Shrike-like Cotinga (Nick Athanas)

Southeast Brazil
Atlantic Rainforest and Savanna

13-30 October 2008

Tour leader: Nick Athanas

Photo right: Shrike-like Cotinga at REGUA


This is the fifth time I've done this itinerary and again it was a fun and very productive trip. It's a fast-paced tour that covers a lot of ground, but that gives the chance to sample a great variety of habitats and go for lots of those very localized endemics that Brazil is so famous for. Some rain in the middle kept things cool in the lowlands, and though it may have cost us a couple of raptors, it did not dampen spirits, and we really did quite well despite it. Otherwise it was clear, hot, and sunny for at least two-thirds of the trip. Some notable highlights included fantasic views of all the "big five" antshrikes, great cotingas like the Shrike-like pictured to the right and even the ultra-rare Gray-winged for some, 30+ antbirds, all the possible ground antbirds, and the Maned Wolves of Caraça. Perhaps most important, we again had a wonderful group of people from four different countries, all helpful, respectful, and fun to travel with. It makes all the difference on a trip. Thank you all for coming!

The trip started in Guarulhos, a city located on the northeast edge of the megapolis of São Paulo. Pierre and Phillipe's flight from Toronto happily landed on time, and we headed out in our Mercedes van. It was good to leave the traffic-choked, smog-enshrouded metropolis behind as we drove west then south for several hours to Intervales State Park. I always love starting a trip here. The lodges and cafeteria are right next to the forest and there is always something to see. I barely had time to check in before the first of many Swallow-tailed Cotingas turned up, followed by a fantastic Chestnut-headed Tanager, here at the northern limit of it's range and a first for us on this itinerary. A parade of more common tanagers followed as we quickly saw Ruby-crowned, Sayaca, Azure-shouldered, Golden-chevroned, and Diademed, all of which we would see many more times through the trip. A beautiful White-throated Woodcreeper followed, as well as the usual gamut of common species, before we headed off down the road to a stakeout for Long-trained Nightjar just before dusk. This bird certainly did not disappoint as it put on a stunning show, flying around over us and also perching for a while at very close distance on a tall stump, a terrific finale to what was just the first day.

Intervales has miles of wide dirt tracks that snake through forested hills laden with bamboo, and we spent the next two days working them as much as possible. Each morning we had an early Brazilian style breakfast, met up with a local ranger named Faustino (who is already a good birder and getting better every day), and headed out into the forest. The first day we worked the Carmo track, always my favorite, and as usual there was plenty to keep us busy. A pair of nesting Bay-ringed Tyrannulets started things off, followed by the first flock of Maroon-bellied Parakeets. Working slowly down the road we picked up Ochre-collared Piculet, Yellow-fronted Woodpecker, several Robust Woodpeckers, Rufous-capped Spinetail, Buff-fronted and Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaners, Spot-breasted Antvireo, Bertoni's and Ochre-rumped Antbirds, Sharpbill, Cinnamon-vented Piha, Brown Tanager, Half-collared Sparrow, and the very local Green-chinned Euphonia. Good views of a pair of the rare Black-legged Dacnis was very satisfying, and lekking Blue Manakins blue everyone's mind. A brief view of a Crescent-chested Puffbird turned out to be the only sighting of the tour. It took a special effort to get the tiny and unassuming Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant, but amazingly everyone got a good view in the end (that doesn't happen often). Just before lunch, we finally spotted our first Bare-throated Bellbird after having heard them all morning, then got distracted by a Plovercrest lek. Faustino had to cut a trail with his machete to get us down near the birds, and it took a lot of time to finally spot one of these beautiful hummers, chirping form inside dense growth. Still, the result made the late lunch all the better.

After a siesta, Faustino found a roosting Tropical Screech-Owl, then we headed back out to the Carmo track to bird a different section. Hooded Berryeater finally gave us the looks we hoped for, and we found a massive flock of Olive Tanagers. Amazingly, a Brown Tinamou showed briefly on the edge of the trail, a bird that is rarely seen despite it's relative abundance. We spent much of the rest of the afternoon looking for Black-fronted Piping-Guan, a rare bird that sadly never showed for us, but this slight disappointment couldn't dampen the great experience that is Intervales.

Cinnamon-vented Piha (Nick Athanas) Tropical Screech-Owl (Nick Athanas)
Cinnamon-vented Piha at Intervales A roosting Tropical Screech-Owl at Intervales that Faustino found for us.

