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Morocco: North Africa in a Nutshell - Birding Tour

Tour Overview:

This 9-day tour of Morocco has been specifically designed for birders with limited vacation time. While short, this southern Moroccan circuit covers the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Atlantic coast, maximizing habitat diversity and ensuring you chase after the best birds in the country, such as the critically endangered Northern Bald Ibis, Spotted Sandgrouse, regional endemic Levaillant’s Woodpecker, handsome Moussier’s Redstart, Red-rumped Wheatear, tiny African Desert Warbler, fantastic Greater Hoopoe-Lark, enigmatic Thick-billed Lark, and ghostly Desert Sparrow. While this is a fabulous short stand-alone tour, it is also easily combined with Southern Spain: The Europe Intotour. Spain, only a short flight away, offers very different cultural and birding experiences with displaying Great Bustards on the plains, Spanish Imperial Eagle in the mountains, and one of the most famous reserves in all of Europe, the super-diverse Doñana National Park.

Tour Details:


27 March - 4 April

$3895; Single Supplement: $650

*This tour links with: Southern Spain: The Introtour

Length: 9 Days

Starting City: Marrakech

Ending City: Marrakech

Pace: Moderate

Physical Difficulty: Easy

Focus: Birding

Group size: 8 + 1 leader

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Detailed Itinerary

Day 1: Marrakech to the Atlas Mountains

Please ensure that your flight arrives by 6:00am, or else you will have to arrive the day before (our office can book you a night in the same hotel used by the guide). We will drive up into the tortuous High Atlas Mountains, and the mountain resort of Oukaimeden,  with plenty of possibilities at this high altitude site, (2600m/8530ft). Our chief target will be the Crimson-winged Finch, for which this our only site on the tour, but we will also be on the lookout for other birds like Levaillant’s Woodpecker, Red-billed and Yellow-billed Choughs, Atlas Wheatear, Moussier’s and Black Redstarts, Rock Bunting, Rock Sparrow, and White-throated Dipper. Raptors like Long-legged Buzzard and Booted Eagle are possible. At the end of an exciting first day, we will descend to the lower part of the Ourika Valley for a single night.

Day 2: Ourika Valley to Boumalne Dades

After some final birding near Ourika, we will spend much of the rest of the day driving over the High Atlas Mountains and into the high desert steppe. The night will be spent at the edge of the desert in the town of Boumalne Dades, and there should be time for some later afternoon birding nearby to seach for Desert and Red-rumped Wheatears, Little Owl, larks, and more.


Day 3: Tagdilt Track to Erg Chebbi Dunes

The Tagdilt Track crosses a vast expanse of desert and offers the best chances at some of the trickier desert birds like Thick-billed and Temminck’s Larks, and Red-rumped Wheatear. This is one of the most famous birding sites in all of Morocco, with other possibilities, including Black-bellied Sandgrouse, Cream-colored Courser, and Long-legged Buzzard. These local raptors may well be augmented by migrating birds of a variety of species. After our morning on the Tagdilt, we’ll head east and south to the true Saharan habitats of the Erg Chebbi Dunes area. We'll stop along the way to look for the handsome Mourning "Maghreb" Wheatear and hulking Pharaoh Eagle Owl, and a visit to the scenic Todra Gorge will give us a chance to see Tristram's Warbler. We’ll sleep at the edge of a monumental system of reddish Saharan dunes, a beautiful and stereotypical desert landscape.

Day 4: Erg Chebbi Area

We have a full day to explore the Erg Chebbi dunes and surrounding gravel plains and palm oases. This is the best area to search for many Saharan specialties and northwestern Africa endemics. Our long list of targets will include Crowned and Spotted Sandgrouse, several larks like Greater Hoopoe and Bar-tailed, African Desert Warbler, Fulvous Chatterer, and the ghostly desert-adapted Desert Sparrow. Sometimes, with the assistance of local nomadic people, we manage to locate the incredibly cryptic Egyptian Nightjar during the day. Possible raptors include Lanner Falcon and a variety of migrants. By the time the day is done, we hope to have seen the vast majority of the area’s specialties, and to have truly experienced this beautiful corner of the endless vastness of the Sahara Desert.


Day 5: Erg Chebbi area to Ouarzazate. We have a final morning to “clean up” on any Saharan specialties that we missed on the previous morning, before heading northwest to Ouarzazate, a convenient stopover on our way to the Moroccan coast. This bustling regional center is famous as the place where Lawrence of Arabia was filmed. There is also a large reservoir nearby which can offer good birding during migration – the odd sight of waterbirds in the middle of the desert. Possible species include Great Crested Grebe, Eurasian Spoonbill, Ruddy Shelduck, “Maghreb” Crested Lark, and a variety of migrating shorebirds and passerines.


Day 6: Ouarzazate to Agadir

On this day we’ll be driving west through the Sous Valley to Agadir on the coast of Morocco, where we’ll spend the next three nights. Along the way, we’ll look for species like Black-shouldered Kite and Western Orphean Warbler. We hope to have enough time for a late afternoon visit to the Oued Sous after arriving in Agadir. This coastal site features a bounty of shorebirds, waders, gulls, and terns, and is likely to feature a frenzy of new additions to the trip list! Two nights will be spent in Agadir, a large, modern, coastal city on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean.


Day 7: Sous Massa National Park

In complete contrast to the tour thus far, we will spend a day in the coastal sites close to Agadir, which are some of the most diverse sites for birds in the entire country. We’ll be birding estuarine habitat around Oued Massa, but may also cover dunes, cliffs and riparian scrub in the national park too. The sheer variety of wetland and drier habitats is sure to give us our single biggest day list of the tour. In the tidal areas, we’ll be looking for shorebirds like Curlew Sandpiper, Bar-tailed Godwit, and Black-winged Stilt. The adjacent coastal scrub and wetlands may hold Black-crowned Tchagra, Sardinian Warbler, and finches like Common Linnet and Eurasian Goldfinch. The estuarine habitats are also good for congregations of migrating birds, including gulls and terns; among them we’ll try to track down Audouin’s and Mediterranean Gulls, and Gull-billed Tern. The park is known as one of two reliable places in Morocco for the critically endangered Northern Bald Ibis. The park is their last stronghold; with two-thirds of their world population, just under 100 pairs, thought to breed in Sous Massa. Another threatened species, the vulnerable Marbled Duck (Teal), can also be found here, but can be tougher to find by virtue of its more reclusive nature. At the end of a bird-packed day, we’ll return to nearby Agadir for a second night.


Day 8: Agadir to Marrakech

We have a final morning of birding, either around Oued Sous or perhaps north to Tamri, another stronghold of Northern Bald Ibis. After lunch, we will head back to the Moroccan capital. Time permitting, we may have visit the bustling and vibrant market square in the center of Marrakech. The final night of the tour will be spent in Marrakech.


Day 9: Departure

The tour ends this morning with transfers to the airport for flights out. If joining the Southern Spain tour, this starts the next day, giving you some downtime to explore Madrid in the afternoon and evening on this day. You will need a flight from Marrakech to Madrid, which you can book yourself, or we can help you book them on request.


*PLEASE NOTE: This tour often links directly with Southern Spain: The Europe Introtour, to make a great combined tour of both Morocco and Spain. If joining the Spain tour, you will fly directly from Marrakech to the Spanish capital Madrid, where you spend the night. If you are not joining our Spain tour, and you wish to stay on for some extra days of cultural activities, of which there are many choices around Marrakech, please contact our office if you need help with this. Some of the many options are visiting the Koutoubia mosque, seeing the Saddian Tombs, and touring the network of souks while working your way through the myriad markets in the city, to name but a few.

Trip Considerations

PACE: Moderate to intense. This short tour cover a lot of ground, and there is little down time. There are several long drives of 6+ hours. Most of the roads in Morocco are paved roads of good quality. In the Erg Chebbi area, we will spend one day in 4x4s on small tracks or driving cross-country.


PHYSICAL DIFFICULTY: Easy to moderate. Quite a bit of walking is required, though it is usually on flat or just slightly inclined terrain. You can expect to walk up to several miles on most days of the trip. Parts of a couple days are spent in the High Atlas Mountains, where our maximum elevation will be about 8,600 feet (2600 m).

CLIMATE: Hot and dry during the day in the desert areas of the tour (rarely up to 90°F, 32°C), cold (down to freezing) and possibly wet in the mountains (gloves, warm hat and good raingear recommended). Also expected to be cold during the early mornings and nights at other sites. Rain (or even snow in the high mountains) is possible, though usually not for extended periods.

ACCOMMODATION: All accommodations used are good to excellent, with en-suite facilities, and 24-hour electricity and hot water. Wifi is available in all of the hotels, though it is often slow and the signal may not reach the rooms.


PHOTOGRAPHY: This is a birding tour, but Morocco offers excellent chances for bird photography, as many birds are quite tame, and the habitats are mostly open. The beautiful landscapes and spring wildflowers also make for good landscape and macro photography.

Other Information

TRAVEL REQUIREMENTS: A valid passport is required; the passport must be valid for at least six months past your intended stay. No visa is required for citizens of the UK, US, Canada, most European countries, and many other countries. Advance visas are currently only required of a few nationalities, mostly in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Travel requirements are subject to change, and it is a good idea to double-check your entry requirements at least six weeks before you travel; contact the nearest embassy or consulate, or ask our office staff for help.


WHAT’S INCLUDED?: Tips to local guides, drivers, and lodge staff; accommodation from the night of day 1 to the night of day 8; meals from dinner on day 1 (unless you arrive too late for dinner service) to breakfast on day 9; safe drinking water and/or juice during meals; Tropical Birding tour leader with scope and audio gear from the evening of day 1 to the morning of day 8; one arrival and one departure airport transfer per person (transfers may be shared with other participants of the same tour if they arrive at the same time); ground transport for the group to all sites in the itinerary from in a suitable vehicle with a local driver; entrance fees and local guide fees for all the birding sites mentioned in the itinerary; a printed and bound checklist to keep track of your sightings (given to you at the start of the tour, though electronic copies can be provided in advance).


WHAT’S NOT INCLUDED?: Optional tips to the Tropical Birding tour leader; tips for luggage porters (if you require their services); snacks; additional drinks apart from those included; alcoholic beverages; travel insurance; excursions not included in the tour itinerary; extras in hotels such as laundry service, minibar, room service, telephone calls, and personal items; medical fees; other items or services not specifically mentioned as being included.

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