Northern & Central Peru
2-24 July 2005
Niels Poul Dreyer
Report & Photos:
Spatuletails, sandpiper-plovers, inca-finches, antpittas... This will go down as one of the most memorable birding trips I've done. The sheer number of rare and endemic species that we saw (and the good luck we had with all but a few of them), the incredible and varied scenery, the friendly and easy-going group, all combined for a terrific experience. This tour mixed the best parts of the "traditional" Northern Peru circuit of the upper Marañon Valley, the Andean east slope, and the Tumbesian region with some sites normally visited on a Central Peru tour like the Cordillera Blanca and the high Andes east of Lima. We added visits to a few sites rarely visited by birders like Sinsicap, one of the most reliable sites for the rare Russet-bellied Spinetail as well as a hummingbird that is likely a new species to science. We made the long hike up the Chido trail in search of Pale-billed Antpitta (which we saw, though some better than others) and scored Rusty-tinged Antpitta as a bonus prize. There were few disappointments: White-cheeked Cotinga was the worst, but we could not find any mistletoe and maybe they were elsewhere, and where the heck were the Great Inca-Finches? We tried in five places and spent hours looking to no avail after having an easy time with the other four. But that's birding for you, and I'll remember the successes long after the dips are forgotten.
2 July: Arrival in Lima. Night in Lima.
3 July: Santa Eulalia road. Night Santa Eulalia.
4 July: Marapomacocha. Night Lima.
5 July: Fly to Cajamarca. Rio Chonta & Abra El Gavilan. Night Cajamarca.
6 July: San Marcos. Night Cajamarca.
7 July: Cajamarca-Celendin road & Marañon Canyon. Camp.
8 July: Marañon Canyon & Abra Barro Negro. Camp.
9 July: Forest patches above Leimebamba. Night Leimebamba.
10 July: Utcubamba Valley and the Marvelous Spatuletail. Night Pomacochas.
11 July: Abra Patricia & Alto Nieve. Night Pomacochas.
12 July: Rio Chido trail. Night Pomacochas.
13 July: Afluente & Aguas Verdes. Night Rioja.
14 July: Morro de Calzada. Night Rioja.
15 July: Aguas Verdes, Afluente, Bagua. Night Jaen.
16 July: Tamborapa & Jaen. Night Jaen.
17 July: Abra Porculla & Quebrada Limon. Camp.
18 July: Quebrada Limon. Night Chiclayo.
19 July: Bosque de Pomac & Puerto Eten. Night Chiclayo.
20 July: Sinsicap. Camp.
21 July: Sinsicap, Cañon del Pato, Pueblo Libre. Night Yungay.
22 July: PN Huascaran (Llanganuco). Night Yungay.
23 July: Llanganuco, drive to coast. Night Barranca.
24 July: Barranca and Lomas de Lachay, drive to Lima. End of tour.
Here I share a few of my photos from the trip. Skip by them if you just want to go to the list...
A unique wader found only in bogs at extreme elevations. We saw one at one of its traditional haunts at Milloc Bog (4700m) on the road to Marcapomacocha. This was an amazingly beautiful site and we saw plenty of other goodies here like White-bellied Cinclodes, Olivaceous Thornbill, and Gray-breasted Seedsnipe.
|The mountain scenery just above the bog with the sandpiper-plover. We were very fortunate with the weather! No wind and not a cloud in the sky.|
|Gray-bellied Comet This rare and beautiful hummer used to be one of those birds that no one ever saw and was thought to be nearing extinction. However, several ornithologists found them nesting a few years ago only a few kilometers from the city of Cajamarca in less-than-pristine habitat, giving hope that they survive in other similar areas. With the new stakeout, nearly every birding group can now see it.|
|The road down through the Marañon Canyon at Balsas must be one of the most spectacular (and some would say scariest) in the world. You plunge from over 3000m on the rim down to about 900m at the cactus-studded bottom before climbing back up the other side, with magnificent scenery and endemic birds all along the way.|
|Yellow-faced Parrotlet One of the rare endemics that can be seen near the bottom of the Marañon canyon. It can be one of the most difficult to track down due to its nomadic habits, but this time we were lucky. We had a pair feeding at close range in flowering cactus not far from our campsite.|
|Peruvian Pigeon We saw this Marañon endemic near the parrotlets. It is much more common overall, yet we did not see it anywhere else on our journey.|
A rare and easily overlooked tyrannid of the eastern foothills of the Andes. It has a distinctive song, and we were able to call it in to extremely close range where we could actually see the red on the bill.
One of five that we saw one afternoon in Quebrada Limon. It wasn't long ago that this Tumbesian endemic was thought to be possibly extinct. Now it has been found in several remote canyons in NW Peru. It is being bred in captivity very successfully and has been reintroduced to several other reserves. Note that the white patches in the wings are usually only visible in flight!
|Guayaquil Woodpecker Another Tumbesian endemic we saw in Quebrada Limon while watching the guans. This one is a female though the male was also nearby.|
|Peruvian Plantcutter Like the guan, this species was once though to be near extinction. It is restricted to arid stands of woodland near the Pacific coast of NW Peru. Recent surveys have proved it to be more common than previously thought, and it can be easily seen in several large reserves such as the Bosque de Pomac, where we saw it.|
|Cinereous Finch Another Tumbesian endemic that is basically endemic to Peru (there are two unconfirmed records from Ecuador). It is common only in a small area between Chiclayo and Sullana, and we also saw it in the Bosque de Pomac.|
|White-tailed Jay The Tumbesian region is loaded with great birds, but this one may take first prize. This spectacular jay never fails to impress.|
|I didn't manage to get any bird photos from the Cordillera Blanca, so this will have to suffice. The river here, the Rio Santa, we followed from the Pacific Ocean through the narrow and serpentine Cañon del Pato, all the way up to its source, a lake at 4500m high in the Andes.|
|Peruvian Thick-knee One we almost missed... We saw it on the last day as we were heading south along the Panamerican highway towards Lachay. There were 26 resting in a recently plowed field|
This list includes all the bird species that were recorded by at least one of us. Taxonomy and nomenclature follow:
Clements, James F. 2000. Birds of the World: A Checklist. Fifth Edition. Vista, CA: Ibis Publishing Co.