The next morning, after stopping at the forest edge to see Gray-hooded Attila and Shear-tailed Gray-Tyrant, we birded a different track through forest with a more open understory and less bamboo. This made it easier to find some of the shy skulkers, and we connected early with surprisingly easy views of Rufous-breasted Leaftosser and Short-tailed Antthrush, which sat up on a low branch and sang for ages. Variegated Antpitta is a super-shy bird, but with patience about half the group managed to get some decent views of this tough skulker. Activity continued throughout the morning, with four different woodcreepers (including Scalloped), both Pale-browed Treehunter and Sharp-billed Treehunters, and I especially enjoyed seeing both Sao Paulo and Oustalet's Tyrannulets almost side-by-side. Later in the morning, a big mixed flock came through in a whirlwind of feathers, and it was hard to know which way to look. The first Brassy-breasted Tanagers grabbed everyone attention, but the sudden appearance of a Spot-backed Antshrike caused a stir. But it was the distinctive ringing song of a Giant Antshrike that pulled us away from that crazy flock. While not an endemic, this amazing antbird, by far the biggest of the family, is always a top priority on this tour, and we followed it's song down the trail, eventually pinning down a singing male for prolonged scope views. Just before lunch, we stopped at the marsh near the cafeteria to see the southern race of Red-eyed Thornbird. Later in the afternoon, we birded some secondary scrub for Serra Tyrant-Manakin and Olivaceous Elaenia, before heading back to Carmo for one last try at the guans. While they still didn't show, Wilfried managed to spot a Buff-bellied Puffbird, a great find.

Our final morning only gave us a few more hours of birding before making the very long drive to Ubatuba, but those two hours provided some of the trips best birds. Perhaps the most notable was the male Large-tailed Antshrike that sat up in the open in full view and even allowed itself to be digiscoped! If that wasn't enough, a confiding pair of White-bearded Antshrikes hopped around in the branches over our heads for many minutes. And then there was the Rufous-tailed Attila... We had heard at least six different individuals over the previous two days, but they were always either two far away or unresponsive to playback. Finally, just when it was time to leave, it full in to the trees right by the dirt track we were birding, and we all got it. This is an odd austral migrant, breeding in the Atlantic Forest region, and the migrating north into the Amazon in the austral winter. It's a bird that has always eluded me, and it was one of my two lifers on the tour.

Giant Antshrike (Nick Athanas) Large-tailed Antshrike (Nick Athanas)
Intervales is a fantastic place to see some of the coolest antshrikes. Shown here is our Giant Antshrike... ...and this was the Large-tailed Antshrike we saw on the last morning.

Our long drive to Ubatuba was broken up by a short stop in a marsh east of São Paulo for the endemic Paraná Antwren. Strong winds made it tough, but we finally nailed it down at the eleventh hour for great views. We finally arrived at our quiet hotel with its great restaurant, and enjoyed a relaxing dinner with some beers and caipirinhas.

The winds of the previous afternoon had signaled a change in the weather, and the morning dawned cool and cloudy. However, it was still dry and we enjoyed a great morning with a load of good birds at the private reserve of Fazenda Angelim. White-eyed and the terrific Black-capped Foliage-gleaners were in a flock with the endemic Unicolored Antwren almost as soon as we started. A Spotted Bamboowren started singing shortly thereafter, and we all scrambled inside a bamboo thicket and called it in so close that bins were not even needed. We had barely returned to the trail when a soft high-pitched whistle betrayed the location of the tiny, cute, and highly endangered Buff-throated Purpletuft, but they were then trumped by a glorious pair of Tufted Antshrikes that pretended like we weren't even there. They were quickly followed by a responsive Red-eyed Thornbird (the northern race with the weird orange eye). There were many other amazing birds that morning, like Scaled and Ferruginous Antbirds, Rufous-capped Antthrush, Rufous Gnateater, Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, and our first Green-headed Tanagers. After a nice buffet lunch by the sea, we drove to Folha Seca and Jonas's justly famous hummer feeders. A great place to spend the afternoon since the skies opened up just after we found a Yellow-rumped Flycatcher, and it rained the rest of the day. Hummers love the rain and kept of coming, as we watched swarms that included Saw-billed Hermit, Sombre and Swallow-tailed Hummingbirds, Black Jacobin, Black-throated Mango, Festive Coquette, Violet-capped Woodnymph, Versicolored and Glittering-throated Emeralds, and Brazilian Ruby.

Next morning we returned to Folha Seca and had to deal with some spells of rain through the morning. Activity was down from yesterday, but with some work we saw Black-cheeked Gnateater, Slaty Bristlefront, Thrush-like Woodcreeper, Gray-hooded Flycatcher, Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher, and Red-necked Tanager, among other more common birds. A White-necked Hawk that disappeared into the mist was such a dreadful view that sadly no one could put it on their lists. An Amethyst Woodstar was the only new hummer at the feeders, but it was the Blond-crested Woodpecker that stole the show. He flew back and forth over the clearing a few times before finally sitting where he could be admired by all.

The rain still wasn't finished on the day we left Ubatuba. We had an important stop to make en route to Guapi Assu near the town of Perequê, and the pouring rain made prospects dim. Luckily, it let up just long enough for us to hit our two main targets, the local and endangered Black-hooded Antwren and the pretty Squamate Antbird which we had missed in Intervales. A bonus was the endemic Yellow-eared Woodpecker, here at the southern limit of its range, and the first time I'd ever seen it here before.

Buff-throated Purpletuft (Nick Athanas) Buff-bellied Puffbird (Nick Athanas)
Here are a couple of the neatest birds we saw in the Ubatuba area: the diminutive Buff-throated Purpletuft... ...and the chunky Buff-bellied Puffbird (this was the second one of the trip!)

We arrived at Guapi Assu during a break in the rain, and we headed straight down to the restored wetlands not far from the lodge. They get better every year, and we all enjoyed a bit of "easy" birding. Waterfowl were present in good numbers, including Brazilian Teal, White-faced Whistling-Duck, and more Masked Ducks than I'd ever seen in one place before.  The handsome Capped Herons were a hit, and endemic Tail-banded Horneros were strutting along the edges. Near the wetlands there is a recently reforested area that is now bursting with young trees, and here we found a nice male Chestnut-backed Antshrike, and tried a Long-billed Wren - he proved shy at first and it took us two more attempts over the following afternoons to finally have a nice clear view of a pair. Rain then set in, so we abandoned any ideas of nightbirding and headed back to the lodge.

Next day was again cool and cloudy, but fortunately the rain held off, since he spent most of the day walking on forest trails up in the reserve. Local guides had told us that there was a singing male Shrike-like Cotinga about 2.8 km from the start of the trail system, and there wasn't anyone of us who wasn't going to give that a go! It's hard to rush through this forest though, and we stopped to look at a variety of birds on the way up like the "soon-to-be-split" White-flanked Antwren,  endemic Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrants, Southern Antpipit, Star-throated Antwren, Spot-billed Toucanet, and a few fabulous male Pin-tailed Manakins. The cotinga singing exactly where promised as we arrived, and after some brief distant views, we tracked him down off the trail for mega close-ups (his photo headlines this report). There was also a bit of excitement when Wilfried found a Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper at a little brook, before we headed bacl to the lodge for a break. The hummers were active at the feeders, and while there wasn't anything new, we enjoyed seeing beauties like the Swallow-tailed Hummer below. In the afternoon, we hit the wetlands again, this time determined to do some nightbirding even though the rained started up again, and our persistence was rewarded with stunning views of the scarce Striped Owl, as well as a Common Potoo and a few Pauraques.

Finally the weather cleared up overnight, and a beautiful sunny dawn saw us on our way up to Pico da Caledonia, the highest mountain in the region and the only easily-accessible spot for the rare and fiendishly-difficult Gray-winged Cotinga. After a few hours of hearing its distinctive ringing calls, the cotinga did put in one brief appearance on a distant treetop, but sadly only a few of the group got to the scope in time to see it. The trip was still worthwhile for some nice looks at Rufous-capped Antshrike, Blue-billed Black-Tyrant, Mouse-colored Tapaculo, Rufous-tailed Antbird, and Bay-chested Warbling-Finch. We special stop on the way back to Guapi Assu to find Dusky-tailed Antbird, which obliged nicely, and also found our only Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulets of the trip. Again we returned to the wetlands late afternoon, enjoying the beautiful weather. The wrens finally came out, the rails didn't (again), and a single Giant Snipe flew over right after dusk for just a silhouette view. A male Scissor-tailed Nightjar floating over the marsh was nice, and we again tracked down the Striped Owl for Dotty and Judy.

Swallow-tailed Hummingbird (Nick Athanas)
My best shot from the REGUA portion of the trip headlined this report, but here is a more common but also very handsome species, a regular visitor to the lodge feeders.

The weather remained sunny and clear, and would for the rest of our tour. Off we went early next morning from Guapi Assu, making a big detour to the Atlantic coast to see the critically endangered Restinga Antwen in the coastal scrub. Strong winds blowing offshore didn't help with seabirds, but some coastal lagoons held White-cheeked Pintails, Yellow-billed Terns, Gray-hooded Gulls, and a few wintering shorebirds. Lunch was in an excellent churrascuria (Brazilian steakhouse) on the outskirts of Rio. While crossing the Niterói bridge (13.3 km, the longest in South America and the 19th longest in the world), we even got to see Rio's famous landmarks Pão de Açucar and Cristo Redentor in the distance. We drove through the hot afternoon to Itatiaia NP and the wonderful Hotel do Ypê with it's feeders, mountain views, and great service. The hummer feeders were always good, and the gaudy Frilled Coquette was even putting regular appearances along with more species like Black Jacobin and White-throated Hummer. The fruit feeders were strangely unpopular, but at least the Saffron Toucanets put in a few appearances. Some afternoon birding near the lodge gave us a few goodies like Red-breasted Toucan, Gray-capped Tyrannulet, Pallid Spinetail, and best of all, a White-bibbed Antbird that required a special effort. Judy lucked out and saw a rare Blackish-blue Seedeater in the bamboo behind here cabin, the only sighting on the tour, and after dinner a Tawny-browed Owl showed up just outside, which we all saw well in the spotlight.

I like to think of that full day at Itatiaia as "antthrush day", since by that point in the tour those are always the key species to look for. This time was no exception, as we put in serious time to see the two endemics, Brazilian Antthrush and Such's Antthrush. As usual they were not easy, but in the end almost everyone saw each one, and at point both species were nearly side-by-side! There was time to look for other birds too, and we connected with perched Pileated Parrots, Buffy-fronted and Temminck's Seedeaters, Uniform Finch, Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant, Gilt-edged Tanager, and Black-billed Scythebill.

Frilled Coquette (Nick Athanas) Black Jacobin (Nick Athanas)
Two of the visitors to the hummer feeders at the Hotel do Ypê. The male Frilled Coquette definitely brought the most ooohs and ahs... ...but the more common species like Black Jacobin are still nice to watch.

The Algulhas Negras traverses the higher elevations of Itatiaia NP, and is the easiest place on the tour to see the high-elevation specialties. A few we had seen already at Pico da Caledonia, but many were new, like Red-rumped Warbling-Finch, Serra do Mar Tyrannulet, Greenish Tyrannulet, Rufous-backed Antvireo, and Black-capped Piprites. Working our way up the road, we stopped to see Black-and-gold Cotinga, Araucaria Tit-Spinetail, a Swallow-tailed Cotinga building a nest, a huge lek of Plovercrests, and finally the endemic Itatiaia Spinetail at a scrubby little marsh. By lunchtime, we had seen almost all of our targets, so check into our hotel at the start of the road and took a break during the heat of the day, finding our first Velvety Black-Tyrants. Late in the afternoon, we went back out with one main thing on our minds: ANTPITTA. The pretty little Speckle-breasted Antpitta seems to have become much harder to see in recent years, and so far we had not even heard one. I played for it along a likely stretch of road, and finally one responded distantly down the slope. Off the road we went, down a surprisingly gently slope until we were very close, and patiently called it. He came, though unfortunately to a spot where only half the group could see it, then disappeared down the slope for good. But that's often the way it is with these guys, and I still enjoyed the experience.  We did return briefly the next morning and try again, but never got close, but we also finally had a decent look at a Gray-bellied Spinetail to make the trip more worthwhile.

Plovercrest (Nick Athanas) Blue-billed Black-Tyrant (Nick Athanas)
A couple of birds from the Algulhas Negras road. This is one of the many male Plovercrests that were calling in the huge lek we found right along the road. Here is the female Blue-billed Black-Tyrant that we found on a nest on a rock ledge right next to the road. It's a dimorphic species - the male is completely glossy-black.

It was time to leave the Atlantic Forest behind for a few days as we headed north into drier areas, stopping a few times along the way for Streamer-tailed Tyrant, Toco Toucan, and few others, before arriving at São Roque de Minas. This normally quiet town was in the midst of their annual Cheese Festival, which had unfortunately been rescheduled due to clashing with local elections the previous month. Brazilians love to party, and loud music from a nearby concert made nights rather restless for us.

We had two full days in Canastra, and the most "famous" bird that occurs here is the critically-endangered Brazilian Merganser. It was a pity that for the first time ever on our tours to Canastra, we failed to see this duck, despite many hours of searching appropriate stretches of river. We did not spend every waking moment searching (there are way too many other cool birds occurring here to do that), and spent plenty of time in a variety of habitats. Gallery forest had Helmeted Manakin, Saffron-billed Sparrow, and Plush-crested Jay, the tall grasslands were good for some very localized specialties like Sharp-tailed Tyrant, Cock-tailed Tyrant, and Ochre-breasted Pipit, along with more common birds like Gray Monjita, Firewood-gatherer, Great Pampa-Finch, and Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch. Most unbelievably, some of the group actually saw a Dwarf Tinamou. Herman almost stepped on one and flushed this quail-sized bird out of the grass, causing it to fly right in front of us for a few seconds before dropping down again. I played back to it and it responded with its very distinctive erratic, whistled song, though never did show again. This is one of the hardest birds in all of South America to see and it was my second lifer of the tour. In the cerrado we saw Black-throated Saltator, Plain-crested and Lesser Elaenias, Cinnamon Tanager, Gray-backed Tachuri, Pileated Finch, and Plumbeous Seedeater, and a stakeout nearby once again produced a flock of beautiful and local Golden-capped Parakeets. Even the farmland was fun to bird with lots of Red-legged Seriemas, some Yellow-browed Tyrants, White-rumped Monjitas, Yellow-chevroned and Peach-fronted Parakeets, White-throated Kingbirds, Orange-headed Tanager, and plenty more. Hummers were scarce until we finally checked the feeders in Vargem Bonita and saw White-vented Violet-ear, Planalto Hermit, and a female Stripe-breasted Starthroat. Both days were, long and hot, yet very productive for birds and we made the most of them.

Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch (Nick Athanas)
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch, one of the common species in the tall grasslands up on the plateau at Canastra NP.

We drove east towards Belo Horizonte, making a short but sweet stop at Fernão Dias State Park for the endangered Three-toed Jacamar. A single bird was in the same place as last year, and we also added Flavescent Warbler and Dark-billed Cuckoo, before carrying on to Caraça. This lodge was converted from an ancient monastery, and is a beautiful place to stay in a spectacular reserve surrounded by rocky peaks. Without a doubt they are most famous for their Maned Wolves. About 20 years ago they started putting meat scraps out on the church steps for these handsome beasts, and ever since they have been regular visitors almost every evening. A priest told me that the wolves were coming in especially early lately, so had to cram in a few hours of birding before a rushed dinner. The still-hot afternoon made it very quiet, but he did find our main target, the pretty Serra Antwren, and also had our best views of Biscutate Swifts when a big flock flew low and in front of the mountains. On the way back we found a mixed species flock with Gray-eyed Greenlet, and there were yet more Swallow-tailed Cotingas near the Emperor's Bath. The resident Blackish Rails in the goose pond came out at dusk, and we ran in to grab a bite to eat before heading to the church steps to see the wolf coming in. It's not the most natural of settings, but they are still wild animals and it is always nice to see such a beautiful animal up close. Despite the beautiful evening, our owling session was a complete bust despite having heard Ocellated Poorwill from the steps.

Maned Wolf (Nick Athanas) Maned Wolf (Nick Athanas)
A wild Maned Wolf... ...eating chicken scraps put out by the monks.

We had rather few targets on our morning bird walk at Caraça, and we did well in finding them. It was cloudy and cold before breakfast, and things started quiet. We stopped to see the Blackish Rails again, and managed to find our only Green-backed Becards. After breakfast (where you get to fry your own eggs on a wood-fired iron stove), we had better luck, finding some great mixed flocks led by Sirystes, with Black-capped Antwren and Scaled Antbird in them along with plenty of other old friends from earlier in the trip. A White-breasted Tapaculo came in ridiculously closely, hopping around right at our feet and too close to use bins on. With that, we packed up and drove on to our last destination, the Serra do Cipó. A short walk through the grassy campos in the afternoon produced some electric male Blue Finches and several endemic Cinereous Warbling-Finches, and some nearby cerrado gave us the neat duo of White-banded and White-rumped Tanagers. Winds came up out of nowhere at dusk and made our nightjarring almost impossible, having only poor views of Spot-tailed Nightjar before having a great dinner at the nearby Chapeu do Sol.

Hard to believe it was already the final morning, and we were on a mission for just three more endemics. We set off hiking up into the mountains, soon finding the first of several Hyacinth Visorbearers. Our goal was some rocky outcrops about a mile from the road, and they soon loomed up in front of us, though we stopped to watch a singing Hellmayr's Pipit on the way. Luck was with us that morning, as a Cipó Canastero was already calling as we walked up onto the rocks, and pretty soon it was scuttling around the boulders, sometimes coming up to sing. Never had it been so easy to find! But there was still the Pale-throated Serra-Finch to find, and it took a couple more hours to finally track down a bird singing near the side of the highway a lot lower down. With only another hour to spare, we tried the cerrado road again, enjoying repeat views of some of the birds we had seen before, and finding one new one, a Narrow-billed Woodcreeper. We headed back to the hotel to pack up, then drive to Confins airport for one final, fancy, celebratory lunch before catching our flights out.  Another great trip, and I hope I can do it again next year!

Cipo Canastero (Nick Athanas) White-banded Tanager (Nick Athanas) Hellmayr's Pipit (Nick Athanas)
A trio of birds we saw in the Serra de Cipó: first, the highly localized Cipo Canastero... ...the very distinctive and shrike-like White-banded Tanager, a cerrado specialty... ...and the very obliging Hellmayr's Pipit we found singing on a rock in the high campos.


BIRD LIST
This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of the group. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow:
Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth Edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co.
I have also included the last updates to the list.

Totals:
443 bird species seen (not including future splits)
22 heard only

Abbreviations:
H=Heard only
(I)=Introduced species
(E)=Species endemic to Brazil
(nt)=Considered near-threatened by BirdLife International
(VU)=Considered vulnerable by BirdLife International
(EN)=Considered endangered by BirdLife International
(CR)=Considered critically endangered by BirdLife International


TINAMOUS Tinamidae
H Solitary Tinamou (nt) Tinamus solitarius
Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus
H Small-billed Tinamou Crypturellus parvirostris
H Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa
Red-winged Tinamou Rhynchotus rufescens
Dwarf Tinamou (VU) Taoniscus nanus
GREBES Podicipedidae
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
CORMORANTS Phalacrocoracidae
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
FRIGATEBIRDS Fregatidae
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
HERONS, EGRETS, BITTERNS Ardeidae
Whistling Heron Syrigma sibilatrix
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
Great Egret Ardea alba
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
IBIS AND SPOONBILLS Threskiornithidae
Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus
DUCKS, GEESE, AND SWANS Anatidae
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata
Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica
NEW WORLD VULTURES Cathartidae
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
HAWKS, EAGLES, AND KITES Accipitridae
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Rufous-thighed Hawk Accipiter erythronemius
White-necked Hawk (E-VU) Leucopternis lacernulata
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
FALCONS AND CARACARAS Falconidae
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
H Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans
H Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
GUANS, CURASSOWS, ETC. Cracidae
Dusky-legged Guan Penelope obscura
NEW WORLD QUAIL Odontophoridae
H Spot-winged Wood-Quail Odontophorus capueira
RAILS, GALLINULES, & COOTS Rallidae
H Russet-crowned Crake Anurolimnas viridis
H Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius
Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
H Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis
Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
SERIEMAS Cariamidae
Red-legged Seriema Cariama cristata
JACANAS Jacanidae
Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS Charadriidae
Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
SANDPIPERS Scolopacidae
Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Sanderling Calidris alba
GULLS Laridae
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
Gray-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus
TERNS Sternidae
Yellow-billed Tern Sternula superciliaris
Royal Tern Thalasseus maxima
PIGEONS AND DOVES Columbidae
Rock Pigeon (I) Columba livia
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti
Scaled Dove Columbina squammata
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
H Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla
PARROTS Psittacidae
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus
Golden-capped Parakeet (E-nt) Aratinga auricapilla
Peach-fronted Parakeet Aratinga aurea
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius
Plain Parakeet (E) Brotogeris tirica
Yellow-chevroned Parakeet Brotogeris chiriri
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica
H Blue-bellied Parrot (E-nt) Triclaria malachitacea
CUCKOOS Cuculidae
Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
BARN-OWLS Tytonidae
Barn Owl Tyto alba
OWLS Strigidae
Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba
H Rusty-barred Owl (nt) Strix hylophila
Tawny-browed Owl Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana
H Least Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium minutissimum
H Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
POTOOS Nyctibiidae
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus
NIGHTJARS Caprimulgidae
H Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
H Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus
Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus
Scissor-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis torquata
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata
SWIFTS Apodidae
Sooty Swift Cypseloides fumigatus
Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
Biscutate Swift Streptoprocne biscutata
Ashy-tailed Swift Chaetura andrei
HUMMINGBIRDS Trochilidae
Saw-billed Hermit (E-nt) Ramphodon naevius
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei
Dusky-throated Hermit (E) Phaethornis squalidus
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber
Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis
Sombre Hummingbird (E) Campylopterus cirrochloris
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird Eupetomena macrourus
Black Jacobin Florisuga fuscus
White-vented Violet-ear Colibri serrirostris
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
Plovercrest (green crest - north) (E) Stephanoxis lalandi lalandi
Plovercrest (blue crest - south) Stephanoxis lalandi loddigesii
Frilled Coquette (E) Lophornis magnificus
Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon aureoventris
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
Versicolored Emerald Agyrtria versicolor
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Polyerata lactea
Glittering-throated Emerald Polyerata fimbriata
Brazilian Ruby (E) Clytolaema rubricauda
Hyacinth Visorbearer (E-nt) Augastes scutatus
Stripe-breasted Starthroat (E) Heliomaster squamosus
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina
TROGONS AND QUETZALS Trogonidae
White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
Surucua Trogon (E) (yellow-bellied ssp.) Trogon surrucura aurantius
Surucua Trogon (red-belied ssp.) Trogon surrucura surrucura
KINGFISHERS Alcedinidae
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
MOTMOTS Momotidae
Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
JACAMARS Galbulidae
Three-toed Jacamar (E-VU) Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda
PUFFBIRDS Bucconidae
Buff-bellied Puffbird (E) Notharchus swainsoni
White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
Crescent-chested Puffbird (E) Malacoptila striata
TOUCANS Ramphastidae
Saffron Toucanet (E-nt) Baillonius bailloni
Spot-billed Toucanet Selenidera maculirostris
Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco
WOODPECKERS Picidae
White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus
Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii
White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster
Yellow-eared Woodpecker (E) Veniliornis maculifrons
Yellow-browed Woodpecker (nt) Piculus aurulentus
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
Blond-crested Woodpecker Celeus flavescens
H Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus
OVENBIRDS Furnariidae
Tail-banded Hornero (E) Furnarius figulus
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Araucaria Tit-Spinetail (nt) Leptasthenura setaria
Sooty-fronted Spinetail Synallaxis frontalis
Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens
Chicli (Spix's) Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
Gray-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens
Pallid Spinetail (E) Cranioleuca pallida
Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomea
Itatiaia Thistletail (E) Oreophylax moreirae
Cipo Canastero (E-VU) Asthenes luizae
Common Thornbird Phacellodomus rufifrons
Red-eyed (Orange-eyed) Thornbird (E) Phacellodomus e. erythrophthalmus
Red-eyed Thornbird (E) Phacellodomus e. ferrugineigula
Firewood-gatherer Anumbius annumbi
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
Pale-browed Treehunter (E) Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Philydor lichtensteini
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner Philydor atricapillus
White-collared Foliage-gleaner (E) Anabazenops fuscus
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner Automolus leucophthalmus
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
WOODCREEPERS Dendrocolaptidae
Thrush-like Woodcreeper Dendrocincla turdina
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus sylviellus
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus
Narrow-billed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes angustirostris
Scaled Woodcreeper (E) Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Scalloped Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes falcinellus
Black-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus falcularius
TYPICAL ANTBIRDS Thamnophilidae
Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
White-bearded Antshrike (VU) Biatas nigropectus
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus c. caerulescens
Rufous-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus torquatus
Rufous-capped Antshrike Thamnophilus ruficapillus
Spot-breasted Antvireo (nt) Dysithamnus stictothorax
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
Rufous-backed Antvireo (E) Dysithamnus xanthopterus
Star-throated Antwren (E) Myrmotherula gularis
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris luctuosa
Unicolored Antwren (E-nt) Myrmotherula unicolor
Black-capped Antwren Herpsilochmus atricapillus
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
Parana Antwren (E-EN) Formicivora acutirostris
Serra Antwren (E) Formicivora serrana
Restinga Antwren (E-CR) Formicivora littoralis
Black-hooded Antwren (E-EN) Formicivora erythronotos
Ferruginous Antbird (E) Drymophila ferruginea
Bertoni's Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
Rufous-tailed Antbird (E-nt) Drymophila genei
Ochre-rumped Antbird (E-nt) Drymophila ochropyga
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura
Scaled Antbird (E) Drymophila squamata
Streak-capped Antwren Terenura maculata
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera
White-bibbed Antbird (E) Myrmeciza loricata
Squamate Antbird (E) Myrmeciza squamosa
ANTTHRUSHES & ANTPITTAS Formicariidae
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma
Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza c. campanisona
Brazilian Antthrush Chamaeza ruficauda
Such's Antthrush (E) Chamaeza meruloides
Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia
Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
GNATEATERS Conopophagidae
Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata
Black-cheeked Gnateater (E) Conopophaga melanops
TAPACULOS Rhinocryptidae
Spotted Bamboowren (nt) Psilorhamphus guttatus
Slaty Bristlefront (E-nt) Merulaxis ater
Mouse-colored Tapaculo Scytalopus speluncae
H Brasilia Tapaculo (E-nt) Scytalopus novacapitalis
White-breasted Tapaculo (E-nt) Scytalopus indigoticus
COTINGAS Cotingidae
Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus
Shrike-like Cotinga (VU) Laniisoma elegans elegans
Swallow-tailed Cotinga (nt) Phibalura flavirostris
Black-and-gold Cotinga (E-nt) Tijuca atra
Gray-winged Cotinga (E-VU) Tijuca condita
Hooded Berryeater (E-nt) Carpornis cucullatus
Buff-throated Purpletuft (E-nt) Iodopleura pipra
Cinnamon-vented Piha (E-nt) Lipaugus lanioides
Bare-throated Bellbird (VU) Procnias nudicollis
MANAKINS Pipridae
White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus
Blue Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata
Pin-tailed Manakin (E) Ilicura militaris
Serra Tyrant-Manakin (E) Neopelma chrysolophum
Black-capped Piprites (E-VU) Piprites pileatus
Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Tyrannidae
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis
Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris
Olivaceous Elaenia Elaenia mesoleuca
Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata
Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis
Highland Elaenia Elaenia obscura
Sooty Tyrannulet Serpophaga nigricans
White-crested Tyrannulet Serpophaga subcristata
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus
Gray-hooded Flycatcher Mionectes rufiventris
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet (nt) Phylloscartes paulista
Oustalet's Tyrannulet (E-nt) Phylloscartes oustaleti
Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (E-nt) Phylloscartes difficilis
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet (nt) Phylloscartes sylviolus
Planalto Tyrannulet Phyllomyias fasciatus
Rough-legged Tyrannulet Phyllomyias burmeisteri
Greenish Tyrannulet Phyllomyias virescens
Gray-capped Tyrannulet (E-nt) Phyllomyias griseocapilla
Suiriri Flycatcher Suiriri suiriri affinis
Sharp-tailed Tyrant (VU) Culicivora caudacuta
Gray-backed Tachuri (E-nt) Polystictus superciliaris
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant (E) Hemitriccus obsoletus
Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant (E-nt) Hemitriccus orbitatus
Hangnest Tody-Tyrant (E) Hemitriccus nidipendulus
Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant (E-VU) Hemitriccus furcatus
Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher (E) Todirostrum poliocephalum
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi
Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon m. megacephala
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
H Yellow-breasted Flycatcher Tolmomyias f. flaviventris
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (E) Myiobius mastacalis
Cliff (Swallow) Flycatcher Hirundinea ferruginea bellicosa
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Gray Monjita Xolmis cinerea
White-rumped Monjita Xolmis velata
Blue-billed Black-Tyrant Knipolegus cyanirostris
Velvety Black-Tyrant (E) Knipolegus nigerrimus
Crested Black-Tyrant Knipolegus lophotes
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala
Cock-tailed Tyrant (VU) Alectrurus tricolor
Streamer-tailed Tyrant Gubernetes yetapa
Yellow-browed Tyrant Satrapa icterophrys
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosus
Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant Muscipipra vetula
Rufous-tailed Attila Attila phoenicurus
Gray-hooded Attila (E) Attila rufus
Sirystes Sirystes sibilator
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer
Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Three-striped Flycatcher Conopias trivirgata
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus
H Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
SWALLOWS Hirundinidae
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer
White-rumped Swallow Tachycineta leucorrhoa
Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis
Tawny-headed Swallow Alopochelidon fucata
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
WAGTAILS AND PIPITS Motacillidae
Hellmayr's Pipit Anthus hellmayri
Ochre-breasted Pipit (VU) Anthus nattereri
WRENS Troglodytidae
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapilla
H Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis
Long-billed Wren (E) Thryothorus longirostris
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS Mimidae
Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
THRUSHES Turdidae
Yellow-legged Thrush Platycichla flavipes
Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
GNATCATCHERS Polioptilidae
H Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus
CROWS AND JAYS Corvidae
Plush-crested Jay Cyanocorax chrysops
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Passeridae
House Sparrow (I) Passer domesticus
WAXBILLS AND ALLIES Estrildidae
Common Waxbill (I) Estrilda astrild
VIREOS AND ALLIES Vireonidae
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Rufous-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus poicilotis
Gray-eyed Greenlet (E) Hylophilus amaurocephalus
Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
SISKINS AND ALLIES Fringillidae
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica
WOOD WARBLERS Parulidae
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
White-bellied Warbler Basileuterus hypoleucus
White-rimmed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus
Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus
Neotropical River Warbler Basileuterus rivularis
BANANAQUIT Coerebidae
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
TANAGERS AND ALLIES Thraupidae
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Brown Tanager (E-nt) Orchesticus abeillei
Cinnamon Tanager Schistochlamys ruficapillus
White-banded Tanager Neothraupis fasciata
White-rumped Tanager Cypsnagra hirundinacea
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida
Rufous-headed Tanager Hemithraupis ruficapilla
Olive-green Tanager (E) Orthogonys chloricterus
Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica
Brazilian Tanager (E) Ramphocelus bresilius
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Azure-shouldered Tanager (E-nt) Thraupis cyanoptera
Golden-chevroned Tanager (E) Thraupis ornata
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum
Diademed Tanager Stephanophorus diadematus
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violacea
Green-chinned Euphonia (nt) Euphonia chalybea
Golden-rumped Euphonia Euphonia cyanocephala
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia Euphonia pectoralis
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Red-necked Tanager Tangara cyanocephala
Brassy-breasted Tanager (E) Tangara desmaresti
Gilt-edged Tanager (E) Tangara cyanoventris
Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa
Black-legged Dacnis (E-nt) Dacnis nigripes
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza
Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis
EMBERIZINE FINCHES Emberizidae
Black-masked Finch (VU) Coryphaspiza melanotis
(Gray) Pileated Finch Coryphospingus pileatus
Bay-chested Warbling-Finch (E) Poospiza thoracica
Red-rumped Warbling-Finch Poospiza lateralis
Cinereous Warbling-Finch (E-VU) Poospiza cinerea
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
Buffy-fronted Seedeater (VU) Sporophila frontalis
Temminck's Seedeater (VU) Sporophila falcirostris
Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plumbea
Dubois's Seedeater (E) Sporophila ardesiaca
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
Blackish-blue Seedeater (nt) Amaurospiza moesta
Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
H Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola
Pale-throated Serra-Finch (E-nt) Embernagra longicauda
Great Pampa-Finch Embernagra platensis
Half-collared Sparrow (E) Arremon semitorquatus
Saffron-billed Sparrow Arremon flavirostris
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
SALTATORS, CARDINALS, ETC. Cardinalidae
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Thick-billed Saltator Saltator maxillosus
Black-throated Saltator Saltator atricollis
Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis
Yellow-billed Blue Finch (nt) Porphyrospiza caerulescens
ORIOLES AND BLACKBIRDS Icteridae
Chestnut-capped Blackbird Agelaius ruficapillus
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus
Yellow-rumped Marshbird Pseudoleistes guirahuro
Chopi Blackbird Gnorimopsar chopi
Mammals
Common Marmoset (Tufted-ear Marmoset) Callithrix jacchus
H Brown Howler Alouatta guariba
Atlantic Titi (Masked Titi) Callicebus personatus
Maned Wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus
Brazilian Squirrel (Guianan Squirrel) Sciurus aestuans
Capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris
Southern Bamboo Rat Kannabateomys amblyonyx