Ocellated Turkey - Iain CampbellTHE YUCATÁN and PALENQUE
Birding the Mayan Empire

29 January – 8 February 2007 

Guide: Michael Retter


"Yucatán"--the word conjures images of endless turquoise seas and ancient Mayan ruins hidden beneath dense jungle. On this private tour, we visited a wide array of habitats, from mangrove-lined salt flats and desert scrub to lush canopy rain forest and tropical savannah. An archaeologists's dream, we also visited an extensive list of spectacular Mayan ruin sites: Chichén Itzá, Tulum, Calakmul, Palenque, Bonampak, and Yaxchilán. The pristine tropical rainforest surrounding them yielded incredible species like Keel-billed Toucan, White-collared Manakin, Black Hawk-Eagle, Ocellated Turkey, King Vulture, and both howler and spider monkeys. Overall, the weather was very good, but an strong norte literally dampened our birding around Palenque one day. 

29 Jan: After meeting at the airport and checking into our hotel this evening, we enjoyed the easy-going Cancún atmosphere over some of the most delicious tacos I’ve ever had in Mexico. 

30 Jan: The first stop this morning was the nearby botanic gardens. Just a few minutes after arriving we were finding Yucatán endemics: Yucatán Woodpecker, Yucatán Vireo, White-browed Wren, and Black Catbird. Flocks of Neotropical migrants were quite conspicuous. Northern Parula, American Redstart, Northern Waterthrush, and “Myrtle”, Black-throated Green, “Western” Palm, and Black-and-white Warblers made up the bulk, with small numbers of Lesser Greenlet, Bananaquit, and White-eyed Vireo. Roving flocks of Brown Jays screamed as they passed overhead, loosely associated with a nice mix of orioles: Altamira, Black-cowled, and Hooded. Green-backed Sparrows and Red-throated Ant-Tanagers called from the undergrowth. Large flocks of migrant Indigo Buntings had some “Eastern” Blue Buntings and Yellow-faced Grassquits mixed in. A very confiding Ivory-billed Woodcreeper gave us our first looks at that tropical family. 

After a leisurely lunch we headed west to Chichén Itzá. The main attraction here, El Castillo, is amazing and incredibly intact for such an old structure. We spent most of our time here simply enjoying the ruins rather than outright birding, but we did see a few birds along the way. Yellow-backed Oriole, Cinnamon Hummingbird, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, and Scrub Euphonia were noted. 

Yucutan Wren - Iain Campbell31 Jan: An early morning start had us outside Río Lagartos by sunrise. Immediately we found both Couch’s and Tropical Kingbirds singing away. A family of Orange Orioles showed nicely in the warm morning light as Yucatán (Black-throated) Bobwhites sang nearby. We had nice looks at a stunning male Mexican Sheartail. Aztec Parakeets and White-fronted Amazons were both common and conspicuous as they flew about in noisy flocks. A Laughing Falcon perched up high while a pair of Crested Caracaras flew by. Investigation of piercing screaming calls turned up a pair of Limpkins perched on a dead snag, seemingly out-of-place in the dry desert scrub. They were using nearby marsh habitat, though, and we soon encountered other marsh birds like Crane Hawk and Tricolored Heron. 

By mid-morning were we headed out onto the lagoon. The main attraction, flame-colored “American” Greater Flamingos, did not disappoint. We leisurely watched a nice flock as a pair of Peregrine Falcons flew overhead, flushing a mixed flock of shorebirds: Semiplamated Plover, “Western” Willet, Long-billed Curlew, Ruddy Turnstone, and Marbled Godwit among them. Close inspection of gulls on a nearby mudflat proved very fruitful. We found numbers of Laughing, Ring-billed, Herring, and Lesser Black-backed Gulls. A Kelp Gull and a Kelp x Herring Gull hybrid were special treats. Traveling slowly along the mangroves gave us some superb looks at a male Painted Bunting, “Mangrove” Yellow Warblers, over ten Common Black-Hawks, half a dozen Boat-billed Herons, and two Bare-throated Tiger Herons. Wading birds on the way back to the dock included Roseate Spoonbill, White Ibis, Little Blue Heron, Reddish Egret, and Black-crowned Night-Heron. Just before we landed we were entertained by a flock of Black Skimmers perched in front of a Pepsi machine and a Laughing Gull with a bright red bill and legs. 

Collared Aracari - Iain CampbellWe went back to the desert scrub mid-afternoon, and we did indeed find some new species. We found a nice covey of Yucatán Bobwhites along the road on the way. White-bellied Wren, Groove-billed Ani, Zenaida Dove, and Northern Cardinal were all new for the trip, as was a very noisy pair of the extremely localized Yucatán Wren. 

1 Feb: This morning we enjoyed leisurely strolls around the grounds at the Cobá and Tulum ruins, mainly taking in the architecture. Along the roads, we found both Short-tailed and Roadside Hawks. We got our first taste of lowland rainforest birding in the early afternoon along the road at Felipe Carillo Puerto. Mixed flocks contained a nice mix of northern migrants and resident birds: Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Yellow-throated Vireo, Tropical Gnatcatcher, Magnolia Warbler, Summer Tanager, Hooded Warbler, and the gorgeous Gray-throated Chat. Garrulous flocks of Black-headed Saltators were conspicuous most of the afternoon, as were Tropical Pewees calling from high up in dead trees. Roadside flower banks provided food for Canivet’s Emerald and Wedge-tailed Sabrewing. Two countersinging male Black-headed Trogons put on quite a show. After supper we drove the road for night birds and had nice looks at a few Common Pauraques. 

2 Feb: Daybreak found us on the FCP road again, where we were greeted by a dawn chorus of Little Tinamou, Plain Chachalaca, and White-tipped Dove. Flocks of Collared Araçaris and Yucatán Jays passed through the trees and over the road. Both Black-crowned and Masked Tityras assembled in the tops of trees. Mixed flocks contained some new birds like Smoky-brown Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet, Yellow-olive Flycatcher, Rose-throated Becard, and Rufous-browed Peppershrike. Barred and Great Antshrikes sang from the tangles alongside the road. 

Midday we drove south and east to Xpujil. We stopped along the way, finding Mangrove Swallow, Blue-gray Tanager, Olive Sparrow, Squirrel Cuckoo, Vaux’s Swift, and a massive Great Black-Hawk. 

After checking into the hotel, we birded the road into Calakmul, where we encountered a large flock of pretty little Yellow-throated Euphonias. Finally, just before dusk we found an incredibly cooperative flock of Ocellated Turkeys, including a displaying male! The nearby Cecropia trees appeared to be a pre-roost staging area for a dozen or so Collared Araçaris.

Birding Calakmul

Keel-billed Toucan - Iain Campbell3 Feb: Slowly driving the entrance road at daybreak yielded nice looks at Great Curassow and Slaty-legged Tinamou. Collared Forest-Falcon and Common Potoo were seen flying across the road. If I had to think of one word to describe Calakmul it would be “awesome”. Picture walking through lowland rainforest and stumbling upon a decaying stone staircase. The vegetation is thick, and you can only see the first twenty stairs or so. As you ascend the stairs, you’re completely surrounded by layers of canopy. Finally, you reach the top of the staircase and turn around to see untouched rainforest in every direction, studded by a half a dozen ancient pyramids, peeking their heads out above the canopy. Awesome—in both senses of the word! As said by a participant, “It’s pristine jungle with no sign of man, except for the odd thousand-year-old pyramid here and there!” Birding the unexcavated grounds of Calakmul is very productive, especially at the resident army ant swarms. We found many species attending the swarms, including Tawny-winged Woodcreeper, Great Crested Flycatcher, Gray-headed Tanager, Gray-throated Chat, and Worm-eating, Kentucky, and Swainson’s Warblers. Mexican Antthrush was also a nice find. 

About 10:00, we ascended another pyramid to look for raptors and were rewarded with amazing looks at a Black Hawk-Eagle, whistling as it soared just above our heads. Later in the day, another pyramid top served as a lovely base for digiscoping a very friendly group of Keel-billed Toucans. If you’ve ever wondered what it’s like to digiscope from the top of a pyramid, let me tell you, it’s pretty incredible! 

We spent more time in the afternoon with antswarms, where Northern Barred-Woodcreeper, Stub-tailed Spadebill, and Bright-rumped Atilla were new. 
Pale-billed Woodpecker - Iain Campbell

4 Feb: We started a bit later this morning since we saw the curassow the day before, but we were still treated to a Ruddy Quail-Dove on the road as we reentered Calakmul. We were greeted by the friendly Ocellated Turkey flock at the gate again, and the parking area was quite active as well. Three Black-headed Trogons were flying around as we got out of the car, and we soon after found a Lineated Woodpecker nest! We watched the woodpeckers for a quarter hour or so, changing guard to keep the eggs warm every few minutes. Just inside the ruins, we flushed about a hundred White-fronted Amazons from their roost—talk about noisy! The same location was home to a pair of spectacular Pale-billed Woodpeckers, whose nest we also found. More time at the antswarms yielded Ovenbird, Red-throated Ant-Tanager, Painted Bunting, and even a Roadside Hawk in attendance. Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, White-collared Seedeater, and Golden-olive Woodpecker were also new. Gray-throated Chats proved to be curiously common here, as we saw as many as ten throughout the day. 

Finally, we headed east into the Usumacinta marshes, which were loaded with birds. The fields were full of white and pink, as we drove by flocks of egrets, stilts, spoonbills, storks, and ibis numbering into the hundreds and even thousands. A quick scan at a mudflat turned up dowitchers, yellowlegs, and most notably, over a thousand Stilt Sandpipers. Raptors were in abundance, with Aplomado Falcon, White-tailed Hawk, White-tailed Kite, Northern Harrier, and Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture the most noteworthy. Flashes of florescent yellow-green were ubiquitous, as abundant Northern Jaçanas flew from one puddle to the next. Graceful Fork-tailed Flycatchers were joined by their more gaudy Vermilion cousins on the power lines, while a flock of over 1,000 Grassland Yellow-Finches swirled overhead. We had to stop a little early today because of heavy rain, but we were very pleased with the day’s birding regardless. 

5 Feb: We’d planned an early morning at Palenque today, but the rain kept up all night and into the morning—a norte was upon us, a fairly rare event this far south. We waited out the downpour and eventually made it to Palenque to bird in the lighter rain. A Bat Falcon greeted us right away. He continued to entertain us throughout our time here, alighting atop various temples between hunting forays. Great Kiskadees and Boat-billed and Social Flycatchers perched conspicuously in the tops of dead trees and gave us some nice studies as we discussed the ID of these three similar species. Flocks of Neotropical migrants yielded Wilson’s Warbler, Summer Tanager, and Orchard and Baltimore Orioles. A Stripe-throated Hermit attracted our attention alongside the edge of the ruin grounds, where we also found Great Antshrike, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Thrush-like Schiffornis, White-breasted Wood-Wren, Clay-colored Robin, and Olive-backed Euphonia. A nice Violaceous Trogon was perched on a power line as we left the site. 

White Hawk - Iain Campbell6 Feb: Today was fast-paced. We changed our minds and decided to end the tour with a trip to Cozumel, so we had to take in both Bonampak and Yaxchilán in one day. We pulled it off nicely, but both of these incredible areas really do deserve more time than this. 

Just after dawn, we were birding the entrance road into Bonampak, which was incredibly birdy. Though Mexico’s avian diversity is amazing, it is here that you really feel like you’re in the tropics, as most birds and indeed bird families you see are completely alien to North American eyes. A spectacular male Chestnut-colored Woodpecker perched on a dead snag offered incredible views—one of my favorite moments of the tour. A White-whiskered Puffbird perched on a power line, while a male White-collared Manakin flew back and forth across the road, displaying to a female. Montezuma Oropendolas sang their bizarre song from the tops of tall trees while Scaly-throated Leaftossers and Mexican Antthrushes seemingly answered from the forest floor. Birds in the undergrowth included Orange-billed Sparrow, Gray-headed Tanager, Thrush-like Schiffornis, and the ridiculous-looking Long-billed Gnatwren. The mixed flocks here were amazing, featuring Tropical Gnatcatcher, Tawny-crowned Greenlet, Green Shrike-Vireo, Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Stub-tailed Spadebill, Dusky Antbird, Dot-winged Antwren, Barred Antshrike, Plain Xenops and a host of woodcreepers: Strong-billed, Streak-headed, Wedge-billed, and Olivaceous. During the walk back from the ruins we heard some very loud bell-like notes from inside the rainforest—a Rufous Piha! Eventually we found him and watched him sing for a few incredibly loud minutes. A Double-toothed Kite flew over the road.

We reluctantly left Bonampak and headed to Frontera Corozal to get lunch and catch a boat upriver. King Vultures were soaring overhead along the way, dwarfing Blacks and Turkeys on the same thermals. We stopped to look at a perched Great Black-Hawk and a troop of black howler monkeys. The latter seemed to tempt fate by playing in an exposed tree. Surely they’d have been easy lunch for a Harpy Eagle. (Regrettably, we did not see one.) 

Upon entering the Yaxchilán complex (after feeling your way along a dark passageway through a pyramid) we were thrilled to find a huge fruiting Ficus (fig) tree. We spent most of our time atop a nearby pyramid scanning the roving numbers of birds. Here we found Yellow-throated Euphonia, Golden-hooded Tanager, Green Honeycreeper, Yellow-winged Tanager, Blue-gray Tanager, Bananaquit, Cedar Waxwing, Short-billed Pigeon, Mealy Amazon, Brown-hooded Parrot, and Keel-billed Toucan gorging on fruit. Eventually a troop of spider monkeys crashed into the tree, scaring away the more wary birds, but the toucans stood their ground. A Chestnut-sided Warbler moved through the tree. Other birds noted in the area include Gray-breasted Martin, Long-billed Hermit, Blue Ground-Dove, Blue-crowned Motmot, and Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, our main target! As we left the site before dusk, a very noisy troop of howler monkeys came through the ruins. Watching the babies cling to their mothers while the dominant male howled at us in defense was particularly memorable.

Just when we thought the day can’t get any better, we found three White Hawks along the road back to Palenque. These living ghosts are an incredible sight against a backdrop of dark green rainforest.

Northern Jacana - Iain Campbell7 Jan: We briefly birded some scrubby areas near Palenque at dawn and were rewarded with Violet Sabrewing, Yellow-billed Cacique, and Crimson-collared and Passerini’s Tanagers. Another brief stop in the Usumacinta marshes produced our two targets: Black-collared Hawk and Jabiru. The rest of the day was spent traveling, driving back to Cancún and getting a ferry to Cozumel.

8 Jan: We felt lucky today, finding all of Cozumel’s endemic species (save the nearly extinct thrasher) in under two hours! The first thing one notices about birds on Cozumel is how exceptionally common Black Catbirds and Yucatán Vireos are here compared to the mainland. Cozumel Vireos scolded at us from the undergrowth and proved to be quite common and confiding, providing very nice views of their odd orangey plumage. A fruiting vine attracted a small flock of Western Spindalis and “Cozumel” Banaquit. Caribbean Dove and White-crowned Pigeon also reminded us of the Caribbean nature of the island. The grayish endemic subspecies of Rufous-browed Peppershrike was very vocal and cooperative; we found a few family groups. Cozumel Wren was easier than expected as we found a couple without much trouble. Cozumel Emerald on the other hand was much tougher than it should have been, but we eventually prevailed, finding a stunning male with long tail streamers. We also found the curiously resident subspecies of Blue-gray Gnatcatcher. On the way back to the car we found “Golden” Yellow Warblers and a very cooperative Mangrove Cuckoo.

We were so thrilled with our success that we took an earlier ferry to the mainland, which gave us a couple hours to kill back at the botanic gardens. It took a lot of work, but we finally did find a Rose-throated Tanager. An immature male Black-cowled Oriole provided a good lesson in oriole ID.

After enjoying a final delicious meal of Mexican food, we returned to the hotel and said our goodbyes. Given the short amount of time we spent at some very productive locations, we had 290 species making for an incredibly successful trip!

Rainforest arond the Paleque ruins


BOLD-endemic to Mexico and N Cen. Am.
*--endemic to Mexico
(Y)--endemic to Yucatan area
(C)--endemic to Cozumel

TINAMOUS: Tinamidae
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui
Slaty-breasted Tinamou Crypturellus boucardi
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Gadwall Anas strepera
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
CRACIDS: Cracidae
Plain Chachalaca Ortalis vetula
Great Curassow Crax rubra
TURKEYS: Meleagrididae
Ocellated Turkey (Y) Meleagris ocellata
NEW WORLD QUAIL: Odontophoridae
Yucatán (Black-throated) Bobwhite (Y) Colinus nigrogularis
GREBES: Podicipedidae
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
PELICANS: Pelecanidae
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
CORMORANTS: Phalacrocoracidae
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
ANHINGAS: Anhingidae
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
HERONS: Ardeidae
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma mexicanum
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
Great Egret Ardea alba
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Green Heron Butorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius
IBISES and SPOONBILLS: Threskiornithidae
White Ibis Eudocimus albus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
STORKS: Ciconiidae
Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
FLAMINGOS: Phoenicopteridae
American [Greater] Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
HAWKS, EAGLES, and KITES: Accipitridae
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Sora Porzana carolina
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
American Coot Fulica americana
LIMPKIN: Aramidae
Limpkin Aramus guarauna
PLOVERS: Charadriidae
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
OYSTERCATCHERS: Haematopodidae
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus
AVOCETS and STILTS: Recurvirostridae
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
JAÇANAS: Jacanidae
Northern Jaçana Jacana spinosa
SANDPIPERS: Scolopacidae
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Western Willet Tringa semipalmata inornata
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Sanderling Calidris alba
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus
Dowitcher sp. Limnodromus sp.
GULLS: Laridae
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
American Herring Gull Larus argentatus smithsonianus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus graellsii
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
Kelp x Herring Gull hybrid Larus dominicanus x argentatus
TERNS: Sternidae
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri
Royal Tern Thalasseus maxima
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
SKIMMERS: Rynchopidae
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
PIGEONS and DOVES: Columbidae
Rock Pigeon Columba livia
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala
Red-billed Pigeon Patagioenas flavirostris
Short-billed Pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
Caribbean Dove Leptotila jamaicensis
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
PARROTS: Psittacidae
Aztec [Olive-throated] Parakeet Aratinga astec
Brown-hooded Parrot Pionopsitta haematotis
White-fronted Amazon (Parrot) Amazona albifrons
Mealy Amazon (Parrot) Amazona farinosa
CUCKOOS: Cuculidae
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
NIGHTJARS: Caprimulgidae
Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
POTOOS: Nyctibiidae
Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis
SWIFTS: Apodidae
Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi
Long-billed [Long-tailed] Hermit Phaethornis longirostris
Stripe-throated [Little] Hermit Phaethornis striigularis
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird Phaeochroa cuvierii
Wedge-tailed Sabrewing Campylopterus curvipennis
Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus
Canivet's [Fork-tailed] Emerald Chlorostilbon canivetii
Cozumel [Fork-tailed] Emerald* (C) Chlorostilbon forficatus
Buff-bellied Hummingbird Amazilia yucatanensis
Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila
Mexican Sheartail* Doricha eliza
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
TROGONS and QUETZALS: Trogonidae
Black-headed Trogon Trogon melanocephalus
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris
MOTMOTS: Momotidae
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota
KINGFISHERS: Alcedinidae
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon
PUFFBIRDS: Bucconidae
White-whiskered Puffbird Malacoptila panamensis
Collared Araçari Pteroglossus torquatus
Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
Yucatán Woodpecker (Y) Centurus pygmaeus
Golden-fronted Woodpecker Centurus aurifrons
Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus
Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker Celeus castaneus
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
Pale-billed Woodpecker Campephilus guatemalensis
FURNARIIDS: Furnariidae
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Scaly-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus guatemalensis
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina
Ruddy Woodcreeper Dendrocincla homochroa
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus
Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Northern Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Ivory-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus flavigaster
Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
TYPICAL ANTBIRDS: Thamnophilidae
Great Antshrike Taraba major
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus
Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis
Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina
Mexican Antthrush Formicarius moniliger
Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet Ornithion semiflavum
Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma imberbe
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Stub-tailed Spadebill Platyrinchus cancrominus
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius sulphureipygius
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus
Yucatán Flycatcher Myiarchus yucatanensis
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana monachus
Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina
Rufous Piha Lipaugus unirufus
Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
MANAKINS: Pipridae
White-collared Manakin Manacus candei
VIREOS: Vireonidae
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus
Mangrove Vireo Vireo pallens
Cozumel Vireo* (C) Vireo bairdi
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius
Yucatán Vireo (Y) Vireo magister
Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps
Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus
Green Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius pulchellus
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
CORVIDS: Corvidae
Green Jay Cyanocorax yncas
Brown Jay Cyanocorax morio
Yucatán Jay (Y) Cyanocorax yucatanicus
SWALLOWS: Hirundinidae
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Mangrove Swallow Tachycineta albilinea
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
WRENS: Troglodytidae
Yucatán Wren* (Y) Campylorhynchus yucatanicus
Spot-breasted Wren Thryothorus maculipectus
White-browed [Carolina] Wren (Y) Thryothorus [ludovicianus] albinucha
Cozumel [House] Wren* (C) Troglodytes [aedon] beani
White-bellied Wren Uropsila leucogastra
White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta
WAXWINGS: Bombycillidae
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea
THRUSHES: Turdidae
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
Clay-colored Robin Turdus grayi
White-throated Robin Turdus assimilis
MIMIDS: Mimidae
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Black Catbird (Y) Melanoptila glabrirostris
Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus
WAXWINGS: Bombycillidae
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Northern Parula Parula americana
Golden [Yellow] Warbler Dendroica petechia petechia
Yellow Warbler Dendroica [petechia] aestiva
Mangrove [Yellow] Warbler Dendroica [petechia] erithachorides
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica
Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia
Myrtle [Yellow-rumped] Warbler Dendroica [coronata] coronata
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens
Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica
"Western" Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum palmarum
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorus
Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina
Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
Gray-throated Chat (Y) Granatellus sallaei
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Cozumel Bananaquit* (C) Coereba [flaveola] caboti
TANAGERS: Thraupidae
Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata
Red-throated Ant-Tanager Habia fuscicauda
Rose-throated Tanager (Y) Piranga roseogularis
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Passerini's [Scarlet-rumped] Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus
Yellow-winged Tanager Thraupis abbas
Golden-hooded Tanager Tangara larvata
Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
EMBERIZIDS: Emberizidae
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
White-collared Seedeater Sporophila torqueola
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivacea
Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola
Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris
Olive Sparrow Arremonops rufivirgatus
Green-backed Sparrow Arremonops chloronotus
CARDINALIDS: Cardinalidae
Black-headed Saltator Saltator atriceps
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
(Eastern) Blue Bunting Cyanocompsa [parellina] parellina
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
ICTERIDS: Icteridae
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Melodious Blackbird Dives dives
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
Black-cowled Oriole Icterus [dominicensis] prosthemelas
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius
Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus
Yellow-backed Oriole Icterus chrysater
Orange Oriole (Y) Icterus auratus
Altamira Oriole Icterus gularis
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus
Montezuma Oropendola Gymnostinops montezuma
FINCHES: Fringillidae
Scrub Euphonia Euphonia affinis
Yellow-throated Euphonia Euphonia hirundinacea
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi