Hyacinth Macaw at Pousada Araras, Sep. 15  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

Tropical Birding - Worldwide Set Departure & Custom Birding Tours

Brazil: Pantanal & Amazon

September 4 - 16, 2008

Tour Leader: Scott Olmstead

All photos and sound recordings were taken by the leader during the trip.



September 4:           Arrival in Cuiabá
September 5:           Chapada dos Guimaraes
September 6:           Chapada & Travel to Rio Cristalino
September 7-10:      Rio Cristalino
September 11:         Cristalino & Travel to the Pantanal
September 12-15:    The Pantanal
September 16:         Return to Cuiabá

Red-throated Piping-Guan at Cristalino, Sep. 11  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

Daily summary:

September 5: We left the city early and headed out to Chapada dos Guimarães, perched on a dry plateau near Cuiabá. Here we concentrated on seeing specialties of the unique cerrado vegetation. Right away we located a small party of elusive Coal-crested Finches, with Black-throated Saltators, and a Pale-breasted Spinetail nearby. A group of Red-and-green Macaws looked a bit out of place flying over the dry, scrubby vegetation. We also enjoyed great views of a smaller and less-widespread macaw, the highly sought-after Blue-winged Macaw, of which a pair perched confidingly close. Rusty-backed Antwren (photo below), Rufous-winged Antshrike, the recently described Chapada Flycatcher, and the gaudy White-eared Puffbird were among the other favorites at our first stop. We also saw several Gray Monjitas, which before too long had somehow become “Gray Mojitos”. By late morning we headed for a productive patch of gallery forest where we found White-bellied Warbler, Yellow-tufted Woodpecker, and a great gathering of hummingbirds that included Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, White-vented Violet-ear, and Planalto Hermit. After checking into our very comfortable hotel we went for a late afternoon spin on the trail through the forest on the property, picking up a responsive pair of Sooty-fronted Spinetails and a nice Rusty-margined Guan. At dusk we called in a Tropical Screech-Owl (Listen to the recording: XC 23848) for amazing closeup views and then encountered Rufous Nightjar on the trail as we returned for dinner.

Pavonine Cuckoo, Chapada dos Guimaraes, Sep. 6  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Rusty-backed Antwren, Chapada dos Guimaraes, Sep. 5  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 6: A tremendous wind blew in overnight, and it made birding the more open areas almost impossible, so this morning we returned to the gallery forest we visited yesterday. It was a good thing we did, because we turned up one of the best birds of the trip in the form of a Pavonine Cuckoo (photo above) that sat up and sang unabashedly in full view. Satisfied with this mega-rarity, we departed for Cuiabá, seeing our first Toco Toucans from the bus en route. A calculated stop at a dramatic red-rock gorge also produced the only Cliff Flycatcher  of the trip. An afternoon flight took us north approximately 300km to the small town of Alta Floresta. From here we drove north toward the Teles Pires River, picking up White-faced Whistling-Duck and Red-bellied Macaw on the way. Reaching the banks of the Teles Pires, we were met by Jorge, our local guide from Cristalino Jungle Lodge, who took us across the Teles Pires and up the Cristalino to the lodge. From the boat we spotted our first Red-throated Piping-Guan in the treetops (photo above) and 4 gorgeous Capped Herons on the rocks in the river, their blue faces almost glowing in the late afternoon light. It was a nice way to begin our five-night stay at Cristalino.

September 7: For our first morning in the Amazon we headed up Cristalino’s famous canopy observation tower, where we immediately found ourselves in the middle of a roaring mixed-species flock that included Lineated Woodcreeper, Yellow-backed Tanager, and Red-stained and Ringed Woodpeckers. Between good views of common species like White-throated Toucan, Paradise Jacamar, Spangled Cotinga, and Bare-necked Fruitcrow, we managed to see several of the local specialties, such as Curl-crested Araçari, Kawall’s and White-bellied Parrots, White-browed Hawk, and the ornate Gould’s Toucanet (photo below). Spectacular Blue-and-yellow and Scarlet Macaws provided breathtaking moments as they flew past at close range below eye level and a Brown-banded Puffbird perched unconcernedly close to the tower. (Photo below.) Descending to ground level around mid-morning we found the birding a bit more challenging inside the forest though some were able to see Bare-eyed Antbird and Cryptic Forest-Falcon right near the base of the tower. Before lunch there was time to go for a quick walk out toward the saleiro (natural salt lick) where we found a group of Crimson-bellied Parakeets (photo below) and a Black-bellied Cuckoo in the surrounding trees. A sub-canopy flock included White-winged Shrike-Tanager and Tooth-billed Wren. After lunch we headed downstream on the Cristalino, seeing some good mammals (Red Brocket Deer and Brazilian Tapir) as well as a Razor-billed Curassow coming to the bank of the river to escape the heat. We ended the afternoon birding the river islands on the Teles Pires, picking up the target Amazonian Tyrannulet  as well as a somewhat out-of-range Black-collared Swallow with a large group of migratory swallows made up mostly of Purple Martins and at least one Barn Swallow. IT was especialy entertaining to watch a group of Spotted Tody-Flycatchers snuggling together and bedding down on their roost just at dusk. Returning to the lodge after dark we happened upon a stunning Agami Heron while spotlighting caiman. What a day!

Brown-banded Puffbird at Cristalino, Sep. 7  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Gould's Toucanet at Cristalino, Sep. 7  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Crimson-bellied Parakeet at Cristalino, Sep. 7  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 8: We spent this morning walking a very birdy trail on the opposite side of the Cristalino. Early on we had a tantalizing encounter with the rare Scaled Ground-Cuckoo, seen briefly by the leader beside the trail before it vanished quickly into the undergrowth, snapping its bill loudly as it went. Thinking the bird was long gone, we were astonished to hear it begin to sing not far from the trail, and before long it was joined by a second bird, but they resisted our best attempts to call them into view. Still, it was a remarkable encounter with a very poorly-known bird. An excellent consolation was a group of eight Dark-winged Trumpeters which did not seem bothered by our presence and allowed very close study. This South American endemic family was new for almost everyone and certainly one of the highlights of the trip. We also enjoyed scope views of an Amazonian Pygmy-Owl perched high in the canopy as it was being mobbed by an army of angry tanagers. A flashy male Rose-breasted Chat showed well in a patch of bamboo, adding a bit of color to the understory. Toward the end of the morning we found a great mixed flock with Long-winged Antwren, Spot-winged and Cinereous Antshrikes, and Slender-billed Xenops. In the afternoon we cruised leisurely upstream on the Cristalino, birding mostly by boat and seeing Green-and-rufous Kingfisher and the striking Red-necked Woodpecker. We did make one landing where we found the localized Bronzy Jacamar. A bit of nightbirding near the lodge before dinner produced a Crested Owl.

September 9: This morning we headed up the serra, a rocky outcropping covered in dry deciduous forest that provides a natural canopy overlook. Knowing it would heat up fast, we hiked almost straight up to the top, arriving early and were rewarded right away with several Pompadour Cotingas; this normally scarce and hard-to-find resident of the area was surprisingly common today. (Photo below.) We found three puffbirds: the widespread and familiar Pied Puffbird, the more scarce Striolated Puffbird, and the rare and dazzling Spotted Puffbird, the last finally located by our dependable local guide Jorge. Chestnut-fronted Macaws provided a spectacular flyby at the overlook while Plumbeous Kites were joined by Hook-billed Kite and King Vulture soaring overhead. Amethyst Woodstar and White-fringed Antwren were also among the serra specialties we tracked down before the heat drove us back to the cooler forest below. It is truly amazing how much more comfortable the temperature is inside the forest on a hot sunny day! Just before lunch a few of us went for a quick walk on the Taboca Trail, where we found a confiding Saturnine Antshrike. To add to our already burgeoning list of raptors, an impressive Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle appeared soaring over the lodge at lunchtime. In the afternoon our plans were altered by powerful thunderstorms that relieved the intense heat and humidity, and we contented ourselves with Blackish Nightjars (photo below), Bare-faced Curassows, Black-bellied Thorntails, and Red-handed Howler Monkeys seen right around the lodge clearing. Finally, after the storms passed we went out for some birding by boat along the river, picking up Glossy Antshrike, Great Black Hawk, and a pair of Short-tailed Nighthawks engaged in a strange chase over the water at dusk. We also spotlighted a Boat-billed Heron hunting at the river’s edge and a vocal Zigzag Heron which unfortunately was seen only in flight as it crossed the river. Back to the lodge for a round of caipirinhas to celebrate a great day of birding!