I have also included the latest updates to the list. These updates can be found online at: http://www.ibispub.com/updates.html
If I managed to count them correctly, there were 493 bird
species seen and 39 heard only.
I put in comments for the endemics or other interesting records, but did not have time to do so for everything.
TINAMOUS (Tinamiformes Tinamidae)
Cinereous Tinamou (Crypturellus cinereus) (H)
Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui) (H)
Andean Tinamou (Nothoprocta pentlandii) - One seen crossing the highway on our way back from San Marcos.
GREBES (Podicipediformes Podicipedidae)
Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)
SHEARWATERS AND PETRELS (Procellariiformes Procellariidae)
Sooty Shearwater (Puffinus griseus)
PELICANS (Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae)
Peruvian Pelican (Pelecanus thagus)
GANNETS AND BOOBIES (Pelecaniformes Sulidae)
Blue-footed Booby (Sula nebouxii)
Peruvian Booby (Sula variegata)
CORMORANTS (Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae)
Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
HERONS, EGRETS AND BITTERNS (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae)
Great Egret (Ardea alba)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Striated Heron (Butorides striata)
Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
IBIS AND SPOONBILLS (Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae)
Puna Ibis (Plegadis ridgwayi)
DUCKS, GEESE AND SWANS (Anseriformes Anatidae)
Andean Goose (Chloephaga melanoptera)
Speckled Teal (Anas flavirostris)
Crested Duck (Anas specularioides)
Yellow-billed Pintail (Anas georgica)
White-cheeked Pintail (Anas bahamensis)
Puna Teal (Anas puna)
Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera)
Andean Duck (Oxyura ferruginea)
NEW WORLD VULTURES (Falconiformes Cathartidae)
Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) - One seen soaring at Marcapomacocha and two more seen high above us from the bottom of the Marañon canyon.
HAWKS, EAGLES AND KITES (Falconiformes Accipitridae)
Hook-billed Kite (Chondrohierax uncinatus)
Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)
Pearl Kite (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
Plumbeous Kite (Ictinia plumbea)
Cinereous Harrier (Circus cinereus)
Plain-breasted Hawk (Accipiter ventralis)
Harris's Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)
Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
Red-backed Hawk (Buteo polyosoma)
Puna Hawk (Buteo poecilochrous)
FALCONS AND CARACARAS (Falconiformes Falconidae)
Mountain Caracara (Phalcoboenus megalopterus)
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Aplomado Falcon (Falco femoralis)
Bat Falcon (Falco rufigularis)
GUANS, CHACHALACAS, CURASSOWS (Galliformes Cracidae)
Speckled Chachalaca (Ortalis guttata)
White-winged Guan (Penelope albipennis) - Five seen on our first afternoon in Quebrada Limon.
RAILS, GALLINULES AND COOTS (Gruiformes Rallidae)
Russet-crowned Crake (Anurolimnas viridis) - What a pain. They were abundant by voice in dry overgrown fields around Rioja, but the best we could do was a couple of quick glimpses as they ran across a path.
Plumbeous Rail (Pardirallus sanguinolentus) (H)
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
Slate-colored Coot (Fulica ardesiaca)
Giant Coot (Fulica gigantea) - One seen together with the previous on one of the lakes at Llanganuco.
OYSTERCATCHERS (Charadriiformes Haematopodidae)
American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus)
AVOCETS AND STILTS (Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae)
Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)
THICK-KNEES (Charadriiformes Burhinidae)
Peruvian Thick-knee (Burhinus superciliaris) - A group of 26 seen in a field just north of Huacho along the Panamerican Highway.
PLOVERS AND LAPWINGS (Charadriiformes Charadriidae)
Andean Lapwing (Vanellus resplendens)
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)
Diademed Sandpiper-Plover (Phegornis mitchellii) - One of the targets at Marcapomacocha - not easy to find, we only saw one despite the perfect weather.
SANDPIPERS (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae)
Puna Snipe (Gallinago andina) - Two at Marcapomacocha near where the sandpiper-plover was.
SEEDSNIPES (Charadriiformes Thinocoridae)
Gray-breasted Seedsnipe (Thinocorus orbignyianus) - Surprisingly common at Marcapomacocha. Many seen.
Least Seedsnipe (Thinocorus rumicivorus) - Huge numbers of them this year along the entrance road to Lachay. At least 40 seen.
GULLS (Charadriiformes Laridae)
Belcher's (Band-tailed) Gull (Larus belcheri)
Gray Gull (Larus modestus)
Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus)
Gray-headed Gull (Larus cirrocephalus)
Andean Gull (Larus serranus)
PIGEONS AND DOVES (Columbiformes Columbidae)
Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
Scaled Pigeon (Patagioenas speciosa) - A single bird at Aguas Verdes.
Band-tailed Pigeon (Patagioenas fasciata)
Peruvian Pigeon (Patagioenas oenops) - Several seen at the bottom of the Marañon canyon.
Plumbeous Pigeon (Patagioenas plumbea) (H)
Ruddy Pigeon (Patagioenas subvinacea)
Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculata)
Pacific (West Peruvian) Dove (Zenaida meloda)
Ecuadorian Ground-Dove (Columbina buckleyi) - A pair seen in a rice paddy north of Jaen.
Croaking Ground-Dove (Columbina cruziana)
Blue Ground-Dove (Claravis pretiosa)
Bare-faced Ground-Dove (Metriopelia ceciliae)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
PARROTS (Psittaciformes Psittacidae)
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri)
Red-masked Parakeet (Aratinga erythrogenys) - Common in Quebrada Limon.
White-eyed Parakeet (Aratinga leucophthalmus)
Mountain Parakeet (Psilopsiagon aurifrons) - Several seen well on the Santa Eulalia road; heard at Lachay.
Pacific Parrotlet (Forpus coelestis) - A common Tumbesian endemic.
Yellow-faced Parrotlet (Forpus xanthops) - Easy this year with two seen near the campsite at the bottom of the Marañon canyon, then another flock of about eight right at the bridge!
