Tropical Birding - Worldwide Set Departure & Custom Birding Tours

Brazil: Atlantic Rainforest IntroTour

September 18 - 25, 2008

Tour Leader: Scott Olmstead

All photos were taken by the leader during the trip.


White-eared Puffbird at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

Masked Duck at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

This is the perfect trip to get your first taste of birding Brazil’s famous Atlantic Forest. Large chunks of well-preserved forest lie almost within daytrip range of Rio de Janeiro and over the course of a week we explore a variety of diverse, endemic-rich habitats. We base ourselves at two comfortable birding lodges: Serra dos Tucanos and Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, both offering easy access to great birding and, of course, unforgettable Brazilian food!



September 18:   Serra dos Órgãos NP, Serra dos Tucanos
September 19:   Teodoro Trail, Macaé de Cima
September 20:   Pico Caledonia, REGUA wetland
September 21:   REGUA Waterfall Trail
September 22:   REGUA vicinity
September 23:   Sumidouro vicinity
September 24:   Cabo Frio, REGUA wetland
September 25:   REGUA, Macaé de Cima, Return to Rio

Black Jacobin at Serra dos Tucanos  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

Daily summary:

September 18:  After buffet breakfast we set out from the “cidade maravilhosa” and drove north into the coast range. As we climbed above 1000m elevation, we marveled at the lush montane forests of Serra dos Órgãos National Park, and at our first stop we pulled up a nice assortment of tanagers including Green-headed and Black-goggled Tanagers and Red-crowned Ant-Tanager. A Yellow-rumped Flycatcher was a nice find mixed in with the tanagers.  A little rain could hardly dampen our first day of birding in the Atlantic Forest, and we also enjoyed views of Yellow-browed Woodpecker and a rather soggy Sombre Hummingbird at Serra dos Tucanos  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical BirdingDusky-legged Guan. As the rain let up Ashy-tailed Swifts and an impressive Black Hawk-Eagle took to the air. In the afternoon we made our way to the comfortable Serra dos Tucanos, and spent some time watching the feeders. Sombre Hummingbird and Black Jacobin are among the many Atlantic Forest endemics that are common here; in fact this lodge is perhaps the best site for Sombre Hummingbird anywhere. It was a delight to watch Plain and Maroon-bellied Parakeets side-by-side at the feeders, and of course there were more tanagers here as well, with Golden-chevroned and the spectacular Brazilian Tanager among the more conspicuous species. A Blonde-crested Woodpecker created quite a stir when it visited the upper feeding tray, its crazy crest flopping carelessly about. As the day closed we enjoyed the first of many incredible meals – it is a fact that you do not go hungry on Brazil tours!

September 19:  
Before breakfast we took a quick spin on the trails at Serra dos Tucanos, garnering our first view of the ornate Pin-tailed Manakin. Soon we were headed upslope, driving through the Tres Picos State Park and enjoying sunny weather, the rain of yesterday all but forgotten. At the Teodoro Trail we dove right in, getting started with a pair of Black-throated Grosbeaks and a Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner. In the forest Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher, Rufous-capped Spinetail, and Berton’s Antbird showed well. Sharpbill and Greenish Schiffornis were not nearly asSurucua Trogon on the Teodoro Trail  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding cooperative, never really sitting still in view long enough for everyone to see. An excitable White-rimmed Warbler did eventually allow a good study. Late in the morning we headed to the Macaé de Cima road, where we picked up a couple of special cotingas. First we scoped up a snow-white male Bare-throated Bellbird across the valley on the opposite slope, his strange, powerful, far-ringing “BONK!!” call giving the impression that he was much closer than he actually was. Then farther up the road, we stopped for lunch near a persistently-singing Black-and-gold Cotinga. The source of the ethereal whistled song was maddeningly hard to locate, as is typical with this ventriloquist species, but eventually after much effort we found the handsome singer and he remained on his perch long enough for everyone to enjoy lengthy scope views. We added Serra Tyrant-Manakin, Orange-eyed Thornbird, and Yellow-eared Woodpecker to the spoils before heading back to Serra dos Tucanos for the night.

September 20:  Today we traveled to Pico Caledonia, a 2000m peak near the town of Nova Friburgo, famous among birders as a site for the enigmatic Gray-winged Cotinga. The birding began on the lower stretches of the steep track up the mountain, and practically the first bird of the morning was a cooperative Brazilian Antthrush singing from a small patch of bamboo just beside the road. We continued up to the stakeout for the cotinga and soon spotted one of these thrush-sized birds flying quickly from tree to tree. The bird was also later heard to sing a few times, but no one was able to get a good look at it perched; the fog rolling in and out did not help matters. There were many mixed flocks moving about, mostly containing flitty Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulets, elegant Diademed Tanagers, and delightful Bay-chested Warbling-Finches. We found Rufous-tailed Antbird, the highest-ranging of the fancy Drymophila antbirds endemic to the Atlantic Forests, to be rather common here. Carrying on uphill we watched a male Giant Antshrike singing from an exposed perch and drew in a sneaky Mouse-colored Tapaculo using a bit of tape recording. Higher still we had a great study of a pair of Rufous-capped Antshrikes and a couple of Spix’s Spinetails. The Itatiaia Thistletail remained quiet and elusive, emerging only for a few tantalizing glimpses. In the afternoon we birded the lower areas below the peak and found our first Burnished-buff Tanagers, a small group of Hooded Siskins, and a nice Aplomado Falcon. Late in the afternoon we headed for the Guapi Assu Ecological Reserve (REGUA) in the lowlands. As we arrived at the Guapi Assu Bird Lodge, our base for the next five nights, we got our first glimpse of the marvelous restored wetland which seems to be home to more and more birds each year. Before dusk we had scoped up a good selection of waterbirds, including Masked Duck and White-faced Whistling-Duck, but leaving a few waterbirds for another day.

Yellow-eared Woodpecker at Macaé de Cima -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Chestnut-capped Blackbird at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 21:  We got an early start on REGUA’s Waterfall Trail this morning, and spent most of the day walking upslope through very old regenerated second-growth lowland forest to the spectacular waterfall that gives the trail its name. This trail is always a favorite, and it’s actually quite hard to make any progress on it because there are so many birds! Before we had gone far we spotted a Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle soaring over a small clearing. Gaudy Spot-billed Toucanets were very vocal and responsive, providing good views as they moved through the treetops, but probably the biggest surprise of the morning and one of the rarest birds of the trip was a silent Buff-bellied Puffbird perched on a snag above the canopy, just visible through a small window from the trail below. We found good activity in the understory as well, with skulkers like Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, Black-cheeked Gnateater, and the elegant Scaled Antbird showing well. Certainly another highlight for everyone was a band of four male Blue Manakins displaying together, hovering, fluttering, and gurgling excitedly as a team. Mixed flocks gave up Grayish Mourner, Spot-breasted Antvireo, and Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner. In the end we did make it all the way to the waterfall, and returned to the lodge with an excellent selection of birds seen, perhaps a bit tired, thirsty for caipirinhas, and ready for another delicious meal and a good night’s sleep.

Tropical Screech-Owls at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Spot-billed Toucanet at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 22:  This morning we birded in the secondary growth around the wetland, doing quite well with antbirds, wrens, and other skulkers. The striking, barred Chestnut-backed Antshrike that sat in the open was certainly a favorite, while the stealthy Tufted Antshrike stayed hidden from some. Both Moustached and the Brazilian endemic Long-billed Wrens gave themselves up rather easily, perhaps providing Marilyn with her two favorite birds of the trip in quick succession! In mixed flocks we found Unicolored Antwren, Thrushlike Woodcreeper, and the local luctuosa race of White-flanked Antwren, potentially a good species. The bizarre Southern Antpipit, an aberrant flycatcher that walks on the ground like a tiny antthrush, put on a memorable performance, singing his head off from a low perch as we watched from close range. Perhaps the bird of the morning was the Crescent-chested Puffbird that posed in the shady forest understory for a nice scope study. Of course we did not ignore the waterbirds, enjoying good views of Brazilian Teal, Capped Heron, and Masked Duck. A young Snail Kite that made a brief visit was one of very few records for the reserve. A pair of relaxed Tropical Screech-Owls snoozed the day away not far from the lodge. In the afternoon we headed for a newly acquired property being assimilated into the reserve in search of new birds. We were not disappointed, finding gorgeous old-growth forest on the steep mountain slopes and some good birds to add to our list, including a striking Yellow-fronted Woodpecker clinging to a high snag, a responsive pair of Green-backed Becards, and a pair of Golden-rumped Euphonias that seemed to be working on a nest. White-eared Puffbird was a nice find along the road. Around dusk we returned to the wetland to try for Giant Snipe, which provided a close encounter when it almost took our heads off as we strained our eyes in the fading light. Nightbirds were out in force and we saw a conspicuous Striped Owl and a silent Scissor-tailed Nightjar coursing over the scrubby hillside in ghostly fashion.