Blue-and-yellow Macaw at Cristalino, Sep. 10  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Blackish Nightjars, Cristalino, Sep. 9  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Pompadour Cotinga at Cristalino, Sep. 9  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 10: Today’s main event was a walk along the famous Dr. Haffer Trail upstream of the lodge. At the landing we found a flock almost right away, which contained Yellow-throated Woodpecker, Gray Elaenia, Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner, and Black-capped Becard, among others. A pair of extraordinary Long-billed Woodcreepers called in nicely, showing off their fantastically long bills, and we found the handsome Blue-cheeked Jacamar nearby. In bamboo patches farther along the trail we found Chestnut-throated Spinetail, which stayed well hidden and eluded most of us, and Dusky-tailed Flatbill and Manu Antbird, which showed quite very well. Before lunch we made a quick stop to pick up a couple of new manakins, the dapper White-crowned Manakin and the seemingly oblivious Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin, almost always encountered singing intently and rarely seen doing anything else! We again experienced thunderstorms in the afternoon, this time entertaining ourselves with Blue-and-yellow Macaws perched high above the lodge (photo above), a group of White-nosed Bearded Saki Monkeys moving through the trees nearby, and a pair of White-lored Euphonias nesting right next to the dining room. At dusk we found a responsive Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl near the saleiro. At first it the little owl would not reveal itself, but eventually it gave itself up and perched on a curling vine where it was easily illuminated in the pitch black forest understory.

September 11: After an early breakfast and check-out we headed back to the river island where we found a group of at least four colorful Orange-cheeked Parrots feeding in a fruiting tree (photo at bottom). We also had great views of Amazonian Umbrellabird, Red-throated Piping-Guan, White-bellied Parrot, Golden-winged Parakeet, and Buff-breasted Wren. Antbirds were well represented in our morning haul, with Amazonian Antwren and Chestnut-backed and Amazonian Antshrikes seen well. One of the many highlights of the morning was a singing Amazonian Antpitta that required over an hour of work to see. Around mid-morning we crossed to the south bank of the Teles Pires by boat (greeted at the landing by the miniature Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant) and picked up a Gray-headed Kite displaying overhead before heading back toward Alta Floresta. On the way we made a stop in a moriche palm swamp where found the localized Sulphury Flycatcher and the highly-sought-after Point-tailed Palmcreeper, which we were fortunate to observe working on its nest. A pair of Pearl Kites were also seen perched beside the road. After a scrumptious lunch at a churrascaria in Alta Floresta, we spotted a Short-tailed Hawk soaring near the airport just before our flight back to Cuiabá. Remember not to put your bins away until you have actually boarded the plane or you could miss a lifer! To complete a rather long travel day we drove south from Cuiabá along the Trans-pantaneira Highway to our next lodge, Pantanal Wildlife Center.

Guira Cuckoos at Pantanal Wildlife Center, Sep. 13  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Yellow-billed Cardinal at Pantanal Wildlife Center, Sep. 14  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 12: We awoke to our new surroundings in the Pantanal and began birding the gallery forest along the Pixaím River after breakfast. Red-billed Scythebill drew oohs and aahs from the crowd right away. The more subtle Buff-bellied Hermit, Plain Tyrannulet, and Southern Scrub-Flycatcher were good sightings as well, but just could not compete with the preposterous bill of the scythebill! A male Red-crested Finch did his best to compete, showing off his fiery red crest in the soft morning light. Farther into the forest, a young Helmeted Manakin found our group a captive audience and proceeded to preen all of his feathers and stretch extravagantly as we watched, enthralled, from close range. The forest also produced Gray-headed Tanager, Moustached Wren, the endearing Masked Gnatcatcher, and Blue-fronted and Scaly-headed Parrots  foraging in a mango tree. By late morning the heat was intense and we retired to the lodge, where we found curious Gray-crested CacholotesYellow-billed Cardinals (photo above), and Orange-backed Troupials in the trees just around the house. Did I mention the enormous Jabiru nest not far from the lodge? It wasn’t until late afternoon that we ventured out again, this time on the river, heading dowstream. We visited the nest of a Great Potoo (photo below) and found Green-backed Becard and Hooded Tanager nearby. On the river, we saw dozens of Gray-necked Wood-Rails along the banks (aren't rails supposed to be shy?), as well as Little Cuckoo, Agami Heron, and Black-capped Donacobius. A giant Ringed Kingfisher perched with a huge peacock bass on his bill was quite a sight. A night drive produced Spot-tailed and Little Nightjars (incredible views of the latter perched on a fencepost), Crab-eating Fox, and Crab-eating Racoon.

Plumbeous Ibis at Pousada Araras, Sep. 14  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Rufescent Tiger-Heron at Pantanal Wildlife Center, Sep. 13  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 13: A merciful cold front blew through during the night and we awoke to much cooler temperatures. This morning we mostly birded the open areas along the entrance track to the lodge, finding lots of new birds like Greater and Common Thornbirds, White-rumped Monjita, and the uncommon Long-tailed Ground-Dove. Seeing Chotoy Spinetail left no doubt that it is one of the most elegant of the ovenbirds, but I think some of the group would still take the elegant Black-collared Hawk over all the spinetails I could find! We got our antbird-fix from the many Barred and Great Antshrikes along the road, and another standout was the White-naped Xenopsaris, a monotypic flycatcher-like bird now thought to be most closely related to the becards and tityras. 16 Guira Cuckoos huddling together side-by-side made for an amusing picture (photo above); apparently they were not enjoying the relief of cooler temperatures as much as we were. Of course it would be hard to forget the ubiquitous waterbirds as well, and we had incredible studies of the handsome Rufescent Tiger-Heron and the prehistoric-looking Plumbeous Ibis (photos above) in roadside pools. After lunch we went riverbirding again, picking up the diminutive American Pygmy Kingfisher and enjoying for the second night in a row the distinctive Band-tailed Nighthawks bobbing and gliding over the river.

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant at Pousada Araras, Sep. 15  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Great Rufous Woodcreeper at Pousada Araras, Sep. 15  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Chestnut-eared Aracari at Pousada Araras, Sep. 15  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 14: We returned to the gallery forest this morning, and continued adding new birds at a frantic pace. Localized regional endemics like Large-billed Antwren and Mato Grosso Antbird were complemented by more widespread species such as Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant and Rusty-backed Spinetail. And everyone finally had a satisfying look at the migratory Rufous Casiornis. The most exciting moment came in the form of two large woodpeckers of the genus Celeus, Pale-crested and Cream-colored Woodpeckers, in the same tree. After lunch we headed north on the Trans-pantaneira to our next destination: Pousada Araras. On the way, Patrick spotted our first group of Greater Rheas and as we skidded to a halt and piled out of the van to appreciate these strange ostrich-like birds, we realized there was also a Maguari Stork farther out in the same field (photo below), and a couple of Scarlet-headed Blackbirds closer in. Not a bad stop! Another roadside stop produced our first two Whistling Herons of the tour, and before we knew it we had arrived at Araras, where naturally we were greeted by a raucous pair of Hyacinth Macaws sitting in one of the big shade trees right next to the lodge! After settling in, we took a walk out to the canopy tower for the end of the afternoon. Striped Cuckoo and Bat Falcon were nice finds, and from the tower we had a commanding view of the marsh, full of egrets, herons, and exquisite Roseate Spoonbills. A flyby of three White Woodpeckers completed the day.

Great Potoo on nest at Pantanal Wildlife Center, Sep. 12  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Wattled Jacana at Pantanal Wildlife Center, Sep. 13  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl at Pousada Piuval, Sep. 15  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding

September 15:  We started the day where we had finished it, heading straight out to the canopy tower, where we found a responsive Dull-capped Attila, a pair of Black-tailed Tityras, and all the usual waterbirds. However, the show was definitely stolen by a group of Chestnut-eared Araçaris foraging in the tree right next to the tower and a pair Hyacinth Macaws feeding on palm nuts nearby. (Photos above.) After breakfast at the lodge, we went out for another walk on the trails, finding one of the most sought-after birds in the Pantanal: Great Rufous Woodcreeper. (Photo above.) We spotted a Crane Hawk cruising slowly across a field, and marveled at the strange, eerie whistle of a Sunbittern. (Listen to the recording: XC 23847) Around lunchtime we added yet another new parrot, finding at least three Blue-crowned Parakeets taking shelter from the midday sun in the big mango tree by the lodge. In the afternoon we drove farther north toward Pousada Piuval, our final stop of the tour. On the way, we picked up Buff-necked Ibis and the bizarre Southern Screamer - nice spot Susan! Arriving at Piuval, we headed out to the gallery forest near the river, where we found Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (photo above), Creamy-bellied Thrush, and at least three Chestnut-bellied Guans, the rarest Cracid of the trip. A responsive Russet-crowned Crake performed on cue at dusk, coming out into the open for stellar views.

September 16: For our final morning we went out in a boat on a vast bay of the meandering Bento Gomes River for a couple of hours, our final Pantanal experience with the abundant tiger-herons, egrets, spoonbills, storks, screamers, and jaçanas. In a patch of gallery forest we enjoyed parting encounters with Silvery Marmosets and Black Howler Monkeys (photo below), and we found a pair of magnificent Hyacinth Macaws (the undisputed bird of the trip and a fitting finale) prospecting a nest cavity. After lunch we headed back to Cuiabá, on to the airport and so ended another amazing Pantanal-Amazon tour.

Female and male Black Howler Monkeys, Pousada Piuval, Sep. 16  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding Maguari Stork, Trans-Pantaneira Highway, Sep. 15  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding


Orange-cheeked Parrot at Cristalino, Sep. 11  -  Scott Olmstead/Tropical Birding This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of us. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow: Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth Edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co., including updates. Alternate nomenclature preferred by the AOU's South American Classification Committee is given in parentheses.

433 seen (including 6 seen only by the tour leader)
48 heard only

H=Heard only
L=Seen only by the leader
(I)=Introduced species
(nt)=Considered near-threatened by BirdLife International
(VU)=Considered vulnerable by BirdLife International
(EN)=Considered endangered by BirdLife International

Site codes:
Pa = Pantanal, including the road to Poconé
Ch = Chapada dos Guimaraes and Cuiabá
Am = Amazon (Cristalino Jungle Lodge and Alta Floresta)

Site Pa Ch Am
RHEAS Rheidae
Greater Rhea (nt) Rhea americana X    
TINAMOUS Tinamidae
H Great Tinamou Tinamus major     H
H Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus     H
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus X  H H
H Brazilian Tinamou Crypturellus strigulosus     H
H Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus H
H Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens   H  
CORMORANTS Phalacrocoracidae
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus X   X
ANHINGAS Anhingidae
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga X   X
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix X    
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus X   X
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi X   X
Great Egret Ardea alba X  
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea X    
Snowy Egret Egretta thula X    
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis X   X
Striated Heron Butorides striata X   X
Agami Heron Agamia agami X   X
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax X    
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius X   X
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum X   X
Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus     X
STORKS Ciconiidae
Wood Stork Mycteria americana X   X
Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari X
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria X    
IBIS AND SPOONBILLS Threskiornithidae
Plumbeous Ibis Theristicus caerulescens X    
Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus X    
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis X   X
Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus X    
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja X    
Southern Screamer Chauna torquata X    
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata X
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata X   X
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis X   X
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus X X
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura X    
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus X    
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus     X
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa X
HAWKS, EAGLES, & KITES Accipitridae Pa Ch Am
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis X
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus     X
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus X X
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii     X
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis X    
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus X
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea X X X
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens X    
White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli     X
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga X   X
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis X    
Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis X  
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris X X
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus     X
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur (Spizaetus) melanoleucus X
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus X
Black Caracara Daptrius ater     X
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus     X
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus X X
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans    X
H Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis     H
Cryptic Forest-Falcon Micrastur mintoni X
H Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur collaris H
American Kestrel Falco sparverius X
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis X  
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis X   X
Chaco Chachalaca Ortalis canicollis X    
Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris   X
Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu     X
Chestnut-bellied Guan (VU) Penelope ochrogaster X    
Blue-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis X    
Red-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cujubi X   X
Razor-billed Curassow Mitu tuberosa     X
Bare-faced Curassow Crax fasciolata X   X
LIMPKIN Aramidae
Limpkin Aramus guarauna X   X
Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis   X
Russet-crowned Crake Anurolimnas viridis X    
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea X    
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica X    
SUNBITTERN Eurypygidae
Sunbittern Eurypyga helias X   X
SERIEMAS Cariamidae
H Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata   H  
JAÇANAS Jacanidae
Wattled Jaçana Jacana jacana X   X
AVOCETS & STILTS Recurvirostridae
White-backed (Black-necked) Stilt Himantopus (mexicanus) melanurus X  
Pied Lapwing Vanellus cayanus     X
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis X X X
SANDPIPERS Scolopacidae
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda X    
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria X   X
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia X  
TERNS Sternidae
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex X   X
SKIMMERS Rynchopidae
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger X    
PIGEONS & DOVES Columbidae Pa Ch Am
Rock Pigeon (I) Columba livia X  
Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa X
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro X X  
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis X X X
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea     X
Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea     X
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta   X  
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti X X X
Picui Ground-Dove Columbina picui X  
Scaled Dove Columbina squammata X  
Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa     X
Long-tailed Ground-Dove Uropelia campestris X    
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi X    
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufiaxilla    X
PARROTS Psittacidae
Hyacinth Macaw (EN) Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus X    
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna     X
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao     X
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera    X
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa     X
Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata     X
Blue-winged Macaw (nt) Primolius maracana   X  
Golden-collared Macaw Primolius auricollis X    
Blue-crowned Parakeet Aratinga acuticaudata X
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus X X X
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea X X  
Crimson-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura perlata     X
Madeira (Painted) Parakeet Pyrrhura picta snethlagae     X
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus X X  
L Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri     L
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri X  
Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysopterus     X
White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster     X
Orange-cheeked Parrot Pionopsitta (Pyrilia) barrabandi X
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus     X
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani X    
Blue-fronted Parrot Amazona aestiva X    
Kawall's Parrot Amazona kawalli     X
Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica X   X
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa     X
Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus     X
CUCKOOS Cuculidae Pa Ch Am
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana X X X
Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster     X
Greater Ani Crotophaga major     X
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani X X X
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira X X  
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia X    
Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus X
H Scaled Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus squamiger H
BARN-OWLS Tytonidae
H Barn Owl Tyto alba   H  
OWLS Strigidae
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba   X  
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii usta     X
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus X    
Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata     X
Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi     X
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum X    
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia   X  
POTOOS Nyctibiidae
Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis X   H
NIGHTJARS Caprimulgidae
Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus     X
Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda X  
Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga X    
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis X  
H Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus     H
Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus X
Little Nightjar Caprimulgus sericocaudatus X    
Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus X    
Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens     X
Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca     X
SWIFTS Apodidae
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris     X
Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia     X
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura     X
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata     X
HUMMINGBIRDS Trochilidae Pa Ch Am
H Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta H
White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hisipidus     X
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretei X
Buff-bellied Hermit Phaethornis subochraceus X    
Great-billed Hermit Phaethornis malaris   X
Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis     X
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus X  
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora X X
White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris X  
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis X X
Black-bellied Thorntail Popelairia (Dicosura) langsdorffi X
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris X
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata X X
White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi X    
Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata (Amazilia) fimbriata X   X
Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita     X
L Horned Sungem Heliactin bilopha    
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris X
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina X
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis     X
Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris     X
H Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus H
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui X    
H Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus     H
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus X   X
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona X   X
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana X   X
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda X   X
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea X  
MOTMOTS Momotidae
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota   X X
JACAMARS Galbulidae
Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris melanosterna X
Blue-cheeked Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis     X
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda X X
Bronzy Jacamar Galbula leucogastra     X
Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea     X
H Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus     H
PUFFBIRDS Bucconidae
Brown-banded Puffbird Notharchus ordii     X
Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus     X
Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia X
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru   X  
Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus     X
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons X X
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus     X
Swallow-wing Chelidoptera tenebrosa     X
TOUCANS Ramphastidae Pa Ch Am
Lettered Araçari Pteroglossus inscriptus     X
H Red-necked Araçari Pteroglossus bitorquatus     H
Chestnut-eared Araçari Pteroglossus castanotis X X  
Curl-crested Araçari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii     X
Gould's Toucanet Selenidera gouldi     X
H Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus     H
White-throated Toucan Ramphastos tucanus     X
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco X X  
Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons     X
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus X    
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus   X
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus X  
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis     X
Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula magnus     X
H Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros H  
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris X  
Pale-crested Woodpecker Celeus lugubris X    
Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus X   X
Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus     X
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus   X
Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis     X
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos X   X
OVENBIRDS Furnariidae
Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus X    
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus X X  
Chotoy Spinetail Schoeniophylax phryganophila X    
Sooty-fronted Spinetail Synallaxis frontalis   X  
Cinereous-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis hypospodia X    
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens   X  
White-lored Spinetail Synallaxis albilora X    
H Ruddy Spinetail Synallaxis rutilans H
Chestnut-throated Spinetail (nt) Synallaxis cherriei     X
Rusty-backed Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpina X    
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea X    
Common (Rufous-fronted) Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons X    
Greater Thornbird Phacellodomus ruber X    
Gray-crested (Rufous) Cacholote Pseudoseisura unirufa X    
Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris   X
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans X
Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri     X
Chestnut-winged Hookbill Ancistrops strigilatus     X
Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner Phylidor erythropterus X
Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor erythrocercus     X
Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner Philydor ruficaudata     X
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus     X
WOODCREEPERS Dendrocolaptidae Pa Ch Am
H Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda     H
Spot-throated Woodcreeper Deconychura stictolaema     X
H Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus transitivus H  
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus     X
Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris     X
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula     X
Great Rufous Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes major X    
H Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus H
H Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia concolor     H
Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus     X
Spix's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus spixii X
"Dusky-billed" Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus (guttatoides) eytoni     X
Lafresnaye's (Buff-throated) Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus g. dorbignyanus X    
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus X  
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris X    
Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus     X
Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris X    
H Curve-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus procurvoides     H
Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus     X
Great Antshrike Taraba major X    
Glossy Antshrike Sakesphorus luctuosus     X
Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus X    
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus     X
H White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops H
H Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus     H
H Natterer's Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus stictocephalus     H
Planalto Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus pelzelni X  
Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus     X
Rufous-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus torquatus   X  
Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris     X
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis X X  
Saturnine Antshrike Thamnomanes saturninus     X
X Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius     X
Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura     X
Amazonian Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata     X
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula a. axillaris     X
Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis     X
Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii     X
Large-billed Antwren Herpsilochmus longirostris X  
H Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus     H
H Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis emiliae     H
White-fringed Antwren Formicivora grisea     X
Rusty-backed Antwren Formicivora rufa X X  
Striated ("Xingu") Antbird Drymophila devillei subochracea     X
Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens     X
Mato Grosso Antbird Cercomacra melanaria X    
Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu     X
White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys     X
Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus     X
(Spix's) Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis cantator striata     X
Band-tailed Antbird Hypocnemoides maculicauda X   X
Bare-eyed Antbird Rhegmatorhina gymnops     X
H Dot-backed Antbird Hylophylax punctulata     H
H Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata     H
Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi     X
COTINGAS Cotingidae
White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae X
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans     X
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana     X
Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea     X
Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus     X
Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus X
H Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola     H
White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra     X
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda     X
Red-headed Manakin Pipra rubrocapilla     X
H Snow-capped Manakin Lepidothrix nattereri     H
Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata X X  
H Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus   H
Flame-crested (Flame-crowned) Manakin Heterocercus linteatus     X
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni     X
H Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris     H
Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdinus     X
H White-lored Tyrannulet Onithion inerme H
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum X    
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina X    
H Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus     H
Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii X H X
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps   X
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster X    
Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris X  
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata X
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus X
Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes    
Southern Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus modestus X    
Plain Tyrannulet Inezia inornata X    
Amazonian Tyrannulet Inezia subflava     X
Chapada Flycatcher Suiriri islerorum   X  
Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant (nt) Euscarthmus rufomarginatus   X  
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus     X
Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus     X
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris X    
H White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus H
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus striaticollis X    
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer X    
Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum     X
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum X    
H Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum     H
Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquata X
H Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephala     H
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens pallescens X    
Yellow-margined Flycatcher Tolmomyias a. assimilis     X
Gray-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus     X
H Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus     H
Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus  X  X  
H Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri   H
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus X X
Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis     X
Gray Monjita Xolmis cinerea X
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata X    
Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer X  
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala X    
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus X    
Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus X
Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus X
Dull-capped Attila Attila bolivianus X
Rufous Casiornis Casiornis rufa X  
Grayish Mourner Rhytiptera simplex X
H Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer     H
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox X   X
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus X    
Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor X    
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus X X X
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua X X
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis X   X
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus X X
H Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius H    
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius   X
Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea     X
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus X X  X
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana X X  X
White-naped Xenopsaris Xenopsaris albinucha X
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis X    
Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus X
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana X    
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata   X X
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor     X
SWALLOWS Hirundinidae Pa Ch Am
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera X X  
Purple Martin Progne subis   X
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea X X X
White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer X   X
White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata     X
Black-collared Swallow Atticora melanoleuca     X
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis X X X
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica   X
WRENS Troglodytidae
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla X    
Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus X H  
Tooth-billed Wren Odontorchilus cinereus     X
Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis X  
Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis X    H
Fawn-breasted Wren Thryothorus guarayanus X
H House Wren Troglodytes aedon H    
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus X X  
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris X X  
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas   X  
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus X    
H Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli     H
GNATCATCHERS Polioptilidae
Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus     X
Masked Gnatcatcher Polioptila dumicola X    
CROWS & JAYS Corvidae
Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas X    
House Sparrow (I) Passer domesticus X X
VIREOS & ALLIES Vireonidae Pa Ch Am
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus   X
Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus     X
Ashy-headed Greenlet Hylophilus pectoralis X    
H Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus     H
H Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps H
Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis H
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis X H  
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi X    
White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus   X  
Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus X X  
Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus pelzelni     X
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola X X X
L Black-faced Tanager Schistochlamys melanopis   L  
White-banded Tanager (nt) Neothraupis fasciata   X  
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea   X  
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis X
Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata  
Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata X    
White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor     X
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus     X
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus     X
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus   X  
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica     X
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo X X X
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum X X X
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca X X  
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica   X  
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris   X X
White-lored (Golden-bellied) Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta     X
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris     X
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola     X
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis X
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer     X
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana   X X
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza     X
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus     X
Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis   X X
Coal-crested Finch (nt) Charitospiza eucosma X
Red-crested Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus X X  
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina   X  X
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea   X  
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens X  
White-bellied Seedeater Sporophila leucoptera X    
Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis X    
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola X    
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata X    
Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis     X
Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata X    
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis X    
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens X    
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus   X  X
H Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus     H
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis   X  
Unicolored Blackbird Agelaius cyanopus X    
Bay-winged Cowbird Molothrus badius X    
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis X X  
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus X X X
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis X  
Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus X    
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela X X
Solitary (Black) Cacique Cacicus solitarius X    
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus X X X
Amazonian (Olive) Oropendola Gymnostinops bifasciatus     X
Scarlet-headed Blackbird Amblyramphus holosericeus X    
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi X  



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