Cobalt-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris cyanoptera) (H)
Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus)
Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)
Speckle-faced (White-capped) Parrot (Pionus tumultuosus seniloides)
Scaly-naped Parrot (Amazona mercenaria)
CUCKOOS (Cuculiformes Cuculidae)
Squirrel Cuckoo (Piaya cayana)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)
Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia)
BARN-OWLS (Strigiformes Tytonidae)
Barn Owl (Tyto alba) (H)
OWLS (Strigiformes Strigidae)
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) (H)
Peruvian (Pacific) Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium peruanum)
Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia)
NIGHTJARS (Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae)
Scrub (Anthony's) Nightjar (Caprimulgus anthonyi) - One came into the tape the evening we camped at Quebrada Limon.
SWIFTS (Apodiformes Apodidae)
Chestnut-collared Swift (Streptoprocne rutila)
White-collared Swift (Streptoprocne zonaris)
Gray-rumped Swift (Chaetura cinereiventris)
Tumbes Swift (Chaetura ocypetes) - Many seen in and around Quebrada Limon.
White-tipped Swift (Aeronautes montivagus)
Andean Swift (Aeronautes andecolus)
HUMMINGBIRDS (Trochiliformes Trochilidae)
Green Hermit (Phaethornis guy)
Gray-chinned Hermit (Phaethornis griseogularis)
Tawny-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis syrmatophorus)
Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus)
Sparkling Violet-ear (Colibri coruscans)
Violet-headed Hummingbird (Klais guimeti)
Blue-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon mellisugus)
Fork-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)
Tumbes Hummingbird (Leucippus baeri) - Several at Quebrada Limon and Bosque de Pomac.
Spot-throated Hummingbird (Leucippus taczanowskii) - A very common Marañon endemic, seen in many places.
White-bellied Hummingbird (Leucippus chionogaster)
Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia)
Glittering-throated Emerald (Polyerata fimbriata)
Ecuadorian Piedtail (Phlogophilus hemileucurus) - Good views of one seen feeding at small flowers along the side of the highway at Afluente.
Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)
Undescribed taxon from Sinsicap (Adelomyia sp.) - It looks like a Speckled Hummer but with a lot more white in the tail and different habitat (montane scrub as opposed to humid montane forest). It could be a new species or only an undescribed race of Speckled Hummer.
Chestnut-breasted Coronet (Boissonneaua matthewsii)
Shining Sunbeam (Aglaeactis cupripennis)
Black-breasted Hillstar (Oreotrochilus melanogaster)
Mountain Velvetbreast (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)
Violet-throated Starfrontlet (Coeligena violifer) - Several between Abra Barro Negro and Leimebamba.
Rainbow Starfrontlet (Coeligena iris) - In forest patches above Leimebamba.
Great Sapphirewing (Pterophanes cyanopterus)
Giant Hummingbird (Patagona gigas)
Amethyst-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus amethysticollis)
Royal Sunangel (Heliangelus regalis) - 2 males and 1 female seen near the highway at Alto Nieve.
Coppery-naped Puffleg (Eriocnemis sapphiropygia) - Recently split from Sapphire-vented Puffleg. We saw it in forest patches above Leimebamba.
Emerald-bellied Puffleg (Eriocnemis alinae) - Several great views on the Rio Chido trail.
Booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii)
Black-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia victoriae)
Green-tailed Trainbearer (Lesbia nuna)
Bronze-tailed Comet (Polyonymus caroli) - Easy to see on the Santa Eulalia road near San Pedro.
Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina)
Coppery Metaltail (Metallura theresiae) - Two in the temperate forest below Abra Barro Negro.
Black Metaltail (Metallura phoebe) - Many sightings in the higher elevations.
Rufous-capped Thornbill (Chalcostigma ruficeps) - A male and a female on the Rio Chido trail.
Olivaceous Thornbill (Chalcostigma olivaceum) - Three in the puna on the road to Marcapomacocha.
Blue-mantled Thornbill (Chalcostigma stanleyi)
Gray-bellied Comet (Taphrolesbia griseiventris) - Two at the usual stakeout along the Rio Chonta near Cajamarca.
Long-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus kingi)
Marvelous Spatuletail (Loddigesia mirabilis) - Two males feeding on rosemary flowers at a well-known site west of Pomacochas. Neither had full-length tail feathers, and we were unsure if they were juveniles or adults who had recently molted. Still very nice though!
Long-billed Starthroat (Heliomaster longirostris)
Oasis Hummingbird (Rhodopis vesper) - Several on the first day of the trip on the Santa Eulalia road turned out to be the only ones of the trip.
Peruvian Sheartail (Thaumastura cora) - Also seen easily on the first day. Afterwards only a female was seen at Sinsicap.
Purple-collared Woodstar (Myrtis fanny)
Short-tailed Woodstar (Myrmia micrura) - Nice males at Quebrada Limon and Bosque de Pomac.
White-bellied Woodstar (Chaetocercus mulsant)
Little Woodstar (Chaetocercus bombus) - One, possibly two females seen in the Utcubamba canyon.
TROGONS AND QUETZALS (Trogoniformes Trogonidae)
White-tailed Trogon (Trogon viridis)
Violaceous Trogon (Trogon violaceus) (H)
Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus)
Blue-crowned Trogon (Trogon curucui)
KINGFISHERS (Coraciiformes Alcedinidae)
Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)
PUFFBIRDS (Piciformes Bucconidae)
Lanceolated Monklet (Micromonacha lanceolata) - A single bird seen right by the road at Afluente; always a stunner!
Black-fronted Nunbird (Monasa nigrifrons)
Swallow-wing (Chelidoptera tenebrosa)
BARBETS (Piciformes Capitonidae)
Gilded Barbet (Capito auratus)
Versicolored Barbet (Eubucco versicolor) - One stunning male at Afluente.
TOUCANS (Piciformes Ramphastidae)
Black-throated (Emerald) Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus atrogularis) - A recent (and questionable) split from Emerald Toucanet.
Chestnut-tipped Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus derbianus) - Two called in at Afluente.
Chestnut-eared Aracari (Pteroglossus castanotis)
Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan (Andigena hypoglauca) - Very brief views on the Rio Chido trail.
Golden-collared Toucanet (Selenidera reinwardtii)
Channel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos vitellinus)
WOODPECKERS (Piciformes Picidae)
Lafresnaye's Piculet (Picumnus lafresnayi)
Ecuadorian Piculet (Picumnus sclateri) - A whole family of them at Abra Porculla; Neils got a killer photo.
Speckle-chested Piculet (Picumnus steindachneri) - First seen in the Utcubamba canyon, then many more seen between Abra Pat and Afluente.
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker (Veniliornis callonotus) - Plenty seen at Quebrada Limon and Bosque de Pomac, but never where we could get a decent photo...
Smoky-brown Woodpecker (Veniliornis fumigatus)
Red-stained Woodpecker (Veniliornis affinis) - One seen at 1200m on Morro de Calzada, by far the highest elevation I've recorded it at.
Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus)
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (Piculus rivolii) (H)
Black-necked Woodpecker (Colaptes atricollis) - A nice Peruvian endemic. We saw them on the Santa Eulalia road, the Utcubamba canyon, and at Sinsicap.
Andean Flicker (Colaptes rupicola)
Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus)
Guayaquil Woodpecker (Campephilus gayaquilensis) - A pair was nearby while we were watching out first White-winged Guans in Quebrada Limon.
OVENBIRDS (Passeriformes Furnariidae)
Coastal Miner (Geositta peruviana)
Common Miner (Geositta cunicularia) - Marcapomacocha.
Dark-winged Miner (Geositta saxicolina) - Also at Marcapomacocha, and much more common than the previous.
Thick-billed Miner (Geositta crassirostris) - A pair seen very well at Lachay despite the fog.
Slender-billed Miner (Geositta tenuirostris) - Several at Marcapomacocha and a single in flight between Cajamarca and Celendin.
Plain-breasted Earthcreeper (Upucerthia jelskii) - One, possibly two at Marcapomacocha.
Striated Earthcreeper (Upucerthia serrana) - Several seen very well between Cajamarca & Celendin; also heard at Llanganuco.
Peruvian Seaside Cinclodes (Cinclodes taczanowskii) - A single scoped from the Christ statue at Barranca.
Bar-winged Cinclodes (Cinclodes fuscus)
White-winged Cinclodes (Cinclodes atacamensis)
White-bellied Cinclodes (Cinclodes palliatus) - This has got to be the best cinclodes in the world, and probably the rarest too. We only saw one at a bog at Marcapomacocha.
Pale-legged (Pacific) Hornero (Furnarius leucopus cinnamomeus)
Streaked Tit-Spinetail (Leptasthenura striata) - One seen very briefly at Lomas de Lachay.
Rusty-crowned Tit-Spinetail (Leptasthenura pileata) - First along the Rio Chonta, then later at Llanganuco.
Wren-like Rushbird (Phleocryptes melanops)
Russet-bellied Spinetail (Synallaxis zimmeri) - Our main target at Sinsicap. We saw two birds fairly easily though they weren't terribly vocal.
Rufous Spinetail (Synallaxis unirufa)
Azara's Spinetail (Synallaxis azarae)
Dark-breasted Spinetail (Synallaxis albigularis) (H)
Dusky Spinetail (Synallaxis moesta) (H)
Marañon Spinetail (Synallaxis maranonica) - After initial frustration we saw several really well along the road west of Tamborapa.
Necklaced Spinetail (Synallaxis stictothorax)
Chinchipe Spinetail (Synallaxis chinchipensis) - Abundant north of Jaen. We did not see them elsewhere.
Great Spinetail (Siptornopsis hypochondriacus) - We found four (including a pair nest-building) in some dry woodland right near the road north of San Marcos.
Baron's Spinetail (Cranioleuca baroni) - Sometimes called Southern Line-cheeked Spinetail. Seen east of Cajamarca and at Llanganuco; heard elsewhere.
Line-cheeked Spinetail (Cranioleuca antisiensis) - Abra Porculla only.
Ash-browed Spinetail (Cranioleuca curtata)
Pale-tailed Canastero (Asthenes huancavelicae ?) - One seen well despite the wind one afternoon at a well-known stakeout near Pueblo Libre north of Yungay. This is an undescribed taxon with a rufous tail.
Canyon Canastero (Asthenes pudibunda) - A few brief views on the Santa Eulalia road. Not terribly responsive.
Cactus Canastero (Asthenes cactorum) - The very last bird of the tour, and we nearly had to give up or risk missing flights. In the end we climbed up a steep rocky slope and had a great view at Lachay.
Streak-throated Canastero (Asthenes humilis) - Several good views at Marcapomacocha and Llanganuco.
Junin Canastero (Asthenes virgata) - One seen well in puna bunchgrass on the way to Marcapomacocha.
Many-striped Canastero (Asthenes flammulata)
Russet-mantled Softtail (Phacellodomus berlepschi) - This one required a lot of work. We climbed up off the road to some bamboo, played the tape and heard them respond a lot farther up. So we climbed up even farther to a nice open area with lots of bamboo where we could see one fairly well, though always briefly.
Common (Rufous-fronted) Thornbird (Phacellodomus rufifrons)
Chestnut-backed Thornbird (Phacellodomus dorsalis) - Easily found in the afternoon near Hacienda Limon in the Marañon Canyon.
Equatorial Graytail (Xenerpestes singularis) - Several were moving with the huge mixed flock at Afluente.
Pearled Treerunner (Margarornis squamiger)
Plain Xenops (Xenops minutus) (H)
Streaked Xenops (Xenops rutilans)
Montane Foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
Streaked Tuftedcheek (Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii)
Black-billed Treehunter (Thripadectes melanorhynchus) - We went in off the road after one at Afluente and nailed it.
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata) (H)
Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla ruficollis) - A responsive pair easily seen at Abra Porculla.
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner (Automolus ochrolaemus)
Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner (Hylocryptus erythrocephalus) - Also at Abra Porculla, though not responsive. We got lucky and found one foraging in the open on the ground right near the side of the road. Heard at Quebrada Limon.
WOODCREEPERS (Passeriformes Dendrocolaptidae)
Olivaceous Woodcreeper (Sittasomus griseicapillus amazonus)
Strong-billed Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
Olive-backed Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes triangularis)
Streak-headed Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
Montane Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
TYPICAL ANTBIRDS (Passeriformes Thamnophilidae)
Collared Antshrike (Sakesphorus bernardi) - Many sightings in the Tumbesian lowlands.
Chapman's Antshrike (Thamnophilus zarumae) - Only at Abra Porculla, where it was common.
Lined Antshrike (Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus) - A bold pair at Afluente.
Plain-winged Antshrike (Thamnophilus schistaceus)
Marañon (Northern) Slaty-Antshrike (Thamnophilus leucogaster) - We saw several west of Tamborapa but nowhere else.
Variable Antshrike (Thamnophilus caerulescens subandinus)
Rufous-capped Antshrike (Thamnophilus ruficapillus jaczewskii) - Several on the Chido trail. A potential split (Marcapata Antshrike)
Plain Antvireo (Dysithamnus mentalis) (H)
White-flanked Antwren (Myrmotherula axillaris)
Slaty Antwren (Myrmotherula schisticolor) (H)
Yellow-breasted Antwren (Herpsilochmus axillaris)
Long-tailed Antbird (Drymophila caudata)
Blackish Antbird (Cercomacra nigrescens)
White-backed Fire-eye (Pyriglena leuconota)
White-browed Antbird (Myrmoborus leucophrys)
Warbling Antbird (Hypocnemis cantator)
Scale-backed Antbird (Hylophylax poecilinota)
ANTTHRUSHES AND ANTPITTAS (Passeriformes Formicariidae)
Barred Antthrush (Chamaeza mollissima) (H) - Alto Nieve... There was a steep bank right above the road and it was impossible to get in there or we would have tried.
Chestnut-crowned Antpitta (Grallaria ruficapilla) (H)
Stripe-headed Antpitta (Grallaria andicola) - We discovered that the cut on the Birds of Bolivia CD-ROM that was supposedly this species was actually Ancash Tapaculo... In any event, we saw one without tape in the polylepis above the Llanganuco lakes.
Pale-billed Antpitta (Grallaria carrikeri) - The main reason to climb up the Rio Chido trail. We heard them easily in three different places and spent hours looking for them with partial success, as some of us had reasonably good views. What a shy bird!
Rusty-tinged Antpitta (Grallaria przewalskii) - Much better luck with this one near the Chido Trail. We had one crossing back and forth across the trail exactly where we wanted it.
Rufous Antpitta (Grallaria rufula) (H)
Rufous "Cajamarca" Antpitta (Grallaria rufula cajamarcae) - It popped up into a little gap and sat there for a minute or so. It'll be split eventually once some overworked ornithologists finds time to write it up. We saw it between Cajamarca and Celendin.
Chestnut Antpitta (Grallaria blakei) - What a nightmare of a bird! Armed with a machete and a lot of patience we went after one below Abra Patricia, but only Jean-Michel saw it well.
Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus) - Nice close views of one right at the pass at Abra Patricia.
TAPACULOS (Passeriformes Rhinocryptidae)
Elegant Crescent-chest (Melanopareia elegans) - One seen at Porculla.
Marañon Crescent-chest (Melanopareia maranonica) - An absolute stunner, hopping around in the open near the roadside west of Tamborapa. We all thought it was one of the best of the trip.
Ash-colored Tapaculo (Myornis senilis) (H)
Unicolored Tapaculo (Scytalopus unicolor) - Recently split from the next. We saw it well in some scrub below Abra El Gavilan.
Blackish Tapaculo (Scytalopus latrans) - Two seen between Abra Barro Negro and Leimebamba. They sound a little bit different from the ones farther north, but for the moment that are considered to be this sp.
Trilling Tapaculo (Scytalopus parvirostris) (H)
Rufous-vented Tapaculo (Scytalopus femoralis) - Clear views at the pass at Abra Pat.
White-crowned Tapaculo (Scytalopus atratus) - A few glimpses at Afluente.
Ancash Tapaculo (Scytalopus affinis) - One came right out into the open like a sparrow in response to tape at Llanganuco.
COTINGAS (Passeriformes Cotingidae)
Peruvian Plantcutter (Phytotoma raimondii) - At least five at Bosque de Pomac.
Green-and-black Fruiteater (Pipreola riefferii)
Barred Fruiteater (Pipreola arcuata) (H)
Andean Cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola peruviana)
MANAKINS (Passeriformes Pipridae)
Wing-barred Piprites (Piprites chloris)
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS (Passeriformes Tyrannidae)
White-lored Tyrannulet (Ornithion inerme) (H)
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet (Camptostoma obsoletum)
Mouse-colored (Tumbesian) Tyrannulet (Phaeomyias murina tumbesiana) - Tamborapa, Porculla, Pomac.
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus)
Forest Elaenia (Myiopagis gaimardii) (H)
Pacific Elaenia (Myiopagis subplacens) - Just one at Quebrada Limon.
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet (Pseudelaenia leucospodia) - Several in and around Bosque de Pomac.
Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)
White-crested Elaenia (Elaenia albiceps)
Sierran Elaenia (Elaenia pallatangae)
Torrent Tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea)
Olive-striped Flycatcher (Mionectes olivaceus)
Inca Flycatcher (Leptopogon taczanowskii) - One on the Chido trail.
Slaty-capped Flycatcher (Leptopogon superciliaris)
Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant (Pseudotriccus ruficeps)
Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant (Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus)
Ecuadorian Tyrannulet (Phylloscartes gualaquizae) - Several seen at Afluente.
Sooty-headed Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias griseiceps)
Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias plumbeiceps) - Finally! This had been a "bogey bird" for me for years. I heard one singing as soon as we got out of the car at Afluente, but it wasn't until later in the morning that they came through in the big mixed flock.
Black-capped Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
Ashy-headed Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias cinereiceps)
Red-billed Tyrannulet (Zimmerius cinereicapillus) - See the photo above... Often a very hard bird to find, we saw it easily this time at Afluente and heard them at Morro de Calzada.
Golden-faced Tyrannulet (Zimmerius chrysops) - The birds from Abra Pat down to Aguas Verdes are still being called this, but it is possible that they represent some undescribed taxon due to vocal differences.
White-throated Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
White-tailed Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus poecilocercus)
White-banded Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus stictopterus)
Black-crested Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes nigrocristatus) - Best seen at Llanganuco, but some duller individuals were found along the Rio Chonta.
Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes reguloides) - Santa Eulalia and Sinsicap only.
Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes flavirostris)
Tufted Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes parulus)
Many-colored Rush-Tyrant (Tachuris rubrigastra)
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant (Euscarthmus meloryphus)
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant (Lophotriccus pileatus)
Lulu's (Johnson's) Tody-Tyrant (Poecilotriccus luluae) - A little gem of an endemic that we nailed as soon as we left the van at Abra Patricia. Jacques' photo was stunning...
Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus striaticollis) - One near the entrance to Morro de Calzada.
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer) - Definitely heard, possibly seen. The tody-tyrants near the forest edge at Morro de Calzada looked a lot like Pearly-vented, but I have not been able to match the recording I made to anything yet. Possibly something else but it still remains a mystery.
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus granadensis) - Abra Pat and above Leimebamba.
Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus cinnamomeipectus) - Persistence finally paid off as we lured one down to the road at Alto Nieve - this is a tough one!
Common Tody-Flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Yellow-olive Flycatcher (Tolmomyias sulphurescens)
Gray-crowned Flycatcher (Tolmomyias poliocephalus)
Yellow-breasted (Olive-faced) Flycatcher (Tolmomyias flaviventris viridiceps)
Ornate Flycatcher (Myiotriccus ornatus)
Bran-colored Flycatcher (Myiophobus fasciatus)
Olive-chested Flycatcher (Myiophobus cryptoxanthus) - Afluente.
Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea)
Cliff Flycatcher (Hirundinea ferruginea)
Smoke-colored Pewee (Contopus fumigatus)
Tropical (Tumbes) Pewee (Contopus cinereus punensis) - Common in the Marañon and Tumbesian areas.
Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
Crowned Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca frontalis) - Nine chat-tyrants in one trip is certainly a personal record! This one was near the Russset-mantled Softtail at 3100m above Leimebamba.
Jelski's Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca jelskii) - Heard from the moving vehicle high up the east side of the Marañon Canyon. We jumped out and managed to call it in for a good view and another cracking photo for Jacques.
Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca pulchella) - A big surprise in a forest patch above Leimebamba, near the northern limit of its range.
Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca thoracica) - Recently split from Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant. Seen at Abra Pat and near the Rio Chido.
Piura Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca piurae) - Several seen easily at the traditional site below Abra Porculla. Two more seen at Sinsicap.
D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca oenanthoides) - Several in the polylepis at Llanganuco.
Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca rufipectoralis) - Including three at 4080m above Llanganuco!
Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca fumicolor) - In the temperate forest on either side of the Marañon.
White-browed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca leucophrys) - On the Santa Eulalia road and around Cajamarca.
Tumbes Tyrant (Tumbezia salvini) - One of my favorite birds of the trip as not only is it a beauty, it was the only Tumbesian endemic I hadn't seen. The first one ran us on a merry chase, but the second one posed for gratifying views.
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes striaticollis)
Smoky Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes fumigatus) (H)
Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant (Agriornis montana)
White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant (Agriornis andicola) - One studied well between Cajamarca & Celendin - there was even a Black-billed nearby for comparison.
Rufous-webbed Tyrant (Polioxolmis rufipennis) - Between Cajamarca & Celendin, also quite common at Llanganuco.
Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant (Muscisaxicola maculirostris)
Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant (Muscisaxicola rufivertex) - Marcapomacocha and Llanganuco.
Taczanowski’s (Plain-capped) Ground-Tyrant (Muscisaxicola griseus) - Llanganuco.
Cinereous Ground-Tyrant (Muscisaxicola cinereus) - Marcapomacocha only.
White-fronted Ground-Tyrant (Muscisaxicola albifrons) - A few at Marcapomacocha.
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant (Muscigralla brevicauda) - First in the desert west of Bagua, then more at Quebrada Limon.
Andean Tyrant (Knipolegus signatus signatus) - Abra Patricia; a rarely-seen bird. This race, found only from extreme s Ecuador to c Peru may soon be split off as a distinct species (Black Andean-Tyrant).
Rufous-tailed Tyrant (Knipolegus poecilurus)
White-winged Black-Tyrant (Knipolegus aterrimus)
Long-tailed Tyrant (Colonia colonus)
Rufous Flycatcher (Myiarchus semirufus) - The first bird we saw in Bosque de Pomac - the rarest and most distinctive member of the genus.
Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
Short-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus ferox) (H)
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher (Myiarchus phaeocephalus) - Different races occur in the Tumbesian and Marañon, but they are nearly identical.
Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus) - One juvenile seen in a rice paddy north of Jaen - it seems to be out of range here.
Boat-billed Flycatcher (Megarynchus pitangua)
Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)
Lemon-browed Flycatcher (Conopias cinchoneti) - We stopped to look at a pair between Aguas Verdes and Afluente.
Baird's Flycatcher (Myiodynastes bairdii) - Yet another distinctive flycatcher of the Tumbesian region! We saw them at Quebrada Limon and Bosque de Pomac.
Streaked Flycatcher (Myiodynastes maculatus)
Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius) (H)
Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Yellow-cheeked Becard (Pachyramphus xanthogenys)
Barred Becard (Pachyramphus versicolor)
White-winged Becard (Pachyramphus polychopterus) (H)
Black-and-white Becard (Pachyramphus albogriseus)
Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata)
SWALLOWS (Passeriformes Hirundinidae)
Gray-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea)
Tumbes Swallow (Tachycineta stolzmanni) - About five flew over at Bosque de Pomac.
Blue-and-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca)
Brown-bellied Swallow (Notiochelidon murina)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Chestnut-collared Swallow (Petrochelidon rufocollaris) - We stopped in the middle of a town south of Chiclayo to look at a small flock.
WAGTAILS AND PIPITS (Passeriformes Motacillidae)
Paramo Pipit (Anthus bogotensis) (H)
Yellowish Pipit (Anthus lutescens)
WRENS (Passeriformes Troglodytidae)
Thrush-like Wren (Campylorhynchus turdinus) (H)
Fasciated Wren (Campylorhynchus fasciatus)
Gray-mantled Wren (Odontorchilus branickii) (H)
Sharpe's (Sepia-brown) Wren (Cinnycerthia olivascens) - Abra Pat.
Peruvian Wren (Cinnycerthia peruana) - A big surprise on the Rio Chido trail - this must be right at the northern limit of its range. Its chatter call is much more rapid than the previous species, which seems to be found in this area mainly at lower elevations.
Coraya Wren (Thryothorus coraya)
Speckle-breasted Wren (Thryothorus sclateri sclateri) - Along the Utcubamba canyon. We did not see the Tumbesian race.
Superciliated Wren (Thryothorus superciliaris) - Super common in the Tumbesian lowlands. It seems to be much more common here than it is in Ecuador.
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
Mountain Wren (Troglodytes solstitialis)
Sedge (Grass) Wren (Cistothorus platensis)
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Bar-winged Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucoptera) - We all had our cameras put away due to the rain, so wouldn't you know it, this cute little wren came straight out to the side of the road at Alto Nieve and sat, completely exposed, singing away!
Scaly-breasted (Southern Nightingale) Wren (Microcerculus marginatus)
MOCKINGBIRDS AND THRASHERS (Passeriformes Mimidae)
Long-tailed Mockingbird (Mimus longicaudatus)
THRUSHES (Passeriformes Turdidae)
Andean Solitaire (Myadestes ralloides) (H)
White-eared Solitaire (Entomodestes leucotis) - One came in with a mixed flock at Abra Pat. Apparently a "bogey-bird" for Niels and he was ecstatic!
Chiguanco Thrush (Turdus chiguanco)
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater)
Glossy-black Thrush (Turdus serranus) (H)
Plumbeous-backed Thrush (Turdus reevei) - Abundant at Quebrada Limon.
Marañon Thrush (Turdus maranonicus) - A distinctive speckle-breasted thrush. Seen at the bottom of the Marañon canyon and in the Utcubamba canyon.
Pale-breasted Thrush (Turdus leucomelas) - Morro de Calzada.
GNATCATCHERS (Passeriformes Polioptilidae)
Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea) - The ones we saw west of the Andes. Oddly, the two we saw west of Bagua Grande looked like this race too, even though on previous visits I have seen maior here. Were they juveniles? Did we not look closely enough?
Tropical "Marañon" Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea maior) - The ones we saw in the Marañon drainage, though see above. A past and possible future split.
CROWS AND JAYS (Passeriformes Corvidae)
Green (Inca) Jay (Cyanocorax yncas)
White-tailed Jay (Cyanocorax mystacalis) - Quebrada Limon and Bosque de Pomac
White-collared Jay (Cyanolyca viridicyana)
OLD WORLD SPARROWS (Passeriformes Passeridae)
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
VIREOS AND ALLIES (Passeriformes Vireonidae)
Brown-capped Vireo (Vireo leucophrys)
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
Olivaceous Greenlet (Hylophilus olivaceus) - It took a while, but one finally came close enough to see at Afluente.
Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo (Vireolanius leucotis) (H)
Rufous-browed Peppershrike (Cyclarhis gujanensis)
FINCHES, SISKINS, CROSSBILLS (Passeriformes Fringillidae)
Hooded Siskin (Carduelis magellanica)
Olivaceous Siskin (Carduelis olivacea)
Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria)
Black Siskin (Carduelis atrata)
WOOD WARBLERS (Passeriformes Parulidae)
Tropical Parula (Parula pitiayumi)
Masked (Black-lored) Yellowthroat (Geothlypis aequinoctialis auricularis)
Slate-throated Redstart (Whitestart) (Myioborus miniatus)
Spectacled Redstart (Whitestart) (Myioborus melanocephalus)
Citrine Warbler (Basileuterus luteoviridis)
Black-crested Warbler (Basileuterus nigrocristatus)
Russet-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus coronatus)
Three-banded Warbler (Basileuterus trifasciatus) - Common at Abra Porculla; we did not see them elsewhere.
Three-striped Warbler (Basileuterus tristriatus)
BANANAQUIT (Passeriformes Coerebidae)
Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)
TANAGERS AND ALLIES (Passeriformes Thraupidae)
Cinereous Conebill (Conirostrum cinereum)
Blue-backed Conebill (Conirostrum sitticolor)
Capped Conebill (Conirostrum albifrons)
Giant Conebill (Oreomanes fraseri)
Black-faced Tanager (Schistochlamys melanopis)
Magpie Tanager (Cissopis leveriana)
Grass-green Tanager (Chlorornis riefferii)
Common Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus)
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus canigularis signatus)
White-browed (Black-capped) Hemispingus (Hemispingus auricularis)
Superciliaried Hemispingus (Hemispingus superciliaris insignis)
Drab Hemispingus (Hemispingus xanthophthalmus) - Numerous in mixed flocks between Abra Barra Negra and Leimebamba.
Rufous-chested Tanager (Thlypopsis ornata)
Buff-bellied Tanager (Thlypopsis inornata) - Two in the Utcubamba canyon, and another two west of Tamborapa.
Rufous-crested Tanager (Creurgops verticalis)
White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus)
Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava lutea)
Red-hooded Tanager (Piranga rubriceps) - A stunning pair on the way back down the Chido trail.
Huallaga Tanager (Ramphocelus melanogaster) - A lot like the Silver-beaked Tanager, which it replaces in the Huallaga river drainage. We saw several in Afluente.
Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)
Blue-capped Tanager (Thraupis cyanocephala)
Blue-and-yellow Tanager (Thraupis bonariensis)
Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum)
Hooded Mountain-Tanager (Buthraupis montana)
Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus igniventris)
Yellow-throated Tanager (Iridosornis analis)
Yellow-scarfed Tanager (Iridosornis reinhardti) - We found two in mixed flocks between Abra Barro Negro and Leimebamba.
Fawn-breasted Tanager (Pipraeidea melanonota)
Purple-throated Euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica)
Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris)
Bronze-green Euphonia (Euphonia mesochrysa) (H)
Orange-bellied Euphonia (Euphonia xanthogaster)
Blue-naped Chlorophonia (Chlorophonia cyanea)
Orange-eared Tanager (Chlorochrysa calliparaea)
Paradise Tanager (Tangara chilensis)
Green-and-gold Tanager (Tangara schrankii)
Golden Tanager (Tangara arthus)
Saffron-crowned Tanager (Tangara xanthocephala)
Flame-faced Tanager (Tangara parzudakii)
Yellow-bellied Tanager (Tangara xanthogastra)
Spotted Tanager (Tangara punctata)
Bay-headed Tanager (Tangara gyrola)
Blue-browed Tanager (Tangara cyanotis)
Blue-necked Tanager (Tangara cyanicollis)
Beryl-spangled Tanager (Tangara nigroviridis)
Blue-and-black Tanager (Tangara vassorii)
Silver-backed Tanager (Tangara viridicollis) - One male that Niels found for us near Abra Patricia turned out to be the only one. Good for him since it was another of his "bogey" birds!
Black-faced Dacnis (Dacnis lineata)
Green Honeycreeper (Chlorophanes spiza)
Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus)
Tit-like Dacnis (Xenodacnis parina) - Amazingly common at Llanganuco.
Swallow-Tanager (Tersina viridis)
Plush-capped Finch (Catamblyrhynchus diadema)
BUNTINGS, SEEDEATERS, ALLIES (Passeriformes Emberizidae)
Red-crested (-pileated) Finch (Coryphospingus cucullatus)
Peruvian Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus punensis) - Lots of sightings in the highlands.
Mourning Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus fruticeti)
Plumbeous Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus unicolor)
Band-tailed Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus alaudinus) - A pair at Lachay.
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch (Phrygilus plebejus)
White-winged Diuca-Finch (Diuca speculifera)
Cinereous Finch (Piezorhina cinerea) - Seen in and around Bosque de Pomac.
Rufous-backed Inca-Finch (Incaspiza personata) - We got it one afternoon near the entrance gate to Llanganuco.
Gray-winged Inca-Finch (Incaspiza ortizi) - A nice responsive pair in a shrubby streambed at Hacienda Limon in the Marañon Canyon.
Buff-bridled Inca-Finch (Incaspiza laeta) - Two seen at San Marcos. Oddly, we did not see it in the Marañon Canyon, though we weren't especially looking for it.
Little Inca-Finch (Incaspiza watkinsi) - The bird that graces the cover of this report. Easily found in the desert west of Bagua Grande.
Plain-tailed Warbling-Finch (Poospiza alticola) - Several in the polylepis at Llanganuco.
Collared Warbling-Finch (Poospiza hispaniolensis) - Many sightings in arid scrub west of the Andes.
Yellow-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila nigricollis)
Drab Seedeater (Sporophila simplex) - A small flock found along the road north of Jaen.
Parrot-billed Seedeater (Sporophila peruviana) - A huge flock at a trickle of water in a dry riverbed along the way to Quebrada Limon. Another smaller flock seen south of Olmos.
Band-tailed Seedeater (Catamenia analis)
Plain-colored Seedeater (Catamenia inornata)
Dull-colored Grassquit (Tiaris obscura)
Rusty Flowerpiercer (Diglossa sittoides)
White-sided Flowerpiercer (Diglossa albilatera)
Moustached Flowerpiercer (Diglossa mystacalis unicincta) - One in a mixed flock below Abra Barro Negro. My favorite race of this really cool bird.
Black-throated Flowerpiercer (Diglossa brunneiventris)
Deep-blue (Golden-eyed) Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis glauca)
Bluish Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis caerulescens)
Masked Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis cyanea)
Saffron Finch (Sicalis flaveola)
Grassland Yellow-Finch (Sicalis luteola)
Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch (Sicalis uropygialis)
Greenish Yellow-Finch (Sicalis olivascens)
Yellow-breasted (Rufous-naped) Brush-Finch (Atlapetes latinuchus latinuchus) - On the east slope of the Andes.
Yellow-breasted (Baron's) Brush-Finch (Atlapetes latinuchus baroni) - In the Marañon drainage.
Bay-crowned Brush-Finch (Atlapetes seebohmi) - Abra Porculla and Sinsicap.
Rusty-bellied Brush-Finch (Atlapetes nationi) - Many seen on the Santa Eulalia road.
White-winged Brush-Finch (Atlapetes leucopterus dresseri) - One seen by Jacques only at Abra Porculla.
White-headed Brush-Finch (Atlapetes albiceps) - Plenty in Quebrada Limon.
Rufous-eared Brush-Finch (Atlapetes rufigenis) - Two seen in the polylepis at Llanganuco, though others were heard.
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch (Buarremon brunneinucha) (H)
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch (Buarremon torquatus)
Orange-billed Sparrow (Arremon aurantiirostris spectabilis) (H)
Black-capped Sparrow (Arremon abeillei abeillei) - The black-backed Tumbesian race was common in Quebrado Limon.
Black-capped (Marañon) Sparrow (Arremon abeillei nigriceps) - The prettier green-backed Marañon race we saw west of Tamborapa.
Tumbes Sparrow (Aimophila stolzmanni) - At Quebrada Limon and south of Olmos.
Yellow-browed Sparrow (Ammodramus aurifrons) (H)
Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis)
SALTATORS, CARDINALS AND ALLIES (Passeriformes Cardinalidae)
Streaked Saltator (Saltator striatipectus) - Streaked peruvianus in the Marañon drainage and unstreaked flavidicollis at Bosque de Pomac.
Grayish Saltator (Saltator coerulescens) (H)
Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus)
Black-cowled Saltator (Saltator nigriceps) - Two of this handsome Tumbesian endemic at Abra Porculla.
Golden-billed Saltator (Saltator aurantiirostris)
Golden-bellied (Southern Yellow) Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysogaster)
BLACKBIRDS, ORIOLES, GRACKLES, ETC. (Passeriformes Icteridae)
Peruvian Meadowlark (Sturnella bellicosa) - Including a few at Pomacochas.
Scrub Blackbird (Dives warszewiczi)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)
Giant Cowbird (Molothrus oryzivorus)
Yellow-tailed Oriole (Icterus mesomelas)
White-edged Oriole (Icterus graceannae)
Yellow-rumped Cacique (Cacicus cela)
Mountain Cacique (Cacicus chrysonotus peruvianus) - This species is sometimes split into "Northern" and "Southern", but there is disagreement about which species the race we saw would belong to.
Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)
Russet-backed Oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons)