Andean Potoo (José Illánes)

SOUTHERN ECUADOR
Tumbesian Rarities and Highland Endemics

7 - 24 February 2008

Tour Leader:
José Illánes

All photos taken on the tour.


This year's set-departure tour was again a lot of fun and we all had a great time. I have to admit, this one was harder than most, thanks to some participants having delayed flights, and the unusual heavy rain that closed some roads. However, Southern Ecuador is such an  amazing trip, that they were only small problems among a load of great birds and fantastic experiences. We still had a huge list with almost all the regional endemics. Check out the Andean Potoo to the right that we found on a day roost at Tapichalaca, which was one of my favorites.

08 February
After our breakfast we headed to Cerro Blanco Reserve, which is located juat 30 minutes driving from our hotel. This private reserve holds some great Tumbesian endemics. We birded in the area all morning and saw White-tailed Jay, Saffron Siskin, Ecuadorian Piculet, Gray-cheeked Parakeet, Red-lored Amazon, Plain Antvireo, Greenish Elaenia, great scope views of the shy Gray-capped Cuckoo, Gray-and-gold Warbler, Red-billed Scythebill showing nicely right in the open, and a flock of Pacific Parrotlets. The rain started later in the morning, but it was time to leave anyway since we had a long drive south to Zaruma. On the way we got birds like Savanna Hawk, Ringed and Green Kingfishers, various herons and egrets, Wattled Jacana.  We made a quick roadside stop at the Churute Reserve for Horned Screamer; luckily we got one perched right out on the tree top, and nearby we also saw Snail Kite, Peruvian Meadowlark and Ecuadorian Ground-dove. In early evening we reached the pleasant mountain town of Zaruma where we stayed two nights.
 
Long-wattled Umbrellabird (José Illánes)09 February
After an early breakfast, we went to visit the Buenaventura reserve, which is owned by  the Jocotoco Foundation. For most the most wanted bird here is the bizarre Long-wattled Umbrellabird, which we saw well as you can see by the photo! We also saw the Ecuadorian endemic El Oro Parakeet, as well as plenty of other species like Club-winged Manakin, Choco Toucan, soaring Barred and Gray-backed Hawks, Swallow-tailed Kite, Flame-faced, Rufous-throated Silver-throated, Blue-necked, Fawn-breasted, and Beryl-spangled Tanagers, Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager, Line-cheeked and Azara's Spinetail, Whiskered and Song Wrens, Gray-breasted Wood-Wren, and Ornate Flycatcher, one of the cutest of that huge family. In one of the Heliconia flower patches we got Wedge-billed Hummingbird and the amazing looking White-tipped Sicklebill. Later in the day we also nailed Guayaquil Woodpecker, Ecuadorian Thrush, Masked Yellowthroat, and Streaked Xenops before heading back to the hotel for dinner and aomw cold beer to celebrate the good day.
 
10 February
Today we started quite early as well (it is a necessity on this trip), heading for the upper part of the reserve to search for some birds that we were missing, finding Pale-vented Thrush, Bay Wren, and Bronze-winged Parrot. Later in the morning we went to check the hummer feeders, where we got 12 species coming to fill up on sugar water. Velvet-purple Coronet and Brown Inca were nice surprises among Baron’s and White-whiskered Hermits, Green Thorntail, Green-crowned Brilliant, Long-billed Starthroat, White-necked Jacobin, and Brown Violet-ear. After the feeders we birded just below the lodge where we were able to see Speckle-breasted Wren, Chestnut-mandibled Toucan, Pale-mandibled Aracari, and Sooty-headed Tyrannulet. We had to leave the area by 11h00 since it was a long drive to the really dry forest of El Empalme. We didn't have much time there but managed to see Tumbes Sparrow, White-edged Oriole, White-headed Brush-Finch, and Ash-breasted Sierra-finch. We finally got to the border town of Macará at dark, where we stayed three nights.

11 February
The Jorupe Reserve is just fifteen minutes driving from Macara, so we got to "sleep in". This hot spot is also owned by the Jocotoco Foundation, and  thanks to them this dry forest area is protected. This deciduous forest has interesting vegetation, and it is amazing to see the huge Ceiba trees with huge green trunks. I been there a few times and they still surprise me. The road and trails here brought us great birds like Slaty Becard, Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner showing nicely for all of us, Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Baird’s Flycatcher, Red-masked Parakeet, even the Tumbes Swift flying really low so it was easy to tell from the other swift species, and finally Ecuadorian Trogon, which in the beginning had been hard to see, but in the end turned out to be very easy. All these are Tumbesian Endemics, but hold on, I forgot to mention that we were lucky to lure in the hard Pale-browed Tinamou, and we all saw it better than I ever had before. Soaring King Vultures and Harris’s Hawks were overhead, and we also spotted Bat Falcon, Scarlet-backed Woodpecker, and One-colored Becard. A great day all around!
 
Rainbow Starfrontlet (José Illánes)12 February
Today we birded in cool, dry temperate forest, almost hour and half from the hotel. The site is called Utuana Reserve, another private reserve which is part of the Jocotoco Foundation. Without a doubt this place has a bunch good birds, and while walking the easy trail we got Chapman’s Antshrike, Black-crested Tit-tyrant, Line-cheeked Spinetail, Black-cowled Saltator, and a little feeding flock with Plushcap, Blue-capped Tanager, White-crested Elaenia, and Black-crested Warbler. At the hummer feeders that the park rangers fill every day the feeders we got Rainbow Starfrontlet, Purple-throated Sunangel, and Speckled Hummingbird. Lower down the road, the rain made it difficult to bird, but we got a few good species dawn there, such as Bay-crowned and White-winged Brush-finches, Three-banded Warbler, Chiguango Thrush, and Gray-chinned Hermit. Heavier rain sent us back to the hotel a bit early, where we had a nice shower and enjoyed our dinner at D’Marcos Restaurant, without doubt it is the best in the town.
 
13 February
Out first stop was near Sozoranga. Just past this little town, a side road holds some good birds that can be picked up pretty easily, and we got Watkins’s and Chestnut-crowned AntpittaRufous-necked Foliage-gleaner, noisy Rufous-headed Chachalacas, Loja Tyrannulet. The best was the Elegant Crescentchest sitting on top of a shrub; it was awesome, usually this beautiful bird is hard to see, and we were thrilled about it. Driving up to Utuana, we stopped again for some species that we were missing, Gray-headed Antbird and Rusty-breasted Antpitta, only recently found in Ecuador. I know it was hard work to see them but it was worth it! After driving for a few hours we arrived to Catamayo where we found Parrot-billed, Chestnut-throated and Drab Seedeaters, Band-tailed Sierra-finch and Short-tailed Woodstar by the grassy habitat in the airport, before driving a few more hours to Vilcabamba for the night.

14 February
We went to Poducarpus National Park for the morning, one of the biggest parks in Ecuador. This time we visited Cajanuma area, prepared for some cold weather. But fortunately we got good weather and the place brought us some wonderful species. Most of these were new for the trip, and Gray-breasted Mountain Toucan without doubt was one of the most beautiful birds. It amazed me that this time of year we found so many cute Glowing Pufflegs, they were almost everywhere. Smoky and Streak-throated Bush-Tyrants and Red-crested Cotingas were sitting out on treetops. Little mixed feeding flock showed up along the road where we got the Pearled Treerunner, Streaked Tuftedcheek, Grass-green Tanager, Hooded and Lacrimose Mountain-Tanagers, Turquoise Jay, White-banded Tyrannulet, Cinnamon Flycatcher, Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Rufous-naped Brush-Finch, Blue-backed Conebill, and Superciliaried and Black-headed Hemispinguses. It was bizarre to see Paramo Seedeater in one of the flocks, it is really low for that species. The rain held out until noon, which was great since we had a several hour drive to the Tapichala reserve would be our home for two nights. En route we also birded on the way, seeing Golden-crowned Tanagers and flying flocks of Golden-plumed Parakeets. We arrived to Casa Simpson at dusk.

15 February
This is another Jocotoco reserve and I’m glad that this part of Ecuador is well protected thanks to that organization. It is always my pleasure to come to visit this reserve, because there are plenty birds to see even apart from the "big boy", Jocotoco Antpitta, always the top bird to look for. Now this is normally a shy and skulking species, but Franco the reserve ranger has been feeding them worms and we easily saw at least three different Jocotoco Antpittas and even a Chestnut-naped Antpitta. They usually feed them by eight o’clock, and I was so impressed how they managed to do this. Afterwards we had time to see some more birds on the Quebrada Honda trail, some of them were Chusquea bamboo specialties like Slaty Finch, Plain-tailed Wren, Black-throated Tody-tyrant, and Black-capped and Black-eared Hemispingus. Orange-banded Flycatcher was difficult in the beginning, but at the end turned out to be quite common. Red-hooded Tanager, Bar-bellied Woodpecker, Citrine Warbler, and Rufous Wren were also seen before heading back for lunch. We checked the feeders at the lodge where we picked up, Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Long-tailed Sylph, Amethyst-throated and Flame-throated Sunangels, Rufous-capped Thornbill, White-bellied Woodstar. Later on we headed down the Valladolid road to try for some subtropical species, seeing Saffron-crowned Tanager, Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant, Yellow-vented woodpecker, Metallic-green Tanager, Canada Warbler, Bronzy Inca, ending the day well despite the rainy and misty weather.

16 February
We had another morning birding in the reserve, so we went back to the same trail to pick up some species that we were missing, Pale-naped Brush-finch, better views of Golden-plumed Parakeet, Chusquea Tapaculo, Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied and Rufous-breasted Chat-TyrantsNorthern Mountain-Cacique, Montane Woodcreeper, and wonderful views of both Barred and Green-and-black Fruiteaters. Just at beginning of the Piha trail we were able to call in the utterly amazing Ocellated Tapaculo, which came out nicely for us. But the most amazing thing was the really rare Andean Potoo which was marvelous to see in the middle of the day. After lunch we headed to Zamora, our next destination. The idea was to do some birding on the way, but unfortunately there was a big landslide blocking the road, just a few km driving from the lodge. I wasn't going to let this stop us and cost us birds, so we had to leave our bus and driver Nico. We took a public bus on the other side of the landslide back to Loja, and another bus down to Zamora, and fortunately we managed to get to Copalinga Lodge, a bit late but we were there! It's a great place and we spent three nights there.
 
17 February
It was raining so we started birding on the lodge porch, which turned out to be a great idea as we saw Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher, Lined Antshrike, and the tough Dusky Spinetail. The owners Catherine and Baldwin put fruits out on the feeding table that attracted Green-and-gold, Silver-beaked, Golden-eared, Palm, and Blue-gray Tanagers, and Yellow-tufted Woodpecker. The trees nearby gave us Lafresnaye’s Piculet, Little Woodpecker, Long-tailed Tyrant, Masked and Paradise Tanagers, Crested and Russet-backed Oropendolas, Violet-fronted Brilliant, and Glittering-throated Emerald at the feeders. A Wire-crested Thorntail drank nearby at Cecropia flowers. Since Nico hadn't arrived yet, Catherine kindly gave us a lift to Rio Bombuscaro after the rain stopped. The park itself gave us a bunch of good species:  Coppery-chested Jacamar, Amazonian Umbrellabird, Black-streaked Puffbird, Ecuadorian Piedtail, Orange-eared, Spotted, and Yellow-bellied Tanagers, Olive Finch, Red-headed Barbet, Ash-browed Spinetail, Orange-crested Flycatcher, Blue-black Grosbeak, Ecuadorian Tyrannulet, and Subtropical Cacique, all of them along the main trail. After the long day we were all tired, worried that Nico had not arrived yet and that we would have to walk all the way back to the lodge. But something happened here, a miracle! Lucky us! Our bus arrived just at the right time, and we were all happy to see it and the cheerful Nico.
 
Spangled Coquette (José Illánes)18 February
We were all calmer this morning with Nico back and we headed out early for the old Zamora road, about twenty minutes away. Lanceolated Monklet was a great bird to see, responding very well, this quiet bird is hard jsut about everywhere. Also we got some mixed feeding flocks with Golden-collared Honeycreeper, Black-faced Dacnis, Golden Tanager, and Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager. It was kind of cool to coax out the shy Blackish Antbird and Dark-breasted Spinetail for good views. Finally we got lucky and had some White-breasted Parakeets fly over and land just thirty feet away! This bird is almost endemic to Ecuador. After a great morning birding we went back to the lodge to enjoy our lunch. After a siesta we did some birding in the lodge grounds. The verbain plants were flowering, and it  brought a couple new species of hummers, Violet-headed Hummingbird and Spangled Coquette (photo right). White-banded Swallows flew over and we found the dull but local Olive-chested Flycatcher. While passing a creek someone spotted the shy and often difficult to find Fasciated Tiger-Heron. Heavy rain started coming down, so we decided to go back to the lodge to relax and enjoy another delicious meal.

19 February
Today we knew it was a long drive between Zamora and Cuenca, but there was still plenty of time for birding. I decided to got to the old Zamora road again for some that we were missing. We found Black-and-white and Yellow-cheeked Becards, Magpie and Guira Tanager, Black-billed  Thrush, Chestnut-tipped Toucan and a nice perched male Andean Cock-of-the-rock. By the raging river we also picked up  White-capped Dipper, Yellow-browed Sparrow and Chestnut-bellied seedeater. Later we stopped at San Francisco Research Station for a while, which is another part of Poducarpus National Park, finding Bearded Guan, Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Oleagineous Hemispingus, and Bluish Flowerpiercer. In the afternoon we drove through more rain, dodging potholes on the Panamerican Highway, arriving at our nice hotel outside of Cuenca at dusk.
  
20 February
We knew that today we would bird at the highest point in this trip, from 11,000 ft to 12,000 ft approximately. Cajas National Park has beautiful mountain scenery with paramo, lakes, and Polylepis woodland. So today wasn’t just birding, also enjoying the surroundings and breathing the fresh air. First we birded the lower part of the park, where we were able to see a few good species, the unreal Sword-billed Hummingbird amazed everyone, feeding in one of the Brugmansia flowers, Crimson-mantled Woodpecker, Grass Wren, Plain-colored Seedeater, and White-throated Tyrannulet, and by the lake we got Andean Ruddy-Duck, Andean Coot, and Andean Teal. Most amazing were the Red-faced Parrots that we saw flying over very low; even with years birding my home country it doesn't embarrass me to say that it was a new bird, since it is so rare. Going up to another part of the park we spotted a Torrent Duck sitting on the rock, which was great. In the upper part we saw the endemic Violet-throated Metaltail as well as Mouse colored Thistletail, Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant, Tawny Antpitta, and Many-striped Canastero. Hummers were also about and we saw Ecuadorian Hillstar and Blue-mantled Thornbill feeding at Chuquiragua shrub, and by the Polylepis woodland we got a ton of Tit-like Dacnises gathering around on the bushes. Once again we had bad luck with roads when we learned the main road to Guayaquil was blocked by a landslide, so we had to take a much longer route back down and up the Andes. Luckily traffic wasn't too bad and we made good time to our hotel in Guayaquil. I’m glad that everybody had been happy about our main tour, and there was still the extension to come.

Crimson-breasted Finch (José Illánes)21 February
After our breakfast at Hotel Continental we headed to the Santa Elena Peninsula, but before we got there, we did some birding by Ancon and Ancocito. This usually dry and brown area was green with the winter rains, and this habitat brought us some great birds. Crimson-breasted Finch (photo right) was really common, without a doubt they are beautiful for a finch. Collared Warbling-Finch and Necklaced Spinetail also came to see what was happening with my pygmy-owl call, and in the end the real Pacific Pygmy-Owl finally showed up. Another stop got us Gray-and-white Tyrannulet, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, and Short-tailed Field-tyrant. By the ocean at Punta Carnero we saw Whimbrel, Brown Pelican, and Willet, and then we visited the Ecuasal salt ponds for Chilean Flamingos, Western and Stilt Sandpiper, Peruvian Pelican, White-cheeked Pintail, American Oystercatcher, Laughing, Gray-headed, and Franklin’s Gull, Sanderling, Wilson’s, Snowy, and Collared Plovers, and Royal Terns. It was very hot by then so we drove north along the Pacific to our base at Mantaraya Lodge in Puerto Lopez.

22 February
These two days we birded at Rio Ayampe and Machalilla National Park. The first day after early breakfast we headed to the Rio Ayampe area, which is thirty minutes driving from the lodge. As soon when we get there, we started birding along the dirt road that is always loaded with birds. First we got Tumbes Pewee, which is not an exciting bird, but at least is endemic to the region. Next we had a White-backed Fire-eye come in, then some beautiful Black-capped Sparrows. Walking a few hundred meters farther down the road we got out main target, the Esmeraldas Woodstar, an endemic species for Ecuador, sitting right out on a dead twig. We met Bob Ridgely here and other members of the Jocotoco Foundation, studying the woodstars. They were talking about buying the land here to protect this bird. After sharing some information, we carried on birding and found a nice male Little Woodstar, Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner, Gray-breasted Flycatcher, and Northern Violaceous Trogon. We headed back to the lodge for lunch and a break by the pool. Later in the afternoon we headed to Machalilla National Park, seeing a lot of species we had seen before, and getting good views of a perched Pearl Kite and soaring Hook-billed Kite.

23 February

It was our last day of the trip, and in the morning we headed back to Rio Ayampe. There wasn't much new since we had already seen most things, but enjoyed some good views of Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Pacific Parrotlet, Ecuadorian Thrush, and Pauraque.  We drove bak to Guayaquil with a few stops on the way. The Pacific coastline gave us a few new species for the trip: Black and Yellow-crowned Night-Herons, Gray Plover, Ruddy Turnstone, Gull-billed Tern, Blue-footed Booby, and a Lesser Nighthawk that our driver Nico found for us. We arrived at the hotel, did our final checklist and dinner together, and remembered our trip. I’m glad that at the end our trip was successful and that everybody was happy. We voted for our favorite birds and they chose Jocotoco Antpitta, Long-wattled Umbrellabird, Ocellated Tapaculo, Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan, and Scarlet-backed Woodpecker. I would say it was a "whaooo" trip even for me; of course we missed some things, but such is birding, and it is a reason came back to Ecuador. I want to say thanks to all for coming with us and I hope to see you all again on another trip in the near future.

Bird List
The Taxonomy and nomenclature of this list fallow: Ridgely, Robert & Greenfield, Paul. The Birds of Ecuador: Field Guide. 2001. Ithica, NY: Comstock Publishing.

This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of the participants plus the guide
Species marked with H were heard only.

516 species seen and 52 heard only

TINAMOUS Tinamidae
H Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui  
Pale-browed Tinamou Crypturellus transfasciatus  
H Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii  
GREBES Podicipedidae
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps  
FRIGATEBIRDS Fregatidae
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens  
BOOBIES AND GANNETS Sulidae
Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii  
CORMORANTS AND SHAGS Phalacrocoracidae
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus  
PELICANS Pelecanidae
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis  
Peruvian Pelican Pelecanus thagus  
SCREAMERS Anhimidae
Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta  
DUCKS, GEESE, AND SWANS Anatidae
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis  
Torrent Duck Merganetta armata  
Andean Teal Anas andium  
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis  
Andean Ruddy-Duck Oxyura ferruginea  
FLAMINGOS Phoenicopteridae
Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis  
HERONS, BITTERNS, EGRETS Ardeidae
Fasciated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum  
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi  
Great Egret Ardea alba  
Snowy Egret Egretta thula  
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis  
Striated Heron Butorides striatus  
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax  
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea  
AMERICAN VULTURES Cathartidae
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa  
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus  
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura  
KITES, EAGLES, HAWKS Accipitridae
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus  
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus  
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii  
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus  
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis  
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea  
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis  
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens  
Gray-backed Hawk Leucopternis occidentalis  
Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps  
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis  
Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus  
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus  
Gray Hawk Buteo nitida  
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris  
Variable Hawk Buteo polyosoma  
FALCONS AND CARACARAS Falconidae
Northern Crested-Caracara Caracara cheriway  
H Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus  
Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans  
American Kestrel Falco sparverius  
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis  
CURASSOWS, GUANS, ETC. Cracidae
Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata  
Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera  
Bearded Guan Penelope barbata  
H Crested Guan Penelope purpurascens  
Sickle-winged Guan Chamaepetes goudotii  
NEW WORLD QUAILS Odontophoridae
H Rufous-fronted Wood-Quail Odontophorus erythrops  
H Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail Odontophorus speciosus  
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS Rallidae
H White-throated Crake Laterallus albigularis  
H Rufous-necked Wood-Rail Aramides axillaris  
Andean (Slate-colored) Coot Fulica ardesiaca  
JAÇANAS Jacanidae
Wattled Jaçana Jacana jacana  
SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES Scolopacidae
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca  
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes  
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria  
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus  
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia  
Whimbrel Numeneus phaeopus  
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres  
Sanderling Calidris alba  
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla  
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri  
Stilt Sandpiper Micropalama himantopus  
OYSTERCATCHERS Haematopodidae
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus  
STILTS AND AVOCETS Recurvirostridae
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus  
PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS Charadriidae
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia  
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus  
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris  
GULLS AND TERNS Laridae
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus  
Gray-hooded (Gray-headed) Gull Larus cirrocephalus  
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla  
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan  
Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica  
Royal Tern Sterna maxima  
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis  
PIGEONS AND DOVES Columbidae
Rock Pigeon Columba livia  
Band-tailed Pigeon Columba fasciata  
Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis  
Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea  
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata  
West Peruvian Dove Zenaida meloda  
Ecuadorian Ground-Dove Columbina buckleyi  
Croaking Ground-Dove Columbina cruziana  
H Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa  
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi  
H Pallid Dove Leptotila pallida  
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla  
H White-throated Quail-Dove Geotrygon frenata  
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana  
PARROTS AND MACAWS Psittacidae
Red-masked Parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys  
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus  
Golden-plumed Parakeet Leptosittaca branickii  
El Oro Parakeet Pyrrhura orcesi  
White-breasted Parakeet Pyrrhura albipectus  
Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis  
Gray-cheeked Parakeet Brotogeris pyrrhopterus  
Red-faced Parrot Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops  
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus  
White-capped (Speckle-faced) Parrot Pionus seniloides  
Bronze-winged Parrot Pionus chalcopterus  
Red-lored Amazon Amazona autumnalis  
Scaly-naped Amazon Amazona mercenaria  
CUCKOOS AND ANIS Cuculidae
Gray-capped Cuckoo Coccyzus lansbergi  
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana  
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani  
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris  
H Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia  
BARN OWLS Tytonidae
Barn Owl Tyto alba  
TYPICAL OWLS Strigidae
H West Peruvian Screech-Owl Otus roboratus  
Pacific Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum  
H Band-bellied Owl Pulsatrix melanota  
POTOOS Nyctibiidae
Andean Potoo Nyctibius maculosis  
NIGHTJARS & NIGHTHAWKS Caprimulgidae
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis  
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis  
Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris  
Anthony's (Scrub) Nightjar Caprimulgus anthonyi  
SWIFTS Apodidae
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris  
Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutilus  
Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes  
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris  
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis  
HUMMINGBIRDS Trochilidae
White-whiskered Hermit Phaethornis yaruqui  
Green Hermit Phaethornis guy  
Tawny-bellied Hermit Phaethornis syrmatophorus  
Baron's (Western Long-tailed) Hermit Phaethornis baroni  
Gray-chinned Hermit Phaethornis griseogularis  
White-tipped Sicklebill Eutoxeres aquila  
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora  
Brown Violet-ear Colibri delphinae  
Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans  
Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti  
Spangled Coquette Lophornis stictolophus  
Wire-crested Thorntail Popelairia popelairii  
Green Thorntail Popelairia conversii  
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata  
Emerald-bellied (Gr-crowned) Woodnymph Thalurania hypochlora  
Violet-bellied Hummingbird Damophila julie  
Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone  
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird Amazilia tzacatl  
Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia  
Andean Emerald Amazilia franciae  
Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata  
Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys  
Ecuadorian Piedtail Phlogophilus hemileucurus  
Green-crowned Brilliant Heliodoxa jacula  
Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri  
Fawn-breasted Brilliant Heliodoxa rubinoides  
Ecuadorian (Chimborazo) Hillstar Oreotrochilus chimborazo  
Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis  
Mountain Velvetbreast Lafresnaya lafresnayi  
Bronzy Inca Coeligena coeligena  
Brown Inca Coeligena wilsoni  
Collared Inca Coeligena torquata  
Buff-winged Starfrontlet Coeligena lutetiae  
Rainbow Starfrontlet Coeligena iris  
Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera  
Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii  
Velvet-purple Coronet Boissonneaua jardini  
Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis  
Flame-throated (Little) Sunangel Heliangelus micrastur  
Purple-throated Sunangel Heliangelus viola  
Glowing Puffleg Eriocnemis vestitus  
Sapphire-vented Puffleg Eriocnemis luciani  
Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii  
Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae  
Violet-throated Metaltail Metallura baroni  
Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina  
Rufous-capped Thornbill Chalcostigma ruficeps  
Blue-mantled Thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi  
Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi  
Violet-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus coelestis  
Wedge-billed Hummingbird Schistes geoffroyi  
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris  
Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura  
White-bellied Woodstar Acestrura mulsant  
Little Woodstar Chaetocercus bombus  
Esmeraldas Woodstar Chaetocercus berlepschi  
TROGONS AND QUETZALS Trogonidae
Ecuadorian (Black-tailed) Trogon Trogon mesurus  
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris  
Masked Trogon Trogon personatus  
Northern Violaceous Trogon Trogon caligatus  
KINGFISHERS Alcedinidae
Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata  
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona  
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana  
MOTMOTS Momotidae
H Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii  
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota  
JACAMARS Galbulidae
Coppery-chested Jacamar Galbula pastazae  
PUFFBIRDS Bucconidae
Black-streaked Puffbird Malacoptila fulvogularis  
Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata  
NEW WORLD BARBETS Capitonidae
Red-headed Barbet Eubucco bourcierii  
TOUCANS Ramphastidae
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus  
H Crimson-rumped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus haematopygus  
Pale-mandibled (Collared) Araçari Pteroglossus erythropygius  
Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan Andigena hypoglauca  
H Black-billed Mountain-Toucan Andigena nigrirostris  
Chocó Toucan Ramphastos brevis  
Chestnut- (Black-) mandibled Toucan Ramphastos swainsonii  
WOODPECKERS & PICULETS Picidae
Lafresnaye's Piculet Picumnus lafresnayi  
Ecuadorian Piculet Picumnus sclateri  
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivolii  
Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus  
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus  
H Black-cheeked Woodpecker Melanerpes pucherani  
Smoky-brown Woodpecker Veniliornis fumigatus  
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus  
Yellow-vented Woodpecker Veniliornis dignus  
Bar-bellied Woodpecker Veniliornis nigriceps  
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus  
Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis  
OVENBIRDS Furnariidae
Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus  
Stout-billed Cinclodes Cinclodes excelsior  
Pacific (Pale-legged) Hornero Furnarius cinnamomeus  
Andean Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura andicola  
Azara's Spinetail Synallaxis azarae  
Dusky Spinetail Synallaxis moesta  
H Slaty Spinetail Synallaxis brachyura  
Dark-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albigularis  
Blackish-headed (Black-faced) Spinetail Synallaxis tithys  
Rufous Spinetail Synallaxis unirufa  
Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax  
White-browed Spinetail Hellmayrea gularis  
Ash-browed Spinetail Cranioleuca curtata  
Line-cheeked Spinetail Cranioleuca antisiensis  
Mouse-colored Thistletail Schizoeaca griseomurina  
Many-striped Canastero Asthenes flammulata  
H Equatorial Graytail Xenerpestes singularis  
Streaked Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii  
H Pacific Tuftedcheek Pseudocolaptes johnsoni  
Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger  
Spotted Barbtail Premnoplex brunnescens  
Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla ruficollis  
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia variegaticeps  
Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis  
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus  
Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus erythrocephalus  
H Black-billed Treehunter Thripadectes melanorhynchus  
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans  
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus  
WOODCREEPERS Dendrocolaptidae
H Tyrannine Woodcreeper Dendrocincla tyrannina  
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa  
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus  
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus  
Spotted Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus erythropygius  
Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii  
Montane Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger  
Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris  
TYPICAL ANTBIRDS Thamnophilidae
Great Antshrike Taraba major  
Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi  
Lined Antshrike Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus  
Chapman's Antshrike Thamnophilus zarumae  
Uniform Antshrike Thamnophilus unicolor  
Western Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus atrinucha  
H Russet Antshrike Thamnistes anabatinus  
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis  
H Foothill Antwren Myrmotherula spodionota  
Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor  
H Yellow-breasted Antwren Herpsilochmus axillaris  
H Long-tailed Antbird Drymophila caudata  
Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens  
H White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys  
White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota  
Gray-headed Antbird Myrmeciza griseiceps  
H Immaculate Antbird Myrmeciza immaculata  
H Esmeraldas Antbird Myrmeciza nigricauda  
ANTTHRUSHES & ANTPITTAS Formicariidae
H Undulated Antpitta Grallaria squamigera  
H Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis  
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta Grallaria ruficapilla  
Watkins's Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi  
Jocotoco Antpitta Grallaria ridgelyi  
Chestnut-naped Antpitta Grallaria nuchalis  
H White-bellied Antpitta Grallaria hypoleuca  
H Rufous Antpitta Grallaria rufula  
Tawny Antpitta Grallaria quitensis  
Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus  
H Slate-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana  
TAPACULOS Rhinocryptidae
Elegant Crescentchest Melanopareia elegans  
H Ash-colored Tapaculo Myornis senilis  
H Unicolored Tapaculo Scytalopus unicolor (latrans)  
H Northern White-crowned Tapaculo Scytalopus atratus  
Chusquea Tapaculo Scytalopus parkeri  
Ocellated Tapaculo Acropternis orthonyx  
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Tyrannidae
Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseiceps  
Black-capped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias nigrocapillus  
Ashy-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias cinereiceps  
Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias uropygialis  
H Golden-faced Tyrannulet Zimmerius chrysops  
Loja (Golden-faced) Tyrannulet Zimmerius flavidifrons  
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum  
Tumbesian (Mouse-colored) Tyrannulet Phaeomyias tumbezana  
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia  
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus  
H Foothill Elaenia Myiopagis olallai  
Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens  
Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata  
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster  
Mottle-backed Elaenia Elaenia gigas  
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps  
White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys  
White-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus stictopterus  
White-tailed Tyrannulet Mecocerculus poecilocercus  
Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea  
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant Anairetes nigrocristatus  
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus  
Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis  
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus  
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus  
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris  
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet Phylloscartes gualaquizae  
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola  
Bronze-olive Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus pelzelni  
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant Pseudotriccus ruficeps  
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus  
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus granadensis  
Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus ruficeps  
Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus calopterus  
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum  
Yellow-olive Flatbill (Flycatcher) Tolmomyias sulphurescens  
Zimmer's Flatbill Tolmomyias assimilis  
Olive-faced Flatbill Tolmomyias viridiceps  
Ornate Flycatcher Myiotriccus ornatus  
Tawny-breasted Flycatcher Myiobius villosus  
Orange-crested Flycatcher Myiophobus phoenicomitra  
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus  
Olive-chested Flycatcher Myiophobus cryptoxanthus  
Orange-banded Flycatcher Myiophobus lintoni  
Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea  
Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus  
Tumbes (Tropical) Pewee Contopus punensis  
Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus  
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi  
Gray-breasted Flycatcher Lathrotriccus griseipectus  
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans  
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus  
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor  
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis  
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris  
Crowned Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix frontalis  
H Jelski's Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix jelskii  
Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant Silvicultrix diadema  
Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant Cnemarchus erythropygius  
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis  
Smoky Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fumigatus  
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montana  
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda  
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus  
Masked Water-Tyrant Fluvicola nengeta  
H Ochraceous Attila Attila torridus  
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer  
H Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox  
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus  
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua  
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis  
Rusty-margined Flycatcher Myiozetetes cayanensis  
H Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti  
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus  
Baird's Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii  
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius  
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus  
Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis  
Yellow-cheeked Becard Pachyramphus xanthogenys  
Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor  
Slaty Becard Pachyramphus spodiurus  
Black-and-white Becard Pachyramphus albogriseus  
One-colored Becard Pachyramphus homochrous  
Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata  
COTINGAS Cotingidae
Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristata  
Barred Fruiteater Pipreola arcuata  
Green-and-black Fruiteater Pipreola riefferii  
Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus  
Long-wattled Umbrellabird Cephalopterus penduliger  
Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana  
MANAKINS Pipridae
White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra  
H White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus  
Club-winged Manakin Machaeropterus deliciosus  
CROWS, JAYS, AND MAGPIES Corvidae
Turquoise Jay Cyanolyca turcosa  
White-tailed Jay Cyanocorax mystacalis  
Inca Jay Cyanocorax yncas  
VIREOS AND ALLIES Vireonidae
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis  
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus  
Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys  
Lesser Greenlet Hylophilus decurtatus  
Olivaceous Greenlet Hylophilus olivaceus  
THRUSHES, SOLITAIRES Turdidae
Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides  
H Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush Catharus fuscater  
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus  
Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco  
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater  
Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus  
Chestnut-bellied Thrush Turdus fulviventris  
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei  
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis  
Pale-vented Thrush Turdus obsoletus  
Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris  
H White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis  
Andean Slaty-Thrush Turdus nigriceps  
MOCKINGBIRDS Mimidae
Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus  
DIPPERS Cinclidae
White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus  
SWALLOWS AND MARTINS Hirundinidae
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera  
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea  
Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina  
Blue-and-white Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca  
Pale-footed Swallow Notiochelidon flavipes  
White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata  
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis  
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica  
Chestnut-collared Swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris  
WRENS Troglodytidae
Fasciated Wren Campylorhynchus fasciatus  
Rufous Wren Cinnycerthia unirufa  
H Sepia-brown (Sharpe's) Wren Cinnycerthia olivascens  
Grass (Sedge) Wren Cistothorus platensis  
Bay Wren Thryothorus nigricapillus  
Plain-tailed Wren Thryothorus euophrys  
Whiskered Wren Thryothorus mystacalis  
Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliaris  
Speckle-breasted Wren Thryothorus sclateri  
House Wren Troglodytes aedon  
Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis  
H White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta  
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys  
Song Wren Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus  
H Southern-Nightingale-Wren Microcerculus marginatus  
GNATCATCHERS & GNATWRENS Polioptilidae
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea  
PIPITS AND WAGTAILS Motacillidae
Páramo Pipit Anthus bogotensis  
NEW WORLD WARBLERS Parulidae
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi  
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca  
Black-lored Yellowthroat Geothlypis auricularis  
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis  
Slate-throated Whitestart Myioborus miniatus  
Spectacled Whitestart Myioborus melanocephalus  
Black-crested Warbler Basileuterus nigrocristatus  
Citrine Warbler Basileuterus luteoviridis  
Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus  
Three-banded Warbler Basileuterus trifasciatus  
Russet-crowned Warbler Basileuterus coronatus  
Gray-and-gold Warbler Basileuterus fraseri  
H Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda  
TANAGERS AND ALLIES Thraupidae
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola  
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus  
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza  
Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrima  
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana  
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata  
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum  
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum  
Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor  
Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons  
Tit-like Dacnis Xenodacnis parina  
Bluish Flowerpiercer Diglossopis caerulescens  
Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossopis cyanea  
Glossy Flowerpiercer Diglossa lafresnayii  
Black Flowerpiercer Diglossa humeralis  
White-sided Flowerpiercer Diglossa albilatera  
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira  
Rufous-chested Tanager Thlypopsis ornata  
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota  
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris  
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster  
Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa  
Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea  
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus  
Silver-throated Tanager Tangara icterocephala  
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala  
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis  
Flame-faced Tanager Tangara parzudakii  
Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix  
Metallic-green Tanager Tangara labradorides  
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis  
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii  
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis  
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis  
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii  
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata  
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra  
Rufous-throated Tanager Tangara rufigula
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola  
Golden-crowned Tanager Iridosornis rufivertex  
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris  
Lacrimose Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus lacrymosus  
Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus somptuosus  
Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana  
H Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager Dubusia taeniata  
Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii  
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis  
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus  
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum  
Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala  
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo  
Lemon-rumped (Flame-rumped) Tanager Ramphocelus icteronotus  
Highland Hepatic-Tanager Piranga flava  
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra  
Red-hooded Tanager Piranga rubriceps  
White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus  
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus  
Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus  
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis  
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis  
Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager Cnemoscopus rubrirostris  
Black-capped Hemispingus Hemispingus atropileus  
Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris  
Oleaginous Hemispingus Hemispingus frontalis  
Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis  
Black-headed Hemispingus Hemispingus verticalis  
H Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera  
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana  
Plushcap Catamblyrhynchus diadema  
SALTATORS & GROSBEAKS Cardinalidae
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus  
Black-winged Saltator Saltator atripennis  
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens  
Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps  
Streaked Saltator Saltator striatipectus  
Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus  
Southern Yellow-Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster  
Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides  
EMBERIZINE FINCHES Emberizidae
Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus  
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina  
Lesser (Large-billed) Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis funereus  
Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina  
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis  
Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana  
Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex  
Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco  
Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris  
Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata  
Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa  
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Phrygilus unicolor  
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus  
Band-tailed Sierra-Finch Phrygilus alaudinus  
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola  
Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica  
Pale-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes pallidinucha  
Rufous-naped Brush-Finch Atlapetes latinuchus  
Tricolored Brush-Finch Atlapetes tricolor  
White-winged Brush-Finch Atlapetes leucopterus  
Bay-crowned Brush-Finch Atlapetes seebohmi  
White-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes albiceps  
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch Buarremon torquatus  
Olive Finch Lysurus castaneiceps  
Orange-billed Sparrow Arremon aurantiirostris  
Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei  
Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris  
Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons  
Tumbes Sparrow Aimophila stolzmanni  
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis  
Collared Warbling-Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis  
ORIOLES AND BLACKBIRDS Icteridae
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela  
Northern Mountain-Cacique Cacicus leucoramphus  
Subtropical (Scarlet-rumped) Cacique Cacicus uropygialis  
Scarlet-rumped Cacique Cacicus microrhynchus  
H Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus  
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus  
Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons  
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis  
Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora  
Scrub Blackbird Dives warszewiczi  
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus  
White-edged Oriole Icterus graceannae  
Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas  
Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa  
CARDUELINE FINCHES Fringillidae
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica  
Saffron Siskin Carduelis siemiradzkii  
Yellow-bellied Siskin Carduelis xanthogastra  
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Passeridae
House Sparrow Passer domesticus