Peru: Manu and Machu Picchu

10 - 27 July 2008

Tour leader: José Illánes

White-tufted Sunbeam - José Illánes
White-tufted Sunbeam

I always love doing this tour, the birds, wildlife, scenery, and wilderness experience of Manu always make it a great trip, not to mention Machu Picchu. I knew most of the participants from previous Tropical Birding tours I have led, and enjoyed getting to know the newcomers. We all arrived the night before and enjoyed a nice dinner, getting hyped up about the days to come.

July 11
We took an early flight to Cusco and headed out with a box lunch to Huacarpay lakes, about an hour from the hotel. We saw almost all of our target species like Plumbeous Rail, White-tufted Grebe, Andean Negrito, Puna Ibis, Puna and Cinnamon Teals, Yellow- winged Blackbird, Cinereous Harrier, Wren-like Rushbird, Many-colored Rush Tyrant (the most beautiful of all flycatchers), Rusty-fronted Canestero, Giant Humingbird, White-browed Chat-Tyrant, Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant, and Peruvian Sierra-Finch. The Bearded Mountaineer made us sweat a little, but with a little work we finally found it by the scrubby forest edge.

Mountain Caracara - José Illánes
Mountain Caracara

July 12
Another early start as we started up famous Manu road. Our first stop was a dry little village high up in the Andes, where we saw Chestnut-breasted Mountain-finch, Mourning and Peruvian Sierra-Finches, Streak-fronted Thornbird, Black-throated Flowerpiercer, Black-tailed Trainbearer. We didn’t see only birds, but also got the chance to see nice scenery of the mountain and the Quechua people who live so high up. On the way we also picked up the Rufous-webbed Bush-Tyrant, Spot-winged Pigeon, Andean Flicker, and a Slender-billed Miner. Our next stop was just past the small native town of Paucartambo; it was quite a productive little place. We found Golden-billed Saltator, Green-tailed Trainbearer, Tufted Tit-Tyrant, White-winged Black-Tyrant, but the most wanted bird was the endemic Creamy- crested Spinetail, which we saw well. We were lucky to see at least fifteen Mitred Parakeets perched close by and even a ridiculous Sword-billed Hummingbird. We topped the pass and started gradually going down the road into the wet temperate cloudforest. The species that occur in this area are quite different, and we got Grass-green Tanager, Hooded Mountain-Tanager, Mountain Cacique, Violet-throated Starfrontlet, Andean Guan, Black-faced Brush-Finch, Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant, Red-crested Cotinga, Moustached Flowerpiercer, Yungas Pygmy-Owl, and a pair of very close and fantastic Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucans. Thanks to all the birds we were finding, we arrived a bit late to Cock-of-the-rock Lodge, but seeing a Rufous-banded Owl along the way made it worth it.

Black-faced Brush-Finch - José Illánes
Black-faced Brush-Finch

July 13
Before breakfast we made the ritual visit to the famous Andean Cock-of-the-rock lek that is very near the lodge to watch the beautiful displaying males. After that, we birded a bit along the road and found Chestnut-backed Antshrike, Two-banded Warbler, Ash-browed Spinetail, Dusky-green Oropendola, Chestnut-breasted Wren, Golden-collared Honeycreeper, Golden-eyed Flowerpiercer, Yungas Manakin, Orange- eared, Yellow- bellied, Spotted, and Paradise Tanagers. After our breakfast we went for a walk on one of the trails; it was quite productive with a few feeding flocks, and we got Yellow-throated, Golden, and Beryl-spangled Tanagers, Golden-headed Quetzal, Bronze-green Euphonia, Black-eared Hemispingus, Olive-backed Woodcreeper, Ornate and Yellow-breasted Antwrens, and a pair of beautiful Versicolored Barbets. The hummer feeder brought species like Violet-fronted Brilliant, Many-spotted Hummingbird, Booted Racket-tail, and Wire-crested Thorntail. After lunch and a break, we went down the road from the lodge, just a few minutes drive. We found some common birds like White-capped Dipper, Black-goggled Tanager, and White-necked Thrush, but the sightings of a couple of Amazonian Umbrellabirds and an endemic Peruvian Piedtail really made the day.

Black-and-chestnut Eagle - José Illánes
Black-and-chestnut Eagle

July 14
Taking a packed breakfast and lunch, we went up the Manu road from the lodge very early. Near the Pillahuata reserve we had brekky, but before that we did a little birding while the driver set up the table. We saw Fulvous Wren, Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant, Bolivian Tyrannulet, Scarlet-breasted Mountain-Tanager, and Fawn-breasted Tanager. After our breakfast we walked down the road, and soon a mixed feeding flock brought some great birds: Capped Conebill, White-browed Hemispingus, Barred Becard, White-throated and White-banded Tyrannulets, Rust-and-yellow and Golden collared Tanagers, Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Tanager, Sierran Elaenia, Band-tailed Fruiteater, Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant. While walking down, Keir spotted a Black-and-chestnut Eagle, and when I played the recording, this big eagle came to sit very close by the roadside. That was kind of exciting! Blue-banded Toucanet was also nice, but the pair of antpittas that we called in with a lot of work really stole the show: the cute Rusty-breasted and the endemic Red-and-white. Of course we also saw some other common species as well in our journey, like Gould’s Inca, Yungas Pygmy-Owl, Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant, Yellow-billed Cacique, Montane Woodcreeper, Blue-backed Conebill, Crimson-mantled Woodpecker and Highland Motmot. Another good day.

Band-tailed Fruiteater - José Illánes
Band-tailed Fruiteater (female)
 
July 15
Our plan was to go birding down the lower Manu road from the Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge to the end of the road, then crossing over to Amazonia Lodge. This got us into a zone with lots of new birds. The first stop gave us Black-faced Dacnis, Warbling Antbird, Bluish-fronted Jacamar, Stripe-chested Antwren, Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher, and a bit far the down we got a little mixed feeding flock with some wonderful species: Golden-bellied Warbler, White-browed Antbird, Red-billed Scythebill, Cerulean-capped Manakin, and Montane Foliage-gleaner. Working some bamboo patches farther down was productive with Bamboo Antshike, Rusty-fronted and Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher. In the last bit of forest before the river we found Southern Nightingale-Wren, Dark-breasted Spinetail, and Black-throated Antbird, before finally arriving at the lodge around dark.

July 16
Amazonia Lodge has a mix of lowland Amazonian forest and hill forest, and it just crawls with antbirds, antshrikes, and antwrens. But before we got to dealing with them, we enjoyed some birds by the lodge, where they jave some great hummer-friendly flowers and feeders. The rare Rufous-webbed Brilliant was the star, but we also saw Gray-breasted Sabrewing, Rufous-crested Coquette, White-necked Jacobin, Blue-tailed Emerald, Fork-tailed Woodnymph, and Golden-tailed Sapphire. At the fruit table some beautiful birds come to feed quite early: Masked Crimson Tanager, Red-capped Cardinal, Speckled Chachalaca and some of the other common tanagers. Later on we went for walk on one the trails, this wide trail made forest birding a bit easier and was good for Lafresnaye’s and Black-banded Woodcreepers, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Black-tailed Trogon, Black-throated Toucanet, Pygmy Antwren, Johannes’s Tody-Tyrant, Band-tailed Manakin, Goeldi’s and White lined Antbirds, and Little Cuckoo. Something amazing happen while we were standing on the jeep trail waiting for the Goeldi’s Antbird. We saw at least three or four Collared Peccary cross the track, and after about five minutes they were followed by an incredibly shy Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo. Sadly not everyone in the group saw it, but any sighting of this fantastic bird on a tour is something special. On the way back to the lodge, we got a feeding flock with Turquoise and Paradise Tanagers, Sepia-capped Flycatcher. Spending time on these was a good idea as nearby on the ground were a Black-spotted Bare-eye and a Razor-billed Curassow. By the little lake was the amazing prehistoric-looking Hoatzin and a Rufescent Tiger-Heron. Our afternoon session was also very productive, with Undulated and Great Tinamous walking along the trail, some Blue-headed Macaws feeding very low at Philodendron berries, a trogon trio with Amazonian, Violaceous, and Blue-crowned Trogons, not to mention Chestnut-crowned and Striolated Puffbirds. To end the day we went back to the jeep trail to scan for the Ground-Cuckoo, but we didn’t get it despite seeing 70+ Collared Peccaries, which was still an impressive sight in it’s own right.

July 17
We spent the morning higher up in the hill forest, and found some good forest birds including Rusty-belted Tapaculo, Sooty Antbird, Pectoral Sparrow, Amazonian Oropendola, Long-tailed Woodcreeper, Rufous-tailed Antwren, and Round-tailed Manakin. The small tower on the hill overlooking Amazonia Lodge provided us with views of Golden-collared Toucanet, Red-billed and Sooty-headed Tyrannulets, Green Honeycreeper, Fine-barred Piculet, Epaulet Oriole, White-lored Euphonia, and soaring White Hawks and King Vultures. Back on solid ground, an understory flock had Olive Tanager, White-winged Shrike-Tanager, Red-stained Woodpecker, and Bluish-slate and Dusky-throated Antshrikes. Later in the afternoon after our delicious lunch we went for another walk along the creekside trail, where there was a singing Sunbittern. We close out the day with nice views of Blue-crowned Motmot, Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, and at least five roosting Starred Wood-Quails.

Sunbittern - José Illánes
Sunbittern
        
July 18
We had a couple more hours to bird before getting on the boat for the ride down the Madre de Dios, and managed to find Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, Fiery-capped Manakin, Tropical Screech-Owl on a day roost, and the tiny Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant. Going down the river was wonderful, even for me, because as we were going down we could see how the vegetation was changing, and our boatmen were very good. We also saw some riverside birds like a bunch of Fasciated Tiger-Herons, Little Blue-Heron, Pied Plover, Greater Yellow-headed Vulture, Plumbeous Kite, Swallow-wing Puffbird, Large-billed and Yellow-billed Terns, Ringed, Amazon, and Green Kingfishers, Great Black-Hawk, Horned Screamer, and even a flying Jabiru, not a common bird here. Once we arrived at Manu Wildlife Center, we had time to check in and relax a bit before dinner.

July 19
It is always great to be in the middle of the Amazon rainforest, but for me this is home, just in different country. On this first morning, we went to the famous macaw lick that is about 40 minutes downriver. We watched the Red-and-green and Scarlet Macaws along with their smaller cousins, Mealy, Yellow-crowned, Blue-headed, and Orange-cheeked Parrots, as they came to eat clay that helps them digest their diet of bitter fruit. On the river edge we also got the chance to see Orange-headed Tanager, Little Ground-Tyrant, River Tyrannulet, and Muscovy Duck, and walking back to the boat we got Blue-and-yellow Macaw, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, and Long-billed Starthroat. Next we went to try for some special birds in the bamboo across the river, and lucked out with Rufous-fronted Anthrush. Back at the lodge, we walked on the grid after lunch, which was quite productive with Screaming Piha, Black-faced Antbird, Plain-throated, Gray and White-flanked Antwren, Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, Cinereous Mourner, Elegant Woodcreeper, Red-necked Woodpecker, Dusky-throated Antshrike and Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner.

Blue-headed Parrot - José Illánes
Blue-headed Parrots on the Madre de Dios clay lick.

July 20
We headed back to the grid, which is always one of the best trails, and quickly got a great sighting of the weird Hairy-crested Antbird at an army antswarm. A fixed flock in the subcanopy held Chestnut-winged Hookbill, Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner, Grayish Mourner, Yellow-crested Tanager, Chestnut-shouldered and Sclater’s Antwrens, Golden-green Woodpecker, Plain Softtail, and the flock leader White-fronted Nunbird. A few more birds we saw this morning were Golden-crowned and White-crested Spadebills, White-bellied Tody-Tyrant, and Rufous-capped Anthrush. Later in the afternoon we went back to a different bamboo forest where we saw Peruvian Recurvebill, Manu Antbird, and Dusky-tailed Flatbill. A tower had been built here recently, and we went up it for dusk, seeing Plum-throated Cotinga, White-bellied Parrot and a beautiful sunset.

Hairy-crested Antbird - José Illánes
Hairy-crested Antbird

July 21
With early breakfast we went to Cocha Camungo, where there’s a tall wooden tower by a lake. We got some canopy species like, Lemon-throated Barbet, Cobalt-winged and Tui Parakeets, Casqued Oropendola, Black-tailed Tityra, White-browed Purpletuft, Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher, White-lored Euphonia, Ivory-billed Aracari, Yellow-browed Tody-flycatcher, Bare-necked Fruitcrow, White-necked Puffbird, and Spangled Cotinga. After the tower we birded the edge of the lake, and there were some good birds like Purus Jacamar, the beautiful Fine-barred Piculet, Amazonian Streaked-Antwren (who always lives close to the water), plus both Gray-headed and Snail Kites soaring above us. Heading back to the river, we also spotted White-eyed Attila and Straight-billed Woodcreeper. After lunch, we went to a different lake called Cocha Blanca, and before we even got there we scored at least ten Pale-winged Trumpeter feeding close to the trail. For some, the target species this afternoon wasn’t a bird, but the Giant Otter, which likes this kind of the fresh water lake. Luckily we were able to see a couple of them fishing in front of the boat. There were birds there too of course, and we got the chance to see Long-billed Woodcreeper, Least Grebe, Ladder-tailed Nightjar, Pale-vented Pigeon, Horned Screamers and even the tough Gray-breasted and Rufous-sided Crakes, which responded well to playback and came right out in the open for a change.

July 22
We got to start a bit later today since we weren’t going very far. The lodge’s metal canopy tower is only about a ten minute walk away. From this high lookout we saw a lot of forest canopy species we weren’t able to see anywhere else. Some of them included Rufous-bellied Euphonia, Lineated Woodcreeper, Black-bellied Cuckoo, White-throated and Channel-billed Toucans, and Curl-crested Aracari, Bare-necked Fruitcrow, Green-and-gold Tanager, Rose-fronted Parakeet, and Paradise and Turquoise Tanagers. Once the activity died down a bit, we walked a trail along a little creek. There was a sub-canopy mixed feeding flock with Pink-throated Becard, Rufous-tailed and Slender billed-Xenopes, Opal-crowned, Opal-rumped, and Masked Tanagers, and Blue-backed Manakin. We decided to come back to the same trail after lunch to look for a few of the species we were missing, and were moderately successful with Stipple-throated Antwren, Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner, White-chinned Woodcreeper, Rufous-tailed Flatbill, and beautiful views of them all.

July 23
It was mostly a travel day as we went by boat to Boca Manu and took a small plane back to Cusco. From here we drove to Ollantaytambo, a very touristy town. The White-bellied Hummers and Rusty-flowerpiercers in the garden of the hotel were new, but we took it easy this afternoon since it would be a long day tomorrow.

July 24
We got early starting this morning since our destination, Abra Malaga is located an hour and half driving from Ollantaytambo. I know from previous trips how bad the weather can be here (snow and ice), but today we were lucky and had a totally clear day with amazing views of the mountains. The good weather gave us a chance to explore the Polylepis forest and scrub that dots the puna grassland. Most of the birds were new: White-winged and Bar-winged Cinclodes, Cordilleran Canastero, Giant, White-browed, and Cinereous Conebills, White-throated Tyrannulet, Black-throated and Masked Flowerpiercers, Brown-backed and D’Orbigny’s Chat-Tyrants, White-browed and Tawny Tit-Spinetails, and wonderful views of the skulking Stripe-headed Antpitta and Puna Tapaculo. At this elevation walking can be tough, but at least almost all of it was downhill. Farther down we spotted White-browed and Taczonowski’s Ground-Tyrants, Andean Lapwing, at least two soaring Andean Condors, and a bunch of the endemic White-tufted Sunbeam. With everyone tired out after the long walk, we stopped a bit earlier than usual and rested in the hotel.

July 25
W enjoyed a later start than usual and did some birding by the hotel, finding Black-tailed Trainbearer, White-bellied Hummingbird, Black-back Grosbeak, Golden billed Saltator, and Greenish Yellow-Finch. After breakfast we took the first train to Aguas Calientes, watching the usual White-capped Dippers and Torrent Ducks on the way. After deboarding, we took a bus up to Machu Picchu, met up with our local cultural guide, and enjoyed a guided tour of the ruins. After this great experience and delicious lunch we concentrated more on birding. Inca Wren was one of the cooler birds that we saw just outside the restaurant, but much farther down we saw some absolutely top birds like Masked Fruiteater, Ocellated Piculet, Green-and-white Hummingbird, Variable Antshrike, Versicolored Barbet, White-eared Solitaire, and Sclater’s and Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulets before returning to the luxurious Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel.

Masked Fruiteater - José Illánes
Masked Fruiteater

July 26
Some of the best birding is right on the ground of our hotel. They have a nice patch forest and hummer feeders, so after a late breakfast we strolled around and saw Silver-backed, Saffron-crowned, Hepatic, Golden-naped, and Slaty Tanagers, Capped Conebill, and White-throated Quail-Dove. Lots of hummers were coming to the feeders, like Booted Racket-Tail, Gould’s Inca, Long-tailed Sylph, and Chestnut-breasted Coronet. After lunch we took the train back to Cusco and spent another night in this unique city.

July 27
We all knew that today was our last day of the trip, so we got an early fly to Lima and headed south along the sea, seeing Coastal Miner, Peruvian Booby and three gull species, Band-tailed, Gray, and Kelp, even before getting to Pucusana. Water levels were really high when we got there, so had to wait a bit before going out in the boat, but enjoyed the pretty Inca Terns that were flying around everywhere while waiting. Once on the boat in the harbor, it was easy to find Guanay and Red-legged Cormorants and Peruvian Pelican, and a bit farther out, a couple of Humboldt Penguins. Coming back to the dock, we found a Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes hopping around the edge of the water. On the way back to Lima we stopped in a few places where we got Amazilia Hummingbird, Long-tailed Mockingbird, at least twelve Peruvian Thick-knees, Short-tailed Field-Tyrant, Great and Pied-billed Grebes, Black-crowned Night-Heron, and Cinnamon Teal. That was the end of the trip, which I think was really successful. I would like to say thanks to all of the participants for helping make it a wonderful trip.

BIRD LIST
Taxonomy and nomenclature follow:
Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth Edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co.
H=Heard only
(I)=Introduced species



TINAMOUS Tinamidae
Great Tinamou Tinamus major  
H Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus  
Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui  
H Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus  
Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus  
H Black-capped Tinamou Crypturellus atrocapillus  
PENGUINS Spheniscidae
Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti  
GREBES Podicipedidae
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus  
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps  
White-tufted Grebe Rollandia rolland  
Great Grebe Podiceps major  
PELICANS Pelecanidae
Peruvian Pelican Pelecanus thagus  
BOOBIES AND GANNETS Sulidae
Peruvian Booby Sula variegata  
CORMORANTS Phalacrocoracidae
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus  
Guanay Cormorant Phalacrocorax bougainvillii  
Red-legged Cormorant Phalacrocorax gaimardi  
ANHINGAS AND DARTERS Anhingidae
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga  
HERONS, EGRETS, BITTERNS Ardeidae
Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus  
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi  
Great Egret Ardea alba  
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea  
Snowy Egret Egretta thula  
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis  
Striated Heron Butorides striatus  
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax  
Fasciated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum  
Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum  
STORKS Ciconiidae
Jabiru Jabiru mycteria  
IBISES AND SPOONBILLS Threskiornithidae
Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis  
Puna Ibis Plegadis ridgwayi  
SCREAMERS Anhimidae
Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta  
DUCKS, GEESE AND SWANS Anatidae
Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata  
Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata  
Torrent Duck Merganetta armata  
Speckled (Andean) Teal Anas flavirostris  
Puna Teal Anas puna  
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera  
Andean Duck (Andean Ruddy-Duck) Oxyura ferruginea  
NEW WORLD VULTURES Cathartidae
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus  
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura  
Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus  
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus  
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa  
OSPREY Pandionidae
Osprey Pandion haliaetus  
HAWKS, EAGLES AND KITES Accipitridae
Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis  
Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus  
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus  
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis  
Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus  
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea  
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus  
H Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus  
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis  
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens  
Slate-colored Hawk Leucopternis schistacea  
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis  
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga  
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus  
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris  
Puna (Variable) Hawk Buteo poecilochrous  
Black-and-chestnut Eagle Oroaetus isidori  
FALCONS AND CARACARAS Falconidae
Black Caracara Daptrius ater  
Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus  
Mountain Caracara Phalcoboenus megalopterus  
H Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis  
American Kestrel Falco sparverius  
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis  
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus  
GUANS, CHACHALACAS, ETC. Cracidae
Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata  
Andean Guan Penelope montagnii  
Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu  
Blue-throated (Common) Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis  
Razor-billed Curassow Mitu tuberosa  
NEW WORLD QUAIL Odontophoridae
H Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail Odontophorus speciosus  
Starred Wood-Quail Odontophorus stellatus  
HOATZIN Opisthocomidae
Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin  
TRUMPETERS Psophiidae
Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera  
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS Rallidae
Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius  
Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis  
Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea  
H Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor  
Plumbeous Rail Pardirallus sanguinolentus  
Purple Gallinule Porphyrula martinica  
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus  
Slate-colored (Andean) Coot Fulica ardesiaca  
SUNGREBE AND FINFOOTS Heliornithidae
Sungrebe Heliornis fulica  
SUNBITTERN Eurypygidae
Sunbittern Eurypyga helias  
JACANAS Jacanidae
Wattled Jaçana Jacana jacana  
AVOCETS AND STILTS Recurvirostridae
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus  
THICK-KNEES Burhinidae
Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris  
PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS Charadriidae
Pied Lapwing (Plover) Vanellus cayanus  
Andean Lapwing Vanellus resplendens  
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris  
SANDPIPERS AND ALLIES Scolopacidae
Andean Snipe Gallinago jamesoni  
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca  
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres  
GULLS Laridae
Belcher's (Band-tailed) Gull Larus belcheri  
Gray Gull Larus modestus  
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus  
Gray-headed (-hooded) Gull Larus cirrocephalus  
Andean Gull Larus serranus  
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla  
TERNS Sternidae
Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris  
Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex  
Inca Tern Larosterna inca  
SKIMMERS Rynchopidae
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger  
PIGEONS AND DOVES Columbidae
Rock Pigeon (I) Columba livia  
Spot-winged Pigeon Columba maculosa  
Band-tailed Pigeon Columba fasciata  
Pale-vented Pigeon Columba cayennensis  
Plumbeous Pigeon Columba plumbea  
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata  
Pacific (West Peruvian) Dove Zenaida meloda  
Croaking Ground-Dove Columbina cruziana  
Bare-faced Ground-Dove Metriopelia ceciliae  
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi  
Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla  
White-throated Quail-Dove Geotrygon frenata  
PARROTS, MACAWS, ETC Psittacidae
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna  
H Military Macaw Ara militaris  
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao  
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera  
Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa  
Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata  
Blue-headed Macaw Propyrrhura couloni  
Mitred Parakeet Aratinga mitrata  
White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus  
Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii  
Rose-fronted Parakeet Pyrrhura roseifrons  
Cobalt-winged Parakeet Brotogeris cyanoptera  
Tui Parakeet Brotogeris sanctithomae  
H Amazonian Parrotlet Nannopsittaca dachilleae  
White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster  
Orange-cheeked Parrot Pionopsitta barrabandi  
Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus  
Speckle-faced Parrot Pionus tumultuosus  
Yellow-crowned Parrot Amazona ochrocephala  
Scaly-naped Parrot Amazona mercenaria  
Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa  
CUCKOOS Cuculidae
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana  
Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster  
Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta  
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani  
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris  
Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus geoffroyi  
TYPICAL OWLS Strigidae
Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Otus watsonii  
Tropical Screech-Owl Otus cholilba  
H Vermiculated Screech-Owl Otus vermiculatus  
Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata  
Black-banded Owl Ciccaba huhula  
Rufous-banded Owl Ciccaba albitarsis  
Yungas Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium bolivianum  
H Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi  
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum  
POTOOS Nyctibiidae
H Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis  
H Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus  
NIGHTJARS AND ALLIES Caprimulgidae
Sand-colored Nighthawk Chordeiles rupestris  
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis  
Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca  
SWIFTS Apodidae
Chestnut-collared Swift Streptoprocne rutila  
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris  
Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris  
Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura  
White-tipped Swift Aeronautes montivagus  
Fork-tailed (Neotropical) Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata  
HUMMINGBIRDS Trochilidae
Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsuta  
Green Hermit Phaethornis guy  
White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus  
Great-billed (Western Long-tailed) Hermit Phaethornis malaris  
Koepcke's Hermit Phaethornis koepckeae  
Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber  
Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis  
White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora  
Green Violet-ear Colibri thalassinus  
Sparkling Violet-ear Colibri coruscans  
Violet-headed Hummingbird Klais guimeti  
Rufous-crested Coquette Lophornis delattrei  
Wire-crested Thorntail Popelairia popelairii  
Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus  
Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata  
Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone  
White-bellied Hummingbird Leucippus chionogaster  
Green-and-white Hummingbird Leucippus viridicauda  
Many-spotted Hummingbird Leucippus hypostictus  
Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia  
Sapphire-spangled Emerald Polyerata lactea  
Peruvian Piedtail Phlogophilus harterti  
Speckled Hummingbird Adelomyia melanogenys  
Gould's Jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens  
Violet-fronted Brilliant Heliodoxa leadbeateri  
Rufous-webbed Brilliant Heliodoxa branickii  
Chestnut-breasted Coronet Boissonneaua matthewsii  
Shining Sunbeam Aglaeactis cupripennis  
White-tufted Sunbeam Aglaeactis castelnaudii  
Mountain Velvetbreast Lesfresnaya lafresnayi  
Andean Hillstar Oreotrochilus estella  
Gould's (Collared) Inca Coeligena inca  
Violet-throated Starfrontlet Coeligena violifer  
Sword-billed Hummingbird Ensifera ensifera  
Giant Hummingbird Patagona gigas  
Amethyst-throated Sunangel Heliangelus amethysticollis  
Booted Racket-tail Ocreatus underwoodii  
Black-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia victoriae  
Green-tailed Trainbearer Lesbia nuna  
Bearded Mountaineer Oreonympha nobilis  
Tyrian Metaltail Metallura tyrianthina  
Blue-mantled Thornbill Chalcostigma stanleyi  
Long-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus kingi  
Wedge-billed Hummingbird Augastes geoffroyi  
Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx aurita  
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris  
Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina  
White-bellied Woodstar Chaetocercus mulsant  
TROGONS Trogonidae
(Amazonian) White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis  
(Amazonian) Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus  
Collared Trogon Trogon collaris  
Masked Trogon Trogon personatus  
Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui  
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus  
Golden-headed Quetzal Pharomachrus auriceps  
H Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus  
KINGFISHERS Alcedinidae
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquata  
Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona  
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana  
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea  
MOTMOTS Momotidae
Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota  
Highland (Blue-crowned) Motmot Momotus aequatorialis  
Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum  
JACAMARS Galbulidae
Chestnut (Purus) Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus  
Bluish-fronted Jacamar Galbula cyanescens  
PUFFBIRDS Bucconidae
White-necked Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos  
H Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus  
Chestnut-capped Puffbird Bucco macrodactylus  
H Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis  
Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus  
Semicollared Puffbird Malacoptila semicincta  
H Black-streaked Puffbird Malacoptila fulvogularis  
Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons  
White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus  
Swallow-wing (Swallow-winged Puffbird) Chelidoptera tenebrosa  
BARBETS Capitonidae
Gilded Barbet Capito auratus  
Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni  
Versicolored Barbet Eubucco versicolor  
TOUCANS Ramphastidae
Black-throated (Emerald) Toucanet Aulacorhynchus atrogularis  
Blue-banded Toucanet Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis  
Ivory-billed (Brown-mandibled) Araçari Pteroglossus azara  
Chestnut-eared Araçari Pteroglossus castanotis  
Curl-crested Araçari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii  
Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan Andigena hypoglauca  
Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii  
Channel-billed (Yellow-ridged) Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus  
White-throated (Cuvier's) Toucan Ramphastos tucanus  
WOODPECKERS AND ALLIES Picidae
Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons  
Ocellated Piculet Picumnus dorbygnianus  
Fine-barred Piculet Picumnus subtilis  
Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus  
Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus  
Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis  
H White-throated Woodpecker Piculus leucolaemus  
Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros  
Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus  
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Piculus rivolii  
Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula  
Andean Flicker Colaptes rupicola  
Scaly-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus  
Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus  
H Rufous-headed Woodpecker Celeus spectabilis  
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus  
Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis  
Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos  
OVENBIRDS Furnariidae
Coastal Miner Geositta peruviana  
Slender-billed Miner Geositta tenuirostris  
H Plain-breasted Earthcreeper Upucerthia jelskii  
Peruvian Seaside (Surf) Cinclodes Cinclodes taczanowskii  
Bar-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes fuscus  
White-winged Cinclodes Cinclodes atacamensis  
Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus  
White-browed Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura xenothorax  
Tawny Tit-Spinetail Leptasthenura yanacensis  
Wren-like Rushbird Phleocryptes melanops  
Azara's Spinetail Synallaxis azarae  
Dark-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albigularis  
H Cabanis' Spinetail Synallaxis cabanisi  
Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis  
Creamy-crested Spinetail Cranioleuca albicapilla  
Ash-browed Spinetail Cranioleuca curtata  
Rusty-fronted Canastero Asthenes ottonis  
Cordilleran Canastero Asthenes modesta  
Streak-throated Canastero Asthenes humilis  
Plain Softtail Phacellodomus fusciceps  
Streak-fronted Thornbird Phacellodomus striaticeps  
Orange-fronted Plushcrown Metopothrix aurantiacus  
Spotted Barbtail Premnoplex brunnescens  
Pearled Treerunner Margarornis squamiger  
Rufous-tailed Xenops Xenops milleri  
Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris  
Plain Xenops Xenops minutus  
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans  
Montane Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia striaticollis  
H Striped Treehunter Thripadectes holostictus  
H Black-billed Treehunter Thripadectes melanorhynchus  
H Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri  
Peruvian Recurvebill Simoxenops ucayalae  
Chestnut-winged Hookbill Ancistrops strigilatus  
Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner Philydor erythropterus  
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufus  
H Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes  
Crested (Dusky-cheeked) Foliage-gleaner Automolus dorsalis  
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus  
Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus  
Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner Automolus infuscatus  
Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus  
H Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus  
H Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura  
WOODCREEPERS Dendrocolaptidae
Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa  
White-chinned Woodcreeper Dendrocincla merula  
Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda  
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus  
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus  
Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris  
Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula  
Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia  
Black-banded Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes picumnus  
Tschudi's (Ocellated) Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo  
Jurua (Spix's/Elegant) Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus juruanus  
Lafresnaye's (Buff-throated) Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatoides  
Olive-backed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus triangularis  
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus  
Montane Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger  
Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus  
Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris  
TYPICAL ANTBIRDS Thamnophilidae
Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus  
Bamboo Antshrike Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae  
Great Antshrike Taraba major  
H Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus  
Chestnut-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus palliatus  
H White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops  
Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus  
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens  
Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris  
Dusky-throated Antshrike Thamnomanes ardesiacus  
Bluish-slate Antshrike Thamnomanes schistogynus  
Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura  
Sclater's Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri  
Amazonian (Streaked-) Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata  
Stripe-chested Antwren Myrmotherula longicauda  
Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli  
Stipple-throated Antwren Myrmotherula haematonota  
H Foothill Antwren Myrmotherula spodionota  
Ornate Antwren Myrmotherula ornata  
Rufous-tailed Antwren Myrmotherula erythrura  
White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris  
H Slaty Antwren Myrmotherula schisticolor  
Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis  
Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii  
Yellow-breasted Antwren Herpsilochmus axillaris  
Chestnut-shouldered Antwren Terenura humeralis  
H Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens  
Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens  
Black Antbird Cercomacra serva  
Manu Antbird Cercomacra manu  
White-backed Fire-eye Pyriglena leuconota  
White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys  
Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus  
Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis cantator  
H Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia  
White-lined Antbird Percnostola lophotes  
Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird Myrmeciza hemimelaena  
Plumbeous Antbird Myrmeciza hyperythra  
Goeldi's Antbird Myrmeciza goeldii  
Sooty Antbird Myrmeciza fortis  
Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax  
Hairy-crested Antbird Rhegmatorhina melanosticta  
Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinota  
Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata  
ANTTHRUSHES & ANTPITTAS Formicariidae
Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma  
H Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis  
Rufous-fronted Antthrush Formicarius rufifrons  
H Rufous-breasted Antthrush Formicarius rufipectus  
H Striated Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis  
H Barred Antthrush Chamaeza mollissima  
Stripe-headed Antpitta Grallaria andicola  
Red-and-white Antpitta Grallaria erythroleuca  
H Amazonian Antpitta Hylopezus berlepschi  
H Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona  
Rusty-breasted Antpitta Grallaricula ferrugineipectus  
GNATEATERS Conopophagidae
H Slaty Gnateater Conopophaga ardesiaca  
TAPACULOS Rhinocryptidae
Rusty-belted Tapaculo Liosceles thoracicus  
Bolivian (Southern White-crowned) Tapaculo Scytalopus bolivianus  
Puna Tapaculo Scytalopus simonsi  
H Diademed Tapaculo Scytalopus schulenbergi  
COTINGAS Cotingidae
Red-crested Cotinga Ampelion rubrocristata  
Band-tailed Fruiteater Pipreola intermedia  
H Barred Fruiteater Pipreola arcuata  
Masked Fruiteater Pipreola pulchra  
H Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater Pipreola frontalis  
White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae  
Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans  
Purple-throated Cotinga Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema  
Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana  
Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana  
Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus  
Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus  
Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruviana  
MANAKINS Pipridae
Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola  
Yungas Manakin Chiroxiphia boliviana  
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda  
H Blue-crowned Manakin Pipra coronata  
Round-tailed Manakin Pipra chloromeros  
Cerulean-capped Manakin Pipra coeruleocapilla  
Fiery-capped Manakin Machaeropterus pyrocephalus  
Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni  
H Wing-barred Piprites (Manakin) Piprites chloris  
H Varzea Schifornis Schiffornis major  
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS Tyrannidae
White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme  
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus  
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps  
Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae  
Torrent Tyrannulet Serpophaga cinerea  
River Tyrannulet Serpophaga Hypoleuca  
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus  
Streak-necked Flycatcher Mionectes striaticollis  
Olive-striped Flycatcher Mionectes olivaceus  
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus  
Slaty-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon superciliaris  
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant Phylloscartes ophthalmicus  
Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet Phylloscartes parkeri  
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis  
Sclater's Tyrannulet Phyllomyias sclateri  
Sooty -headed Tyrannulet Phylomyias Griseiceps  
H Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet Phyllomyias uropygialis  
Bolivian Tyrannulet Zimmerius bolivianus  
Red-billed Tyrannulet Zimmerius cinereicapillus  
H Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior  
White-throated Tyrannulet Mecocerculus leucophrys  
White-banded Tyrannulet Mecocerculus stictopterus  
Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes alpinus  
Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant Anairetes flavirostris  
Tufted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes parulus  
Many-colored Rush-Tyrant Tachuris rubrigastra  
Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus  
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus pileatus  
White-eyed (White-bellied) Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus zosterops  
Johannes's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus iohannis  
Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum latirostre  
Black-backed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum pulchellum  
Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum  
Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquata  
H Dusky-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon fuscicauda  
Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda  
Fulvous-breasted Flatbill Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus  
Yellow-olive Flycatcher (Flatbill) Tolmomyias sulphurescens  
Gray-crowned Flycatcher (Flatbill) Tolmomyias poliocephalus  
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher (Olive-faced Flatbill) Tolmomyias flaviventris  
Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus  
White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus platyrhynchos  
Ornate Flycatcher Myiotriccus ornatus  
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus  
Cinnamon Flycatcher Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea  
Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri  
Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus  
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans  
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus  
Maroon-chested (-belted) Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca thoracica  
D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca oenanthoides  
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca rufipectoralis  
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca fumicolor  
White-browed Chat-Tyrant Ochthoeca leucophrys  
Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis  
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes striaticollis  
Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant Myiotheretes fuscorufus  
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant Agriornis montana  
Rufous-webbed Tyrant Polioxolmis rufipennis  
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola maculirostris  
Little Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola fluviatilis  
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola rufivertex  
White-browed Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola albilora  
Taczanowski's(Páramo/P.Cap) Ground-Tyrant Muscisaxicola griseus  
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda  
Andean Negrito Lessonia oreas  
White-winged Black-Tyrant Knipolegus aterrimus  
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus  
H Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus  
Dull-capped (White-eyed) Attila Attila bolivianus  
Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra  
Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex  
Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer  
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox  
Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor  
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus  
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua  
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis  
Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis  
H Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris  
Lemon-browed Flycatcher Conopias cinchoneti  
Golden-crowned Flycatcher Myiodynastes chrysocephalus  
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus  
Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus  
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus  
Barred Becard Pachyramphus versicolor  
White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus  
Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor  
Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana  
SWALLOWS Hirundinidae
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera  
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea  
White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer  
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca  
Brown-bellied Swallow Notiochelidon murina  
White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata  
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis  
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia  
WAGTAILS AND PIPITS Motacillidae
H Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens  
DIPPERS Cinclidae
White-capped Dipper Cinclus leucocephalus  
WRENS Troglodytidae
Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus  
Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus  
Fulvous Wren Cinnycerthia fulva  
Inca Wren Thryothorus eisenmanni  
H Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis  
House Wren Troglodytes aedon  
Mountain Wren Troglodytes solstitialis  
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucophrys  
Scaly-breasted (Southern Nightingale-) Wren Microcerculus marginatus  
Chestnut-breasted Wren Cyphorhinus thoracicus  
MOCKINGBIRDS & THRASHERS Mimidae
Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus  
THRUSHES AND ALLIES Turdidae
Andean Solitaire Myadestes ralloides  
White-eared Solitaire Entomodestes leucotis  
H Spotted Nightingale-Thrush Catharus dryas  
Chiguanco Thrush Turdus chiguanco  
Great Thrush Turdus fuscater  
Glossy-black Thrush Turdus serranus  
Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis  
Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli  
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis  
GNATCATCHERS Polioptilidae
Tawny-faced Gnatwren Microbates cinereiventris  
CROWS, JAYS AND MAGPIES Corvidae
Green (Inca) Jay Cyanocorax yncas  
Purplish Jay Cyanocorax cyanomelas  
Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus  
H White-collared Jay Cyanolyca viridicyana  
OLD WORLD SPARROWS Passeridae
House Sparrow (I) Passer domesticus  
VIREOS AND ALLIES Vireonidae
Brown-capped Vireo Vireo leucophrys  
Red-eyed (Chivi) Vireo Vireo olivaceus  
Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus  
H Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis  
SISKINS, CROSSBILLS, ETC Fringillidae
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica  
Olivaceous Siskin Carduelis olivacea  
NEW WORLD WARBLERS Parulidae
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi  
H Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis  
Slate-throated Redstart (Whitestart) Myioborus miniatus  
Spectacled Redstart (Whitestart) Myioborus melanocephalus  
Two-banded Warbler Basileuterus bivittatus  
Golden-bellied Warbler Basileuterus chrysogaster  
Pale-legged Warbler Basileuterus signatus  
Citrine Warbler Basileuterus luteoviridis  
Russet-crowned Warbler Basileuterus coronatus  
Three-striped Warbler Basileuterus tristriatus  
BANANAQUIT Coerebidae
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola  
TANAGERS AND ALLIES Thraupidae
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum  
White-browed Conebill Conirostrum ferrugineiventre  
Blue-backed Conebill Conirostrum sitticolor  
Capped Conebill Conirostrum albifrons  
Giant Conebill Oreomanes fraseri  
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leveriana  
Grass-green Tanager Chlorornis riefferii  
Common Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus ophthalmicus  
Short-billed (Yellow-whiskered) Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus parvirostris  
Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus flavigularis  
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus canigularis  
White-browed Hemispingus Hemispingus auricularis  
Superciliaried Hemispingus Hemispingus superciliaris  
Black-eared Hemispingus Hemispingus melanotis  
Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida  
Rust-and-yellow Tanager Thlypopsis ruficeps  
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira  
Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis  
Olive (Carmiol's) Tanager Chlorothraupis carmioli  
White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor  
Slaty Tanager Creurgops dentata  
Flame-crested Tanager Tachiphonus cristatus  
Yellow-crested Tanager Tachyphonus rufiventer  
White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus  
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops  
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica  
Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava  
Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis  
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo  
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus  
Blue-capped Tanager Thraupis cyanocephala  
Blue-and-yellow Tanager Thraupis bonariensis  
Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum  
Hooded Mountain-Tanager Buthraupis montana  
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager Anisognathus igniventris  
Yellow-throated Tanager Iridosornis analis  
Golden-collared Tanager Iridosornis jelskii  
Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager Delothraupis castaneoventris  
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota  
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris  
Bronze-green Euphonia Euphonia mesochrysa  
White-lored Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta  
White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta  
Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster  
Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris  
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea  
Orange-eared Tanager Chlorochrysa calliparaea  
Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana  
Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis  
Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii  
Golden Tanager Tangara arthus  
Golden-eared Tanager Tangara chrysotis  
Saffron-crowned Tanager Tangara xanthocephala  
Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra  
Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata  
Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola  
Golden-naped Tanager Tangara ruficervix  
Blue-necked Tanager Tangara cyanicollis  
Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta  
Beryl-spangled Tanager Tangara nigroviridis  
Blue-and-black Tanager Tangara vassorii  
Silver-backed Tanager Tangara viridicollis  
Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia  
Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys  
Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata  
Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer  
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana  
Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza  
Golden-collared Honeycreeper Iridophanes pulcherrimus  
Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus  
EMBERIZINE FINCHES Emberizidae
Peruvian Sierra-Finch Phrygilus punensis  
Mourning Sierra-Finch Phrygilus fruticeti  
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch Phrygilus unicolor  
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus  
Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finch Poospiza caesar  
Chestnut-bellied (Lesser) Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis  
Band-tailed Seedeater Catamenia analis  
Plain-colored Seedeater Catamenia inornata  
Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscura  
Rusty Flowerpiercer Diglossa sittoides  
Moustached Flowerpiercer Diglossa mystacalis  
Black-throated Flowerpiercer Diglossa brunneiventris  
Deep-blue (Golden-eyed) Flowerpiercer Diglossopis glauca  
Masked Flowerpiercer Diglossopis cyanea  
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch Sicalis uropygialis  
Greenish Yellow-Finch Sicalis olivascens  
Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis  
Black-faced (Rufous-naped) Brush-Finch Atlapetes melanolaimus  
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch Buarremon brunneinucha  
Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus  
Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons  
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis  
SALTATORS, CARDINALS, ETC. Cardinalidae
Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens  
Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus  
Golden-billed Saltator Saltator aurantiirostris  
Black-backed Grosbeak Pheucticus aureoventris  
H Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides  
TROUPIALS AND ALLIES Icteridae
Yellow-winged Blackbird Agelaius thilius  
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus  
Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis  
Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus  
Yellow-billed Cacique Amblycercus holosericeus  
Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela  
(Southern) Mountain Cacique Cacicus chrysonotus  
H Solitary Cacique Cacicus solitarius  
Casqued Oropendola Psarocolius oseryi  
Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus  
Dusky-green Oropendola Psarocolius atrovirens  
Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons  
Amazonian (Olive) Oropendola Gymnostinops bifasciatus  
MAMMALS
Saddleback Tamarin Saguinus fuscicollis  
Emperor Tamarin Saguinus imperator  
Dusky  Titi Monkey Callicebus moloch brunneus  
Common Squirrel Monkey Saimiris sciureus boliviensis  
Brown Capuchin Monkey Cebus apella  
Red Howler Monkey Alouatta seniculus  
White-bellied Spider Monkey Ateles belzebuht chamek  
Common Woolly Monkey Lagothrix lagothricha  
Giant Otter Pterunura brasilensis  
Red Brocket Dear Mazama americana  
Collared Peccary Tayassu tajacu  
Bolivian Squirrel Sciurus ignitus  
Paca Agouti paca  
Brown Agouti Dasiprocta variegata