Waterfall at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Crescent-chested Puffbird at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 23:  Today we made a long daytrip to the drier habitats on the interior side of the coast range near the little town of Sumidouro. The biggest target for the day was the poorly known endemic Three-toed Jacamar, which we anticlimactically found with almost no effort at all very early on! Nearby we found a roosting Barn Owl beside the road and enjoyed nice comparative studies of Brown-crested and Swainson’s Flycatchers. We picked up Rufous-fronted Thornbird and Sooretama Sooty-Antshrike in the scrubby edge habitat and a White-tailed Hawk soared overhead. On a narrow back road to the town of Duas Barras we found a pair of Rusty-margined Guans with fluffy young ones in tow and Louis spotted a migrant Yellow-browed Tyrant. By late afternoon we had gotten ourselves into a decent fragment of old forest where we found a fantastic mixed flock with Scaled Woodcreeper, White-collared Foliage-gleaner, and perhaps 10 gaudy Gilt-edged Tanagers. A Gray-hooded Attila lurked nearby.

September 24:  When we rose early and set out on a daytrip to the coast to try for the critically endangered Restinga Antwren we had no idea that we’d be in for one of the biggest surprises of the trip. Early on, we found a Limpkin in marshy grassland as we scanned in vain for seriemas on the hillsides. By midmorning we were at Cabo Frio checking out waterbirds like Roseate Spoonbill and Yellow-billed Tern in the salt pools. At Praia das Conchas we found Magellanic Penguin from the Rio coast  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birdingan excellent remnant patch of the scrubby restinga habitat that was once common along this part of the coast. Here we easily found our quarry the Restinga Antwren as well as the Brazilian endemic Hangnest Tody-Tyrant. With the biggest target out of the way we turned to the shore of a sheltered bay nearby, where Brown Boobies and “Cayenne” Sandwich Terns were cruising past. As we scanned the water we all stopped when we came to a strange waterbird floating on the surface, struggling to get to grips with the image of a Magellanic Penguin bobbing in Rio’s tropical waters. In fact there were six of them! While a few penguins find their way to Brazil most years, this has been a truly exceptional year with apparently over 1,000 penguins coming ashore in Brazil, some as far north as Bahia state, not far south of the equator. While the causes for the influx are not understood there seems to be a link to anomalous ocean currents. Back at REGUA we went for a final walk around the wetland, enjoying White-headed Marsh-Tyrants, Chestnut-capped Blackbirds, and a couple of Muscovy Ducks. A repeat performance was offered by both the Scissor-tailed Nightjar and the Striped Owl, for those who had opted to skip the first outing.

September 25:  After a few days waiting the 4x4 track at REGUA had finally dried out from the heavy rains of the week before and this morning we drove to the top to look for a few new birds for the list. A neatly-dressed White-bibbed Antbird showed well, walking furtively across the forest floor. A Black-throated Trogon sat patiently beside the road and Chestnut-crowned Becard showed well in a mixed flock. Overhead Black Hawk-Eagle soared lazily and Carol spotted a high-flying Mantled Hawk. Since everyone’s flights out of Rio were late in the day, we had just enough time to make a return trip to Macaé de Cima. It was nice to get great repeat views of Yellow-browed Woodpecker, Scale-throated Hermit, and Black-and-gold Cotinga, but the show was definitely stolen by a cooperative Black-billed Scythebill that allowed everyone good looks at its outrageous bill and proved a worthy last bird of the trip. By mid-afternoon it was time to return to Rio for the end of the tour but I don’t think this will be the last birding trip to Brazil for any of us!

Brazilian Teal at REGUA  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

Bird ListWhite-collared Foliage-gleaner near Sumidouro  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of us. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow: Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth Edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co., including updates. Alternate nomenclature preferred by the AOU's South American Classification Committee is given in parentheses.

 seen (including 5 seen only by the tour leader)
30 heard only

H = Heard only
L = Seen only by the leader
(I) = Introduced species
(R) = Reintroduced species at REGUA
(nt) = Considered near-threatened by BirdLife International
(VU) = Considered vulnerable by BirdLife International
(EN) = Considered endangered by BirdLife International

TINAMOUS Tinamidae
H Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus
PENGUINS Spheniscidae
Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus
GREBES Podicipedidae
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
CORMORANTS Phalacrocoracidae
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
Great Egret Ardea alba
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
HAWKS, EAGLES, & KITES Accipitridae
Snail Kite Rosthamus sociabilis
Rufous-thighed (Sharp-shinned) Hawk Accipiter (striatus) erythronemius
Mantled Hawk (nt) Leucopternis polionota
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur (Spizaetus) melanoleucus
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizastur tyrannus
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
H Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
H Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura
Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris
H Red-billed Curassow (R) Crax blumenbachii
LIMPKIN Aramidae
Limpkin Aramus guarauna
H Russet-crowned Crake Anurolimnas viridis
H Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
H Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor
H Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis
H Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Common Moorhen (Gallinule) Gallinula chloropus
JACANAS Jacanidae
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
AVOCETS & STILTS Recurvirostridae
White-backed (Black-necked) Stilt Himantopus (mexicanus) melanurus
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
SANDPIPERS Scolopacidae
Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
GULLS Laridae
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
TERNS Sternidae
Royal Tern Sterna maxima
South American Tern Sterna hirundinaceae
Yellow-billed Tern Sternula superciliaris
PIGEONS & DOVES Columbidae
Rock Pigeon (I) Columba livia
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
H Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
H White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
H Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
PARROTS Psittacidae
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
L Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius
Plain Parakeet Brotogeris tirica
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
CUCKOOS Cuculidae
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
BARN-OWLS Tytonidae
Barn Owl Tyto alba
OWLS Strigidae
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba
H Least Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium minutissimum
H Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
NIGHTJARS Caprimulgidae
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata
SWIFTS Apodidae
Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
L Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris
Ashy-tailed (Sick's) Swift Chaetura andrei (meridionalis)
Saw-billed Hermit (nt) Ramphodon naevius
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Sombre Hummingbird Campylopterus cirrochloris
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus
Black Jacobin Florisuga fuscus
White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris
Plovercrest  Stephanoxis lalandi lalandi
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
L White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria versicolor
Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata
Brazilian Ruby Clytolaema rubricauda
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura aurantius
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
MOTMOTS Momotidae
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
JACAMARS Galbulidae
Three-toed Jacamar (VU) Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
PUFFBIRDS Bucconidae
Buff-bellied Puffbird Notharcus swainsoni
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
Crescent-chested Puffbird Malacoptila striata
TOUCANS Ramphastidae
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
Yellow-eared Woodpecker Veniliornis maculifrons
Yellow-browed Woodpecker (nt) Piculus aurulentus
H Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
OVENBIRDS Furnariidae
Tail-banded Hornero Furnarius figulus
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Chicli (Spix's) Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
Pallid Spinetail Cranioleuca pallida
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea
H Itatiaia Thistletail Oreophylax moreirae
Common (Rufous-fronted) Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
Red-eyed Thornbird Phacellodomus e. erythrophthalmus
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
Pale-browed Treehunter Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
White-collared Foliage-gleaner Anabazenops fuscus
H White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor
WOODCREEPERS Dendrocolaptidae
Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus
H White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus
Scaled Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
H Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus
Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus c. caerulescens
Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficapillus
Spot-breasted Antvireo (nt) Dysithamnus stictothorax
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
H Rufous-backed Antvireo Dysithamnus xanthopterus
Star-throated Antwren Myrmotherula gularis
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa
Unicolored Antwren (nt) Myrmotherula unicolor
Restinga Antwren (EN) Formicivora littoralis
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
Rufous-tailed Antbird (nt) Drymophila genei
Ochre-rumped Antbird (nt) Drymophila ochropyga
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura
Scaled Antbird Drymophila squamata
L Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera
White-bibbed Antbird Myrmeciza loricata
Brazilian Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda
H Such's Antthrush Chamaeza meruloides
H Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia
GNATEATERS Conopophagidae
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata
Black-cheeked Gnateater Conopophaga melanops
TAPACULOS Rhinocryptidae
Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae
COTINGAS Cotingidae
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
Black-and-gold Cotinga (nt) Tijuca atra
H Gray-winged Cotinga (VU)
H Hooded Berryeater (nt) Carpornis cucullatus
Bare-throated Bellbird (VU) Procnias nudicollis
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Pin-tailed Manakin Ilicura militaris
Serra Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysolophum
H Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
Gray-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
H Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
H Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant (nt) Hemitriccus orbitatus
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus nidipendulus
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum poliocephalum
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius mastacalis
Cliff Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
Velvety Black-Tyrant Knipolegus nigerrimus
L Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala
Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
Gray-hooded Attila Attila rufus
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor (Pitangus) lictor
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
SWALLOWS Hirundinidae
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
WAGTAILS & PIPITS Motacillidae
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens
WRENS Troglodytidae
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis
Long-billed Wren Thryothorus longirostris
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
House Sparrow (I) Passer domesticus
Common Waxbill (I) Estrilda astrild
VIREOS & ALLIES Vireonidae
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
SISKINS & ALLIES Fringillidae
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava
Brazilian Tanager Ramphocelus bresilius
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Azure-shouldered Tanager (nt) Thraupis cyanoptera
Golden-chevroned Tanager Thraupis ornata
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala
H Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Brassy-breasted Tanager Tangara desmaresti
Gilt-edged Tanager Tangara cyanoventris
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch Poospiza thoracica
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
H Buffy-fronted Seedeater (VU) Sporophila frontalis
Temminck's Seedeater (VU) Sporophila falcirostris
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Chestnut-capped Blackbird Agelaius ruficapillus
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus


MANED SLOTH (IUCN Red List: Endangered)

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