, and then later another single was seen along a small tributary off the Kinabatangan River.
Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
PM & B: One of the most striking of all the malkohas, seen at Taman Negara, Danum and Sukau.
Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
B: Just recorded in Sabah, when a few were seen in rank vegetation, during one of our boat cruises out of Sukau on the extension.
BARN-OWLS: Tytonidae
Oriental Bay-Owl Phodilus badius H
PM: We were frustratingly close to a calling bird at Taman Negara, just a short time after clocking the Large Frogmouth, before time finally ran out for us.
OWLS: Strigidae
Reddish Scops-Owl  Otus rufescens H
Mountain Scops-Owl Otus spilocephalus H
Sunda Scops-Owl Otus lempiji
PM: This was recently split from Collared Scops-Owl. Several were heard in Kuala Selangor, and later at The Gap. We finally got cracking looks at one, perched on a low rainforest vine along a trail close to our resort in Taman Negara.
Barred Eagle-Owl Bubo sumatranus
PM: Definitely one of the turnups of the tour was pulling over to check a large roadside movement at Bukit Fraser, only to be hit with the form of a massive Barred Eagle-Owl flying out of its day roost that gave everyone a great look as it cruised by a very stunned group of birders!
Buffy Fish-Owl Ketupa ketupu
PM: Karen was fortunate on the Peninsula with this one, walking into one close to her cabin in the Mutiara Resort at Taman Negara, as she made her way to breakfast one morning. A good start to her day!                                                                                                                                            B: We were shocked to learn that the regular bird around the Borneo Rainforest Lodge (Danum Valley), had gone AWOL over the last few months, and so missed it in our time there, where it can ordinarily be relied on. With Sukau on the itinerary we were not too alarmed though, and true to form we picked them up on every night cruise we did, including one ridiculous cruise that saw us run into 5 different birds in 45 minutes!
Brown Wood-Owl Strix leptogrammica
PM: One of the regular birds on Fraser's Hill showed really well perched up on roadside lights, completely unconcerned by us and a number of locals eyeballing him below.                                                                                                                                                                                            B: Seen on the first of many excellent night drives out of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge (Danum Valley).
Brown Hawk-Owl Ninox scutulata
PM: One came in really well during a hunt for Large-tailed Nightjars at dusk in the coastal mangrove of Kuala Selangor.
FROGMOUTHS: Podargidae
Large Frogmouth Batrachostomus auritus
PM: For the guide anyhow the undoubted star find on the Peninsula, where it is a rare and localized species. Having checked up on this giant nightbird, (that I had seen last year when holidaying there), shortly before the tour, and finding it 'still in place', I could not resist tempting the group with a muddy walk in the dark for this much wanted frogmouth. On our final night there we went straight to the spot and soon after dusk this giant nightbird was heard giving its quiet call notes, and soon after was found sitting quietly in the spotlight. A magic moment.
Gould's Frogmouth Batrachostomus stellatus H
PM: A few were heard as we stumbled back along the trail in the dark after trying for the Large Frogmouth (Taman Negara).
NIGHTJARS: Caprimulgidae
Malaysian (Eared) Nightjar Eurostopodus temminckii
PM: 5 birds were watched gliding high over the rainforest and calling their atmospheric calls, at dusk one night at The Gap.
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
PM: Two birds were seen during a night walk in the mangroves at Kuala Selangor on our very first night, shortly after we caught the glaring red  eyes of a Brown Hawk-Owl in the spotlight. They were also heard a few times across the Sungei Tahan at Taman Negara.
SWIFTS: Apodidae
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta
Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi
B: Recorded on Mount Kinabalu.
Mossy-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus salangana
B: A number of these tricky to ID birds were seen clinging to their distinctive mossy nests in the eerie Gomantong Caves near Sukau.
Black-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
B: The cave we visited at the Gomantong complex is locally known as 'Black Cave', due to the abundance of Black-nest Swiftlet nests there. We saw a bunch of their black nests, (many with attendant  birds on them), while we held our breath in the cave there, (from the pungent smell of the huge pile of bat/swiftlet guano on the cave floor!) These swifts nests are also cultivated, sustainably, for birds nest soup. However, as their nests are around 50% saliva and 50% feathers they are much less valuable than the 100% saliva white nests of the Edible-nest Swiftlets.
Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
B: The white nests of this bird, that are constructed entirely from the birds saliva, are a highly prized resource for making birds nest soup. This valuable resource is now managed in these caves so that they are only harvested during the 'off-season', when the birds are no longer nesting. We saw a number of these confusing swifts sitting on their distinctive white saliva-based nests in the cave at Gomantong.
Germain's Swiftlet Aerodramus maximus
PM: Regularly seen in Taman Negara.
Silver-rumped Needletail Rhaphidura leucopygialis
Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus
PM: A few were seen flying low at dusk down at The Gap, while we waited for the emergence of the Malaysian Eared-nightjars.                                                                                                                                                       B: Great looks at a small squadron, (4-5 birds), along the Kinabatangan River on our Sukau extension.
House Swift Apus nipalensis
TREESWIFTS: Hemiprocnidae
Gray-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis
PM: Several were seen around Taman Negara, including a couple of birds that cruised right over our resort there.                                                      B: Seen at Danum Valley, along the Kinabatangan River, and also around Tambunan.
Whiskered Treeswift Hemiprocne comata
PM & B: This was unsurprisingly mentioned at the trip end as one of the highlights. This amazing bird was seen well along the Sungei Tahan at Taman Negara during a boat cruise there on our final afternoon, and then better still were a stunning pair seen sitting on the guy ropes of Danum's very cool canopy walkway.
Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba
PM: A spanking male was seen at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                           B: A female showed well to us while trail walking around Borneo Rainforest Lodge (Danum Valley).           
Diard's Trogon Harpactes diardii
PM: A frustratingly elusive calling male was chased for a while at Taman Negara, that finally showed well to two of us.  The rest of the group had to wait until Borneo to get the killer looks they desired…                                                                                                                                                     B: After the elusive bird on the Peninsula, the birds in Borneo were tame in comparison, giving themselves up a lot more easily. Males were seen at both Danum Valley, and then several times at Sukau, including just out the back of our lodge, in our final hours birding on the fringes of the Kinabatangan River at Sukau.
Whitehead's Trogon (BE) Harpactes whiteheadi
B: This is always one of the most highly requested of the Bornean endemics, and it is easy to see why - everyone loves a trogon, and this one with its silver breast plate and bright scarlet plumage is simply breathtaking. It was therefore with some relief we found an obliging pair along the Bukit Ular trail on Mount Kinabalu that we followed scoped and photographed for around 30 minutes, and later picked up another pair on another of the mountain trails there. Not quite the top trip bird, this star of Kinabalu definitely deserved a worthy mention.
Scarlet-rumped Trogon  Harpactes duvaucelii
PM: This, the commonest of the lowland trogon species, was surprisingly quiet and unresponsive at Taman Negara, where a just a few calling birds were heard distantly.                                                                              B: Having missed this striking vermilion-breasted trogon on the Peninsula we were 'desperate' for it when we reached Borneo, and were finally rewarded with 'crackerjack' looks of a male at Danum Valley, with a further pair seen perched above our boat near Sukau.
Red-headed Trogon Harpactes erythrocephalus
PM: Another of the trogons that was surprisingly quiet during our time on the Peninsula. Eventually an alarm call led Karen to a male along Jalan Air Terjun, at Bukit Fraser.
Orange-breasted Trogon Harpactes oreskios
PM: Our morning down at The Gap was largely planned for this unusually colored trogon, that did not disappoint. We all got great looks at this top trogon along the Old Gap Road.
KINGFISHERS: Alcedinidae
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis H
Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting
PM: One was seen from our boat cruise up the Sungei Tahan, and another shot past us on a forest walk.                                                                    B: Much easier on Borneo, especially around Sukau where they were seen both by day and night, when several close roosting birds were found by the skilled spotters from the boat on our night cruises.
Black-backed Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca
B: A split from Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher. Like the below species, a bird that can be easy to hear and see at bullet-like speed steaming through the undergrowth, but often frustrating to get decent looks at. This year was initially the same, although in the end we had 3 or 4 really good views of them perched, including on one of our superb night drives out of Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Rufous-backed Kingfisher Ceyx rufidorsa
PM: Just a single flyby, typically at great speed, in the jungles of Taman Negara.
Banded Kingfisher Lacedo pulchella
PM (H): Frustratingly just heard on a few occasions in Malaysia's lowlands.                                                                                                                     B: A marvelous male came in and perched for some time, along one of the forest trails at Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis
PM: These huge kingfisher was seen on a number of occasions along the rivers flanking the lowland forest at Taman Negara.                                   B: On Borneo also regular along the Kinabatangan River, where regular views were had during the day as well as several roosting birds on the night cruises out of Sukau.
White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Collared Kingfisher Todirhamphus chloris
PM & B: Recorded around the coastal reserve of Kuala Selangor on the mainland, and on Borneo seen at Likas in KK, and along the Kinabatangan River.
Rufous-collared Kingfisher  Actenoides concretus
PM: Karen lucked into one at Taman Negara, a male bird found sitting quietly in the understorey during a late afternoon birding session, and quickly put us onto it also.
BEE-EATERS: Meropidae
Red-bearded Bee-eater Nyctyornis amictus
PM: A family party of this breathtaking bee-eater were first seen along the Old Gap Road (the younger birds lacking the scarlet beard of the adult bird), Fraser's Hill, and another adult was seen again in another area on the hill.          
Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis
PM: Another very attractive bee-eater, with bright turquoise underparts. They were regularly come across at Taman Negara, where they were often swooping low over the river by during our short boat journeys.                                                                                                                                       B: Seen on one occasion near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge and also recorded around Sukau on the extension.
ROLLERS: Coraciidae
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
HORNBILLS: Bucerotidae
Oriental Pied-Hornbill  Anthracoceros albirostris
PM: Only recorded once on the Peninsula, when a  small group popped into the resort at Taman Negara.                                                                     B: Common and conspicuous along the Kinabatangan River, where we ran into them on a regular basis daily. The commonest of the 8 species of hornbill there.
Black Hornbill Anthracoceros malayanus
PM: A couple were seen during our time at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                            B: Seen on several occasions in the lowlands at both Danum and Sukau. 
Rhinoceros Hornbill  Buceros rhinoceros
PM: Only heard during our time on the Peninsula.                                                                                                                                                          B: This massive, orange-horned hornbill is just mindblowing when first encountered, and definitely stole the show on the journey into Danum, overshadowing all else seen on the way in. Thankfully this magnificent hornbill is also one of the more common species on Borneo, where we saw them a few further times at Danum, and multiple times at Sukau.
Helmeted Hornbill Buceros vigil
B: The Kinabatangan River around the town of Sukau is a mecca for hornbills. On one incredible day we saw six species well in a single day, which included two of these gigantic hornbills that cruised over our heads while we were drifting along in our boat below.
Bushy-crested Hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus
PM: Poor flight views were all we could muster on the mainland, close to The Gap.                                                                                                     B: Much better looks were obtained in Borneo. Firstly in a fruiting fig in Danum Valley, and then perched up along the banks of the Kinabatangan River close to Sukau.
White-crowned Hornbill Aceros comatus
B: The toughest of the Bornean hornbills, and one of the big reasons birders go to Sukau. However, we did not have to wait until there, as one late afternoon at Danum Valley a pair started calling nearby, that a short time before dusk were tempted high in the trees to allow us all good scope views of the black-breasted female. At Sukau at the end of the trip we were confronted with the weird sight of a pair of these scarce hornbills sat in the spotlight on one of their fantastic night cruises along the Kinabatangan.
Wrinkled Hornbill Aceros corrugatus
B: Another spectacular hornbill - Southeast Asia seems to be full of them! Seen a couple of times at Danum, including several coming into a fruiting fig in an area that also held Black, Bushy-crested, Rhinoceros and Helmeted Hornbills. Also a small group of them were seen well from our boat perched up a short time before an impressive thunderstorm in Sukau.
Wreathed Hornbill Aceros undulatus
PM: A pair flew past a fig tree we were staking out for hornbills at Fraser's Hill.                                                                                                             B: Seen first on Borneo when a group of 8 of these massive hornbills flew over us at Tambunan. Later also seen in Danum and along the Kinabatangan River. 
BARBETS: Capitonidae
Brown Barbet Calorhamphus fuliginosus
PM: A couple were seen in Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                                        B: The distinctive Bornean 'form'/species was seen in a fruiting tree at Danum.
Fire-tufted Barbet Psilopogon pyrolophus
PM: Not found on Borneo, so a key bird for us on the Peninsula tour. Thankfully they are also one of the easier barbets to see in Asia (where many of them are downright dastardly!) This phenomenal barbet was absurdly easy this year, first being seen from the lunch table just after checking into our Fraser's Hill hotel. The bird was visiting a bird table that could be seen well from the restaurant. It was seen there on subsequent days too, and long may that continue! It was seen and heard in other areas of the hill too. A truly bizarre and and unique barbet.
Lineated Barbet Megalaima lineata
PM: Another key species on the Peninsula, as it was not possible in Borneo. The main site there being the coastal town of Selangor, where it can sometimes be heard right in the town itself, or around our resort. We found a few of these hulking barbets feeding in a tree loaded with juicy figs up on Bukit Melawati.
Gold-whiskered Barbet Megalaima chrysopogon
PM: Seen first along a forested road down from Fraser's Hill, and later on Borneo well near the Tambunan Rafflesia Center.
Red-crowned Barbet  Megalaima rafflesii
PM: One seen at Taman Negara was a good find of a scarce species.
Red-throated Barbet  Megalaima mystacophanos
PM & B: Seen at a number of lowland sites on both tours.
Black-browed Barbet Megalaima oorti
PM:  A few turned up on most days on the Fraser's Hill leg of the trip.
Mountain Barbet (BE) Megalaima henricii
B: This Bornean endemic is tough to come by on Kinabalu, and so once again we went after it at its latest stronghold, around the Tambunan Rafflesia Center. They were seen well there on both our visits, sharing a fruiting tree with Golden-naped Barbets and a Fruit-hunter no less on our first trip there. 
Yellow-crowned Barbet  
PM & B: Heard regularly around Taman Negara on the Peninsula, although only seen once thanks to our local guide at Borneo Rainforest Lodge in Danum Valley, where a single bird visited a fruiting fig there.
Golden-naped Barbet (BE) Megalaima pulcherrima
B: The trio of endemic barbets are always a big target in the mountains, and Tambunan provides the best chance at all of them, due to an abundance of fruiting trees in this area. This is traditionally the easiest of these barbets to see, both on Mount Kinabalu and also at Tambunan. We saw them really well on our first visit to Tambunan, sharing a fruiting tree with a Fruit-hunter and a Mountain Barbet or two. They were seen again in the same area on our second visit to there, and also seen well by the power station at the top of the mountain road at Kinabalu, attracted to a small fruiting shrub in the area. 
Blue-eared Barbet Megalaima australis
PM & B: First seen on the mainland in a fruiting tree with Red-throated and Black-browed Barbets at The Gap. Later recorded on Borneo, in a busy fig tree at Danum Valley. The best prolonged views though were in a low tree by the entrance to Gomantong caves.
Bornean Barbet (BE) Megalaima eximia
B: Frequently the toughest of the endemic barbet trio on Borneo, this year was no exception. On our first day around Tambunan we compiled an impressive list of endemics - including Pygmy White-eye, Mountain Serpent-Eagle, Fruithunter, Whitehead's Spiderhunter, Golden-naped & Mountain Barbets, Bornean Leafbird and Bornean Bulbul to name a few. However, we narrowly missed this bird when it visited a fruiting tree during our time there. On our second visit this species therefore became our focus, first Karen and Sam getting treetop glimpses at the same fruiting tree, before we found a calling bird perched in the open late in the morning.
Coppersmith Barbet Megalaima haemacephala
PM: This diminutive, well-marked barbet was only recorded around the coastal reserve of Kuala Selangor, right at the start of our tours.
Speckled Piculet Picumnus innominatus
PM: A key bird on the Peninsula, we caught this tiny woodpecker as it tried to sneak past in a bird wave on the Telekom Loop at Fraser's Hill.
Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis
PM: Very visible this year, we picked up a couple of these spritely woodpeckers in the extensive stands of bamboo around The Gap, at the base of Fraser's Hill.                                                                                                                                                                                                                       B: Even more visible in Borneo, where several were seen in the lowland jungle around Danum Valley, and right behind our riverside resort at Sukau on the extension.
Brown-capped Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis
PM: Another key species on the Peninsula leg, they were again fairly easy in the mangrove stands at Kuala Selangor. These open forests are a joy for woodpeckers, this small area holding both Greater and Common Flamebacks, these pygmy woodpeckers and a couple of Laced Woodpeckers. All key species that were unlikely at any of the other sites on the tour. This is also sometimes referred to as SUNDA WOODPECKER.
Rufous Woodpecker Celeus brachyurus
PM: Seen best on the Peninsula where a pair were found on our first birding session around the resort at Taman Negara, where one was seen again a few days later.                                                                                                                                                                                                                B: Just a single sighting along the entrance road to the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Danum Valley.
White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis
PM: This huge, dramatically marked woodpecker was seen along a swampy trail in the Taman Negara jungle. It was a little awkward to see initially, before finally alighting right in front of us for 'heart-stopping' views.
Banded Woodpecker Picus mineaceus
PM: Just a couple of sightings on the mainland, and another in Borneo. On the Peninsula one bird was seen close to our resort, with another seen from a boat along the Sungei Tembeling.                                                                                                                                                                                   B: One of these striking 'peckers was seen during our final walk around our lodge at Sukau on the Kinabatangan River. 
Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus
PM: Another key species on the Peninsula leg, we saw a single bird, just a short distance away from the decidedly commoner Greater Yellownape, while at Fraser's Hill.
Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus
PM: Twice what was presumably the same individual visited the resort at Taman Negara, on both occasions the bird remaining frozen in one position for long periods, allowing excellent prolonged 'scope views of this smart 'pecker.
Greater Yellownape Picus flavinucha
PM: The Peninsula Malaysia leg of these tours is one of our best tours for woodpeckers (twenty species were found on this section alone), many of the species being either absent or difficult in Borneo. This was a key bird therefore on the mainland, where it is fairly commonly found in the feeding flocks that roam the top of Fraser's Hill. We saw them four times while up there, every time within one of these feeding flocks, or bird 'waves'.
Checker-throated Woodpecker Picus mentalis
PM: Our twentieth species of woodpecker on the mainland section of the tour, we found one hanging onto a rainforest vine, during our final day at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  B: A species that is just at home in the highlands as in lowland forest. Seen three times in Borneo, at Danum Valley in the lowlands, and both Tambunan and Mount Kinabalu on the highland section of the Sabah tour.
Laced Woodpecker Picus vittatus
PM: Another key woodpecker in Peninsula Malaysia, that was not possible in Borneo. This one is part of the 'mangrove quartet' of woodpeckers in Kuala Selangor (along with Common and Greater Flamebacks and Sunda Woodpecker). We saw them a few times along the mangrove boardwalk there, just minutes after seeing the other three of in this group.
Common Flameback Dinopium javanense
PM: The two flamebacks in Malaysia are fairly easily found in the mangroves of Kuala Selangor, where we enjoyed excellent views of these fantastic flamebacks just a few trunks away from a group of Greater Flamebacks allowing great up-close-and-personal comparisons of these two spectacular species.
Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes lucidus
PM: All flamebacks (or 'goldenbacks' as they were formerly known), are seriously impressive woodpeckers, so a definite highlight of our time in the coastal reserve of Kuala Selangor was enjoying seeing this species lined up just a few trees away from a pair of cool Common Flamebacks.
Bamboo Woodpecker Gecinulus viridis
PM: Another key woodpecker species on the Peninsula, a number of which hang out down in the vast stands of bamboo down at The Gap (at the base of Fraser's Hill). A highly responsive bird was seen a number of times down there, although was very tricky, and never alighted for long in any one position, leaving us a little frustrated. Probably the sneakiest woodpecker on the tour for us.
Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus
PM: First seen on the edge of a swampy area of lowland forest at Taman Negara.                                                                                                         B: As with Checker-throated Woodpecker a bird that can be found both in lowland jungle and montane forest. We saw this one along the trails on Mount Kinabalu.
Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis
PM: We had just enough time during a final 45 minutes of birding on Bukit Fraser to add this striking woodpecker to the list, that was just as well as it turned out to be our only tour sighting. We watched a confiding pair on the Telekom Loop for well over 15 minutes as they sat 'glued' to the side of a tree in the 'scope!
Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus
B: Another absolutely spectacular woodpecker, that had given us the slip on the mainland around Taman Negara with none heard or seen there. We finally heard their distinctive calls along one of the trails in Danum Valley and soon got looks at a pair of these 'blinding' birds.
Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis
PM: Seen around The Gap and also up on top of the hill too.                                                                                                                                           B: Seen a few times in the vicinity of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge in the lowlands.
Buff-necked Woodpecker  Meiglyptes tukki
PM: Recorded three times on the Peninsula, all in the lowland jungles of Taman Negara.
Gray-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus
PM: The resort areas at Taman Negara can be an excellent place for birding, and this was no exception for this tour where we saw a number of different woodpeckers there, including Rufous and Crimson-winged Woodpeckers, and this cute species that lingered just a stone's throw from our cabins.
Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus
PM: The largest of all the Asian woodpeckers, that appears to need huge rainforest trees for survival. So we focused our search on an area of massive dipterocarps at Taman Negara, where we watched a group of three birds ripping into the bark of a huge rainforest tree.                                                                                       
BROADBILLS: Eurylaimidae
Green Broadbill  Calyptomena viridis
PM: Way easier to find at Taman Negara than in the lowland forests in Danum Valley. So we made sure we got some there, where we had a number of looks at gorgeous emerald green male birds.
Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
PM: First seen just moments after dropping our luggage into our cabins at Taman Negara where a pair seemed to be building their large hanging nest right on the edge of this riverside resort. Also seen a number of times more in Taman Negara, invariably alongside rivers that are their favored habitat.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              B: Seen in the garden of our riverside lodge at Danum, and also a few times alongside the mighty Kinabatangan River on the extension.
Long-tailed Broadbill Psarisomus dalhousiae H
PM: They had been nesting just shortly before the tour, but had frustratingly gone AWOL after fledging just a short time before!
Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus
PM: Despite hearing them a number of times just the one sighting. There were definitely less calling than normally expected during the tours.
Black-and-yellow Broadbill  Eurylaimus ochromalus
PM & B: Bruce's pick for bird of the trip was our first encounter with a pair of these pink-breasted broadbills on our way to Fraser's Hill from Kuala Selangor, when a random roadside stop led us to a pair of these astonishing birds. They were also later seen at Taman Negara, and a family party were watched at length around our Sukau lodge near the trip end. On this occasion the adults were seen feeding their three young on a number of occasions.
Dusky Broadbill Corydon sumatranus
PM: On the mainland we saw them at Taman Negara, a noisy party invariably giving themselves away by their loud treetop calls.                             B: Seen during the extension around Sukau from our boat cruises along the Kinabatangan River.
PITTAS: Pittidae
Giant Pitta Pitta caerulea H
B: The one that got away. We dedicated a good part of the morning trying to get this at Danum, and despite prolonged response from the bird it remained frustratingly buried within deep cover the whole time.
Banded Pitta Pitta guajana
PM: Two different Bandeds were seen in Taman Negara, including a male bird that was taped across an open muddy track we were standing on at the time.
Blue-headed Pitta (BE) Pitta baudii
B: For two years now this electric blue-capped forest skulker was overlooked in the vote for top trip bird. That is not to say we did not see it well, far from it. First we taped in an extremely confiding bird at Danum Valley, and then had another similar experience with another male along a small tributary off the Kinabatangan.
Garnet Pitta Pitta granatina H
PM: A big target for us in the Peninsula, that was definitely not calling as much as we had hoped. Always distant and out of reach, frustrating.
Black-headed Pitta (BE) Pitta ussheri
B: BIRD OF THE TRIP (for the 2nd consecutive year no less). This jewel-thrush is always special, and we felt happy with our lot early on at Danum as we had seen first a bird hopping through the rainforest on our first afternoon, and then later got up close and personal with a roosting bird on one of the lodge's night drives out of Danum. However, the undoubted performance and star of the trip, was our final sighting of this glistening pitta at Sukau. A short final walk behind our lodge resulted in mindblowing views of this bird glowing on the forest floor out the back of our riverside lodge. The light was perfect, the bird fed and called in the open for over 10 minutes, and we all got perfect looks from every desired angle. Unbeatable as the top trip bird, the views were just too good, and literally silenced us as we watched amazed at its incredible, and totally unforgettable performance.
Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida
B: Extremely vocal and common by voice at Sukau while we were there. We had two excellent looks one day during our morning boat cruise.
SWALLOWS: Hirundinidae
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
PM & B: Common in the lowlands throughout.
Rufous-bellied Swallow Cecropis badia
PM: This recent split from Striated Swallow (that itself was an ealier split from Red-rumped Swallow), is a key bird on the mainland, that is generally easily found around the base of Fraser's Hill. A number of them appeared to be setting up to nest under the eaves of the Gap Resthouse while we were there.
Oriental Pipit Anthus rufulus
CUCKOO-SHRIKES: Campephagidae
Sunda Cuckoo-shrike Coracina larvata
B: This Sundaic endemic is one of the key species around Mount Kinabalu, which is where we first saw some moving through in a mixed flock while walking one of the forest trails there. We also saw a pair in between looking at Fruit-hunters, and all the endemic barbets on our second visit to Tambunan during our journey back to KK. 
Javan Cuckoo-shrike Coracina javensis
PM: A key species on the Peninsula, we saw a calling bird on the edge of town at Fraser's Hill.
Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike Coracina striata
PM: The resort at Taman Negara brought us a number of birds that were not seen elsewhere on the tour, this species being one such bird. A group of at least three of these handsome cuckoo-shrikes visited a flowering tree that was loaded with spiderhunters at the time.
Lesser Cuckoo-shrike Coracina fimbriata
B: A couple of singles were seen working the forest edge, along the road near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Pied Triller Lalage nigra
PM: 4 birds were seen in the coastal woodlands at Kuala Selangor.                                                                                                                                B: A single of these distinctive black-and-white trillers was seen around Likas Bay in Kota Kinabalu.
Fiery Minivet  Pericrocotus igneus
PM: A really scarce bird on the mainland (where they are usually outnumbered by Scarlets), and so one that was really good to see at Taman Negara, when a number of fiery-tailed females in the flock helped us to identify them in the treetops.
Scarlet Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus
B: A small party of these bright red birds was seen around our cabins in Danum Valley, and later another group was located at Poring.
Gray-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris
PM: This montane minivet was fairly commonly found at Fraser's Hill, once being seen in bird waves mixed in with Mountain Warblers and Black-eared Shrike-babblers. They were seen on most of our days on the top of the hill there.                                                                                                 B: Small flocks of these handsome passerines were run into on a number of occasions on Mount Kinabalu.
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus
B: Strangely only recorded on Borneo, where we saw a few moving through in a mixed feeding flock near the Tambunan Rafflesia Center.
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus hirundinaceus
PM: A single was found close to our resort at Taman Negara, in a rainforest flock that was moving through.                                                                  B: Seen near our lodges in Danum Valley, and Sukau where they were found right in the lodge garden.
BULBULS: Pycnonotidae
Straw-headed Bulbul  Pycnonotus zeylanicus
PM: This large, distinctively patterned bulbul is globally endangered, as it seems to be reliant on good riparian habitats that are frequently targeted for development. Taman Negara still however remains a great place to see this species. We heard them right around our riverside resort on a few occasions, although good sightings were made from our boats along the rivers there, when we saw a few different pairs in the low bushes that overhang the river.
Black-and-white Bulbul Pycnonotus melanoleucos
PM: Many of the bulbuls are most easily found when fruiting fig trees are in prime condition. This is a scarce low density lowland forest species that is never common, and is best looked for around such fruiting trees. Unfortunately for us not many trees were in good shape in this regard during our time in the lowlands of Danum on Borneo, or at Taman Negara on the mainland (just one tree coming into good condition in our resort on our final morning). In spite of this we picked up a small group of two males in the most unlikely of venues - The Gap at the base of Fraser's Hill, that may yet constitute a first record for the area. A rare find there, at a site that would typically be considered a little high for the species.
Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps
PM: A couple were seen in Taman Negara.
Black-crested Bulbul/Bornean Bulbul (BE?) Pycnonotus melanicterus
PM: Commonly recorded at The Gap, around the base of Fraser's Hill.                                                                                                                             B: In Borneo this was a key species as the distinctive race there (that has a pale throat, unlike the dark-throated mainland birds), is often considered a separate species - BORNEAN BULBUL. This therefore is one of the key birds in the Tambunan area, that provides the only real chance for this distinctive 'form'. They were found on both of our visits to this endemic-rich site.
Gray-bellied Bulbul  Pycnonotus cyaniventris
PM: This handsome fruiteater visited a tree coming into fruit a number of times in our Taman Negara rainforest resort.
Puff-backed Bulbul  Pycnonotus eutilotus
PM: A few visited our resort at Taman Negara.
Stripe-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus finlaysoni
PM:  Recorded regularly in our resort at Taman Negara.
Flavescent Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens
The distinctive leucops form on Kinabalu is sometimes proposed for full species status by some authors, and therefore is important to get in the bag for world listers just in case! A pair was seen right around the power station on the mountain.
Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus
PM: A few were seen around Kuala Selenagor.                                                                                                                                                               B: Just a few were found around Likas Bay, and Danum Valley.
Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex
PM: One visited a fig tree in our resort at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                B: A single bird was found in the riparian forest around Sukau.
Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus
Spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
PM: Just recorded once in Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                                          B: Seen on one occasion in both Danum and Sukau.
Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus
Gray-cheeked Bulbul Alophoixus bres
PM & B: A few were seen in the lowlands on both Borneo and mainland Malaysia.
Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus
PM & B: A few were seen in the lowlands on both Borneo and mainland Malaysia.
Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger
Buff-vented Bulbul  Iole olivacea
PM & B: One of the most commonly encountered bulbuls in the lowlands during both tours.
Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii
PM: A montane species that can often be found on the top of Fraser's Hill, where we saw them on a few occasions.
Streaked Bulbul  Ixos malaccensis
PM: We saw singles on three occasions in the lowland forest of Taman Negara.
Ashy Bulbul Hemixos flavala
PM: Seen regularly during both our visits down to The Gap, at the base of Fraser's Hill.
LEAFBIRDS: Chloropseidae
Greater Green Leafbird Chloropsis sonnerati
PM: A few were seen in Taman Negara, including within our rainforest resort.
Lesser Green Leafbird  Chloropsis cyanopogon
PM: Seen a number of times visiting trees in our Taman Negara resort.                                                                                                                          B: Recorded in Danum Valley, and also at Poring.
Blue-winged Leafbird/Kinabalu Leafbird (BE?) Chloropsis cochinchinensis
PM: The mainland form was seen at The Gap and several times at Taman Negara (including in a fruiting tree, in our last hours birding, that it shared with a Jambu Fruit-Dove).                                                                                                                                                              B: In Sabah the distinctive highland form - which does not exhibit sexual dimorphism as the lowland and mainland forms do, was seen on both of our trips to Tambunan. This highland 'race' is frequently considered a separate species, KINABALU LEAFBIRD.
Orange-bellied Leafbird Chloropsis hardwickii
PM: This gorgeous montane leafbird was seen attending various bird waves up on Fraser's Hill.
IORAS: Aegithinidae
Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
PM: Seen first in the secondary woodland around Kuala Selangor.                                                                                                                                B: On Borneo recorded in Kota Kinabalu around Likas Bay, and also in our lodge garden on the banks of the Sungei Kinabatangan.              
Green Iora  Aegithina viridissima
PM: On the Peninsula this species regularly visited the resort grounds.                                                                                                                            B: In Sabah it was recorded at all of the lowland sites visited.
THRUSHES: Turdidae
Bornean Whistling-Thrush (BE) Myophonus borneensis
B: The Bornean equivalent of the next species, and a key mountain endemic up on Kinabalu. As usual our best tac for finding it was driving up the mountain road in the half light of dawn. By doing this on several occasions we had some great views of this endemic thrush feeding out in the middle of the road.
Malayan Whistling-Thrush (PME) Myophonus robinsoni
PM: One of only two endemics confined to Peninsula Malaysia, (the other being the rarely seen Mountain Peacock-pheasant). It is almost crepuscular in nature, best looked for along roads up on Fraser's Hill a short time after dawn. So pre-breakfast we lined ourselves up overlooking a road that bordered a rushing mountain stream that holds a known territory. As the day lightened the high-pitched whistles of this endemic thrush could be heard coming from the hidden gully to the side of the road, and before we could take this in, the bird appeared perched up on a roadside culvert, it then dropped onto the road and made several feeding forays right out into the center of the road giving us the best looks we could have hoped for in the half light of dawn, before it slinked back down into the hidden gully once more.
Orange-headed Thrush Zoothera citrina
B: A really cool-looking thrush with rich orange underparts and powder gray upperparts. We first saw one visiting a fruiting tree at Tambunan, and later had more prolonged views of one feeding along the verge of the mountain road that leads up Kinabalu, a short time after sunrise.
Everett's Thrush (BE) Zoothera everetti
B: Arguably the most important thrush on both tours. We have enjoyed a fortunate run with the species over the last few years, and this year saw us finding it again for the third year running. This is a very shy and hard to find species, that feeds on the ground often in dense cover up on Mount Kinabalu. As I turned a corner on one of the narrow high mountain trails there I was faced with the sight of one of these furtive orange-breasted thrushes feeding out in the open on the trail. This forced me to retreat rapidly to allow people behind me to get a view of the trail ahead on this particularly narrow section. Luckily the bird remained there feeding in the open for a few minutes so that we could get great looks at this shy endemic zoothera. Definitely a memorable and fortunate moment in Borneo's high mountains.
Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
PM: Two shortwings were possible on the tours, this one in the mountains on the mainland, with the following species possible in Borneo's mountains. We had unusually brilliant views of this one during our first afternoon at Fraser's Hill, when a bird actually hopped out onto the open grass verge at the side of the road for unhindered views of what can often be a shy skulker of the forest floor.
White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana
B: This shortwing was a little more typical in its performance circling us in response to playback in Kinabalu's forests, never pausing for long, although the bird did pass through some open sections of ground allowing some reasonable looks on occasion.
Rufescent Prinia Prinia rufescens H
Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris
Bornean Stubtail (BE) Urosphena whiteheadi
B: This cute, hard-to-hear, Bornean endemic was a little trickier this year. The first few being seen only by the guide. However, in the end we enjoyed a couple of great looks at this tiny little stubby-tailed warbler species.
Sunda Bush-Warbler Cettia vulcania
B: This is the easiest of the bush-warblers up on Kinabalu, as there is no hike required and they are frequently very approachable, regularly popping out right in the open at close range. So it proved again this year with several seen at very close quarters.
Friendly Bush-Warbler (BE) Bradypterus accentor
B: This was a little trickier than the above species. We made a special trek a few kilometers up Mount Kinabalu for this very localized bird. The bird was heard calling just the once and it later then gave us two short close views before slinking back into the undergrowth.
Mountain Tailorbird Orthotomus cuculatus
Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis
Rufous-tailed Tailorbird Orthotomus sericeus
PM: First seen at Taman Negara, and later again right around our riverside cabins at the Borneo Rainforest Lodge. 
Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps
PM: This tailorbird is fond of riparian habitats, where it can be very common. They were seen frequently at Kuala Selangor near the start of the tour.                                                                                                                                                                                                          B: In Sabah seen in the mangroves of Likas, and around Sukau along the banks of the Kinabatangan River.
Mountain (Leaf) Warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus
PM: Not as common on Fraser's Hill as in Borneo's mountains, although we did find a couple in a feeding flock or 'bird wave' as they are know in Asia. On this occasion they were mixed in with a group of Gray-chinned Minivets and Black-eared Shrike-babblers  close to the town itself.                                                                                                                                                                                                            B: Way more common in Borneo, where they were frequently seen in flocks up on Mount Kinabalu.
Chestnut-crowned Warbler Seicercus castaniceps
PM: A key species on the Peninsula, although fairly easy to come by on Fraser's Hill, where we saw a number of these handsome Seicercus warblers.
Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis
B: The Bornean counterpart of the Chestnut-crowned, we saw them frequently in Borneo's mountains.
Yellow-bellied Warbler Abroscopus superciliaris
PM: We saw a few of these cute little warblers on Fraser's Hill.                                                                                                                                      B: Also seen at Poring Hot Springs in Borneo.
Eye-browed Jungle Flycatcher   
B: A key bird in the mountains of Borneo, they can be challenging to find sometimes as they are largely silent. Occasionally they join flocks, which is where the first was found, that disappeared with the fast-moving flock before anyone in the group could find it. In the end though, we enjoyed several close views of birds feeding close to the road a short time after dawn, including one that was using the metal crash barrier as a perch!
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula solitaris
B: Seen just three times on Mount Kinabalu, although several males were seen very well in the montane forests there.
Rufous-browed Flycatcher Ficedula solitaris
PM: Another key bird on the mainland, we saw several of these richly-colored flycatchers on Fraser's Hill.
Rufous-chested Flycatcher  Ficedula dumetoria
PM: A pair of these gorgeous black, white and orange flycatchers were found on a quiet forest trail in the jungles of Taman Negara.
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
PM & B: Seen regularly in the montane forests on Borneo and the mainland.
Verditer Flycatcher Eumyias thalassina
PM: Recorded just twice at Fraser's Hill.                                                                                                                                                                          B: One in the lowlands from the canopy walkway at Danum was unexpected.
Indigo Flycatcher Eumyias indigo
B: A fairly common Sundaic endemic on Mount Kinabalu, where we saw small numbers on a daily basis up there.
Large Niltava Niltava grandis
PM: This hulking blue flycatcher was seen several times up on Fraser's Hill, sometimes feeding on the quiet mountain roads themselves.
Hill Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis banyumas
PM: We saw single males both on Fraser's Hill and down at The Gap.
Long-billed Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis caerulatus
B: A scarce Sundaic endemic, we found both this species and the other key cyornis at Danum, Bornean Blue-Flycatcher, in the same day at Danum Valley. Both species were seen several times along the Borneo Rainforest Lodge trails.
Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae
PM: A few were seen during a boat cruise up the Sungei Tahan at Taman Negara on our final afternoon.
Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis turcosus
PM: We got our first of these blue-and-orange flycatchers along the Sungei Tahan at Taman Negara, when we found a male on our final afternoon.                                                                                                                                                                                                         B: Most common however along the Kinabatangan River on Borneo, where we saw them on a daily basis, including within the garden in our resort.
Bornean Blue-Flycatcher (BE) Cyornis superbus
B: Another handsome cyornis, which we saw twice in the forests of Danum Valley, and later found a female hanging out the back of our lodge in Sukau.
Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis rufigastra
PM: This species was a top priority on the mainland as we were not visiting any good spots for it on Borneo. A fantastic blue male was found from the boardwalk at Kuala Selangor on our first days birding. This was to be our first of six different blue-and-orange cyornis flycatchers seen on the tours.
Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher Muscicapella hodgsoni
PM: An often difficult species both on the mainland and in Borneo, where it is a scarce species. So it was surprising to find one soon after arrival on Fraser's Hill where a pair were looselty associating with our first bird wave on the hill.
Gray-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis
White-rumped (Crowned) Shama (BE?) Copsychus malabaricus
PM: This magic rainforest songster was fairly common by voice at Taman Negara, where we also got some great looks at this beautiful flycatcher.                                                                                                                                                                                                            B: The race in Sabah, that has a variable white crown has often in the past been split off as a separate species, WHITE-CROWNED SHAMA, although is now widely considered just a race of white-rumped. We saw them a few times around Danum, where their beautifully fluty melodic song was frequently heard.
Slaty-backed Forktail Enicurus schistaceus
PM: One of Fraser's Hills star birds for sure, this handsome flycatcher was found feeding on the road before we had even reached the top of the hill. Thereafter we (almost!) ran into them regularly on various roads around the hill.
White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti
PM: Seen on several occasions feeding along a swampy forest trail at Taman Negara.                                                                                                  B: On this years tour only seen in the lowlands, around Danum Valley, including close to our cabins there. Another was heard up on Mount Kinabalu.
FANTAILS: Rhipiduridae
White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis
PM & B: Commonly recorded in the highlands on both tours.
Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica
PM: Just recorded around Kuala Selangor on the Peninsula, (generally a bird of open, non-forested environments).                                                    B: In Sabah recorded in open areas at Danum and Sukau, and also in Kota Kinabalu.
Spotted Fantail Rhipidura perlata
PM: A pair were found in a small feeding flock at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                   B: Seen several times in Danum Valley.
Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
PM & B: Recorded at a number of lowland sites, with one seen nest-building in Taman Negara.
Asian Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi
PM: Several female and males with poorly developed tails (all dark morphs) were seen in Taman Negara.                                                                  B: Best of all though was a fully-tailed, white morph male during one of our boat cruises along the banks of the Kinabatangan on the extension.
Mangrove Whistler Pachycephala grisola H
PM: A definite frustration was not being able to get looks at this dowdy whistler in Selangor's mangroves. Despite calling frequently, the bird remained hidden far back from the boardwalk the whole time.
Bornean Whistler (BE) Pachycephala hypoxantha
B: This endemic whistler was a flock regular during our time on Mount Kinabalu.
BABBLERS: Timaliidae
Sunda Laughingthrush Garrulax palliatus
B: A key Sundaic species in the highlands of Borneo, first recorded close to the Tambunan Rafflesia Center, with others being seen on Mount Kinabalu. Also sometimes referred to as GRAY-AND-BROWN LAUGHINGTHRUSH.
Black Laughingthrush Garrulax lugubris
PM: We enjoyed some success with this species up at Fraser's Hill, where we ran into noisy flocks of them on three separate occasions.
Chestnut-capped Laughingthrush Garrulax mitratus
PM & B: The distinctly different forms on the mainland and Borneo are both fairly common in their respective montane environments. We saw them regularly during our time on Fraser's Hill, and up on Gunung Kinabalu.
Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush Garrulax erythrocephalus
PM: This 'royal' species was easily found on Fraser's Hill, a key site for it on the tour. As we arrived up on the hill we were greeted with the site of a small mob of these at a roadside 'feeding station' just before we reached our hotel to check in. Others were seen over the following days there too. Great close up looks on a litter bin (or 'feeding station'), just what we ordered!
White-chested Babbler Trichastoma rostratum
PM & B: A riparian babbler, usually found close to water. We saw them on the banks of the Kuala Tahan on the mainland, and on a riverside trail at Danum in Sabah. They were also very vocal along the banks of the Kinabatangan River on the extension.
Ferruginous Babbler Trichastoma bicolor
PM & B: A couple of sightings of this richly-colored babbler in the lowlands.
Abbott's Babbler Malacocincla abbotti
PM: Although heard on other occasions, just seen on our first morning at Kuala Selangor.
Horsfield's Babbler Malacocincla sepiarium
B: Seen first near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, and later again at Poring Hot Springs.
Short-tailed Babbler Malacocincla malaccensis
PM: A smart little babbler, seen well on a few occasions at Taman Negara.
Buff-breasted Babbler Pellorneum tickelli
PM: Just one furtive individual seen at Fraser's Hill.
Temminck's Babbler Pellorneum pyrrogenys
B: This key montane bird in Sabah was seen once at Kinabalu, and again at Tambunan on our return journey to KK.
Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum
PM: A really fancy ground-dwelling babbler, that should not be tainted by the babbler label. With its jet black cap, clean white super, and rich rufous coloration it is way too attractive to be in this family!
Moustached Babbler Malacopteron magnirostre
PM: Seen on just one occasion in Taman Negara.
Sooty-capped Babbler  Malacopteron affine
Scaly-crowned Babbler Malacopteron cinereum
PM & B: Recorded in the lowland jungles on the mainland, and on Borneo.
Rufous-crowned Babbler  Malacopteron magnum
Large Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus hypoleucos
PM: This chunky, excitable 'scim-babb' gave rare and prolonged 'scope views right from one of the roads around Fraser's Hill. Much easier than expected this time, as they are often way more active and difficult to pin down than that.
Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus montanus
B: First seen in lowland forest close to the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, and then a surprise sighting up in the montane forest on Mount Kinabalu.
Bornean Wren-Babbler (BE) Ptilocichla leucogrammica
B: One of these key endemic babblers was found bouncing around on the forest floor along one of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge trails.
Striped Wren-Babbler Kenopia striata
PM: Arguably the best looking of the wren-babblers on these tours, and one that tends to be easier than the others to find. We found a vocal pair along a swampy trail at Taman Negara.                                                                                                                                                                           B: One even posed for photos (all be it in poor light in the gloom of the forest), as it gave its distinctive monotonous song, along one of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge trails.
Large Wren-Babbler Napothera macrodactyla
PM: This species is generally meant to be an understorey bird, although we experienced the strange sight of one calling away in the canopy of a low rainforest tree! We'll take it anyway we can get it though! A key species on the mainland, as it is replaced by the endemic Black-throated Wren-babbler in Borneo.
Black-throated Wren-Babbler (BE) Napothera atrigularis
B: This shy species came right in and perched just where we'd hoped it would, but unfortunately caught many of us off guard by only remaining there for a very short time, leaving us a little frustrated with the brevity of the views.
Streaked Wren-Babbler Napothera brevicaudata
PM: This species definitely underperformed, being largely quiet and unresponsive in our time at Fraser's Hill. One did come in briefly during our first trail walk there though, but gave only limited views in the process.
Mountain Wren-Babbler (BE) Napothera crassa
B: Probably the easiest of the endemic wren-babbler 'triumvurate', although that is not to say it was in the bag before we got there! Indeed they were fairly quiet in our time on Mount Kinabalu, and then finally a large mixed flock of babblers moved through the understorey beside at close range that held at least 6 of these babblers. Bin-filling views were had by all as gradually passed quietly by us.
Pygmy Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
PM: This tiny round bird was seen on our first trail walk up on Fraser's Hill.
Rufous-fronted Babbler Stachyris rufifrons
Golden Babbler Stachyris chrysaea
PM: Another key species in mainland Malaysia, that is also confined to the highlands. This small flashy babbler was found a number of times up on Fraser's, most often within the chaotic moments of a passing bird wave.
Gray-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps
Gray-headed Babbler Stachyris poliocephala
B: A greatly underappreciated babbler from the handsome stachyris group. This beady-eyed babbler was seen during our final hours birding around the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Black-throated Babbler Stachyris nigricollis
PM: The stachyris babblers defy the stereotypical drab image of babblers. See this cool-looking babbler to get a taste of what a real babbler can look like!  A superb pair of these babblers were found in some swampy forest at Taman Negara.
Chestnut-rumped Babbler Stachyris maculata
B: Seen several times in the steamy Danum jungle.
Chestnut-winged Babbler Stachyris erythroptera
Striped Tit-Babbler Macronous gularis
PM & B: Heard on the mainland, and finally seen well around Danum Valley (including right in our lodge garden). The strongly marked 'form' on Borneo is sometimes split off as BOLD-STRIPED TIT-BABBLER. 
Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler Macronous ptilosus
PM: Another cool southeast Asian babbler. One circled around us in Taman Negara, on a swampy trail there.
Silver-eared Mesia Leiothrix argentauris
PM: This mindblowing, multi-colored babbler is fairly common up at Fraser's Hill, and soon after arrival we got our first looks at them as they came into our hotel bird table to feed on scraps laid out for them, fantastic. They were a much appreciated daily feature of our birding on the hill. 
White-browed Shrike-Babbler Pteruthius flaviscapis
PM: This striking babbler turned up in a couple of bird waves up on Fraser's Hill.                                                                                                                B: On Borneo only recorded around the Tambunan Rafflesia Center.
Black-eared Shrike-Babbler Pteruthius melanotis
PM: Another handsome bird best found by sifting through the bird waves up on Fraser's Hill, which is exactly where we encountered it on several occasions, even once right in town.
Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera
PM: Surprisingly only seen once on Fraser's Hill, moving through with a passing bird wave.
Brown Fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda
B: A few of these lowland fulvettas were found in small feeding flocks in Danum Valley.
Mountain Fulvetta Alcippe peracensis
PM: A regular flock follower up on Fraser's Hill, being encountered in almost all of the flocks encountered on the mountain.
Long-tailed Sibia Heterophasia picaoides
PM: Commonly seen up on Fraser's Hill, often right in the heart of the town itself around our mountain resort.
Chestnut-created Yuhina (BE) Yuhina everetti
B: The most numerous of the montane endemics on Borneo, large chattering parties of this endemic passerine were seen daily on Mount Kinabalu, and they were also recorded at Tambunan.
White-bellied Yuhina Yuhina zantholeuca
PM & B: A single was seen around The Gap on the peninsula, although most people caught up with it in Danum or Poring in Borneo.
Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea
PM: The sole representative of this largely Australo-papuan family in Southeast Asia, and therefore a key species. The bird is fairly common in the mangroves of Kuala Selangor, where we saw and heard quite a few of these unobtrusive birds. This species is also known as FLYEATER. 
Great Tit Parus major
PM: A key species in the mangroves at Kuala Selangor. There are many varied races of Great Tit which many believe should be split off, some splitting this form as Gray Tit. Strangely for this widespread 'species' the birds in southeast Asia are confined to mangrove environments. We saw a few small groups of these pallid tits, working their way through the mangroves, from the boardwalk in Selangor reserve.
Sultan Tit Melanochlora sultanea
PM: A big flashy black and yellow tit, (arguably the largest tit species in Asia), that was a big target on the mainland. Their usual site is Fraser's Hill, where they can be found in some of the bird waves up there. Despite much searching through these flocks we ended up finding a lone pair along the recently closed and deserted New Gap Road. A real surprise though was finding them in the lowlands at Taman Negara, where we came face to face with a noisy pair right outside our resort cabins one afternoon.
Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis
B: Perhaps not quite as special as the following nuthatch, although another stunner none the less. We first found a few in a mixed flock with Scarlet Minivets around our accommodations in Danum Valley. We then saw a few more, also in a mixed species flock, on one of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge trails, and had our final sighting up on Mount Kinabalu.
Blue Nuthatch Sitta azurea
PM: Another key Peninsula species, this stunning little bird is perhaps best looked for in the feeding flocks that roam the higher sections of Fraser's Hill. We found them on four occasions, our best views coming on the Telekom Loop during a final 45 minutes of birding on the hill, when a party of three came through and were found working a dead snag there.
SUNBIRDS: Nectariniidae
Ruby-cheeked Sunbird Chalcoparia singalensis
PM: This very handsome sunbird put in several appearances around Kuala Selangor and also within our Taman Negara resort.
Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex
B: A few were seen near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Plain-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaema
B: Only recorded around Sukau on Borneo .
Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum
PM & B: Singles of this strange sunbird were seen at Taman Negara on the mainland, and also at several lowland sites in Sabah.
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata
PM: THE common sunbird up on Fraser's Hill, and almost always the first to get worked up at a tape of Collared Owlet. They clearly don't like those guys much!
Eastern Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja
B: One beautiful male was seen along the Borneo Rainforest Lodge road in Danum.
Temminck's Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii
B: A key species that is fairly common up in Borneo's highlands, This bright scarlet sunbird was regularly seen at Mount Kinabalu, and also around Tambunan. Some blooming trees right by the restaurant balcony on the mountain were full of these dazzling nectar-feeders during many of our lunch stops there.
Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra
PM & B: The most widespread spiderhunter, that was seen numerous times along the entrance road into the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Thick-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera crassirostris
B: A couple were seen in Danum Valley.
Long-billed Spiderhunter Arachnothera robusta
B: One of the group lucked into one near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Spectacled Spiderhunter Arachnothera flavigaster
PM: This chunky, Yellow-eared lookalike was conveniently found in tree full of Yellow-eared Spiderhunters, slap bang in the middle of our resort at Taman Negara. This spiderhunter loaded tree was blooming at the time, so many spiderhunters and leafbirds came in to feed on the bumper nectar crop.
Yellow-eared Spiderhunter Arachnothera chrysogenys
PM: A tree in our resort was in bloom when we arrived that was absolutely loaded up with these spiderhunters, and also shared the tree with several leafbirds and the chunkier Spectacled Spiderhunter that were all taking full advantage of the latest nectar crop.
Gray-breasted Spiderhunter Arachnothera modesta
PM: Recorded around Taman Negara.
Streaked Spiderhunter Arachnothera magna
PM: A key species in our time around Fraser's Hill. Luckily the bird is fairly common right around town and in gardens throughout, so we saw them on numerous occasions around this quaint hill station. A striking spiderhunter, that if it wasn't for a certain endemic one in Borneo would be hard to beat.
Whitehead's Spiderhunter (BE) Arachnothera juliae
B: Spiderhunters are like giant oversized sunbirds, and are appealing just for that. This one is highly sought after as it is a key endemic that is far from common. However, its strikingly marked plumage, large size, and distinctive calls that are invariably given from a treetop dead snag, make this a very cool bird all round. In recent years the bird has been easiest to find near the Tambunan Rafflesia Center, and with an extra days birding to play with we opted for that venue with this monster spiderhunter in mind, among other key endemics. Most of the other endemics were in the bag by the time we were focusing on this one. In fact while one came swooping in, and was moments away from being nailed wherever it landed a shout went up for a party of Pygmy White-eyes which caused us momentarily to lose our heads, and drop the spiderhunter in favor of that rarely encountered endemic. A little while later with calm returning to proceedings once the white-eyes had moved, on some intermittant treetop calls betrayed the continued presence of the spiderhunter. A concentration of bright red flowers drew us to the spiderhunter that was taking full advantage of the bumper nectar crop. We enjoyed prolonged scope views of this one and another on the Kinabalu trails.
Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus maculatus
PM: One was scoped up feeding in a fruiting tree with barbets and others, at Taman Negara.
Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker Prionochilus percussus GO
Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker (BE) Prionochilus xanthopygius
B: Just a few of these endemic 'peckers were seen in the lowlands of Sabah. A poor show for the species, although we did get cracking low looks at a male thankfully.
Brown-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum everetti
B: A surprise find by our guide in Danum, who found one working some fruits in a tree that was coming into fruit, when we were able to scope it up for all to see.
Yellow-vented Flowerpecker Dicaeum chrysorrheum
PM: A couple of these striking flowerpeckers entertained us at the Tembeling Jetty, as we waited for our transfer into Kuala Lumpur airport at the end of our mainland tour.
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma
PM: This colorful flowerpecker first put in an appearance when we were waiting for our ride to the airport at the end of the Peninsula leg at the Tembeling Jetty.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  B: In Sabah, seen at both Danum and Sukau.
Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor
PM: A scarce species, although every bit as dull as the name suggests! Karen and I got one in our resort at Taman Negara.
Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectum
PM: Singles of these brightly-marked montane 'peckers were seen on most days up on Fraser's Hill.
Black-sided Flowerpecker (BE) Dicaeum monticolum
B: A subtly beautiful Bornean endemic, that was first seen on our first day on the island at Tambunan, and was later seen again up at Mount Kinabalu.
Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum
PM: One of the most striking flowerpeckers, we saw one first briefly at Kuala Selangor near the very start of the tour.                                                     B: In Sabah we saw a few from the boat cruises out of Sukau on the extension.
WHITE-EYES: Zosteropidae
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
PM: A small group were found in the mangroves at Kuala Selangor.
Black-capped White-eye Zosterops atricapillus
B: Frequently encountered in the highlands of Borneo.
Everett's White-eye Zosterops everetti
PM: Seen daily around Fraser's Hill and The Gap.
Pygmy White-eye (BE)  
B: Definitely one of the surprises of the trip was picking up this genuinely rare and little known species at Tambunan on our first morning in Borneo. A small group of these tiny, very unwhite-eye like, white-eyes were seen foraging  on some tiny fruits in a low roadside tree. Fantastic. A lifer for everyone!
Mountain Black-eye (BE)  
B: Arguably one of the most distinctive white-eyes in the world - being very large for a white-eye with thick black eye-rings rather then the usual white, and possessing a large pale bill to boot. It is a high altitude species that becomes way more common if you hike higher up the mountain at Kinabalu. This was not necessary for our best views though. We had a couple of great looks at the top end of the mountain road, including a pair feeding on a bright red flower at eye level by Timphon Gate. They were regular in among the flocks encountered as we hiked up Kinabalu for the Friendly Warbler.
ORIOLES: Oriolidae
Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus
PM: Just a female was seen along one of the Taman Negara trails on the mainland.                                                                                                         B: Seen several times in the dipterocarp forest surrounding Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
PM: A key coastal species on the Peninsula, where we saw them a number of times in Kuala Selangor.
Black-and-crimson Oriole Oriolus cruentus
PM & B: A montane flock follower, picked up in bird waves on Fraser's Hill on the mainland, and Kinabalu mountain in Sabah.
Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella
PM: This stunningly marked bird was first seen below The Gap, and later seen really well on a number of different occasions in one of the trees that were coming into fruit within our Taman Negara resort.                                                                                                                                                     B: Recorded at several lowland sites on Borneo.                                                                                                                         
Large Woodshrike Tephrodornis gularis
B: This Asian 'helmetshrike' was seen a couple of times near the Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Danum Valley.
Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhopterum
PM: Downright dastardly while we were at Taman Negara, giving only the briefest of views.                                                                                           B: This handsome flycatcher, helmetshrike or whatever it is (!) was finally seen well in Danum Valley. (The taxonomic affinities of the philentomas are open to debate).
Maroon-breasted Philentoma Philentoma velata
B: Not a sniff at Taman Negara on the Peninsula, although in Sabah a superb male, with dusty blue upperparts and deep burgundy bib, was seen well along one of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge trails. 
DRONGOS: Dicruridae
Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus
PM: We first saw some all black birds on the mainland, in the mangroves of Selangor.                                                                                                     B: Some pallid grey birds (very different from the earlier Selangor birds), were seen on Mount Kinabalu and Tambunan, at the former site often seen 'posing' on the fences of the power station.
Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus
PM & B: Seen a number of times in the lowland forests on both tours.
Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus remifer
PM: Seen regularly around Fraser's Hill, often acting as a flock 'sentinel'.
Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus
B: Seen a few times up on Mount Kinabalu, where they were seen within passing bird waves.
Greater Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus
PM & B: Recorded regularly in the lowlands on the mainland, although just once or twice in Danum Valley while in Sabah.
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus
B: Only seen on Borneo, where they were found at a number of lowland sites, (including right around Kota Kinabalu).
BRISTLEHEADS: Pityriaseidae 
Bornean Bristlehead (BE) Pityriasis gymnocephala
B: For me not enough praise can be heaped on this incredible bird. It is way more impressive than the dowdy illustration in the field guide. An endemic that cannot easily be categorized, or its unbelievable appeal portrayed well, its sits within its own unique and fascinating family. They are low density birds of the rainforest treetops, that can give their presence away with their strange strangled calls. Unfortunately though they do not call as frequently as I would like! Their calls were heard not too far from our lodge and a little playback bought this typically canopy=-dwelling bird almost into the understorey shocking us all with stunning eye-level views in the process. We soon  noticed another more furtive individual hiding out in the treetops. We could not have asked for better looks at Borneo's most enigmatic bird. Straight from the top draw of world birds. A definite trip highlight for guide and group alike.
Crested Jay  Platylophus galericulatus
PM: A really striking jay, with a funky crest that comes straight out the top of its crown. We heard them on a few occasions (including in Borneo too), although only saw them once, when a pair was watched moving through the trees across the Sungei Tahan from our boat 'hide'.
Black Magpie  Platysmurus leucopterus
Two very different races were seen, the white-winged race on the mainland, and some all black birds on Borneo.                                                         PM: Brief views were first had one our first forest walk at Taman Negara, before we managed much better looks right in our resort during a final hours birding there before our departure for Borneo.                                                                                                                                                          B: In Sabah a group of very noisy magpies came in and checked us out, although we were a little distracted by a calling (and hidden) Giant Pitta at the time to fully enjoy them!
Green Magpie Cissa chinensis
PM: Just one of these dazzling magpies came through when we hit one of Fraser's Hills infamous bird waves. The same flock also held a superb male Red-headed Trogon.
Short-tailed Magpie Cissa thalassina
B: Just a few of these flashy bright green-and-orange magpies were seen up on Mount Kinabalu.
Bornean Treepie (BE) Dendrocitta cinerascens
B: One of the more visible Bornean endemics on Mount Kinabalu, where we saw them a number of times around the power station, and we also saw them near Tambunan Rafflesia Center.
House Crow Corvus splendens
Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca
B: Commonly encountered in Borneo.
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
STARLINGS: Sturnidae
Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
PM & B: The original 'talking myna'. We saw some from our boat as we made our way to some trails at Taman Negara on several occasions, and they were later seen on our boat cruises along the Kinabatangan River, in Borneo.
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus
B: A few were seen on Borneo.
Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus
PM: Three visited our resort at Taman Negara one afternoon.
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Javan Myna  
White-rumped Munia Lonchura striata
PM: Seen in secondary growth near the waterfall at Fraser's Hill.
Dusky Munia (BE) Lonchura fuscans
B: A commonly encountered endemic, around Danum, Poring and Tambunan.
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata
PM: Just the one seen by Mary at Kuala Selangor on the Peninsula.                                                                                                                                  B: In Sabah several were seen with some Dusky Munias at Tambunan.
Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla
B: Commonly encountered in Borneo, even in Sabah's capital, Kota Kinabalu.
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
TREESHREWS: Tupaliidae
Mountain Treeshrew Tupaia montana
B: A few were seen on Kinabalu Mountain.
Smooth-tailed Treeshrew Dendrogale melanura
B: One was seen at Poring Hot Springs.
COLUGOS: Cynocephalae
(Malayan) Colugo or Flying Lemur Cynocephalus variegatus
B: A couple of these very odd mammals were found licking the sap off the trunks of large rainforest trees, during one of our Danum night drives.
LORISES: Lorisidae
Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang
B: Another strange mammal, that was seen on two of our Danum night drives.
MONKEYS: Cercopithecidae
Maroon Langur/Red Leaf-Monkey Presbytis rubicunda
B: This handsome Bornean endemic, that would be better named 'ORANGE Leaf-Monkey', was seen close to our cabins at the Borneo Rainforest Lodge. This is one of the few monkeys that has a strong pungent urine that makes them possible to find by smell alone!
Spectacled Langur Presbytis obscura
Silvered Langur/Leaf-Monkey Presbytis cristata
PM: Very easy to see around Bukit Melawati in Kuala Selangor right at the tour start (unfortunately being hand fed by Malays there, causing them to increasingly become a nuisance).                                                                                                                                                                                                B: Also seen in a distinctly more wild setting along the banks of the Kinabatangan River.
Banded Langur/Leaf-Monkey Presbytis melalophos
PM: A few were seen around Fraser's Hill.
Proboscis Monkey Nasalis larvatus
B: Not exactly a beautiful monkey, but one that is full of character and truly unique in appearance, particularly the fully grown males with their 'inflated' noses. Troops of these fascinating 'leaf-monkeys' were regularly encountered during our time out of Sukau Lodge on the Kinabatangan, one of their noted strongholds.
Long-tailed or Crab-eating Macaque  Macaca fascicularis
Pig-tailed Macaque  Macaca nemestrina
GIBBONS: Hylobatidae
Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus H
White-handed Gibbon Hylobates lar H
Bornean Gibbon Hylobates muelleri H
GREAT APES: Pongidae
Bornean Orang-Utan Pongo pygmaeus
B: One of the best 'birds' on Borneo! This proved to be a troublesome year for it at Danum, due to the distinct lack of any prime fruiting trees in our time there. We finally pulled it out of the bag in our last hours birding there, when we targetted an area they had been late the afternoon before. The wait was well worth it though, as we were able to watch a mother and young one feasting on nuts at close quarters before these red apes moved off into the forest mist once more. Another one, this time a young male ape, was seen from our boat along the Kinabatangan River, that a short time later moved rapidly into cover. The heavy tropical storm that drenched us just moments later soon explained its rapid retreat for cover! 
SQUIRRELS: Sciuridae
Giant Squirrel Ratufa bicolor
B: One was seen in Danum and later up in the highlands at Mount Kinabalu.
Prevost's Squirrel Callosciurus prevostii
B: These handsome black-and-orange squirrels were seen regularly around the grounds of the Borneo Rainforest Lodge.
Kinabalu Squirrel Callosciurus baluensis
B: A couple of these endemic squirrels were seen along the trails up on Kinabalu.
Bornean Black-banded Squirrel Callosciurus orestes
B: One was seen on the mountain at Kinabalu.
Himalayan Striped Squirrel Tamiops macclellandii
PM: One sighting on Fraser's Hill.
Horse-tailed Squirrel Sundasciurus hippurus
Jentink's Squirrel Sundasciurus jentinki
Brooke's Squirrel Sundasciurus brookei
Bornean Mountain Ground-Squirrel Dremomys everetti
B: Seen daily on Mount Kinabalu.
Whitehead's Pigmy Squirrel Exilisciurus whiteheadi
B: The most dandy of the squirrels in Borneo, this tiny, tufty-eared squirrel was seen once up on Gunung Kinabalu.
Plain Pigmy Squirrel Exilisciurus exilis
B: The lowland equivalent of the Whitehead's, and pretty cool in its own right (despite the lack of tufted ears compared to that species). They were seen on a few occasions in Danum and also in Poring Hot Springs.
FLYING Squirrels: Petauristinae
Red Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista petaurista
B: Seen on three separate night drives in the Danum Valley Conservation Area.
Thomas's Flying Squirrel Aeromys thomasi
B: A single of these large orange flying squirrels was seen during one of our Danum night safaris.
MUSTELIDS: Mustelidae
Malay Weasel Mustela nudipes
B: An unexpected find for the second consecutive tour. This year we chanced upon one of these bright ginger weasels along a quiet forest trail on Mount Kinabalu.
Malay Civet or Tangalung  Viverra tangalunga
PM: On the peninsula a single animal slinked away before anyone else could get onto it as we made our way into the jungle in a successful pursuit of a calling Sunda Scops-Owl (at Taman Negara).                                                                                                                                                                B: On Borneo, one hung around a little longer on one of our Danum night drives.
Bear-Cat or Binturong Arctictis binturong
B: Prolonged views of this grizzled civet were had when we found one gorging on fruits in the treetops during one of our final mornings at Danum. This tree, that was as yet not in full fruit, also played host to Rhinoceros, Black, Wrinkled and Bushy-crested Hornbills, four species of barbets and a bunch of pigeons.
Small-toothed Palm Civet Arctogalidia trivirgata
B: One was found from our night boat safari at Sukau, gorging on riverside fruits in the spotlight.
PIGS: Suidae
Wild Boar Sus scrofa
Bearded Pig Sus barbatus
B: This ugly, brute of a pig was seen a number of times in Danum Valley, including in the lodge grounds itself.
MOUSE-DEER: Tragulidae
Lesser Mouse-Deer Tragulus javanicus
B: This tiny, tiny deer was seen on one of our Danum night drives.
Greater Mouse-Deer Tragulus napu
B: Three were seen during one Danum night safari.
DEER: Cervidae
Sambar Deer Cervus unicolor
B: A night drive regular at Danum. Asia's largest deer species.
Rafflesia Flower Rafflesia pricii
B: As with last year, the news was bleak from the park HQ, none apparently being in flower during our time there. A large sign along the highway down to Poring though told a different story. This sign had us quickly making a short diversion as it announced they had one of the smaller species in bloom at the time. Rafflesia flowering is unpredictable and very short-lived, only really being in good condition for a few days of their brief flowering period. Luckily this one was in prime condition as we got the news early on.